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    Progress towards macroscopic spin and mechanical superposition via Rydberg interaction

    , Article Physical Review A ; Volume 98, Issue 4 , 2018 ; 24699926 (ISSN) Khazali, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Physical Society  2018
    This paper is a proposal for the generation of a many-body entangled state in atomic and mechanical systems. Here the detailed feasibility study shows that application of a strong Rydberg dressing interaction and a fast bifurcation scheme in a Bose-Einstein condensate of Rb atoms, results in the formation of large cat states. By detailed study of the decoherence effects using the quantum jump Monte Carlo approach and taking into account the obstacles like collective decoherence and level mixing, this proposal predicts the formation of a 700-atom cat state. Subsequent transfer of the generated superposition to far separated mechanical oscillators is proposed, using dipole coupling between... 

    Solid nanoparticle and gaseous emissions of a diesel engine with a diesel particulate filter and use of a high-sulphur diesel fuel and a medium-sulphur diesel fuel

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering ; Volume 231, Issue 7 , 2017 , Pages 941-951 ; 09544070 (ISSN) Doozandegan, M ; Hosseini, V ; Ehteram, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    High-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels are still used in several countries. Although diesel particulate filter technology for on-road diesel engines has existed since 1989, the availability of high-sulphur and medium-sulphur diesel fuels in the market causes delays in the use of catalysed filter technologies. However, the situation in places such as Tehran is considered unhealthy because of particles and black carbon, and full distribution of ultra-low-sulphur diesel is awaited eagerly. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the sulphur content in fuels on the gaseous and solid exhaust emissions of a 220 kW Euro II engine equipped with a sintered metal active-passive...