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    Sonochemical synthesis of SrTiO3 nanocrystals at low temperature

    , Article International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology ; Volume 12, Issue S2 , 2015 , Pages E202-E206 ; 1546542X (ISSN) Ashiri, R ; Ajami, R ; Moghtada, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Blackwell Publishing Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    This work aims to develop an innovative low-temperature sonochemical synthesis pathway for synthesizing the carbonate-free SrTiO3 nanocrystals with tailored morphology. Ultrasonication causes the formation of stoichiometric SrTiO3 nanocrystals and accelerates their formation. Moreover, SrTiO3 nanocrystals are synthesized at low temperature. The methodology described here is simple, fast, cost-effective, and useful for large-scale production purposes  

    A review on recent advances in humidification-dehumidification (HDH) desalination systems integrated with refrigeration, power and desalination technologies

    , Article Energy Conversion and Management ; Volume 196 , 2019 , Pages 1002-1036 ; 01968904 (ISSN) Faegh, M ; Behnam, P ; Shafii, M.B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Water and energy supply are two of the key issues human beings must address to attain sustainable development. Humidification-dehumidification technology has been proven to be a cost-effective approach to fulfill the freshwater demand. Particular attention has been given to coupling the humidification-dehumidification cycles with refrigeration, power and other desalination technologies with the aim of enhancing the performance of the combined cycle as well as increasing the amount of produced freshwater, cooling effect, power, etc. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art investigations in terms of humidification-dehumidification technologies and their integration... 

    Electrospun nanofibers: A promising horizon toward the detection and treatment of cancer

    , Article Analyst ; Volume 145, Issue 8 , 2020 , Pages 2854-2872 Asghari, S ; Rezaei, Z ; Mahmoudifard, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2020
    Abstract
    Due to the increase in the number of cancer patients, because of environmental parameters, high stress, low immunity, etc., there is an urgent need to develop cost-effective sensors for early targeted detection of cancerous cells with adequate selectivity and efficiency. Early disease diagnosis is important, as it is necessary to start treatments before disease progression. On the other hand, we need new, more efficient cancer treatment approaches with minimized side effects, more biocompatibility, and easy disposal. Nanobiotechnology is a field that can assist in developing new diagnostic and treatment approaches, specifically in fatal cancers. Herein, a study on the different applications... 

    Droplet shadow velocimetry based on monoframe technique

    , Article Atomization and Sprays ; Volume 28, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 581-598 ; 10445110 (ISSN) Kebriaee, A ; Akbari, M. J ; Abbasi Zarrin, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Begell House Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Monoframe droplet shadow velocimetry (mf-DSV) is a cost-effective method in the quality control process of the injectors. In this method, the planar (2D) velocity of the droplets is measured by tracking the droplets in a volumetric illumination, known as shadowgraphy technique. An image with two footprints of each droplet in time lapse of two light pulses is used to determine the displacement/velocity. The mf-DSV method could be established by a much less expensive setup than the traditional velocimetry method. A high-power LED-based light source and ordinary camera without capability of double shutter mode are the requirements of this method. In this paper, different stages of image... 

    The price of anarchy in network creation games

    , Article PODC'07: Proceedings of the 26th Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, Portland, OR, 12 August 2007 through 15 August 2007 ; 2007 , Pages 292-298 ; 1595936165 (ISBN); 9781595936165 (ISBN) Demaine, E. D ; Hajiaghayi, M ; Mahini, H ; Zadimoghaddam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    We study Nash equilibria in the setting of network creation games introduced recently by Fabrikant, Luthra, Maneva, Papadimitriou and Shenker. In this game we have a set of selfish node players, each creating some incident links, and the goal is to minimize times the cost of the created links plus sum of the distances to all other players. Fabrikant et al. proved an upper bound O(p ) on the price of anarchy, i.e., the relative cost of the lack of coordination. Albers, Eilts, Even-Dar, Mansour, and Roditty show that the price of anarchy is constant for = O(pn) and for ≥ 12 n [dlg] n, and that the price of anarchy is 15 1 + (min{α 2/n , n2 })1/3 for any . The latter bound shows the first... 

