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    Patient-specific fluid–structure interaction simulation of the LAD-ITA bypass graft for moderate and severe stenosis: A doubt on the fractional flow reserve-based decision

    , Article Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 42, Issue 1 , 2022 , Pages 143-157 ; 02085216 (ISSN) Tajeddini, F ; Firoozabadi, B ; Pakravan, H. A ; Ahmadi Tafti, S. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2022
    Fractional flow reserve (FFR)-based decision improves the outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for some patients, while its effectiveness in improving the results of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is unclear, in particular for moderate stenosis. It may be due to the fact that FFR cannot take into account the impacts of competitive flow (CF), intimal hyperplasia (IH), as well as compliance mismatch (CMM). As a result, two questions arise 1) whether FFR is a sufficient factor to decide to perform the CABG for patients with moderate to severe stenosis or not and 2) whether post-operative FFR shows the effectiveness of a graft. To shed light on this matter, two... 

    Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: A step towards optimised drug carrier design

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 205-221 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Forouzandehmehr, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of...