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    TiO2 nanostructured films on mica using liquid phase deposition

    , Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 107, Issue 2-3 , 2008 , Pages 449-455 ; 02540584 (ISSN) Pourmand, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2008
    Abstract
    Liquid phase deposition is a method to grow conformal TiO2 films with good crystallinity on various substrates. The growth depends on the hydrophilicity of the substrate surface and we found that mica is a substrate capable of forming uniform and thick films. Films were grown using an aqueous solution of TiF4 through a hydrolysis-condensation process. We have studied films properties; morphology, porosity and thickness, in terms of growth conditions, i.e. TiF4 concentration, growth temperature, deposition time and pH. The porosity of films was shown to rapidly increase from about 18% to about 25% and remained the same for longer growth times. The growth process of films could be identified... 

    Efficiency improvement of solar stills through wettability alteration of the condensation surface: An experimental study

    , Article Applied Energy ; Volume 268 , 2020 Zanganeh, P ; Soltani Goharrizi, A ; Ayatollahi, S ; Feilizadeh, M ; Dashti, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    The condensation process is of great importance in many heat transfer devices in which a large amount of energy must be transferred. Furthermore, condensation is a crucial part of energy conversion and affects the energy efficiency of thermal desalination plants and solar stills. During the condensation process in solar stills, an essential part of the energy is transferred through the condensation surface to produce fresh water. Therefore, the condensation surface plays a significant role in the working efficiency of solar stills. The wettability of the condensation surface influences the condensation mechanism, which, in turn, affects the efficiency of solar stills. This study aims to...