    Planning by guided hill-climbing

    , Article 6th Mexican International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, MICAI 2007, Aguascalientes, 4 November 2007 through 10 November 2007 ; Volume 4827 LNAI , 2007 , Pages 1067-1077 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 9783540766308 (ISBN) Akramifar, S. A ; Ghassem Sani, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2007
    Abstract
    This paper describes a novel approach will be called guided hill climbing to improve the efficiency of hill climbing in the planning domains. Unlike simple hill climbing, which evaluates the successor states without any particular order, guided hill climbing evaluates states according to an order recommended by an auxiliary guiding heuristic function. Guiding heuristic function is a self-adaptive and cost effective function based on the main heuristic function of hill climbing. To improve the performance of the method in various domains, we defined several heuristic functions and created a mechanism to choose appropriate functions for each particular domain. We applied the guiding method to... 

    Optimal capacity allocation for executing mapreduce jobs in cloud systems

    , Article Proceedings - 16th International Symposium on Symbolic and Numeric Algorithms for Scientific Computing, SYNASC 2014, 22 September 2014 through 25 September 2014 ; Sept , 2015 , Pages 385-392 ; 9781479984480 (ISBN) Malekimajd, M ; Rizzi, A. M ; Ardagna, D ; Ciavotta, M ; Passacantando, M ; Movaghar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Abstract
    Nowadays, analyzing large amount of data is of paramount importance for many companies. Big data and business intelligence applications are facilitated by the MapReduce programming model while, at infrastructural layer, cloud computing provides flexible and cost effective solutions for allocating on demand large clusters. Capacity allocation in such systems is a key challenge to providing performance for MapReduce jobs and minimize cloud resource cost. The contribution of this paper is twofold: (i) we formulate a linear programming model able to minimize cloud resources cost and job rejection penalties for the execution of jobs of multiple classes with (soft) deadline guarantees, (ii) we... 

    Superhydrophobic surfaces with a dual-layer micro- and nanoparticle coating for drag reduction

    , Article Energy ; Volume 125 , 2017 , Pages 1-10 ; 03605442 (ISSN) Taghvaei, E ; Moosavi, A ; Nouri Borujerdi, A ; Daeian, M. A ; Vafaeinejad, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Abstract
    We propose a facile and cost effective method for fabricating superhydrophobic surfaces with significant drag reduction in a wide velocity range. A dual structure superhydrophobic aluminum surface with a hydrophobic Al2O3micro- and nanoparticle coating and also another superhydrophobic surface with a nanoparticle layer coating are fabricated. Then, the resulted drag from each of these surfaces is measured carefully in different velocities and compared with the drag of the as-received aluminum surface. Our results reveal that the surface with the dual structure experiences drag reduction in a wider velocity range compared with the nanoparticle coated sample. Drag reduction of the dual... 

    An optimization framework for the capacity allocation and admission control of mapreduce jobs in cloud systems

    , Article Journal of Supercomputing ; Volume 74, Issue 10 , 2018 , Pages 5314-5348 ; 09208542 (ISSN) Malekimajd, M ; Ardagna, D ; Ciavotta, M ; Gianniti, E ; Passacantando, M ; Rizzi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    Nowadays, we live in a Big Data world and many sectors of our economy are guided by data-driven decision processes. Big Data and Business Intelligence applications are facilitated by the MapReduce programming model, while, at infrastructural layer, cloud computing provides flexible and cost-effective solutions to provide on-demand large clusters. Capacity allocation in such systems, meant as the problem of providing computational power to support concurrent MapReduce applications in a cost-effective fashion, represents a challenge of paramount importance. In this paper we lay the foundation for a solution implementing admission control and capacity allocation for MapReduce jobs with a priori... 

    Kinetic studies of Bisphenol A in aqueous solutions by enzymatic treatment

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 16, Issue 2 , Febraury , 2018 , Pages 821–832 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Ghobadi Nejad, Z ; Borghei, S. M ; Yaghmaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Center for Environmental and Energy Research and Studies  2018
    Abstract
    Bisphenol A (BPA), which is a major component in the production of various consumer products, is one of the most significant endocrine-disrupting chemicals. In this research, the biocatalytic elimination of Bisphenol A using laccase produced by Phanerochaete chrysosporium was examined and optimized. The response surface methodology was used to study the effect of independent variables such as pH, temperature, initial laccase activity, initial Bisphenol A concentration, and the interactive effects of each variable on the removal of Bisphenol A and residual enzyme activity. Based on response surface plots, the maximum Bisphenol A removal (93%) was detected at a pH value of 8, temperature 40... 

