Search for: decision-making
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    Modeling pedestrian's decision at street crossing

    , Article Traffic and Transportation Studies - Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Traffic and Transportation Studies, Dalian, 2 August 2004 through 4 August 2004 ; Volume 4 , 2004 , Pages 127-137 ; 7030137809 (ISBN) Nassiri, H ; Amooghin, Y. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Safe and efficient pedestrian movement is an important issue of concern in traffic engineering. Evaluation and identification of effective parameters in pedestrians' decision-making process when crossing a street can be beneficial in improving their safety. In this report, two streets in Tehran, Iran were selected to study the pedestrians' crossing. The data from the video films at these locations were used to fit the logit and nested logit models. The results indicate that factors such as arrival time of first nearside vehicle to crosswalk, headway between first and second vehicle approaching the crosswalk, vehicles platoon size and their approaching speed in each lane, pedestrians' age,... 

    Emerging simple emotional states in Zamin artificial world

    , Article Intelligent Automation and Control Trends, Principles, and Applications - International Symposium on Intelligent Automation and Control, ISIAC - Sixth Biannual World Automation Congress, WAC 2004, Seville, 28 June 2004 through 1 July 2004 ; 2004 , Pages 43-48 ; 1889335223 (ISBN) Zadeh, S. H ; Halavati, R ; Shouraki, S. B ; Lucas, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Zamin, is an Artificial Life ecosystem, suitable for cognitive studies such as evaluation of different thinking and acting methods. Up to now, simple models for decision making, generalization and abstraction, environment perception and pleasure computation is developed and tested in Zamin. In this paper, we have promoted the two layered decision-making system of Zamin creatures, the Aryos, to a three layered emotional decision making mechanism, compared the learning and coping with predators capabilities of the new creatures with the old ones and shown that they can defeat the previous, emotion-less creatures  

    Performance comparison of admission control policies for new calls in soft-handoff regions for CDMA cellular networks

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 193-202 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Ashtiani, F ; Aref, M. R ; Salehi, J. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2004
    In this paper, two basic new call admission control policies in soft-handoff regions in Code-Division Multiple-Access (CDMA) cellular networks are compared. The two policies are Independent Decision Policy (IDP), which is, approximately, equivalent to a directed retry policy proposed for non-CDMA cellular networks and Collective Decision Policy (CDP). The merits in this comparison include the tradeoff between carried traffic and quality loss probability while maintaining other traffic parameters (such as blocking and dropping (handoff failure) probabilities) sufficiently low. Using numerical results, it is deduced that the CDP leads to a better overall performance. Another important issue... 

    A new mixed fuzzy-LP method for selecting the best supplier using fuzzy group decision making

    , Article Neural Computing and Applications ; Volume 23, Issue SUPPL1 , 2013 , Pages 345-352 ; 09410643 (ISSN) Sepehriar, A ; Eslamipoor, R ; Nobari, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Even though there have been so many articles and studies that focused on the supplier selection problem, a few of them considered the major decisions related to supplier selection. In this paper, the supplier selection problem is studied under a novel fuzzy approach in multiple sourcing conditions to select appropriate supplier in group decision-making environment regarding multiple sources. The use of the model is suitable in evaluating situations that involve subjectivity, vagueness and imprecise information. The group data have been used in multiple criteria decision making with multiple objective supplier selection. Trapezoidal fuzzy numbers are applied to evaluate the weights of... 

    A robust optimization approach for multi-objective, multi-product, multi-period, closed-loop green supply chain network designs under uncertainty and discount

    , Article Journal of Industrial and Production Engineering ; Volume 37, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 1-22 Ghahremani Nahr, J ; Pasandideh, S. H. R ; Akhavan Niaki, S. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2020
    One of the basic requirements of the companies to survive in real-world competitive environments is to make their supply chains as efficient as possible. Due to recent governmental regulations, environmental issues, and the development of the concept of social responsibility, the closed-loop supply chain management has been focused by many researchers. A closed-loop supply chain includes both forward and reverse supply chain networks with the purpose of combining environmental considerations with the traditional supply chain network designs through the collection of used products and activities related to their reuse. In this paper, a bi-objective, multi-period, multi-product, closed-loop... 

