Search for: coronary-vessels
In silico study of patient-specific magnetic drug targeting for a coronary LAD atherosclerotic plaque, Article International Journal of Pharmaceutics ; Volume 559 , 2019 , Pages 113-129 ; 03785173 (ISSN) ; Amani, A ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Ghoytasi, I ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2019
Coronary artery disease is the first cause of death across the world. Targeted delivery of therapeutics through controlled release of micro- and nano-particles remains a very capable approach to develop new strategies in treating restenosis and atherosclerotic plaques. In this research, to produce the arterial geometry, an image-processing was done using CT-scan images of a LAD coronary artery. After implementing the finite element mesh, the Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) simulation based on physiological boundary conditions was performed. Next, a Lagrangian description of particles dynamics in a non-Newtonian blood flow considering momentum equation of motion for each particle and the...
Spatiotemporal registration and fusion of transthoracic echocardiography and volumetric coronary artery tree, Article International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery ; Volume 16, Issue 9 , 2021 , Pages 1493-1505 ; 18616410 (ISSN) ; Behnam, H ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Faghihi Langroudi, T ; Bayat, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH 2021
Purpose: Cardiac multimodal image fusion can offer an image with various types of information in a single image. Many coronary stenosis, which are anatomically clear, are not functionally significant. The treatment of such kind of stenosis can cause irreversible effects on the patient. Thus, choosing the best treatment planning depend on anatomical and functional information is very beneficial. Methods: An algorithm for the fusion of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as an anatomical and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as a functional modality is presented. CCTA and TTE are temporally registered using manifold learning. A pattern search optimization algorithm, using...
Effect of material and population on the delivery of nanoparticles to an atherosclerotic plaque: a patient-specific in silico study, Article Langmuir ; Volume 37, Issue 4 , 2021 , Pages 1551-1562 ; 07437463 (ISSN) ; Shamloo, A ; Barzegar, S ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2021
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the prevalent reason of mortality all around the world. Targeting CAD, specifically atherosclerosis, with controlled delivery of micro and nanoparticles, as drug carriers, is a very proficient approach. In this work, a patient-specific and realistic model of an atherosclerotic plaque in the left anterior descending (LAD) artery was created by image-processing of CT-scan images and implementing a finite-element mesh. Next, a fluid-solid interaction simulation considering the physiological boundary conditions was conducted. By considering the simulated force fields and particle-particle interactions, the correlation between injected particles at each cardiac...
Personalised deposition maps for micro- and nanoparticles targeting an atherosclerotic plaque: attributions to the receptor-mediated adsorption on the inflamed endothelial cells, Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 813-828 ; 16177959 (ISSN) ; Forouzandehmehr, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2019
Endothelial inflammation as a prominent precursor to atherosclerosis elicits a distinct pathological surface expression of particular vascular proteins. To exhibit a site-specific behaviour, micro- and nanoparticles, as carriers of therapeutics or imaging agents, can distinguish and use these proteins as targeted docking sites. Here, a computational patient-specific model capturing the exclusive luminal qualities has been developed to study the transport and adsorption of particles decorated with proper antibodies over an atherosclerotic plaque located in the LAD artery of the patient. Particles, in nano- and micron sizes, have been decorated with Sialyl Lewisx (sLex), P-selectin aptamer...
Atheroprone sites of coronary artery bifurcation: Effect of heart motion on hemodynamics-dependent monocytes deposition, Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 133 , 2021 ; 00104825 (ISSN) ; Firoozabadi, B ; Saidi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
Atherosclerosis as a common cardiovascular disease is a result of both adverse hemodynamics conditions and monocyte deposition within coronary arteries. It is known that the adhesion of monocytes on the arterial wall and their interaction with the vascular surface are one of the main parameters in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. In this work, hemodynamic parameters and monocyte deposition have been investigated in a 3D computational model of the Left Anterior Descending coronary artery (LAD) and its ﬁrst diagonal branch (D1) under the heart motion. A one-way Lagrangian approach is performed to trace the monocyte particles under different blood flow regimes and heart motion...
Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: A step towards optimised drug carrier design, Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; Volume 17, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 205-221 ; 16177959 (ISSN) ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2018
Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of...