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    Modified carrageenan. 5. Preparation, swelling behavior, salt- and pH-sensitivity of partially hydrolyzed crosslinked carrageenan-graft-polymethacrylamide superabsorbent hydrogel [electronic resource]

    , Article Polymers for Advanced Technologies ; Volume 15, Issue 11, pages 645–653, November 2004 Pourjavadi, A. (Ali) ; Sadeghi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, H
    Abstract
    The polysaccharide, kappa-carrageenan (κC) was chemically modified to achieve a novel superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of methacrylamide (MAM) onto the substrate followed by alkaline hydrolysis. Ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N′-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) were used as a free-radical initiator and a crosslinker, respectively. The saponification reaction was carried out using sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. Either κC-g-PMAM or hydrolyzed κC-g-PMAM (PMAM: polymethacrylamide) was characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy. The effect of grafting variables (i.e. concentration of MBA, MAM, and APS) and alkaline hydrolysis conditions (i.e. NaOH concentration, hydrolysis time and... 

    Modified carrageenan. 5. Preparation, swelling behavior, salt- and pH-sensitivity of partially hydrolyzed crosslinked carrageenan-graft-polymethacrylamide superabsorbent hydrogel

    , Article Polymers for Advanced Technologies ; Volume 15, Issue 11 , 2004 , Pages 645-653 ; 10427147 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Sadeghi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    The polysaccharide, kappa-carrageenan (kC) was chemically modified to achieve a novel superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of methacrylamide (MAM) onto the substrate followed by alkaline hydrolysis. Ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) were used as a free-radical initiator and a crosslinker, respectively. The saponification reaction was carried out using sodium hydroxide aqueous solution. Either kC-g-PMAM or hydrolyzed kC-g-PMAM (PMAM: polymethacrylamide) was characterized by FT-IR spectroscopy. The effect of grafting variables (i.e.concentration of MBA, MAM, and APS) and alkaline hydrolysis conditions (i.e. NaOH concentration, hydrolysis time and... 

    Modified carrageenan. 4. Synthesis and swelling behavior of crosslinked kappa C-g-AMPS superabsorbent hydrogel with antisalt and pH-responsiveness properties [electronic resource]

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Vol.98, No.1, 255-263, 2005 Pourjavadi, A. (Ali) ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Mazidi, R
    Abstract
    To synthesize a novel biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel, 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS) was grafted onto kappa-carrageenan (KC) backbones. The graft copolymerization reaction was carried out in a homogeneous medium and in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator, N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl ethylenediamine (TMEDA) as an accelerator, and N,N'-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. A proposed mechanism for KC-g-AMPS formation was suggested and the hydrogel structure was confirmed using FTIR spectroscopy. The affecting variables on swelling capacity, i.e., the initiator, the crosslinker, and the monomer concentration, as well as reaction temperature,... 

    Partially hydrolyzed crosslinked alginate-graft-polymethacrylamide as a novel biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel having pH-responsive Properties [electronic resource]

    , Article Macromolecular Research ; January 2005, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 45-53 Pourjavadi, A. (Ali) ; Aminfazl, M. S ; Hosseinzadeh, H
    Abstract
    In this study, a series of highly swelling hydrogels based on sodium alginate (NaAlg) and polymethacrylamide (PMAM) was prepared through free radical polymerization. The graft copolymerization reaction was performed in a homogeneous medium and in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator andN,N′-methylenebisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The crosslinked graft copolymer, alginate-graft-polymethacrylamide (Alg-g-PMAM), was then partially hydrolyzed by NaOH solution to yield a hydrogel, hydrolyzed alginate-graft-polymethacrylamide (H-Alg-g-PMAM). During alkaline hydrolysis, the carboxamide groups of Alg-g-PMAM were converted into hydrophilic carboxylate anions. Either the... 

    Molecular structure and physical properties of E-beam crosslinked low-density polyethylene for wire and cable insulation applications

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 86, Issue 8 , 2002 , Pages 1959-1969 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Dadbin, S ; Frounchi, M ; Haji Saeid, M ; Gangi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2002
    Abstract
    Crosslinking of homemade low-density polyethylene (LDPE) was performed by electron-beam (EB) irradiation. The gel content of the EB-exposed LDPE was determined by the solvent-extraction method. The degree of crosslinking was also evaluated by a hot set measuring test. The results obtained from both the gel-sol and the hot set methods showed that the degree of crosslinking was dependent on the deposited energy in LDPE samples. Increasing the absorbed dose increased the degree of network formation. The LDPE with higher molecular weight yielded higher efficiency of crosslinking at the same irradiation dose. The effect of irradiation dose on the molecular weight between crosslinks (Mc),... 

