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    Descriptive epidemiology of traumatic injuries in 18890 adults: A 5-year-study in a tertiary trauma center in Iran

    , Article Asian Journal of Sports Medicine ; Volume 6, Issue 1 , 2015 ; 2008000X (ISSN) Mehrpour, S. R ; Nabian, M. H ; Oryadi Zanjani, L ; Foroughmand Araabi, M. H ; Shahryar Kamrani, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Basic epidemiological data can provide estimates when discussing disease burden and in the planning and provision of healthcare strategies. There is little quantitative information in the literature regarding prevalence of traumatic injuries from developing countries. Objectives: The aim of the current preliminary study was to reveal the prevalence and age and gender distribution of various traumatic injuries in a tertiary referral orthopedic hospital in Iran. Patients and Methods: In a prospective descriptive study, all traumatic injured patients attending the Orthopedic Trauma Unit of our center in a five year period were included. Demographic details, the cause of injury,... 

    The dilemma of BME research projects in developing countries: a case study

    , Article Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference ; Volume 2011 , 2011 , Pages 3631-3635 ; 1557170X (ISSN) Zahedi, E ; Attar, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Researchers are faced with huge challenges when undertaking BME research projects in developing countries. Various administrative, technical, economic and even cultural barriers have to be overcome whereas the quality and quantity of the output has to be comparable with the developed world in order to make results publishable. This paper uses a real project context to highlight the major problems and the necessity of a holistic approach which would take into consideration all stakeholders interests. It is only by tackling problems such as relationship between academia-industry and administration efficiency at their root that significant progress can be achieved  

    The dilemma of BME research projects in developing countries: A case study

    , Article Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS ; 2011 , Pages 3631-3635 ; 1557170X (ISSN) ; 9781424441211 (ISBN) Zahedi, E ; Attar, H. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Researchers are faced with huge challenges when undertaking BME research projects in developing countries. Various administrative, technical, economic and even cultural barriers have to be overcome whereas the quality and quantity of the output has to be comparable with the developed world in order to make results publishable. This paper uses a real project context to highlight the major problems and the necessity of a holistic approach which would take into consideration all stakeholders interests. It is only by tackling problems such as relationship between academia-industry and administration efficiency at their root that significant progress can be achieved  

    Rural location-based activity generation: A case study of iran villages

    , Article Transportation Letters ; Volume 8, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 131-139 ; 19427867 (ISSN) Dashtestaninejad, H ; Vaziri, M ; Timmermans, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2016
    Efficacious transportation, as prerequisites of sustainable development of rural areas, should receive pertinent attention. This needs more attention in developing countries as nearly half of population in these countries reside in rural areas. However, still little is known about the activity and travel characteristics of rural residents. This study focuses on activity-location (Ac-Lo) patterns of rural residents in Iran. An interview of place-based questionnaire was designed and data about activity-travel characteristics of rural residents was collected. In total, 663 respondents were used for analyzing out-of-home Ac-Lo patterns. Based on a descriptive analysis of Ac-Lo characteristics of... 

    Institutional barriers to venture capital financing: an explorative study for the case of Iran

    , Article Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies ; Volume 10, Issue 3 , 2018 , Pages 409-427 ; 20534604 (ISSN) Shojaei, S ; Motavaseli, M ; Bitaab, A ; Chitsazan, H ; Mohammadi Elyasi, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Emerald Group Publishing Ltd  2018
    Purpose: This paper aims to explore the barriers that constrain the venture capital (VC) financing in Iran based on the institutional theory. Design/methodology/approach: To answer the question, “How institutional barriers constrain the VC financing in Iran?”, 31 detailed interviews were conducted, and the interviewed data were analysed by using the grounded theory method. Findings: There exist several institutional barriers (formal and informal) in different stages of the VC investment process in Iran. Major formal institutional deficiencies include lack of appropriate financial regulations, inefficacy in tax, labour, property rights, financial disclosure, bankruptcy, investor’s protection... 

    On the fair accounting of carbon emissions in the global system using an exergy cost formation concept

    , Article Journal of Cleaner Production ; Volume 280 , 2021 ; 09596526 (ISSN) Khajehpour, H ; Saboohi, Y ; Tsatsaronis, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Carbon accounting is necessary for designing effective climate change mitigation policies. A proper and fair accounting method should motivate both the producers toward cleaner production methods and the consumers toward reducing the embodied emissions of their consumption. This research work proposes a new approach to map the production chain of carbon emissions in which every subsystem is responsible for the level and efficiency of its production activities and embodied emissions for providing its economic activities or final demands. The exergy cost formation concept is used to track the emissions in the production chain. The results of this accounting present the total carbon loads on... 

    Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018

    , Article Nature Medicine ; Volume 27, Issue 10 , 2021 , Pages 1761-1782 ; 10788956 (ISSN) Kinyoki, D ; Osgood-Zimmerman, A.E ; Bhattacharjee, N.V ; Schaeffer, L.E ; Lazzar-Atwood, A ; Lu, D ; Ewald, S.B ; Donkers, K.M ; Letourneau, I.D ; Collison, M ; Schipp, M.F ; Abajobir, A ; Abbasi, S ; Abbasi, N ; Abbasifard, M ; Abbasi-Kangevari, M ; Abbastabar, H ; Abd-Allah, F ; Abdelalim, A ; Abd-Elsalam, S.M ; Abdoli, A ; Abdollahpour, I ; Abedi, A ; Abolhassani, H ; Abraham, B ; Abreu, L.G ; Abrigo, M.R.M ; Abualhasan, A ; Abu-Gharbieh, E ; Abushouk, A.I ; Accrombessi, M.M.K ; Adabi, M ; Adebayo, O.M ; Adegbosin, A.E ; Adekanmbi, V ; Adetokunboh, O.O ; Adeyinka, D.A ; Adham, D ; Advani, S.M ; Agasthi, P ; Aghaali, M ; Ahmad, S ; Ahmad, T ; Ahmadi, K ; Ahmadi, S ; Ahmed, M.B ; Aichour, M.T.E ; Aji, B ; Akinyemi, O.O ; Aklilu, A ; Akunna, C.J ; Al-Aly, Z ; Alanzi, T.M ; Alcalde-Rabanal, J.E ; Alemu, B.W ; Alemu, A ; Alhassan, R.K ; Alif, S.M ; Alipour, V ; Alizade, H ; Aljunid, S.M ; Almasi-Hashiani, A ; Al-Mekhlafi, H.M ; Al-Raddadi, R.M ; Alvis-Guzman, N ; Amini, S ; Amiri, F ; Amugsi, D.A ; Anber, N.H ; Ancuceanu, R ; Andrei, T ; Anegago, M.T ; Anjomshoa, M ; Ansari, F ; Ansari-Moghaddam, A ; Anteneh, Z.A ; Antriyandarti, E ; Anvari, D ; Anwer, R ; Aqeel, M ; Arabloo, J ; Arab-Zozani, M ; Aremu, O ; Areri, H.A ; Artaman, A ; Arzani, A ; Asaad, M ; Asadi-Aliabadi, M ; Asadi-Pooya, A.A ; Asemahagn, M.A ; Asghari Jafarabadi, M ; Ashebir, M.M ; Ataro, Z ; Athari, S.M ; Athari, S.S ; Atout, M.M.W ; Ausloos, M ; Awoke, N ; Ayala Quintanilla, B.P ; Ayano, G ; Ayanore, M.A ; Aynalem, Y.A ; Ayza, M.A ; Azadmehr, A ; B, D ; Babalola, T.K ; Badawi, A ; Badiye, A.D ; Bahrami, M.A ; Bairwa, M ; Bakkannavar, S.M ; Banik, P.C ; Baraki, A.G ; Barboza, M.A ; Basaleem, H ; Basu, S ; Bayati, M ; Baye, B.A ; Bazmandegan, G ; Bedi, N ; Bekuma, T.T.T ; Bell, M. L ; Bensenor, I. M ; Berhe, K ; Berhe, A. K ; Berhie, K. A ; Bhandari, D ; Bhardwaj, N ; Bhardwaj, P ; Bhattacharyya, K ; Bhattarai, S ; Bhutta, Z. A ; Bijani, A ; Bikbov, B ; Biondi, A ; Birhanu, M ; Biswas, R. K ; Bockarie, M. J ; Bohlouli, S ; Bohluli, M ; Boloor, A ; Borzouei, S ; Bragazzi, N. L ; Braithwaite, D ; Brunoni, A. R ; Burugina Nagaraja, S ; Butt, Z. A ; Caetano dos Santos, F. L ; Cámera, L. A ; Car, J ; Cárdenas, R ; Carvalho, F ; Castaldelli-Maia, J.M ; Castañeda-Orjuela, C.A ; Castro, F ; Cevik, M ; Chanie, W.F ; Charan, J ; Chatterjee, S ; Chattu, V.K ; Chaturvedi, S ; Chen, S ; Chin, K.L ; Chowdhury, M.A.K ; Cook, A.J ; Costa, V.M ; Cromwell, E.A ; Dachew, B.A ; Dagne, H ; Dagnew, B ; Dahiru, T ; Dahlawi, S. M. A ; Dai, H ; Dai, H ; Dandona, L ; Dandona, R ; Daneshpajouhnejad, P ; Daoud, F ; Das, J.K ; Das Gupta, R ; Dash, A.P ; Dávila-Cervantes, C. A ; Davletov, K ; Deeba, F ; De Neve, J. W ; Denova Gutiérrez, E ; Deribe, K ; Desalew, A ; Dessie, G. A ; Dey, S ; Dhimal, M ; Dhungana, G. P ; Dianatinasab, M ; Diaz, D ; Dipeolu, I. O ; Djalalinia, S ; Do, H. T ; Dorostkar, F ; Doshmangir, L ; Duko, B ; Duraes, A. R ; Earl, L ; Edinur, H. A ; Efendi, F ; Elayedath, R ; Elema, T. B ; Elhabashy, H. R ; El-Jaafary, S. I ; El Sayed, I ; El Sayed Zaki, M ; Elsharkawy, A ; El-Sherbiny, Y. M ; El Tantawi, M ; Endalew, D. A ; Eshrati, B ; Eskandari, K ; Eskandarieh, S ; Fadhil, I ; Faraon, E. J. A ; Fareed, M ; Faris, P. S ; Farwati, M ; Farzadfar, F ; Fasanmi, A. O ; Fattahi, N ; Fauk, N. K ; Feigin, V. L ; Feleke, B. E ; Fereshtehnejad, S. M ; Fernandes, E ; Ferrara, P ; Foigt, N. A ; Fomenkov, A. A ; Foroutan, M ; Francis, J. M ; Franklin, R. C ; Freitas, M ; Fukumoto, T ; Gad, M. M ; Gaidhane, A. M ; Gayesa, R. T ; Geberemariyam, B. S ; Gebregiorgis, B. G ; Gebremariam, H ; Gebremariam, T. B. B ; Gebremeskel, L ; Gebremeskel, G. G ; Gebreslassie, A. A ; Geramo, Y. C. D ; Gesesew, H. A ; Gessner, B. D ; Getacher, L ; Ghadiri, K ; Ghaffarifar, F ; Ghafourifard, M ; Ghajarzadeh, M ; Ghamari, F ; Ghashghaee, A ; Ghith, N ; Gilani, S. A ; Gill, T. K ; Godinho, M. A ; Gona, P. N ; Grada, A ; Gubari, M. I. M ; Gudi, N ; Guido, D ; Guled, R. A ; Guo, Y ; Gupta, R ; Gupta, R ; Haj Mirzaian, A ; Hamadeh, R. R ; Handiso, D. W ; Hanif, A ; Hargono, A ; Hasaballah, A. I ; Hasan, M. M ; Hasan, S. S ; Hashemian, M ; Hashi, A ; Hassan, S ; Hassan, A ; Hassanipour, S ; Hassankhani, H ; Hayat, K ; Hegazy, M. I ; Heidari Soureshjani, R ; Henry, N. J ; Herteliu, C ; Heydarpour, F ; Heydarpour, S ; Hidru, H. D ; Hoang, C. L ; Holla, R ; Hon, J ; Hong, S. H ; Hoogar, P ; Hosseini, S. N ; Hosseinzadeh, M ; Hostiuc, M ; Hostiuc, S ; Hotez, P. J ; Househ, M ; Huda, T. M ; Huluko, D. H. H ; Hussain, S. A ; Hwang, B. F ; Ilesanmi, O. S ; Ilic, I. M ; Ilic, M. D ; Inbaraj, L.R ; Iqbal, U ; Islam, M.M ; Islam, S.M.S ; Iwu, C.J ; Iwu, C.C.D ; Jadidi-Niaragh, F ; Jahani, M.A ; Jain, V ; Jakovljevic, M ; Jalali, A ; Jalilian, F ; Janodia, M.D ; Javaheri, T ; Jha, R.P ; John, O ; Johnson, K.B ; Jonas, J.B ; Jonnagaddala, J ; Joseph, N ; Joshi, A ; Joukar, F ; Jozwiak, J.J ; Kabir, A ; Kabir, Z ; Kahlon, T ; Kalankesh, L.R ; Kalhor, R ; Kamath, A ; Kamiab, Z ; Kanchan, T ; Kapil, U ; Kapoor, N ; Karami Matin, B ; Karimi, S.E ; Kasa, A.S ; Kasahun, G.G ; Kassa, Z.Y ; Kassa, G.G ; Kassahun, G ; Kayode, G.A ; Kazemi Karyani, A ; Keflie, T.S ; Keiyoro, P.N ; Kelkay, B ; Keramati, M ; Ketema, D.B ; Khalid, N ; Khammarnia, M ; Khan, M.N ; Khan, M ; Khan, J ; Khatab, K ; Khater, A.M ; Khater, M.M ; Khoja, A.T ; Khubchandani, J ; Kianipour, N ; Kim, Y.-E ; Kim, Y.J ; Kimokoti, R.W ; Kisa, S ; Kisa, A ; Kolola, T ; Koolivand, A ; Kosen, S ; Koul, P. A ; Koyanagi, A ; Krishan, K ; Krishnamoorthy, V ; Kuate Defo, B ; Kugbey, N ; Kulkarni, V ; Kumar, G. A ; Kumar, N ; Kumar, P ; Kumar, M ; Kurmi, O. P ; Kusuma, D ; Lacey, B ; Lad, D. P ; Lal, D.K ; Lami, F. H ; Landires, I ; Larsson, A. O ; Lasrado, S ; Laurens, M. B ; La Vecchia, C ; Laxmaiah, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a comprehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results... 

