Search for: crystallization-behavior
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    Effects of nucleation agents on the preparation of transparent glass-ceramics

    , Article Journal of the European Ceramic Society ; Volume 32, Issue 11 , August , 2012 , Pages 2989-2994 ; 09552219 (ISSN) Ghasemzadeh, M ; Nemati, A ; Baghshahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    Formation of transparent glass-ceramic in the system MgO-SiO 2-Al 2O 3-K 2O-B 2O 3-F with and without addition of LiF and NaF has been investigated. Crystallization of glass-sample was conducted by controlled thermal heat-treatment, at determined nucleation and crystallization temperatures. In this regard, the effects of addition of LiF and NaF were investigated on the crystallization behavior and transparency of the samples. Low transmission (less than 80% at 600. nm) was observed in the basic composition (K).The addition of NaF and LiF caused more intense phase separation in the system. The results indicated that the glass-ceramic can remain transparent if fine grains with nano size are... 

    Effects of cylindrical and sheet types of nanoparticles on thermal properties and chain folding free energy of poly(ethylene terephthalate)

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 32, Issue 11 , 2013 , Pages 846-859 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Goodarzi, V ; Shadakhtar, A ; Sirousazar, M ; Mortazavi, M ; Ghaniyari Benis, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) nanocomposites were prepared through a solution casting method using Multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and organically modified montmorillonite (OMMT) as nanoparticles and their morphological and thermal properties investigated. The X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements showed that decreasing the ratio of MWCNT to OMMT for the same amount of OMMT creates better conditions for intercalation of PET macromolecules and promotes the transformation of OMMT nanostructures from the intercalated to exfoliated state. It was concluded that the Ozawa's model was not suitable to interpret the crystallization behavior of the... 

    Production and characterization of UHMWPE/fumed silica nanocomposites

    , Article Polymer Composites ; Volume 33, Issue 10 , 2012 , Pages 1858-1864 ; 02728397 (ISSN) Ramazani, A ; Saremi, M. G ; Amoli, B. N ; Izadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley  2012
    Ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)/fumed silica nanocomposites were prepared via in situ polymerization using a bi-supported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Nanocomposites with different nanoparticle weight fractions were produced in order to investigate the effect of fumed silica on thermal and mechanical properties of UHMWPE/fumed silica nanocomposites. The viscosity average molecular weight (M) of all samples including pure UHMWPE as the reference sample and nanocomposites were measured. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images showed the homogenous dispersion of nanoparticles throughout the UHMWPE matrix while no nanoparticle cluster has been formed. Crystallization... 

    Crystallization kinetics of glass-ceramics by differential thermal analysis

    , Article Ceramics - Silikaty ; Volume 55, Issue 2 , May , 2011 , Pages 188-194 ; 08625468 (ISSN) Ghasemzadeh, M ; Nemat, A ; Nozad, A ; Hamnabard, Z ; Baghshah, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The crystallization behavior of fluorphlogopite, a glass-ceramic in the MgO-SiO2-Al2O3-K2O-B 2O3-F system, was studied by substitution of Li 2O for K2O in the glass composition. DTA, XRD and SEM were used for the study of crystallization behavior, formed phases and microstructure of the resulting glass-ceramics. Crystallization kinetics of the glass was investigated under non-isothermal conditions, using the formal theory of transformations for heterogeneous nucleation. The crystallization results were analyzed, and both the activation energy of crystallization process as well as the crystallization mechanism were characterized. Calculated kinetic parameters indicated that the appropriate... 

    A facile particulate sol–gel route to synthesize nanostructured CoTiO3 thin films and powders and their characteristics

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 26, Issue 7 , July , 2015 , Pages 5243-5253 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Mohammadi, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    Nanostructured CoTiO3 thin films and powders were prepared by a straightforward aqueous particulate sol–gel route. Titanium(IV) isopropoxide and cobalt chloride were used as titanium and cobalt precursors, respectively. Also, hydroxypropyl cellulose was used as a polymeric fugitive agent in order to increase the specific surface area. The effect of Co:Ti molar ratio and annealing temperature were studied on the crystallization behavior and chemical properties of the products. X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed that the powders crystallized at the low annealing temperature of 300 °C for 1 h, containing anatase-TiO2,... 

