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    Concrete basic creep predi ction based on time-temperature equivalence relation and short-term tests

    , Article Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering ; Volume 35, Issue 2 A , 2010 , Pages 105-121 ; 13198025 (ISSN) Barani, O. R ; Mostofinejaad, D ; Saadatpour, M. M ; Shekarchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    Using temperature as an accelerator of reactions in short-term tests for the prediction of concrete creep is the main idea of this paper. The application of a time-temperature equivalence relation is examined with reference to creep in concrete under constant moisture conditions. A mathematical model is developed which uses short-term tests to predict long-term creep deformation of concrete under constant moisture conditions, taking into account aging of concrete and the influence of temperature. The thermal activation is assumed to be governed by the Arrhenius principle, and the activation energy of the viscosity of water is found to be applicable in the analysis of the experimental data.... 

    Global nonlinear dynamic analysis of concrete chimneys in frequency domain

    , Article ACI Structural Journal ; Volume 101, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 341-350 ; 08893241 (ISSN) Horr, A. M ; Safi, M ; Asadpour, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    The conventional finite element method has been used successfully in linear and nonlinear analyses in concrete chimney structures. The method can be performed by subdividing the large structure into small uniform elements having approximate shape functions. Although this replaces a single complicated structural system into a number of simple uniform elements, in cases of tall concrete chimney structures with cracking and crushing behavior in concrete material and yielding in the reinforcement, the computer time and memory can be large. Hence, it is desirable to search for a procedure requiring a fewer number of elements and also less computer time and effort to model a structure. In this... 

    Toward green revolution in concrete industry: The role of nanotechnology (A review)

    , Article Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences ; Volume 5, Issue 12 , 2011 , Pages 2768-2782 ; 19918178 (ISSN) Hosseini, P ; Mohamad, M. I ; Nekooie, M. A ; Taherkhani, R ; Booshehrian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nowadays, the development of nanotechnology is faster than before due to its interdisciplinary nature. Other branches of engineering have started employing this technology in the process of their development; one example would be concrete science and technology. Nearly a decade has passed since the first application of nano-particles in a matrix of concrete products. During this time period, two directions have formed in the process of researchers' investigations. The first route is the precise monitoring of the microstructure and macrostructure of concrete products with the help of nanotechnology tools and methods. The second route is the development of concrete products with... 

    Investigation of adding cement kiln dust (CKD) in ordinary and lightweight concrete

    , Article Advances in Concrete Construction ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2017 , Pages 101-115 ; 22875301 (ISSN) Shoaei, P ; Zolfaghary, S ; Jafari, N ; Dehestani, M ; Hejazi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno Press  2017
    Abstract
    Cement kiln dust (CKD) is one of the most important waste materials in the cement industry. The large amount of this material, has encouraged researchers to propose new ways to recycle and reuse it. In this paper, effects of adding cement kiln dust to the ordinary Portland cement, on the physical and mechanical properties of ordinary and lightweight concrete were investigated. Results showed that concrete containing CKD, presents lower workability and modulus of elasticity; however, improvements in strength was observed by adding particular amounts of CKD. Eventually, it was found that adding 10% of cement weight CKD is the appropriate percentage for utilizing in manufacturing ordinary and... 

    Influence of confining hoop flexural stiffness on behavior of high-strength lightweight concrete columns

    , Article ACI Structural Journal ; Volume 98, Issue 5 , 2001 , Pages 657-664 ; 08893241 (ISSN) Khaloo, A. R ; Bozorgzadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2001
    Abstract
    This paper presents the behavior of high-strength lightweight concrete columns confined with small size diameter hoop reinforcement. The concrete had a strength of up to 87.2 MPa (12,500 psi). The experimental program consisted of axial load tests on eight column specimens. The cross-sectional shape of the column specimens was elliptical, with dimensions of 152 × 229 mm (6 × 9 in.) and height of 762 mm (30 in.). The only longitudinal reinforcements used were four 4.52 mm (0.178 in.) diameter wires that were tack-welded to the lateral reinforcement to maintain the desired configuration of the lateral reinforcement. The influencing parameters included concrete strength and amount and spacing... 

