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    A hyperelastic constitutive model for fiber-reinforced rubber-like materials

    , Article International Journal of Engineering Science ; Volume 71 , 2013 , Pages 36-44 ; 00207225 (ISSN) Fereidoonnezhad, B ; Naghdabadi, R ; Arghavani, J ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this paper, a Strain Energy Function (SEF) is proposed to characterize the hyperelastic behavior of transversely isotropic incompressible fiber-reinforced rubbers. The kinematics of the deformation is based on a strain measure consistent with the physics of the deformation. The SEF consists of an isotropic part and an anisotropic one where a simple form of SEF is used for both parts. In order to investigate the capabilities of the proposed model, two fiber-reinforced rubbers under homogeneous deformations are examined. The predictions of the model show a good agreement with the experimental data for both tensile and shear deformations. Also, torsion of a fiber-reinforced rubbery circular... 

    An endochronic plasticity model for numerical simulation of industrial powder compaction processes

    , Article Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering ; Volume 19, Issue 7 , 2003 , Pages 521-534 ; 10698299 (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Bakhshiani, A ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    In this paper, the numerical modelling of powder forming process is simulated by a finite element analysis using an endochronic plasticity model. A general algorithm for the endochronic theory from the viewpoint of efficient numerical modelling is presented. Constitutive equations are established based on coupling between deviatoric and hydrostatic behaviour to the endochronic theory. Finally, the numerical schemes are examined for efficiency in the modelling of a rotational flanged-component. It is shown how the endochronic plasticity describes the behaviour of powder material from the initial stage of compaction to final stage, in which material behaves as solid metals. © 2003 John Wiley... 

    A finite deformation viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model for self-healing materials

    , Article Smart Materials and Structures ; Volume 25, Issue 12 , 2016 , Pages 1DUMMY- ; 09641726 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Physics Publishing  2016
    Abstract
    In this paper, employing the Hencky strain, viscoelastic-viscoplastic response of self-healing materials is investigated. Considering the irreversible thermodynamics and using the effective configuration in the Continuum Damage-Healing Mechanics (CDHM), a phenomenological finite strain viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model is presented. Considering finite viscoelastic and viscoplastic deformations, total deformation gradient is multiplicatively decomposed into viscoelastic and viscoplastic parts. Due to mathematical advantages and physical meaning of Hencky strain, this measure of strain is employed in the constitutive model development. In this regard, defining the damage and healing... 

    Continuum damage-healing constitutive modeling for concrete materials through stress spectral decomposition

    , Article International Journal of Damage Mechanics ; Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 900-918 ; 10567895 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Self-healing concrete materials have the capability to recover a part of the weakened mechanical properties induced by damage. In this paper, a constitutive model is proposed to investigate damage and healing phenomena in concrete materials. In order to consider the different behavior of concretes in tension and compression, a spectral decomposition of the stress is utilized. In addition, employing the Clausius-Duhem inequality and considering the irreversible thermodynamics, conjugate forces of the damage and healing are expressed. The Gibbs potential energy is decomposed into three parts: elastic, damage and healing. In this regard, damage and healing behavior are distinguished from the... 

    Stress softening and permanent deformation in human aortas: Continuum and computational modeling with application to arterial clamping

    , Article Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials ; Volume 61 , 2016 , Pages 600-616 ; 17516161 (ISSN) Fereidoonnezhad, B ; Naghdabadi, R ; Holzapfel, G. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2016
    Abstract
    Inelastic phenomena such as stress softening and unrecoverable inelastic deformations induced by supra-physiological loading have been observed experimentally in soft tissues such as arteries. These phenomena need to be accounted for in constitutive models of arterial tissues so that computational models can properly predict the outcome of interventional procedures such as arterial clamping and balloon angioplasty that involve non-physiological tissue loading. Motivated by experimental data, a novel pseudo-elastic damage model is proposed to describe discontinuous softening and permanent deformation in arterial tissues. The model is fitted to experimental data and specific material... 

