Search for: copper-tubes
Article Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science ; Volume 42 , 2012 , Pages 6-15 ; 08941777 (ISSN) ; Soltanieh, M ; Shafii, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study, the aim is to investigate the application of pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) as a heat transfer tool in a solar water heater (SWH). For this purpose, an extra-long pulsating heat pipe (ELPHP) is designed, constructed and installed in a thermosyphon solar water heater. In this work the ELPHPs are made of copper tubes of internal diameter 2.0. mm. The number of meandering turns is 6 and the working fluid employed is distilled water. The lengths of condenser and evaporator sections are 0.8 and 0.96. m, respectively. The length of adiabatic section varies between 0.7 and 1.8. m. Inclination of the ELPHPs varies between 15° and 90° but is 45° for evaporator section. Four different...
Article Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2011 , Pages 221-237 ; 10655131 (ISSN) ; Arabnejad, S ; Shafii, M. B ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, the effect of different parameters on the thermal operation of a Closed Loop Pulsating Heat Pipe (CLPHP) has been investigated. These parameters include the working fluid, the inclination angle, the filling ratio, and the input heat flux. The effect of nanoparticle mass concentrations has been analyzed as well. It was observed that the CLPHP can decrease thermal resistance up to 11.5 times compared to the same empty copper tube with thermal resistance of 9.4 K/W. Optimum thermal operation for a system with the water-silver nanofluid was achieved at conditions of the 50% filling ratio with thermal resistance of 0.9 K/W, and for the water-titanium oxide system, the optimal...
Article Heat Transfer Engineering ; Volume 31, Issue 10 , Oct , 2010 , Pages 854-861 ; 01457632 (ISSN) ; Arabnejad, S ; Saboohi, Y ; Jamshidi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Pulsating heat pipes are complex heat transfer devices, and their optimum thermal performance is largely dependent on different parameters. In this paper, in order to investigate these parameters, first a closed-loop pulsating heat pipe (CLPHP) was designed and manufactured. The CLPHP was made of copper tubes with internal diameters of 1.8 mm. The lengths of the evaporator, adiabatic, and condenser sections were 60, 150, and 60 mm, respectively. Afterward, the effect of various parameters, including the working fluid (water and ethanol), the volumetric filling ratio (30%, 40%, 50%, 70%, 80%), and the input heat power (5 to 70 W), on the thermal performance of the CLPHP was investigated...
An experimental evaluation of copper, steel and polypropylene tubes in solar water heaters with thermosyphonic flow, Article Applied Solar Energy (English translation of Geliotekhnika) ; Volume 45, Issue 1 , 2009 , Pages 65-69 ; 0003701X (ISSN) ; Razavi, J ; Sadeghi, A ; Javaheri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper we report experimental results for the performance and rate of heat transfer in copper tubes in solar water heaters with thermosyphonic flow in continuation of experimental data reported in previous publications (Solar Energy, 2003, vol. 74, pp. 441-445, and Energy Sources, 1997, vol. 19, pp. 147-152). We also show a comparison between performances of three kinds of tubes: copper, polypropylene and steel under similar conditions. An analytical relation for calculation of rate of heat transfer in copper tubes is also presented in terms of Nusselt versus Reynolds and Prantdl numbers. A comparison of experimental data showed that performance of copper tubes is slightly better than...
Comparison of performance prediction of solar water heaters between artificial neural networks and conventional correlations, Article International Journal of Global Energy Issues ; Volume 31, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 122-131 ; 09547118 (ISSN) ; Riazi, M. R ; Raoufi, F ; Sadeghi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The aim of this study was to develop a predictive method for heat transfer coefficients in solar water heaters and their performance evaluation of such heaters with different materials used as heat collectors. Two approaches have been used: conventional method and an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) to predict the performance of solar water heaters and to compare these two approaches. This performance is measured in terms of outlet temperature by using a set of conventional feed forward multi-layer neural networks. The actual experimental data which were used as our network's input gathered from published literature (for polypropylene tubes) and from the experiments carried out recently using...
Role of precursors and coating polymers in sol-gel chemistry toward enhanced selectivity and efficiency in solid phase microextraction, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 742 , 2012 , Pages 45-53 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Piri Moghadam, H ; Ahdi, T ; Sharif University of Technology
To evaluate the selectivity and efficiency of solid phase microextraction (SPME) fiber coatings, synthesized by sol-gel technology, roles of precursors and coating polymers were extensively investigated. An on-line combination of capillary microextraction (CME) technique and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was set up to perform the investigation. Ten different fiber coatings were synthesized in which five of them contained only the precursor and the rests were prepared using both the precursor and coating polymer. All the coatings were chemically bonded to the inner surface of copper tubes, intended to be used as the CME device and already functionalized by self-assembly...