    A simplified MCFT for shear capacity scaling of R/C beams

    , Article 16th European Conference of Fracture, 3 July 2006 through 7 July 2006 ; 2006 , Pages 1363-1364 ; 9781402049712 (ISBN) Kazemi, M. T ; Broujerdian, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2006
    Abstract
    It is well known that shear strength of beams without stirrups shows a strong size effect. At present, several formulas of size effect are used by some codes and suggested by various researchers. Most of those formulas are not in agree with fracture mechanics. Recently, a simple formula based on modified compression field theory, MCFT, was proposed (Collins and Kuchma [1], Lubell et al. [2]), which shows a size effect stronger than the size effect formula based on fracture mechanics, proposed by Bazant (e.g. Bazant and Kazemi [3], Bazant and Yu [4]). In this paper it is shown that with some refined considerations, formulas are resulted in agree with Fracture Mechanics concept. In the derived... 

    Size influence of specimens and maximum aggregate on dam concrete: compressive strength

    , Article Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering ; Volume 21, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 349-355 ; 08991561 (ISSN) Khaloo, A. R ; Mohamadi Shooreh, M. R ; Askari, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    The compressive strength of mass concrete in dams is obtained from laboratory experiments of various cylindrical specimens with diameters of 150, 250, and 300 mm, and heights of 300, 500, and 450 mm, respectively. These specimens with 37.5, 75, and 150 mm maximum size of aggregate were investigated. The 7- and 90-day compressive strength of concrete was found to be between 20 and 58 MPa depending on the size of the specimens. The results reveal the existence of a significant size effect. Based on test results, relationships between the strength of mass concrete specimens and their size and shape are developed. Finally, results and a discussion are presented regarding compressive strength... 

    Reinforced concrete beams without stirrups considering shear friction and fracture mechanics

    , Article Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering ; Volume 33, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 161-168 ; 03151468 (ISSN) Kazemi, M. T ; Broujerdian, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    A new expression for the shear capacity of reinforced concrete beams without stirrups was derived by calculating the aggregate interlock capacity across the major diagonal crack of the beam, a procedure somewhat similar to those based on the modified compression field theory. Two formulas were obtained from the simplification of this expression. All three relations capture the dependence of shear strength on the size of the beam, the ratio of shear span to beam depth, longitudinal reinforcement ratio, maximum aggregate size, and concrete strength. The limits of these formulas agree well with the limit solutions of shear failure load for very small and very large beams based on plastic and... 

    Deriving actuality from possibility

    , Article Philosophia (United States) ; 17 July , 2020 Moghri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Many believe that the world exists without a cause or reason. Most of them reject an explanation for the whole concrete world because they accept the traditional idea that concrete existence comes only from things that concretely exist. But I provide reasons for thinking that the world might be actual as a result of a feature that is not concrete but abstract. I begin by outlining ideas that some followers of the Platonic Theory of Forms have developed about whether actuality of something can be explained by its possibility. Next, I show that many who think they reject all paths for explaining actuality by abstract facts about possibilities in fact follow such paths. The question of why... 

    Effects of drying temperature and aggregate shape on the concrete compressive strength: Experiments and data mining techniques

    , Article International Journal of Engineering Transactions C: Aspects ; Volume 33, Issue 9 , 2020 , Pages 1780-1791 Reza Kashyzadeh, K ; Ghorbani, S ; Forouzanmehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Materials and Energy Research Center  2020
    Abstract
    The main purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of the geometry and size of the aggregate, as well as the drying temperature on the compressive strength of the ordinary concrete. To this end, two aggregates with sharp and round corners were prepared in three different aggregate sizes. After preparing concrete samples, the drying operations were carried out in the vicinity of room temperature, cold wind, and hot wind. Next, the linear relationship between the concrete strength and the studied parameters was estimated using Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) method. Finally, the Taguchi Sensitivity Analysis (TSA) and Decision Tree Analysis (DTA) were applied in order to determine the... 

