Search for: conventional-methods
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    Step response analysis of third order OpAmps with slew-rate

    , Article IEEE/IFIP International Conference on VLSI and System-on-Chip, VLSI-SoC ; 2013 , Pages 62-63 ; 23248432 (ISSN); 9781479905249 (ISBN) Hassanpourghadi, M ; Sharifkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2013
    Drawing an accurate relationship between settling time and the power consumption of the amplifier is a challenging problem in Switch Capacitor circuits especially when it includes non-linear effects. In this paper, a new method for the estimation of this relationship including both non-linear settling as a result of slew-rate and small signal settling in the 3 rd order amplifier is proposed. The results show that the proposed settling time estimation is more accurate than other conventional methods when it is compared with the circuit level simulations. The proposed method has error smaller than 10% for the third order OpAmp in estimating settling error. This is about two times more accurate... 

    Automatic access control based on face and hand biometrics in a non-cooperative context

    , Article Proceedings - 2018 IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision Workshops, WACVW 2018 ; Volume 2018-January , 2018 , Pages 28-36 ; 9781538651889 (ISBN) Sabet Jahromi, M. N ; Bonderup, M. B ; Asadi Aghbolaghi, M ; Avots, E ; Nasrollahi, K ; Escalera, S ; Kasaei, S ; Moeslund, T. B ; Anbarjafari, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Automatic access control systems (ACS) based on the human biometrics or physical tokens are widely employed in public and private areas. Yet these systems, in their conventional forms, are restricted to active interaction from the users. In scenarios where users are not cooperating with the system, these systems are challenged. Failure in cooperation with the biometric systems might be intentional or because the users are incapable of handling the interaction procedure with the biometric system or simply forget to cooperate with it, due to for example, illness like dementia. This work introduces a challenging bimodal database, including face and hand information of the users when they... 

    A fast Speaker Identification method using nearest neighbor distance

    , Article International Conference on Signal Processing Proceedings, ICSP ; Volume 3 , 2012 , Pages 2159-2162 ; 9781467321945 (ISBN) Zeinali, H ; Sameti, H ; Babaali, B ; Sharif University of Technology
    By increasing the number of registered speakers in Speaker Identification (SI) systems, computation time for identifying an unknown speaker is significantly increased. This problem arises from the simple design of conventional methods. Due to this limitation, we cannot use conventional SI methods in real time applications. In this paper, we propose a two-step method to overcome this limitation. We use different identification methods for each step. In the first step we reduce the search space using Nearest Neighbor method. In the second step we identify the target speaker using the conventional GMM-based SI method. The experimental results show 3.4× speed-ups without any accuracy loss using... 

    Experimental investigation of near miscibility effect on relative permeability curves

    , Article 74th European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2012 Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2012: Responsibly Securing Natural Resources, 4 June 2012 through 7 June 2012 ; June , 2012 , Pages 5469-5474 ; 9781629937908 (ISBN) Parvazdavani, M ; Masihi, M ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers, EAGE  2012
    The requirement of reliable relative permeability data is more intensified when the miscibility condition approaches. In this work the relative permeability of CO2 and oil has been measured at different miscibility conditions using conventional methods. Fractured dolomite and sandstone core plugs samples were used in the experiments. Due to some errorful assumptions of conventional methods such as immiscible, incompressible displacement, inverse modeling was used for predicting the reliable relative permeability of oil and gas phases at near miscible condition from measured oil production and pressure drop data. The initial guesses of relative permeabilities were provided from conventional... 