    Modeling of damage in soft biological tissues

    , Article Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling ; 2017 , Pages 101-123 ; 9780128040607 (ISBN); 9780128040096 (ISBN) Holzapfel, G. A ; Fereidoonnezhad, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2017
    Abstract
    The mechanical responses of biological tissues are well characterized by hyperelastic or viscoelastic models within the physiological loading range. However, during supra-physiological mechanical loading, as occurs during interventional procedures such as balloon angioplasty and arterial clamping, damage may occur in the tissue. The continuum and computational treatments of damage in soft biological tissues have attracted considerable attention over the recent years. In this chapter, we review the state of the art of this challenging area. We summarize and critically discuss various damage models, which are based on continuum damage mechanics, the theory of pseudo-elasticity, and the... 

    Spin tensors associated with corotational rates and corotational integrals in continua

    , Article International Journal of Solids and Structures ; Volume 44, Issue 16 , 2007 , Pages 5222-5235 ; 00207683 (ISSN) Ghavam, K ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    In many cases of constitutive modeling of continua undergoing large deformations, use of corotational rates and integrals is inevitable to avoid the effects of rigid body rotations. Making corotational rates associated with specific spin tensors is a matter of interest, which can help for a better physical interpretation of the deformation. In this paper, for a given kinematic tensor function, say G, a tensor valued function F as well as a spin tensor Ω0 is obtained in such a way that the corotational rate of F associated with the spin tensor Ω0, becomes equal to G. In other words, F is the corotational integral of G associated with the spin tensor Ω0. Here, G is decomposed additively into... 

    A density-dependent endochronic plasticity for powder compaction processes

    , Article Computational Mechanics ; Volume 34, Issue 1 , 2004 , Pages 53-66 ; 01787675 (ISSN) Bakhshiani, A ; Khoei, A. R ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2004
    Abstract
    This paper is concerned with the numerical modeling of powder cold compaction process using a density-dependent endochronic plasticity model. Endochronic plasticity theory is developed based on a large strain plasticity to describe the nonlinear behavior of powder material. The elastic response is stated in terms of hypoelastic model and endochronic plasticity constitutive equations are stated in unrotated frame of reference. A trivially incrementally objective integration scheme for rate constitutive equations is established. Algorithmic modulus consistent with numerical integration algorithm of constitutive equations is extracted. It is shown how the endochronic plasticity describes the... 

    An endochronic plasticity model for finite strain deformation of powder forming processes

    , Article Finite Elements in Analysis and Design ; Volume 40, Issue 2 , 2003 , Pages 187-211 ; 0168874X (ISSN) Khoei, A. R ; Bakhshiani, A ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2003
    Abstract
    In this paper, the numerical modeling of powder-forming process is simulated by a finite element analysis using a density-dependent endochronic plasticity model. Endochronic constitutive model based on large strain plasticity is presented. The elastic response is stated in terms of hypoelastic model and the endochronic plasticity constitutive equations are developed in unrotated frame of reference. Constitutive equations of the endochronic theory in large strain state and their numerical integrations are established. The algorithmic modulus consistent with the numerical integration algorithm of constitutive equations is extracted. Finally, the numerical schemes are examined for efficiency in... 

    A viscoelastic-viscoplastic constitutive model considering damage evolution for time dependent materials: Application to asphalt mixes

    , Article International Journal of Damage Mechanics ; Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2016 , Pages 921-942 ; 10567895 (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; Baghani, M ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd 
    Abstract
    In this paper, employing the definition of an effective configuration in the continuum damage mechanics, mechanical response of a compressible viscoelastic-viscoplastic material is investigated. We present a phenomenological viscoelastic-viscoplastic-viscodamage constitutive model, developed within the framework of irreversible thermodynamics. The formulation is based on the additive decomposition of the total strain into elastic, viscoelastic, and viscoplastic parts in the effective configuration. Thus, the Helmholtz energy is partitioned into elastic, elastic-viscoelastic, and viscoplastic parts. Then, each one is divided into deviatoric and volumetric energies. Considering the... 