    Integrated procurement, production, and delivery scheduling in a generalized three stage supply chain [electronic resource]

    , Article International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering (JISE)-Iranian Institute of Industrial Engineering ; 2009, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 189-212 Nikandish, N. (Nasser) ; Eshghi, Kourosh ; Torabi, S. Ali ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research, we investigate a three-stage supply chain with one supplier, several manufacturers and multiple retailers where the supplier provides a common raw material to each manufacturer, who in turn uses a single stage production facility to convert it into final products that are delivered at fixed lot sizes to retailers. An integrated economic procurement, production, and delivery model is developed whose objective is to find the common production cycle length, production sequences of final products at manufacturers and delivery frequencies of final products to retailers minimizing the total costs of considered supply chain. We propose an analytical solution procedure and an... 

    Developing a model for integrating decisions in technology roadmapping by fuzzy PROMETHEE

    , Article Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems ; Volume 26, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 625-645 ; ISSN: 10641246 Ghazinoory, S ; Daneshmand Mehr, M ; Arasti, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Roadmapping, a tool of strategic planning, visualize where and how an organization will be in the future. Visualization of strategic programs assists people in the organization to understand the strategy which is a key for implementing strategy successfully. A generic roadmap is included of three main layers such as; market, product and technology. Decision making in each layer are done separately because of the nature of each layer. Therefore, decisions in roadmapping can be done with different tools. Whiles, decisions in each layer of the roadmap cannot be done without considering the upper or lower layer decisions. In this study we propose Fuzzy PROMETHEE method for integrating decisions... 

    Empathizing and systemizing skills influence risky decision making in children

    , Article Learning and Individual Differences ; Volume 40 , 2015 , Pages 22-26 ; 10416080 (ISSN) Memari, A. H ; Shayestehfar, M ; Gharibzadeh, S ; Barzegary Banadkooki, E ; Hafizi, S ; Moshayedi, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Tow-mode theories explain that risky behaviors in young individuals may be the result of competition between an affective system (e.g., Empathizing system) and a deliberative system (e.g., Systemizing system). We aimed to investigate a total of 134 children aged 7-12. years old on scores of risky decision making and empathizing and systemizing measures. The primary analysis indicated that systemizers showed higher sensitivity to punishment than those in balanced or empathizer classes (F (2,130) = 14.8, p < 0.001). Furthermore empathizers indicated higher level of risk taking than balanced and empathizer children (F (2,130) = 5.027, p = 0.005). Providing further support for two-mode theories... 

    Escort patterns in dual-worker households with students

    , Article Journal of Soft Computing in Civil Engineering ; Volume 5, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 62-79 ; 25882872 (ISSN) Rahmati, Y ; Samimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pouyan Press  2021
    Individuals have been regarded as independent decision makers in majority of transportation analysis. However, agents’ behaviors are usually affected by the interactions among the members in a group; and therefore, individual decision-making paradigms may result in unrealistic outcomes and erroneous interpretations of the results. In light of this, the present study develops discrete choice models in individual and group levels and compares their prediction power in predicting the choice of escort pattern in dual-worker households with at least one under-18-year-old student. The main purpose is to reveal the efficiency of each approach in analyzing parent-child joint activities and highlight... 

    Fuzzy simple additive weighting method by preference ratio

    , Article Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing ; Volume 11, Issue 4 , 2005 , Pages 235-244 ; 10798587 (ISSN) Modarres, M ; Sadi Nezhad, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Although simple additive weighting method (SAW) is the most popular approach for classical multiple attribute decision making (MADM), it is not practical any more if information is fuzzy. The existing methods of Fuzzy Simple Additive Weighting method (FSAW) apply defuzzification which distorts fuzzy numbers. Furthermore, most of the methods usually require lengthy and laborious manipulations. In this paper, we develop a new a fuzzy simple additive weighting method for multiple attribute decision making problems. To avoid defuzzification round off errors caused by multiplication or other arithmetic manipulations, fuzzy numbers are ranked prior to any fuzzy arithmetic in this method. The... 