    Deriving actuality from possibility

    , Article Philosophia (United States) ; Volume 49, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 393-402 ; 00483893 (ISSN) Moghri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Many believe that the world exists without a cause or reason. Most of them reject an explanation for the whole concrete world because they accept the traditional idea that concrete existence comes only from things that concretely exist. But I provide reasons for thinking that the world might be actual as a result of a feature that is not concrete but abstract. I begin by outlining ideas that some followers of the Platonic Theory of Forms have developed about whether actuality of something can be explained by its possibility. Next, I show that many who think they reject all paths for explaining actuality by abstract facts about possibilities in fact follow such paths. The question of why... 

    Investigation of various concrete materials to simulate seismic response of RC structures

    , Article Structures ; Volume 29 , 2021 , Pages 1322-1351 ; 23520124 (ISSN) Asgarpoor, M ; Gharavi, A ; Epackachi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    This paper focuses on the performance evaluation of several concrete models in reinforced concrete (RC) structures subjected to seismic loading. Despite many studies conducted on implementing different characteristics of concrete in constitutive models, there is an essential need for investigating the ability of these models in predicting the behavior of structures in seismic applications. In this paper, several developed plasticity-based constitutive models with the combination of fracture and continuum damage models are investigated for application in seismic loading conditions. Damage-based isotropic and anisotropic models and smeared cracking approach have been applied as complementary... 

    Simulation of corrosion protection methods in reinforced concrete by artificial neural networks and fuzzy logic

    , Article Journal of Electrochemical Science and Engineering ; Volume 12, Issue 3 , 2022 , Pages 511-527 ; 18479286 (ISSN) Afshar, A ; Shokrgozar, A ; Afshar, A ; Afshar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Association of Physical Chemists  2022
    Abstract
    In this study, the effect of protection methods regarding the corrosion decrement of steel in concrete was simulated by artificial neural networks (ANNs) and fuzzy logic (FL) approaches. Hot dip galvanizing as a protective coating, Ferrogard 901 corrosion inhibitor, a pozzolanic component, such as fly ash (FA) and micro-silica (MS), and eventually rebar AISI-304 were employed in concrete. Reinforced concrete samples were held under impressed voltage of 30 V in 3.5 % NaCl electrolyte for 350 hours toward a stainless-steel auxiliary electrode. Corrosion currents have been modelled using feed forward back propagation ANNs and FL methods. The results demonstrate good consistency between... 

    The interface behavior of rock, conventional vibrated and roller compacted concrete

    , Article Geotechnical and Geological Engineering ; Volume 38, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 1949-1969 Soltanianfard, M. A ; Toufigh, V ; Ghaemian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    The interface behavior of rock and concrete and between layers of concrete highly affects the performance of concrete dam structures. In this investigation, a modified direct shear test was implemented in the laboratory to evaluate the interface behavior between (1) rock and conventional vibrated concrete (CVC), (2) rock and roller compacted concrete (RCC), (3) CVC and RCC and (4) two layers of RCC. Series of in situ shear tests were also performed between rock and concrete. The friction angle and cohesion for all tested interface were determined and analyzed. The effect of uniaxial compressive strength (UCS) of concrete on the interface behavior was determined. Additionally, the effect of... 

    Behavior of channel shear connectors, Part II: Analytical study

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 64, Issue 12 , December , 2008 , Pages 1341-1348 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Maleki, S ; Bagheri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    In this second part of the two companion papers an effective numerical model is proposed using finite element method to simulate the push-out test of channel shear connectors. The focus is on the shear capacity of channel shear connectors embedded in a solid reinforced concrete slab under monotonic loading. The model has been validated against test results presented in Part (I) and compared with data given in North American design codes. Parametric studies using this nonlinear model are performed to investigate the variations in concrete strength, channel dimensions and the orientation of the channel. The results show that the concrete strength, web and flange thicknesses of the channel and... 

