Search for: deposition-mechanism
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    An experimental and modeling study of asphaltene deposition due to CO 2 miscible injection

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 129-141 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Bolouri, H ; Schaffie, M ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Ghoodjani, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The authors studied deposition and entrainment of asphaltene particles as major mechanisms that occur in porous media. Deposition mechanisms that contribute to permeability reduction and entrainment of deposited particle improve the damaged permeability value. While in most previous works the effects of entrainment mechanism are considered negligible, in this study miscible CO2 injection tests were conducted by core flood apparatus to investigate the effect of asphaltene deposition on permeability and porosity alterations. Results indicated that proposed model for entrainment mechanism is affected by deposition mechanism. The asphaltene deposition core's characteristics have undeniable roles... 

    Additive manufacturing of Ti–6Al–4V parts through laser metal deposition (LMD): Process, microstructure, and mechanical properties

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 804 , 2019 , Pages 163-191 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Azarniya, A ; Colera, X. G ; Mirzaali, M. J ; Sovizi, S ; Bartolomeu, F ; St Weglowski, M. K ; Wits, W. W ; Yap, C. Y ; Ahn, J ; Miranda, G ; Silva, F. S ; Madaah Hosseini, H. R ; Ramakrishna, S ; Zadpoor, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    As one of the most important additive manufacturing (AM) techniques, laser metal deposition (LMD) has been extensively studied specially during the last few years. Similar to other AM techniques, the quality of LMD parts is highly dependent on the processing parameters that need to be optimized so as to obtain geometrically accurate parts as well as favorable microstructures and, thus, mechanical properties. The present review paper therefore aims to present a critical analysis and overview of the relationship between processing parameters, microstructure, and mechanical properties of LMD components made from the Ti–6Al–4V alloy. Moreover, we discuss the applications of LMD parts in the... 

    Mechanistic study to investigate the effects of different gas injection scenarios on the rate of asphaltene deposition: An experimental approach

    , Article Fuel ; Volume 262 , 2020 Dashti, H ; Zanganeh, P ; Kord, S ; Ayatollahi, S ; Amiri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Asphaltene deposition during enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes is one of the most problematic challenges in the petroleum industry, potentially resulting in flow blockage. Our understanding of the deposition mechanism with emphasis on the rate of the asphaltene deposition is still in its infancy and must be developed through a range of experiments and modelling studies. This study aims to investigate the rate of asphaltene deposition through a visual study under different gas injection scenarios. To visualise the asphaltene deposition, a high-pressure setup was designed and constructed, which enables us to record high-quality images of the deposition process over time. Present research... 

    Effect of pH and carbon nanotube content on the corrosion behavior of electrophoretically deposited chitosan-hydroxyapatite-carbon nanotube composite coatings

    , Article Ceramics International ; Volume 39, Issue 5 , July , 2013 , Pages 5393-5402 ; 02728842 (ISSN) Batmanghelich, F ; Ghorbani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the first stage, chitosan (CH)-hydroxyapatite (HA)-multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) composite coatings were synthesized by electrophoretic deposition technique (EPD) on 316L stainless steel substrates at different levels of pH and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, FTIR and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). A smooth distribution of HA and MWCNT particles in a chitosan matrix with strong interfacial bonding was obtained. In the next stage, effects of pH and MWCNT content of the suspension on the corrosion behavior and deposition mechanism were studied. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) curves... 

    An experimental investigation of permeability impairment under dynamic flow conditions due to natural depletion in an Iranian oilfield

    , Article Petroleum Science and Technology ; Volume 31, Issue 3 , 2013 , Pages 250-261 ; 10916466 (ISSN) Khalifeh, M ; Bagherzadeh, H ; Bolouri, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Asphaltene deposition is an issue that has received much attention since it has been shown to be the cause of major production problems. It leads to permeability reduction under the processes of natural depletion as well as hydrocarbon gas/CO2 injection. Though a great deal of researches have focused on studying permeability impairment in reservoir rocks, little is known about the asphaltene deposition mechanisms that control the permeability reduction for Iranian reservoirs. In this work, an experimental effort is made to investigate the permeability impairment of core samples of Iranian oil reservoirs. The experiments are performed on both sandstone and carbonate rock types at reservoir... 

    Physical properties of sputtered amorphous carbon coating

    , Article Journal of Alloys and Compounds ; Volume 513 , 2012 , Pages 135-138 ; 09258388 (ISSN) Yari, M ; Larijani, M. M ; Afshar, A ; Eshghabadi, M ; Shokouhy, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study the effect of deposition temperature and thickness on the physical properties of carbon films deposited by magnetron sputtering PVD was investigated. The results of Raman spectra and grazing incidence XRD (GIXRD) patterns show that the graphitization increases by increasing the deposition temperature. There is a change in deposition mechanism at 400 °C from amorphous carbon deposition to nano-structured graphite deposition. Also by increasing substrate temperature the electrical resistance of carbon films reduces significantly up to 300 °C and then remains largely constant. High intrinsic compressive stress in low temperature deposited carbon films causes cracks and... 