    The study of prepration of blue V zircon pigment by using zircon and sulphuric acid

    , Article Innovative Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Ceramics and Composites - 8th Pacific Rim Conference on Ceramic and Glass Technology, PACRIM 8, Vancouver, BC, 31 May 2009 through 5 June 2009 ; Volume 212 , JUL , 2010 , Pages 197-206 ; 10421122 (ISSN); 9780470876466 (ISBN) Riahi, M ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Depending on the type of dopant metal, many kinds of zircon based pigments are produced and blue vanadium pigment is the most important one of them. In this study, blue zircon ceramic pigments were synthesized from intermediate product, resulting from decomposition of zircon sand with NaOH. In this regard, various amounts of sulfuric acid, water, NH4VO3 as colorant, NaF as mineralizer and extra quartz were added to the prepared Na 2ZrSiO5. Role of quartz was to omit the repercussions of presence of free zirconia in the composition. The main objective of this work is to assess various reactions at different temperatures during blue pigment synthesis. Phase analysis was done by X ray... 

    Effect of hybridization on crystallization behavior, mechanical properties, and toughening mechanisms in rubber-modified polypropylene flax fiber composites

    , Article Journal of Composite Materials ; Volume 56, Issue 17 , 2022 , Pages 2677-2693 ; 00219983 (ISSN) Bahrami, R ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2022
    Nowadays, the significance of sustainability has urged composite manufacturers to replace traditional synthetic fibers with eco-friendly natural alternatives due to their environmental and economic benefits. This work aims to fabricate hybrid polypropylene (PP) composites with short flax fibers, octene-ethylene copolymer (POE) rubber particles, and maleic anhydride-grafted polypropylene (MAPP) compatibilizer. The main goal is to gain an insight into the combined effect of toughening mechanisms induced by the short fibers and rubber particles at the crack tip and wake of composites, which is a crucial step in reaching a balance between toughness and rigidity. In this regard, a novel... 

    Preparation of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene/carbon nanotube nanocomposites with a Ziegler-Natta catalytic system and investigation of their thermal and mechanical properties

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 125, Issue SUPPL. 1 , 2012 , Pages E453-E461 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Amoli, B. M ; Ramazani, S. A. A ; Izadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley  2012
    In this research, ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)/multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanocomposites with different nanotube concentrations (0.5, 1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 wt %) were prepared via in situ polymerization with a novel, bisupported Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Magnesium ethoxide [Mg(OEt) 2] and surface-functionalized MWCNTs were used as the support of the catalyst. Titanium tetrachloride (TiCl 4) accompanied by triethylaluminum constituted the Ziegler-Natta catalytic system. Preparation of the catalyst and the polymerization were carried out in the slurry phase under an argon atmosphere. Support of the catalyst on the MWCNTs was investigated with Fourier transform... 

    Characterization of carbon nanotube dispersion and filler network formation in melted polyol for nanocomposite materials

    , Article Powder Technology ; Volume 276 , 2015 , Pages 222-231 ; 00325910 (ISSN) Pircheraghi, G ; Foudazi, R ; Manas Zloczower, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Different grades of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were dispersed in poly(tetramethylene ether glycol) (PTMEG) without any solvent in the presence of a block copolymer dispersing agent by ultrasonication at a temperature well above the melting point of the PTMEG. The state of CNT dispersion at different length scales was evaluated by using optical microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, rheological measurements, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and sedimentation tests. Optical microscopy can be used to characterize the state of dispersion and CNT network formation on a micrometer scale, whereas UV-Vis provides useful information about the dispersion of individual CNTs at... 

    Effect of copper on the thermal stability and non-isothermal crystallization behavior of Al 86 Ni 10-x Cu x RE 4 (x = 0.5–2.5) amorphous alloys prepared by melt spinning

    , Article Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids ; Volume 506 , 2019 , Pages 46-50 ; 00223093 (ISSN) Mansouri, M ; Varahram, N ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Microstructural features, thermal stability and crystallization kinetics of various melt spun Al-based alloys containing transition metals (TM = Ni, Cu) and Ce-based rare earth metals (MM: Misch Metal) were investigated via X-ray diffractometry (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). It is shown that the extended topological instability of Egami-Waseda model (λ criterion) is a useful tool to predict the crystallization behavior of the prepared alloys. FCC-Al nanoparticles are formed during the initial crystallization process. Calculation of the apparent activation energy using the Kissinger method indicates that partial replacement of...