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    Optimal sensor placement for source localization in nlos conditions

    , Article 26th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2018, 8 May 2018 through 10 May 2018 ; 2018 , Pages 435-439 ; 9781538649169 (ISBN) Juybari, S. M. S ; Behnia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    The problem of sensor placement for passive source localization under the non-line of sight signal propagation is considered in this paper. To this end, first we derive the Cramer-Rao lower bound for the time of arrival based source localization under non-line of sight conditions. Then, the optimal arrangement of sensors to achieve this lower bound is obtained in the two important cases with all of the receivers being non line of sight ones in the first case and a combination of line of sight and non-line of sight receivers in the 2nd case. © 2018 IEEE  

    Recursive sensor placement in two dimensional TDOA based localization

    , Article 24th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; 2016 , Pages 300-304 ; 9781467387897 (ISBN) Hamdollahzadeh, M ; Adelipour, S ; Behnia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Abstract
    This paper presents a new approach to sensor placement strategy in emitter localization problem which is based on Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA) measurements. The advantage of this method is its flexibility and capability of positioning sensors in constrained or non-stationary situations in which the positions of the sensors are restricted to certain portions of the space and/or needed to be changed repeatedly. The validity of the proposed algorithm is assessed by three different simulation scenarios and the results verify its proper operation  

    Optimal sensor configuration for two dimensional source localization based on TDOA/FDOA measurements

    , Article Proceedings International Radar Symposium, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; Volume 2016-June , 2016 ; 21555753 (ISSN) ; 9781509025183 (ISBN) Hamdollahzadeh, M ; Adelipour, S ; Behnia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2016
    Abstract
    The Cramer-Rao lower bound for source localization based on Time Difference of Arrival and Frequency Difference of Arrival is investigated in this paper. The result is used for theoretical analysis of optimality in sensor placement. An optimal sensor-target geometry including sensors locations and velocities is presented and its properties is studied  

    Sparse antenna and pulse placement for colocated mimo radar

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing ; 2018 ; 1053587X (ISSN) Tohidi, E ; Coutino, M ; Chepuri, S. P ; Behroozi, H ; Nayebi, M. M ; Leus, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) radar is known for its superiority over conventional radar due to its antenna and waveform diversity. Although higher angular resolution, improved parameter identifiability, and better target detection are achieved, the hardware costs (due to multiple transmitters and multiple receivers) and high energy consumption (multiple pulses) limit the usage of MIMO radars in large scale networks. On one hand, higher angle and velocity estimation accuracy is required, but on the other hand, a lower number of antennas/pulses is desirable. To achieve such a compromise, in this work, the Cram'er-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the angle and velocity estimator is employed... 

    Sparse antenna and pulse placement for colocated mimo radar

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing ; Volume 67, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 579-593 ; 1053587X (ISSN) Tohidi, E ; Coutino, M ; Chepuri, S. P ; Behroozi, H ; Nayebi, M. M ; Leus, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar is known for its superiority over conventional radar due to its antenna and waveform diversity. Although higher angular resolution, improved parameter identifiability, and better target detection are achieved, the hardware costs (due to multiple transmitters and multiple receivers) and high-energy consumption (multiple pulses) limit the usage of MIMO radars in large scale networks. On one hand, higher angle and velocity estimation accuracy is required, but on the other hand, a lower number of antennas/pulses is desirable. To achieve such a compromise, in this paper, the Cramér-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the angle and velocity estimator is employed... 

    Well-conditioned sensor placement for range-only localization

    , Article 2011 4th IFIP International Conference on New Technologies, Mobility and Security, NTMS 2011 - Proceedings, 7 February 2011 through 10 February 2011 ; February , 2011 , Page(s): 1 - 5 ; ISSN : 21574952 ; 9781424487042 (ISBN) Shadi, K ; Dehghani, H. L ; Gholampour, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper addresses the optimality of Network topology for localization purposes when measurements are range-only. Localization procedures based on TOA and TDOA range measurements are considered in this paper. As of now, the optimal placement of fixed terminals to locate mobile terminals has been studied based on Cramer-Rao Lower Bound (CRLB). CRLB is a universal bound on the variance of a general unbiased estimator and therefore is not dependent to the estimator and methods of localization. Here we introduce another algorithm dependent criterion, based on perturbation theory of linear equations. Different optimal topologies are presented using the new criterion. These optimal topologies,... 

    Target direct position determination in 2D CW forward scatter radar

    , Article Proceedings International Radar Symposium, 10 May 2016 through 12 May 2016 ; Volume 2016-June , 2016 ; 21555753 (ISSN) ; 9781509025183 (ISBN) Hamdollahzadeh, M ; Adelipour, S ; Behnia, F ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2016
    Abstract
    This paper proposes an algebraic solution for the position and velocity of a moving target in forward scatter radar based on a single step direct position determination method. Unlike the conventional two-step method, this direct technique does not require the joint estimation of the Doppler frequency and the angle of arrival, initialization step, convergence considerations and linearization approximations  

    Localization in MIMO radar with widely separated antennas: performance study

    , Article 26th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2018, 8 May 2018 through 10 May 2018 ; 2018 , Pages 596-601 ; 9781538649169 (ISBN) Noroozi, A ; Sebt, M. A ; Amiri, R ; Hosein Oveis, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    In this paper, a fundamental investigation on the performance of localization problem in a distributed multiple-input multiple-output radar system using bistatic range (BR) and angle of arrival (AOA) measurements is conducted. The study is based on the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the target position under Gaussian measurement noise. We attempt to approximately compute the CRLB separately in the cases of BR-only and joint BRlAOA localization schemes and determine which factors can affect the CRLB values. The three factors the transmitter/receiver placement, the number of transmitters and receivers, and noise power levels are shown to be effective on the localization performance.... 