    Unbalance mitigation by optimal placement of static transfer switches in low voltage distribution feeders

    , Article IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution ; Volume 14, Issue 20 , 2020 , Pages 4612-4621 Heidari Akhijahani, A ; Safdarian, A ; Lehtonen, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institution of Engineering and Technology  2020
    Abstract
    With the rapid proliferation of residential rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems, current and voltage unbalance issues have become a matter of great concern in low voltage (LV) distribution feeders. To overcome the issues, this study proposes a model to optimally rephase customers and PVs among the three phases via static transfer switches (STSs). The optimal STS placement is also considered in the model to achieve a cost effective solution with optimum number and location of STSs. The objective is to minimise total energy losses caused by current unbalance, minimise the number of STSs, and keep voltage unbalance along the feeder within the acceptable range. The model is solved via a... 

    Characteristic curves of solar tower

    , Article American Solar Energy Society - Solar 2007: 36th ASES Annual Conf., 32nd National Passive Solar Conf., 2nd Renewable Energy Policy and Marketing Conference: Sustainable Energy Puts America to Work, 8 July 2007 through 12 July 2007, Cleveland, OH ; Volume 1 , 2007 , Pages 149-156 ; 9781604233087 (ISBN) Khoshmanesh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2007
    Abstract
    Large scale solar tower are capable of generating electricity at the costs comparable to those of conventional power plant. Three cost effective parameters in solar tower are diameter of collector, diameter of turbine and height of tower. The characteristic curves of the solar tower mean the relation between cost effective parameters at the specified output power. The solar tower can be equipped with water-filled bags underneath of the collector system for thermal energy storage. This research prepares all of the required relation to setup the mathematical program to find the characteristics curves of solar tower without using the water-filled bags and with using the water-filled bags. The... 

    Superhydrophobic home-made polyurethane sponges for versatile and cost-effective oil and water separation

    , Article Separation and Purification Technology ; Volume 276 , 2021 ; 13835866 (ISSN) Jabbary Farrokhi, S ; Pakzad, H ; Fakhri, M ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Utilizing 3D and 2D porous materials modified by a superhydrophobic/philic coating for quick removal of oil from water and a continuous process of oil/water separation, respectively, has attracted a lot of attention recently. Here we report the separation capacities of one commercial and three home-made sponges, sprayed by a superhydrophobic coating, for a broad range of oils and solvents. The contact angle of water on the coated sponges is 162.5˚, whereas the pristine sponge shows a contact angle of 91.8˚ (these values are for sponge D which had the highest absorption capacity). We investigate the effects of the density of sponges and the dynamic viscosity of oils and solvents on the... 

    Acceptance of robotic transportation in small workshops: a china-iran cross-cultural study

    , Article 13th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2021, 10 November 2021 through 13 November 2021 ; Volume 13086 LNAI , 2021 , Pages 780-784 ; 03029743 (ISSN); 9783030905248 (ISBN) Nemati, A ; Taheri, A ; Zhao, D ; Meghdari, A. F ; Ge, S. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Abstract
    In this research, we developed a cost-effective automated guided vehicle for small clothing production workshops that ordinary workers in such workplaces can operate. We acquired workers’ opinions in multiple workshops about using the robots (with some social capabilities) and working alongside them. We performed the tests in China and Iran to investigate and compare different preferences and priorities in two countries with different cultural backgrounds. We used the UTAUT questionnaire and conducted two-way ANOVA tests considering two independent factors: Nationality and Gender. The results showed that workers in Iran and China have relatively similar expectations from a social AGV, with... 

    A short-circuit fault diagnosis method for three-phase quasi-Z-source inverters

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics ; Volume 68, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 672-682 ; 02780046 (ISSN) Noroozi, N ; Yaghoubi, M ; Zolghadri, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    In this article, we present a cost-effective solution for switching short-circuit fault diagnosis in a three-phase quasi-Z-source inverter (qZSI). The fault is announced to the processor utilizing a peripheral circuit that covers the fault detection in all switches of the inverter. After the fault detection, a nonmaskable interrupt is activated, cutting the CPU routine, and a fault-diagnosis algorithm is initiated. The exact location of the failed switch is identified through the proposed algorithm. The entire process is accomplished in advance of the critical overcurrent condition, which typically arises after a short-circuit fault. Thanks to this overtake, the proposed technique prevents... 