    Full-polysaccharide superabsorbent hydrogels based on carboxymethylcellulose and sodium alginate

    , Article Journal of Polymer Materials ; Volume 23, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 61-69 ; 09738622 (ISSN) Hosseinzadeh, H ; Pourjavadi, A ; Madhavinia, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    A novel full-polysaccharide superabsorbent hydrogel was synthesized via chemical crosslinking of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and sodium alginate (Alg) using epichlorohydrine (ECH) as a crosslinker. A proposed mechanism for hydrogel formation was suggested and the structure of the product was established using FTIR spectroscopy. The influence of ECH concentration and Alg/CMC weight ratio as well as reaction time and temperature on water and saline (0.9 wt% NaCl) absorbency of the hydrogels were systematically investigated. Meanwhile, the overall activation energy for the crosslinking reaction between CMC and Alg polysaccharides was estimated to be 11.6 kj/mol. Under the optimised conditions... 

    Gum tragacanth gels as a new supporting matrix for immobilization of whole-cell

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 24, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 1-7 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Otady, M ; Vaziri, A ; Seifkordi, A. A ; Kheirolomoom, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2005
    Abstract
    We introduce a new smooth, non-toxic, biocompatible method for cross-linking of gum tragacanth (GT), a polysaccharide of natural origin, in order to serve as a new supporting matrix for immobilization systems. The modified gum is used as a matrix for the catalysis of the conversion of benzyl penicillin to 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA) by means of Escherichia coli ATCC11105 with penicillin G acylase (PGA) activity. The results show that GT beads can not only serve as a proper matrix for immobilization, but show enhanced hydrolysis rate and stability compared to other immobilization systems used for this reaction. This signifies the potential of GT as a biocompatible matrix for... 

    Modified carrageenan 3. Synthesis of a novel polysaccharide-based superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of acrylic acid onto kappa-carrageenan in air

    , Article European Polymer Journal ; Volume 40, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1363-1370 ; 00143057 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Harzandi, A. M ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    2004
    Abstract
    A novel biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel was synthesized through chemically crosslinking graft copolymerization of acrylic acid (AA) onto kappa-carrageenan (κC), in the presence of a crosslinking agent and a free radical initiator. A proposed mechanism for κC-g-polyacrylic acid was suggested and the affecting variables onto graft polymerization (i.e. the crosslinker, the monomer and the initiator concentration, the neutralization percent and reaction temperature) were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Maximum water absorbency of the optimized final product was found to be 789 g/g. The swelling capacity of the synthesized... 

    Comparison between electron-beam and chemical crosslinking of silicone rubber

    , Article Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms ; Volume 243, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 354-358 ; 0168583X (ISSN) Frounchi, M ; Dadbin, S ; Panahinia, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Silicone rubber (SR) was irradiated by electron beam over a dose range of 50-300 kGy in the absence of chemical reagents. Molecular weight between crosslinks (Mc) in the network of SB was determined by two methods of solvent swelling and modulus of elasticity. The network structure of the elastomer crosslinked by electron beam irradiation and chemical vulcanization was compared. Mechanical tests were performed to determine shore hardness, tensile elongation, strength and modulus of the samples. It was found that SR is effectively crosslinked by electron beam irradiation. The tensile strength, hardness, modulus and elongation of irradiated SR were higher than peroxide-crosslinked SR. The... 

    Gas separation properties of crosslinked and non-crosslinked carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) membranes

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 20, Issue 6 , 2013 , Pages 1921-1928 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Miremadi, S. I ; Shafiabadi, N ; Mousavi, S. A ; Amini-Fazl, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2013
    Abstract
    In this study, crosslinked and non-crosslinked carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) membranes were prepared with different concentrations of polymer. Then, the permeability of pure CO2, N2, and CH4 was measured through these membranes in dry state to investigate the influence of polymer concentration and applied feed pressure on permeability and permselectivity. The permeability of CO2 through membranes was higher than the other gases. A comparison of permeabilities revealed that the permeability of N2, CO2, and CH4 increased on an average of 33, 40 and 20 percent, respectivly, by increasing the feed pressure from 6 to 10... 