    Synthesis of soluble N-functionalized polysaccharide derivatives using phenyl carbonate precursor and their application as catalysts

    , Article Starch/Staerke ; Volume 63, Issue 12 , 2011 , Pages 780-791 ; 00389056 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Seidi, F ; Afjeh, S. S ; Nikoseresht, N ; Salimi, H ; Nemati, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Soluble N-functionalized basic and cationic polysaccharides have been synthesized using polysaccharide phenyl carbonate as a precursor. The products and intermediates were thoroughly characterized by conventional methods. The quaternization of amino intermediates in various conditions was studied. Moreover, the potential of basic polymers as green and selective catalysts in Knoevenagel reaction was investigated. In all cases, only one isomer was obtained  

    One-dimensional adiabatic circuits with inherent charge recycling

    , Article Electronics Letters ; Volume 51, Issue 14 , July , 2015 , Pages 1056-1058 ; 00135194 (ISSN) Khorami, A ; Sharifkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2015
    A new switching method for the stabilisation of a one-dimensional capacitor array tank for the stepwise charging of a load capacitor is presented. In this method, the tank capacitor configuration is rearranged in a circular manner once the charging process of a load capacitor finishes and before the charging process of a new load capacitor begins. Unlike previously reported methods, this method does not require backward switching for the stabilisation of tank capacitor voltages. Hence, the proposed method reduces the number of charging process steps by a factor of up to 2 compared with the conventional method. Moreover, since the tank recycles its charge inherently, the capacitive load can... 

    Divided POMDP method for complex menu problems in spoken dialogue systems

    , Article 2010 IEEE Workshop on Spoken Language Technology, SLT 2010 - Proceedings, 12 December 2010 through 15 December 2010 ; 2010 , Pages 484-489 ; 9781424479030 (ISBN) Habibi, M ; Rahbar, S ; Sameti, H ; The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE); IEEE Signal Processing Society ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, a problem in spoken dialogue systems namely the menu problem, is introduced and solved by a POMDP model. To overcome the large size of the menu problem, a new method for achieving an optimal policy called divided POMDP method is introduced. Conditions for the problem to be solved by the proposed method are specified and the problem properties resulting in the given conditions are presented. The proposed method is evaluated using a typical menu problem with different menu sizes and it is shown that this method is superior to the conventional methods such as FRTDP for the problems it is capable to solve. Moreover, it converges faster in getting to an optimal policy  

    NSSSD: A new semantic hierarchical storage for sensor data

    , Article 20th IEEE International Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design, 4 May 2016 through 6 May 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 174-179 ; 9781509019151 (ISBN) Gheisari, M ; Movassagh, A. A ; Qin, Y ; Yong, J ; Tao, X ; Zhang, J ; Shen, H ; Liu, X. P ; Yong, J ; Barthes, J. P ; Shen, W ; Yang, C ; Luo, J ; Chen, L ; IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society; International Working Group on Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design (CSCWD) ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Sensor networks usually generate mass of data, which if not structured for future applications, will require much effort on analytical processing and interpretations. Thus, storing sensor data in an effective and structured format is a key issue in the area of sensor networks. In the meantime, even a little improvement on data storing structure may lead to a significant effect on the lifetime and performance of the sensor network. This paper describes a new method for sensor storage that combines semantic web concepts, a data aggregation method along with aligning sensors in hierarchical form. This solution is able to reduce the amount of data stored at the sink nodes significantly. At the... 

    Low power DAC with single capacitor sampling method for SAR ADCs

    , Article Electronics Letters ; Volume 52, Issue 14 , 2016 , Pages 1209-1210 ; 00135194 (ISSN) Yazdani, B ; Khorami, A ; Sharifkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2016
    An ultra-efficient switching method for successive approximation register ADCs is proposed. In this method, the input signals are sampled in a special fashion to reduce the switching energy. Owing to the sampling method, only one reference voltage (Vq=Vref/4) is required to implement the switching steps. Therefore, in addition to reduction in the switching energy (due to the lower supply voltage), the precision of the DAC is improved. The proposed method reduces the switching energy and area by 99.41 and 50%, respectively, compared with the conventional method. © 2016 The Institution of Engineering and Technology  

    Sensitivity improvement of Phase-Noise Measurement of mcrowave oscillators using if delay line based discriminator