    A cost-effective methodology to compare travel time and speed: A tale of 11 cities

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Municipal Engineer ; 2021 ; 09650903 (ISSN) Sabet, S ; Namdarpour, F ; Mesbah, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    ICE Publishing  2021
    Abstract
    Urban commuters and road authorities are interested in knowing how well their city can manage traffic conditions. It is challenging to make a fair comparison among global cities due to the absence of a consistent, publicly accessible and inexpensive framework. This study proposes a methodology to compare travel time and average speed in different cities. Large cities have a central core, in which many of the major activities take place. This core is called downtown or the central business district (CBD). In this study, a comparison is made by simulating the morning commute trips from origins outside to destinations inside the CBD. The proposed framework outlines how the city and the CBD... 

    Optimal agent framework: a novel, cost-effective model articulation to fill the integration gap between agent-based modeling and decision-making

    , Article Complexity ; Volume 2021 , 2021 ; 10762787 (ISSN) Taghavi, A ; Khaleghparast, S ; Eshghi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hindawi Limited  2021
    Abstract
    Making proper decisions in today's complex world is a challenging task for decision makers. A promising approach that can support decision makers to have a better understanding of complex systems is agent-based modeling (ABM). ABM has been developing during the last few decades as a methodology with many different applications and has enabled a better description of the dynamics of complex systems. However, the prescriptive facet of these applications is rarely portrayed. Adding a prescriptive decision-making (DM) aspect to ABM can support the decision makers in making better or, in some cases, optimized decisions for the complex problems as well as explaining the investigated phenomena. In... 

    Mechanically stable superhydrophobic nanostructured aluminum mesh with reduced water surface friction

    , Article Nanotechnology ; Volume 32, Issue 19 , 2021 ; 09574484 (ISSN) Taghvaei, E ; Afzali, N ; Taghvaei, N ; Moosavi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    IOP Publishing Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Superhydrophobic surfaces demonstrate significant characteristics which make them suitable for a wide variety of applications. In this study, we propose a facile, one-step, and cost-effective anodizing scheme using aluminum nitrate/stearic acid mixture solution to create a superhydrophobic surface on an aluminum mesh. The surface outperforms the surface anodized by the widely used oxalic acid solution in terms of superhydrophobicity and water-surface friction behavior. The proposed surface reduced the friction by 11% on average respective to the surface prepared by oxalic acid. The durability of the introduced superhydrophobic surface has also been investigated. The proposed surface retained... 

    NAFAS: non-rigid air flow active sensor, a cost-effective, wearable, and ubiquitous respiratory bio-sensor

    , Article IEEE Sensors Journal ; Volume 21, Issue 7 , 2021 , Pages 9530-9537 ; 1530437X (ISSN) Annabestani, M ; Esmaeili Dokht, P ; Khazaee Nejad, S ; Fardmanesh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2021
    Abstract
    A Non-rigid Air Flow Active Sensor (NAFAS) to detect the respiratory patterns is introduced in this paper. The main part of NAFAS is an ionic electroactive polymer-based ( ${i}$ -EAP) soft sensor. It can accurately detect breathing patterns and has promising features to develop low cost, wearable, and ubiquitous spirometers. Patients with respiratory diseases need to take pulmonary function tests consistently. Hence, it is time-consuming and expensive. To address these problems, NAFAS presents point-of-care testing (POCT) of the respiratory system's function. The proposed ${i}$ -EAP based sensor is a small strip of Ionic Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) that has been fabricated using a Nafion... 

    Exploitation of n-gene of sars-cov-2 to develop a new rapid assay by ASOs@AuNPs

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 94, Issue 39 , 2022 , Pages 13616-13622 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Borghei, Y. S ; Samadikhah, H. R ; Hosseinkhani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2022
    Abstract
    A naked-eye (equipment-free), label-free (cost-effective), and RNA extraction-free (to speed up) method for SARS-CoV-2 (as a case study of RNA viruses) detection is developed. Here, the DNA is being used as a template for in situ formation of anisotropic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) without any chemical modification or DNA labeling. In this study, synthesized AuNPs for the direct detection of N-gene (nucleocapsid phosphoprotein) of SARS-CoV-2 are exploited. To this aim, antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) with an extra poly guanine tail (G12) were designed. Thus, in the presence of its viral target RNA gene and ASOs@AuNPs-RNA hybridization, there was a red shift in its localized surface plasmon...