    Synthesis and absorbency of gelatin-graft-poly(sodium acrylate-co- acrylamide) superabsorbent hydrogel with saltand pH-responsiveness properties

    , Article E-Polymers ; 2006 , Pages 1-15 ; 16187229 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Sadeghi, M ; Mahmodi Hashemi, M ; Hosseinzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    European Polymer Federation  2006
    Abstract
    In this article, we synthesize a novel gelatin-based superabsorbent hydrogel via graft copolymerization of mixtures of acrylic acid (AA) and acrylamide (AAm) onto gelatin backbones. The polymerization reaction was carried out in an aqueous medium and in the presence of ammonium persulfate (APS) as an initiator and N,N-methylene bisacrylamide (MBA) as a crosslinker. The hydrogel structures were confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy. The effect of grafting variables, i.e. concentration of MBA and APS, AA/AAm weight ratio, and reaction time and temperature, was systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. The swelling behavior of these absorbent polymers... 

    Investigation on the Role of Curing System on the Cure Kinetics and Network Structure of NR/SBR Blend Filled with Nanodiamond

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rabiei, Sima (Author) ; Shojaei, Akbar (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Vulcanization is one the most crucial process in elastomer manufacturing products. It has been shown that network structure and curing kinetic are strongly dependent on curing system formulation. In addition reinforcing fillers in elastomers can affect them as well. By commencement of nanofillers in rubber domain, effects of nanofiller presence on rubber behavior have been investigated by reaserchers.
    In this Project the effect of different curing system formulations on vulcanization kinetic and network structure of NR/SBR elastomeric matrice filled by nanodiamond is investigated. Different ingredients and nanodiamond were added to matrix by mechanical mixing in two roll mill. The... 

    Preparation and Characterization of Hydroxyapatite Nanostructures Using Natural Resources for Bone Scaffold Applications

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Gheysari, Hengameh (Author) ; Simchi, Abdolreza (Supervisor) ; Askari, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    This investigation presents synthesis and characterization of pure and monophasic hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2; HA) Nanostructures prepared by coral and oyster shell powders heated at 800 oC for 8 h as precursor via precipitation method. The morphology of HA nanostructures was controlled in the presence of various surfactants such as SDS, CTAB and PVP. The HA Nanorods synthesized by SDS were applied to fabricate bone scaffolds. Particle sizes of the HA Nanoparticles were about 20-30 nm. Pours three-dimensional HA/Ge/CMC scaffolds cross-linked by citric and oxalic acids were synthesized. In order to increase the pore size of the scaffolds, NaCl with medium (180-250 µm) and large (420-500... 

    Synthesis of Light and pH Sensitive Gel with Nanophotochromic Cross-links and Investigation of its Applicability in Chemical Sensors

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Taheri, Shima (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Photochromism is defined as a reversible transformation of a chemical species between two forms having different absorption spectra induced in one or both directions by photoirradiation. Among various organic photochromic compounds, including spiropyrans, azobenzenes, spirooxazines, dyarylethenes and fulgides, spiropyranes have been attracted more attention due to their more sensitivity towards photo, pH, heat, pressure and solvent polarity. UV irradiation of spiropyrans, breaks the C-O bond of pyran ring and makes cis-trans isomers. Therefore, closed structure of the molecule, named as spiro (SP), is converting into the flattered and conjugated merocyanine (MC). Mc is photochromism, polar... 

    An injectable platelet lysate-hyaluronic acid hydrogel supports cellular activities and induces chondrogenesis of encapsulated mesenchymal stem cells

    , Article Acta Biomaterialia ; 2018 ; 17427061 (ISSN) Jooybar, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Alvi, M ; Mousavi, A ; Karperien, M ; Dijkstra, P. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Acta Materialia Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Developing scaffolds that can provide cells and biological cues simultaneously in the defect site is of interest in tissue engineering field. In this study, platelet lysate (PL) as an autologous and inexpensive source of growth factors was incorporated into a cell-laden injectable hyaluronic acid-tyramine (HA-TA) hydrogel. Subsequently, the effect of platelet lysate on cell attachment, viability and differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSCs) toward chondrocytes was investigated. HA-TA conjugates having a degree of substitution of 20 TA moieties per 100 disaccharide units were prepared and crosslinked in the presence of horseradish peroxidase and low concentrations of hydrogen... 