    , Article IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , 2016 , Pages 546-548 ; 15311309 (ISSN) Salehi Barzegar, A ; Banai, A ; Farzaneh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    The conventional delay-line discriminator method for phase noise measurement is modified to achieve better sensitivity. In the proposed technique, to decrease delay-line loss, the under-test oscillator's microwave frequency is down-converted by another oscillator, and delay-line is implemented in the IF range. Full validation of the technique is presented. In adition, we experimentally demonstrate that system sensitivity is considerably improved compared to the conventional method  

    A geometrical approach for configuration and singularity analysis of a new non-symmetric 2DOF 5R spherical parallel manipulator

    , Article Mechanism and Machine Theory ; Volume 147 , 2020 Alamdar, A. R ; Farahmand, F ; Behzadipour, S ; Mirbagheri, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    A new non-symmetric 5R-SPM is introduced and a geometrical approach is developed to analyze its configurations and singularities. The proposed methodology determines the type of configuration of a 5R-SPM, i.e. regular, singular, or out-of-workspace and also the type of singularity, i.e. instantaneous or finite, only based on geometric parameters and without solving verbose kinematic equations. It also provides insights into the workspace and singularities of 5R-SPMs, in the preliminary stage of design. The mechanism was analyzed by both the new geometrical approach and conventional methods for comparison. The geometrical approach could intuitively detect all the singularities observed by the... 

    A new double-counting cancellation technique for ray tracing using separation angle distribution

    , Article 2008 IEEE International RF and Microwave Conference, RFM 2008, Kuala Lumpur, 2 December 2008 through 4 December 2008 ; April , 2008 , Pages 306-310 ; 9781424428663 (ISBN) Mohtashami, V ; Shishegar, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents a new efficient and accurate method to overcome the double-counting problem of ray tracing in indoor environments. The conventional method of modeling the transmitter using an icosahedron inscribed in the unit sphere is used. The separation angle distribution of the source rays over the faces of the icosahedron is calculated prior to the start of the tracing procedure. These angles are used to cancel the double-counting problem in the post processing stage. To validate our proposed method, an electromagnetic problem that has analytical solution is presented and the ray tracing results are compared to this solution. The simulation results agree with analytical solution... 

    Modal parameters identification using bilinear joint time-frequency analysis

    , Article International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering 2006, ISMA 2006, Heverlee, 18 September 2006 through 20 September 2006 ; Volume 5 , 2006 , Pages 2907-2919 Roshan Ghias, A ; Mobed, M ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Behzad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Katholieke Universiteit Leuven  2006
    In this paper, a new method for modal parameter estimation using time-frequency representations is presented. Smoothed Pseudo Wigner-Ville representation which is a member of the Cohen's class distributions is used that reduces cross-terms in time-frequency plane dramatically and holds resolution as well. The method was applied to systems with high damping, and the results were superior to other conventional methods. © (2006) by the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Department of Mechanical Engineering All rights reserved  

    A comprehensive study on the complete charging-discharging cycle of a phase change material using intermediate boiling fluid to control energy flow

    , Article Journal of Energy Storage ; Volume 35 , 2021 ; 2352152X (ISSN) Hosseininaveh, H ; Mohammadi, O ; Faghiri, S ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    The low melting and solidification rates of phase change materials (PCM), which traces back to their low thermal conductivity coefficient, has led the application of these materials to face limitations. This paper aims to explore the effectiveness of a novel method called intermediate boiling fluid (IBF) in speeding up the energy storage and transfer processes in PCMs during a complete charging-discharging cycle. Throughout this novel technique, paraffin and acetone are utilized as PCM and IBF, respectively. In the solidification process, there is no direct contact between the cold source and the molten paraffin, while acetone, as an intermediate fluid, is being boiled via absorbing... 

    A new blind source separation approach based on dynamical similarity and its application on epileptic seizure prediction

    , Article Signal Processing ; Volume 183 , 2021 ; 01651684 (ISSN) Niknazar, H ; Nasrabadi, A. M ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Blind source separation is an important field of study in signal processing, in which the goal is to estimate source signals by having mixed observations. There are some conventional methods in this field that aim to estimate source signals by considering certain assumptions on sources. One of the most popular assumptions is the non-Gaussianity of sources which is the basis of many popular blind source separation methods. These methods may fail to estimate sources when the distribution of two or more sources is Gaussian. Hence, this study aims to introduce a new approach in blind source separation for nonlinear and chaotic signals by using a dynamical similarity measure and relaxing... 