    Optimal planning of equipment maintenance and replacement on a variable horizon

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 11, Issue 3 , 2004 , Pages 185-192 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Kianfar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2004
    In maintenance and replacement planning of an industry, the purchasing of new equipment on the market with some kind of technological improvement over existing equipment should be taken into account. Because of operating cost, ordinary and preventive maintenance expenses may be lower, production rate may be higher and the quality of output may be better, etc. The industry to be considered in this paper is the mining industry and the replaced equipment is the mine shovel. It is assumed that, at most, one new shovel can be purchased before the mine is exhausted. It is possible that the mine is given up before exhausted, because of the disadvantage of the expense and loss of the salvage value... 

    Optimal decision making for orbit transfer system of a student micro-satellite, using multi-criteria decision making

    , Article 1st IEEE International Symposium on Systems Engineering, ISSE 2015 - Proceedings, 28 September 2015 through 30 September 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 29-33 ; 9781479919208 (ISBN) Saghari, A ; Mahrooz, M. H ; Rahmani, S ; IEEE Systems Council ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    One of the most important aspects of a successful space mission is the transition to the correct orbit and maintaining it. As a result, many modern orbit transfer techniques have been developed in space industry in order to accomplish this task in a more reliable and less expensive way. However, when it comes to the design of student satellites, usually there are serious limitations on the financial resources, technical database and satellite industry experts. These limitations may compromise the access to advanced methods and techniques. Therefore, reliability and expenses may no longer be the only criteria to be met in the process of design. As a result, at each step of the design, a... 

    A new fuzzy multicriteria decision making method and its application in diversion of water

    , Article Expert Systems with Applications ; Volume 37, Issue 12 , 2010 , Pages 8809-8813 ; 09574174 (ISSN) Alipour, M. H ; Shamsai, A ; Ahmady, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taking account of uncertainty in multicriteria decision making problems is crucial due to the fact that depending on how it is done, ranking of alternatives can be completely different. This paper utilizes linguistic values to evaluate the performance of qualitative criteria and proposes using appropriate shapes of fuzzy numbers to evaluate the performance of quantitative criteria for each problem with respect to its particular conditions. In addition, a process to determine the weights of criteria using fuzzy numbers, which considers their competition to gain greater weights and their influence on each other is described. A new fuzzy methodology is proposed to solve such a problem that... 

    Neurocomputational Modeling of the Dual-Process Theory of Decision Making and Its Implication for Public Policy Making

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Keramati, Mohammad Mahdi (Author) ; Ghaninejad, Moussa (Supervisor)
    Supported by a rich literature in psychology and neuroscience, the dual-process theory of decision making assumes that individuals’ decisions are made through arbitration between habitual and goal-directed processes within their minds. Whereas the goal-directed system makes decisions after deliberating all positive and negative consequences of each feasible choice, the habitual system make choices based on the habits formed in previous experiences. Although the decisions of the goal-directed system are always more optimal that those of the habitual system, but due to that fact that the goal-directed system is slow, effortful and time-consuming, it is sometimes more efficient to make... 

    A DEA approach for comparing solution efficiency in U-line balancing problem using goal programming

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 61, Issue 9-12 , August , 2012 , Pages 1161-1172 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Farkhondeh, H ; Hassanzadeh, R ; Mahdavi, I ; Mahdavi Amiri, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    Line balancing problem plays an important role in the decision making process to increase efficiency and productivity. Recently, U-shaped layout in many production lines has replaced the traditional straight line layout using just-in-time concept. Here, we propose a model, using multi-objective decision making approach to the U-shaped line balancing problem, to offer enhanced decision maker flexibility, by allowing for conflicting goals. The assembly line operation efficiency is the most significant aim in our study, and this efficiency relates to management of resources and the solution of line balancing problem. First, the U-shaped line balancing problem is solved considering the model's... 