    Experimental study and constitutive modeling of polymer concrete's behavior in compression

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 112 , 2016 , Pages 183-190 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Toufigh, V ; Hosseinali, M ; Shirkhorshidi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd 
    Abstract
    In this research, compressive and tensile behaviors of polymer concrete have been investigated. A series of tests were performed on polymer concrete (PC) specimens with different amounts of epoxy resin to investigate the effect of epoxy resin content on behavior of PC. For prediction of this behavior the disturbed state concept (DSC) has been used. The proposed model was then verified by predicting laboratory compressive tests used to find parameters along with independent data sets from other researchers. Moreover, the applicability of existing cement concrete models for predicting the behavior of PC was assessed since they are basically phenomenological, based on experimental observation... 

    Multiscale nonlinear constitutive modeling of carbon nanostructures based on interatomic potentials

    , Article Computers, Materials and Continua ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 41-64 ; 15462218 (ISSN) Ghanbari, J ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Continuum-based modeling of nanostructures is an efficient and suitable method to study the behavior of these structures when the deformation can be considered homogeneous. This paper is concerned about multiscale nonlinear tensorial constitutive modeling of carbon nanostructures based on the interatomic potentials. The proposed constitutive model is a tensorial equation relating the second Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor to Green-Lagrange strain tensor. For carbon nanotubes, some modifications are made on the planar representative volume element (RVE) to account for the curved atomic structure resulting a non-planar RVE. Using the proposed constitutive model, the elastic behavior of the... 

    Stress analysis of internal carotid artery with low stenosis level: the effect of material model and plaque geometry

    , Article Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology ; Volume 17, Issue 6 , 2017 ; 02195194 (ISSN) Shahidian, A ; Ghorbannia Hassankiadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Stress concentration in carotid stenosis has been proven to assist plaque morphology in disease diagnosis and vulnerability. This work focuses on numerical analysis of stress and strain distribution in the cross-section of internal carotid artery using a 2D structure-only method. The influence of four different idealized plaque geometries (circle, ellipse, oval and wedge) is investigated. Numerical simulations are implemented utilizing linear elastic model along with four hyperelastic constitutive laws named neo-Hookean, Ogden, Yeoh and Mooney-Rivlin. Each case is compared to the real geometry. Results show significant strength of oval and wedged geometries in predicting stress and strain... 

    Evaluation of plasticity-based concrete constitutive models under monotonic and cyclic loadings

    , Article Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings ; 2021 ; 15417794 (ISSN) Gharavi, A ; Asgarpoor, M ; Epackachi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    This paper evaluates the applicability of several concrete models to simulate the behavior of concrete elements under monotonic and cyclic loadings. Several robust constitutive models based on the combination of plasticity and continuum damage or plasticity and smeared crack approach are selected. The behavior of one concrete element is evaluated under different uniaxial compression, uniaxial tension, biaxial compression, biaxial tension, biaxial compression–tension, and triaxial compression loads. Then, the applicability of the concrete models is investigated for two flexural beams under cyclic loading. Five concrete models available in the versatile finite element-based software LS-DYNA... 

    Evaluation of plasticity-based concrete constitutive models under monotonic and cyclic loadings

    , Article Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings ; Volume 31, Issue 6 , 2022 ; 15417794 (ISSN) Gharavi, A ; Asgarpoor, M ; Epackachi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    This paper evaluates the applicability of several concrete models to simulate the behavior of concrete elements under monotonic and cyclic loadings. Several robust constitutive models based on the combination of plasticity and continuum damage or plasticity and smeared crack approach are selected. The behavior of one concrete element is evaluated under different uniaxial compression, uniaxial tension, biaxial compression, biaxial tension, biaxial compression–tension, and triaxial compression loads. Then, the applicability of the concrete models is investigated for two flexural beams under cyclic loading. Five concrete models available in the versatile finite element-based software LS-DYNA... 