    Experimental investigation of RCS connections performance using self-consolidated concrete

    , Article Journal of Constructional Steel Research ; Volume 114 , November , 2015 , Pages 204-216 ; 0143974X (ISSN) Alizadeh, S ; Attari, N. K. A ; Kazemi, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    The cyclic behavior of RCS connection consisted of Reinforced Concrete (RC) columns and Steel (S) beams is studied in this paper. Two interior connections are investigated experimentally. The joint of the first specimen is designed according to ASCE 1994 guideline, while the second specimen has a new proposed joint detail. Self-consolidating concrete is used in both specimens. Self-consolidating concrete could improve constructability of the congested joint of RCS frames. The specimens detail include steel band plates, face bearing plates, L-shaped joint stirrups, and steel doubler plate for the panel zone. The proposed joint detail consists of additional bearing plates, which cause an... 

    A model for the evolution of concrete deterioration due to reinforcement corrosion

    , Article Mathematical and Computer Modelling ; Volume 52, Issue 9-10 , November , 2010 , Pages 1403-1422 ; 08957177 (ISSN) Shodja, H. M ; Kiani, K ; Hashemian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    One of the most crucial factors affecting the service life of reinforced concrete (RC) structures attacked by aggressive ions is reinforcement corrosion. As the steel corrosion progresses, crack propagation in concrete medium endangers the serviceability and the strength of RC structural members. In this study, a nonlinear mathematical model for determining the displacement and stress fields in RC structures subjected to reinforcement corrosion is introduced. For corrosion products, a nonlinear stress-strain relation which has been previously confirmed by experimental data is incorporated in the present analysis. In formulation of the governing equations for steel-rust-concrete composite,... 

    Cyclic behaviour of interior reinforced concrete beam-column connection with self-consolidating concrete

    , Article Structural Concrete ; Volume 17, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 618-629 ; 14644177 (ISSN) Salehi Mobin, J ; Kazemi, M. T ; Attari, N. K. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell 
    Abstract
    A significant amount of research on self-consolidating concrete (SCC) technology has been devoted to evaluating the suitability of the material for its use in structural applications. However, more research is required to confirm the adequacy of SCC structural members for resisting gravity and seismic loads. This study focuses on the experimental investigation of the seismic performance of interior reinforced concrete beam-column connections with SCC. Four beam-column connection specimens, three with SCC and one with normally vibrated concrete (NC), were designed for this experimental study. Factors such as concrete type (SCC or NC) and axial load ratio (0, 7.5 and 15 % of column section... 

    Determination of the fracture parameters of concrete with improved wedge-splitting testing

    , Article Engineering Fracture Mechanics ; Volume 276 , 2022 ; 00137944 (ISSN) Sun, L ; Du, C ; Ghaemian, M ; Zhao, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Considering the quasi-brittle mechanical properties of concrete, wedge-splitting tests are employed and improved in this paper to study the fracture behaviour of concrete. A novel wedge-splitting device is designed by fixing ten springs on the force transmission component. The adaptive spring force can be imposed on top of a concrete specimen to retard the brittle fracture process. With the proposed wedge-splitting test design for notched cuboid specimens, the complete load–strain/CMOD curves of concrete can be generated directly. The fracture toughness and the fracture energy can be calculated easily without numerical fitting using the double-K fracture model. The descending branch of the... 

    Flexural behavior of concrete beams reinforced with high volume steel fibers

    , Article ISEC 2013 - 7th International Structural Engineering and Construction Conference: New Developments in Structural Engineering and Construction ; 2013 , Pages 1031-1036 ; 9810753551 (ISBN) ; 9789810753559 (ISBN) Khaloo, A ; Jahromi, H. S ; Mohammadian, A ; Yazdani S ; Singh A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    This paper presents the results of an experimental study on the flexural behavior of ten 10 × 15 × 120 (cm) steel reinforced high strength concrete beams under deflection control loading conditions. Test variable includes volumetric percentage of steel fibers (0%, 1.5%, 3%, 4%, 5%). The plain concrete strength was 30MPa. The monotonic concentrated load was applied at the center of the beam, the relative deflection was measured, and demec points were used to determine curvature of the beam. Load-deflection and moment-curvature diagrams have been obtained and plotted for each beam individually. Test results indicate that higher fiber content considerably improves flexural behavior and provides...