    Partially hydrolyzed kappa carrageenan - polyacrylonitrile as a novel biopolymer-based superabsorbent hydrogel: synthesis, characterization, and swelling behaviors

    , Article Polymer Engineering and Science ; Volume 46, Issue 12 , 2006 , Pages 1778-1786 ; 00323888 (ISSN) Savoji, M. T ; Pourjavadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    In this paper, synthesis and swelling behavior of a novel superabsorbent hydrogel based on kappa carrageenan (κC) and polyacrylonitrile (PAN) was investigated. To achieve partially hydrolyzed κC-PAN hydrogel, physical mixture of κC and PAN was hydrolyzed by NaOH solution. During alkaline hydrolysis, the nitrile groups of PAN are converted to a mixture of hydrophilic carboxamide and carboxylate groups follow by in situ crosslinking of the grafted PAN chains. The reaction variables affecting on the swelling capacity of the hydrogel were systematically optimized to achieve a hydrogel with swelling capacity as high as possible. Under the optimized conditions concluded, super swelling hydrogel... 

    Novel carbon-nanotube-based organogels as candidates for oil recovery

    , Article Polymer International ; Volume 62, Issue 2 , JUN , 2013 , Pages 179-183 ; 09598103 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Doulabi, M ; Soleyman, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A simple method for synthesis of novel organogels based on multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) is reported. Three classes of organogels were synthesized by crosslinking polymerization of dodecyl methacrylate with various weight percentages of 1,4-butanediol dimethacrylate, vinyl-group-modified MWCNTs or pristine MWCNTs in the presence of 2,2-azoisobutyronitrile as initiator. In this reaction, the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) served simultaneously as an adsorbent, a comonomer and a crosslinking agent. The oil-absorbent containing CNTs showed much higher swelling capacity in oil and organic solvents compared with that without CNTs. Therefore, CNT-based organogels can be introduced as a promising... 

    A thermodynamically-consistent large deformation theory coupling photochemical reaction and electrochemistry for light-responsive gels

    , Article Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids ; Volume 116 , July , 2018 , Pages 239-266 ; 00225096 (ISSN) Dehghany, M ; Zhang, H ; Naghdabadi, R ; Hu, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    Abstract
    Gels are composed of crosslinked polymer network and solvent molecules. When the main chain network is incorporated with functional groups that can undergo photo-chemical reaction upon light irradiation, the gel becomes light-responsive. Under irradiation, the photosensitive groups may undergo photo-ionization process and generate charges that are attached to the main chain or diffuse into the solvent. The newly generated ions disturb the osmotic balance of the gel medium. As a result, water molecules and mobile ions are driven into or out of the network to compensate the osmotic imbalance, which eventually leads to macroscopic swelling or shrinking of the gel. In this work, we develop a... 

    Enzymatically crosslinked hyaluronic acid microgels as a vehicle for sustained delivery of cationic proteins

    , Article European Polymer Journal ; Volume 115 , 2019 , Pages 234-243 ; 00143057 (ISSN) Jooybar, E ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Mousavi, A ; Zoetebier, B ; Dijkstra, P. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    In this study, a novel biodegradable hyaluronic acid (HA) based microgel were prepared via enzymatic crosslinking of tyramine conjugated HA (HA-TA) in an inverse microemulsion. HA-TA microdroplets were crosslinked within a few seconds in the presence of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ). The high water content of the polymeric network and the inherent negative charge of the HA-TA microgels provided a suitable platform for encapsulation of cationic proteins like lysozyme and TGF-β1 growth factor. The results demonstrated that lysozyme was released, after an initial burst release, in a suitable sustained manner over a period of four weeks. Both diffusion and... 

    Preparation of poly (acrylic acid) microgels by alcohol type cross-linkers and a comparison with other cross-linking methods

    , Article Polymer Bulletin ; 2021 ; 01700839 (ISSN) Kohestanian, M ; Bouhendi, H ; Keshavarzi, N ; Mahmoudi, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Ghiass, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Abstract
    Herein, poly (acrylic acid) (PAA) microgels were synthesized via alcohol type cross-linked by a free radical precipitation polymerization approach. At the first time, 1,6-hexanediol (1–6 diol), trimethylolpropane (TMP), and pentaerythritol (PEN) were selected as multifunctional cross- linking agent to synthesize cross-linked poly(acrylic acid) microgels. Alcohol type cross-linking agents can connect the PAA chains. The cross-linking reaction takes place due to reaction between hydroxyl groups of various cross-linkers and carboxyl groups of PAA chains. All of the hydroxyl groups do not participate in the reaction with acid groups of polymer chains through the polymerization stage; therefore,...