    Effect of Cell Morphology on Macroscopic Mechanical Behavior of Open-Cell Foams

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jalilvand, Soroosh (Author) ; Vafai, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Shahbeyk, Sharif (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Solid foams are novel materials with outstanding characteristics that have found numerous applications in the construction of light, stiff structures during the past two decades. At the micro-level, solid foams benefit from a cellular structure, which is composed of either closed or open cells. Open-cell foams, which were the concern of this study, are described as a network of inter-connected struts (or ligaments) with beam-like action. The mechanical design of foams requires their mechanical properties to meet certain criteria. These criteria can be satisfied by careful selection of the base material and the microstructural morphology (geometry). However, the selected material has to be... 

    A plasticity-based constitutive model for the behavior of soil-structure interfaces under cyclic loading

    , Article Transportation Geotechnics ; Volume 14 , 2018 , Pages 41-51 ; 22143912 (ISSN) Hosseinali, M ; Toufigh, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    In this study, a new plasticity-based constitutive model is proposed for the behavior of soil-structure interfaces under monotonic and cyclic loadings. The features of the interface including the strain-softening behavior, phase transformation, steady-state, and dilatancy behavior were described by the proposed model with satisfactory accuracy. The proposed model does not require additional concepts such as damage or disturbance, and the model parameters can be obtained easily using straight-forward analyses of the results obtained from constant normal stress tests. Moreover, the results of the proposed model showed its capability in predicting the experimental results obtained from various... 

    A thermodynamically consistent viscoelastic–viscoplastic constitutive model for self-healing materials

    , Article Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures ; Volume 29, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 1065-1080 ; 1045389X (ISSN) Shahsavari, H ; Baghani, M ; Naghdabadi, R ; Sohrabpour, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Self-healing materials, as a class of intelligent materials, are capable to recover a part of the weakened mechanical properties induced by damage. In this article, based on the thermodynamics of irreversible processes, employing the effective configuration in the continuum damage-healing mechanics, a viscoelastic–viscoplastic constitutive model is presented. In the constitutive model development, we adopt an additive decomposition of the total strain into elastic, viscoelastic, and viscoplastic parts. In this regard, defining the damage and healing variables and employing the strain energy equivalence hypothesis, stress and strain tensors in the effective configuration are obtained.... 

    Local Homogenization of 2D Foams with Circle-Based Voronoi Structures

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ramezani Goldiani, Majid (Author) ; Vafai, Abolhassan (Supervisor) ; Shahbeyk, Sharif (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    The unique characteristics of solid foams make them ideal for both natural and man-made structures. The cellular structure of these materials allows for the construction of natural structures such as bone and wood that have high strength and use minimal primary materials. Their unique structure has inspired studies in the automotive and aerospace industries, leading to a new generation of lightweight materials. The focus of this study was the effects of the microstructure of foams on the macro mechanical response of specific structures. Homogenization methods are well suited for the study of these effects due to the random nature of the microstructures. One major problem in using numerical... 

    Nonlinear Microwave Circuits Design and Modeling using Behavioral Models Based on Volterra Series and X-parameter

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Zargar, Hossein (Author) ; Banai, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Modern microwave and wireless communications systems are too complex today to permit the complete simulation of the nonlinear behavior at the transistor level of description. This problem presents a significant productivity bottleneck for design engineers. At the bridge between the transistor circuit and the multichip module or RF integrated circuit (RFIC) we use “behavioral models” to describe the nonlinear circuit blocks or ICs in the system. The behavioral models are simplified models of the essential nonlinear behavior of the complex sub-circuits; this simplification means that these models will execute more quickly, and use much less memory than if an entire complex subsystem was...