    Genetic algorithms for fuzzy multi-objective approach to portfolio selection

    , Article Annual Conference of the North American Fuzzy Information Processing Society - NAFIPS, 12 July 2010 through 14 July 2010 ; July , 2010 ; 9781424478576 (ISBN) Kimiagari, A. M ; Nikkholgh, R ; Gharahkozli, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This research deals with a model with better efficiency for selection of portfolio making use of cardinal constraints, which are explained in previous sections. Such a method, which is a combination of fuzzy models and MCDM considering the constraints intended by investors, has not been used in previous models. We have considered transactions cost, because they are among factors important for an investor, and their being ignored in a portfolio selection method will result in inefficient portfolio. Sector value constraint is among other constraints considered here. Such a constraint aims to raise investment rate in sectors with higher values. Cardinal constraints (number of shares existing in... 

    Use of technology mapping in identification of fuel cell sub-technologies

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 17 , 2010 , Pages 9516-9525 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Arasti, M. R ; Bagheri Moghaddam, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Technology Identification involves developing a list of technologies which are, or may be, incorporated into products or processes. After reviewing Technology Assessment, Technology Strategy, Management of Technology and New Product Development in literature, four methods of Technology Identification are investigated: Value Chain of Technologies, Process-based Approach, Quality Function Deployment and Technology Mapping. A model facilitating decision making process is then proposed by which the most appropriate method to be employed is identified. The proposed model is examined in specific case of fuel cell technologies while preparing the Fuel cell Development Strategic Plan of Iran. 1... 

    Toward a collaborative method for knowledge management of software architectural decisions based on trust

    , Article 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, 15 August 2015 through 17 August 2015 ; 2015 , Pages 828-834 ; 9781467376822 (ISBN) Samghani Nejad, M ; Moaven, S ; Habibi, J ; Alidousti, R
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 
    Design and implementation of Architecture is a knowledge-driven process. Evaluation and verification the knowledge, in order to ensure its quality, have important role in improving overall design process. Furthermore, Architectural decision making is a complex and multi-criteria decision making problem in which multiple stakeholders make decisions from their perspectives causing overlaps and conflicts in the adopted decisions. Therefore, the requirement for strategies to manage these issues and also to improve coordination and cooperation among the various stakeholders to improve the overall process design is necessary. In this regard, there have been several activities that focus on... 

    An overview of energy planning in Iran and transition pathways towards sustainable electricity supply sector

    , Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews ; Volume 112 , 2019 , Pages 58-74 ; 13640321 (ISSN) Aryanpur, V ; Atabaki, M. S ; Marzband, M ; Siano, P ; Ghayoumi, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Despite a substantial potential of renewable energy sources, the current energy supply system in Iran relies almost entirely on fossil fuel resources. It has imposed significant financial burden on the country and has led to considerable GHG emissions. Moreover, the country is confronting several challenges for harnessing alternative clean energy sources and promoting rational energy policies over the recent decades. To probe the root cause of these problems, this paper first provides an overview on the previous energy planning attempts in Iran. It shows that adequate commitment to a long-term energy planning could have meaningfully prevented these serious challenges. However, the previous... 

    A mathematical description of physician decision making

    , Article 2nd International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedical Engineering, iCBBE 2008, Shanghai, 16 May 2008 through 18 May 2008 ; 2008 , Pages 281-284 ; 9781424417483 (ISBN) Niknam, K ; Niknam, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    IEEE Computer Society  2008
    This paper presents a mathematical model describing how the physicians actually make a diagnostic decision. Next to a description of diagnostic decision making as done by the physicians, this paper shows that how can we design and develop a new approach to medical diagnosis based on the human principles of decision making. The model was challenged to diagnose a series of actual patients. Real clinical data was entered into the model and the system produced a ranked list of possible diagnoses for each case. The results indicated good performance when compared with internist's diagnosis. The proposed method is effective and can be applied to describe medical reasoning as done by the...