    An efficient estimator for tdoa-based source localization with minimum number of sensors

    , Article IEEE Communications Letters ; 2018 ; 10897798 (ISSN) Amiri, R ; Behnia, F ; Noroozi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    In this letter, the problem of source localization using time difference of arrival (TDOA) is investigated. Then, a closedform two-stage solution is proposed based on estimation of the range nuisance parameter in the first stage and refinement of initial solution in the next stage. The proposed solution is shown analytically and verified by simulations to be an efficient estimate, which can attain the CRLB performance under mild Gaussian noise assumption. This method is able to locate the source with the minimum number of sensors required for N-dimensional localization. Numerical simulations demonstrate significant performance improvement of the proposed method compared with the... 

    Efficient elliptic localization in the presence of antenna position uncertainties and clock parameter imperfections

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology ; Volume 68, Issue 10 , 2019 , Pages 9797-9805 ; 00189545 (ISSN) Amiri, R ; Kazemi, S. A. R ; Behnia, F ; Noroozi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In this paper, an algebraic solution for elliptic localization in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems is proposed by taking the uncertainties in antenna positions and their clock parameters into account. Through nonlinear transformation and multi-stage processing, the target position is estimated in closed-form by successively utilizing the weighted least squares estimator. Theoretical analysis demonstrates that the proposed method is able to attain the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) performance under mild Gaussian error. The conditions for achieving the CRLB are derived as well. The numerical simulations confirm the analytical results and demonstrate significant performance... 

    Joint compensation of jitter noise and time-shift errors in multichannel sampling system

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement ; Volume 68, Issue 10 , 2019 , Pages 3932-3941 ; 00189456 (ISSN) Araghi, H ; Akhaee, M. A ; Amini, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In high-speed analog-To-digital converters (ADCs), two main factors contribute to high power consumption. The first is the super linear relationship with the sampling rate; i.e., by doubling the sampling rate, the power consumption more than doubles. The second factor arises from the consumption of analog circuitry responsible to mitigate the jitter noise. By employing a multichannel sampling system, one can achieve high sampling rates by incorporating multiple low sampling-rate channels, which results in a linear scaling of power consumption with the number of channels. The main drawback of this system is the timing mismatch between the sampling channels. In this paper, we intend to jointly... 

    Moving target localization in bistatic forward scatter radars: performance study and efficient estimators

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems ; Volume 56, Issue 2 , 2020 , Pages 1582-1594 Hamdollahzadeh, M ; Amiri, R ; Behnia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Abstract
    This paper considers the localization of a moving target using a forward scatter radar consisting of a transmitter and an array antenna receiver. A direct positioning method based on maximum likelihood (ML) estimation is proposed and compared with the conventional two-step method in which the primary parameters, including Doppler shift and angle of arrival, should be determined in the first step. Moreover, closed-form expressions for Cramer-Rao lower bound of both methods are derived. The aforementioned methods are comprehensively compared in terms of positioning accuracy and computational complexity. Theoretical performance study, including determining the minimum required observation time... 

    Efficient joint localization and synchronization in distributed mimo radars

    , Article IEEE Signal Processing Letters ; Volume 27 , 2020 , Pages 1200-1204 Kazemi, S. A. R ; Amiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Abstract
    This letter addresses the problem of joint localization and clock synchronization in distributed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar systems. While the well-known two-stage weighted least squares (WLS) method provides an acceptable estimate of target position when a rough approximation of antennas clock parameters, the drifts and offsets, is available, its performance can degrade quickly if the level of uncertainty in these values increases. The proposed method offers a solution for synchronizing the clocks while simultaneously improving the target position estimate. The uncertainty in positions of antennas is also taken into account. The presented method is shown to be approximately... 

    Efficient convex solution for 3-D localization in MIMO radars using delay and angle measurements

    , Article IEEE Communications Letters ; Volume 23, Issue 12 , 2019 , Pages 2219-2223 ; 10897798 (ISSN) Kazemi, A. R ; Amiri, R ; Behnia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    In this letter, an efficient estimator for 3-D target localization in distributed multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radars using time delay (TD) and angle of arrival (AOA) measurements is proposed. First, an approximately equivalent maximum likelihood (ML) estimation problem is formulated. Then, the aforementioned ML problem is recast into a convex optimization problem for which we derive a semi closed-form solution that eventually boils down to finding the roots of certain polynomials. Using numerical simulations, we demonstrate that the proposed estimator reaches the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) up to relatively high Gaussian measurement noise levels. Furthermore, the proposed method...