    The effect of cysteine on electrodeposition of gold nanoparticle

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology ; Volume 176, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 1307-1312 ; 09215107 (ISSN) Dolati, A ; Imanieh, I ; Salehi, F ; Farahani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    The most applications of gold nanoparticles are in the photo-electronical accessories and bio-chemical sensors. Chloride solution with cysteine additive was used as electrolyte in gold nanoparticles electrodeposition. The nucleation and growing mechanism were studied by electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry, in order to obtain a suitable nano structure. The deposition mechanism was determined as instantaneous nucleation and the dimension of particles was controlled in nanometric particle size range. Atomic Force Microscope was used to evaluate the effect of cysteine on the morphology and topography of gold nanoparticles. Finally the catalytic property of... 

    Modeling and optimization of asphaltene deposition in porous media using genetic algorithm technique

    , Article Society of Petroleum Engineers - International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition in China 2010, IOGCEC, 8 June 2010 through 10 June 2010 ; Volume 1 , June , 2010 , Pages 479-491 ; 9781617388866 (ISBN) Hematfar, V ; Kharrat, R ; Ghazanfari, M. H ; Bagheri, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    Different models have been proposed for deposition of asphaltene on reservoir rocks that due to complexity of asphaltene nature, most of them have not been productive. Here, a reliable model is proposed which despite of previous models, considers the change in asphaltene saturation in the core. The obtained experimental data in the laboratory was used for model validation. In this work, a series of core flooding tests was carried out in presence of connate water at different solvent-oil volume ratios. Pressure drop was measured at three different terminals along the core. The obtained experimental data as well as mass balance equations, momentum equation, asphaltene deposition and... 

    Measurement and prediction of the rate of deposition of flocculated asphaltene particles from oil

    , Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 52, Issue 19-20 , 2009 , Pages 4624-4634 ; 00179310 (ISSN) Jamialahmadi, M ; Soltani, B ; Müller Steinhagen, H ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Asphaltene deposition is one of the unresolved problems in oil industries. Little information is available on the critical question of "how fast" the flocculated asphaltene particles deposit across the production wells from the flowing oil. In this study, the mechanisms of deposition of flocculated asphaltene particles from oil have been studied experimentally and theoretically under forced convective conditions using an accurate thermal approach. The effects of oil velocity, flocculated asphaltene concentration and temperature on the rate of asphaltene deposition are investigated. It is observed that during the first few weeks the deposition mechanism is dominant and the erosion of the... 

    Dynamic modeling and optimization of asphaltene deposition in reservoir rocks using genetic algorithm

    , Article 72nd European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers Conference and Exhibition 2010: A New Spring for Geoscience. Incorporating SPE EUROPEC 2010 ; Volume 6 , 2010 , Pages 4291-4295 ; 9781617386671 (ISBN) Bagheri, M. B ; Kharrat, R ; Hemmatfar, V ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers  2010
    Asphaltene deposition is a problematic challenge for oil production. Changes in key parameters like pressure and fluid composition during natural depletion and different gas injection scenarios may result in asphaltene precipitation and deposition. In this work, a model is developed by application of mass balance equations, momentum equation, asphaltene deposition and permeability reduction models. An algorithm is developed to perform iterative procedure to solve the numerical equations that contains highly coupled variables. Indeed, an equation is introduced to calculate the saturation of the precipitated asphaltene phase. Model parameters were determined by genetic algorithm which is a... 

    Inhibitory effects of functionalized indium doped ZnO nanoparticles on algal growth for preservation of adobe mud and earthen-made artworks under humid conditions

    , Article International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation ; Volume 127 , Febraury , 2018 , Pages 209-216 ; 09648305 (ISSN) Shariati, M ; Mallakin, A ; Malekmohammady, F ; Khosravi Nejad, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this article, indium doped ZnO nanoparticles (alloy nanoparticles) were investigated as inhibitors against algae growth on adobe mud and earthen artworks for surface preservation from destruction caused by micro-organisms under humid conditions, through surface modification and activation run off. Nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated by physical vapor deposition (PVD) growth mechanism. The fabricated NPs were approximately 20 nm in size. The Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus quadricauda were tested by application of indium doped ZnO nanoparticles (In/ZnO NPs) as inhibitors. As concentrations of NPs increased, the negative impacts of NPs on the algal growth were enhanced and physical...