    DNA and RNA extractions from eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells by graphene nanoplatelets

    , Article RSC Advances ; Vol. 4, issue. 105 , 2014 , p. 60720-60728 Hashemi, E ; Akhavan, O ; Shamsara, M ; Valimehr, S ; Rahighi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Graphene nanoplatelets with lateral dimensions of ∼50-200 nm and thicknesses <2 nm were utilized for the extraction of nucleic acids (NAs) from eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells. The graphene nanoplatelets (both chemically exfoliated graphene oxide nanoplatelets and hydrazine-reduced graphene oxide nanoplatelets) successfully extracted plasmid DNA (pDNA) from Escherichia coli bacteria, comparable to a conventional phenol-chloroform (PC) method. Furthermore, it was found that the yield of graphene nanoplatelets in genomic DNA (gDNA) and RNA extractions from embryonic stem cells (ESCs) was also comparable to the yield of the conventional methods. The effects of the graphene nanoplatelets on... 

    Sufficient statistics, classification, and a novel approach for frame detection in OFDM systems

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology ; Volume 62, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 2481-2495 ; 00189545 (ISSN) Abdzadeh Ziabari, H ; Shayesteh, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper addresses the problem of frame detection in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Using fourth-order statistics, a novel approach is presented for detection of a preamble composed of two identical parts in the time domain. First, it is demonstrated that sufficient statistics for detection of a periodic preamble do not exist, and conventional methods are not optimal. Next, looking at the detection of a preamble from the viewpoints of hypothesis testing and classification, a new method is presented based on the idea that fourth-order statistics can increase class separability (between-class distance) and consequently improve detection performance. It is proven... 

    On a generalized basis for solving the one dimensional transport equation: Theory

    , Article Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer ; Volume 113, Issue 5 , 2012 , Pages 335-341 ; 00224073 (ISSN) Ayyoubzadeh, S. M ; Vosoughi, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    The most general basis for approximating the transport equation has been studied. The application of the Gram-Schmidt procedure has been shown to unify the complete class of functions (polynomial type or non-polynomial type), applicable to this equation. The completeness of the series of functions is proved. A generalized version of the Fick's law is introduced. It is shown that the spectrum of the transport equation obtained by this method agrees with the conventional methods of obtaining the spectrum  

    Fuzzy modeling techniques and artificial neural networks to estimate annual energy output of a wind turbine

    , Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 9 , September , 2010 , Pages 2008-2014 ; 09601481 (ISSN) Jafarian, M ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The purpose of this article is to develop a new method to estimate annual energy output for a given wind turbine in any region which should be easy to use and has satisfactory accuracy. To do this, hourly wind speeds of 25 different stations in Netherlands, output power curve of S47 wind turbine and fuzzy modeling techniques and artificial neural networks were used and a model is developed to estimate annual energy output for S47 wind turbine in different regions. Since this model has three inputs (average wind speed, standard deviation of wind speed, and air density of that region), this model is easy to use. The accuracy of this method is compared with the accuracy of conventional methods... 

    A novel efficient model for the power flow analysis of power systems

    , Article Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 52-66 ; 13000632 (ISSN) Safdarian, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Aminifar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    The overall system status calculated by pflower flow analysis is the most basic information used for all decisions taken by power system operators and planners. While conventional AC pflower flow solutions are computationally tractable, approximate DC models are employed in many applications, such as optimal power flow studies and unit commitment problems, mainly due to the linear nature of DC models. These models do not provide any information on the reactive power and voltage magnitude quantities and occasionally inaccurate results of the active power values. This paper presents an efficient power flow approach compromising both the con icting aspects of speed and accuracy. The proposed...