    A multi-regional model for generation expansion planning after restructuring in developing countries

    , Article International Review of Electrical Engineering ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , July , 2011 , Pages 2068-2078 ; 18276660 (ISSN) Fakehi, A. H ; Ghofrani, M. B ; Saboohi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    In many developing countries, restructuring is usually started by dividing vertically integrated power systems into regional companies. Analysis of the procedure of restructuring requires appropriate analytical tools for modeling interactive behavior of the regional companies in a competitive energy market. The problem of generation expansion planning in the competitive environment becomes more complex where the new generation units are constructed on the basis of decentralized decisions. Recent studies of long term expansion planning show that market equilibrium modeling is an effective technique to analyze the long-term optimum development of the generation systems. In the present paper, a... 

    Resilient cities, a key solution to safeguard the environment

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 23, Issue 5 , 2016 , Pages 2067-2076 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Aghajani, Y ; Abbaspour, M ; Mohammadi, A ; Reza Soltani, S ; Aghajani, D ; Ahmadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2016
    In the 21st century, the world population is growing at a spiraling pace. Much of this growth is occurring in developing countries, where access to food, sanitary water, education, and health is severely limited. The ever-increasing urbanization highlighted the need for sustainable development based on human-environment interaction. The excessive and unplanned expansion of cities has resulted in numerous environmental predicaments due to clearly emphasized economic issues at the expense of social and environmental concerns. The most significant features of megacities are indicated in this paper and the environmental, social, physical, and economic criteria are addressed in order to attain... 

    A hybrid systems approach to determine effective factors on the growth of marine industries in developing countries

    , Article International Journal of Business and Systems Research ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 124-142 ; 1751200X (ISSN) Eshaghpour, S ; Hosseini, S. H ; Aghaei, S. A ; Seif, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Inderscience Publishers  2021
    Marine industries have always been provided power and development for countries both militarily and economically. Due to the lack of essential economic, industrial, and technological infrastructure in developing countries, the development of marine industries has been facing serious obstacles. As a developing country, Iran has been tackling similar barriers. This paper aims at developing a conceptual model, to examine this complex problem, using a systems approach by which subsystems and casual loop diagrams have been created. Afterward, DEMATEL technique has been used, revealing the most effective variables. The research can remarkably help practitioners in appropriate recognition and... 

    Mapping inequalities in exclusive breastfeeding in low- and middle-income countries, 2000–2018

    , Article Nature Human Behaviour ; Volume 5, Issue 8 , 2021 , Pages 1027-1045 ; 23973374 (ISSN) Bhattacharjee, N. V ; Schaeffer, L.E ; Hay, S. I ; Lu, D ; Schipp, M. F ; Lazzar Atwood, A ; Donkers, K. M ; Abady, G. G ; Abd-Allah, F ; Abdelalim, A ; Abebo, Z. H ; Abejie, A. N ; Abosetugn, A. E ; Abreu, L. G ; Abrigo, M. R. M ; Abu Gharbieh, E ; Abushouk, A. I ; Adamu, A. L ; Adedeji, I. A ; Adegbosin, A. E ; Adekanmbi, V ; Adetokunboh, O. O ; Agudelo Botero, M ; Aji, B ; Akinyemi, O. O ; Alamneh, A. A ; Alanezi, F. M ; Alanzi, T. M ; Albright, J ; Alcalde Rabanal, J. E ; Alemu, B. W ; Alhassan, R. K ; Ali, B. A ; Ali, S ; Alinia, C ; Alipour, V ; Amit, A. M. L ; Amugsi, D. A ; Anbesu, E. W ; Ancuceanu, R ; Anjomshoa, M ; Ansari, F ; Antonio, C. A. T ; Anvari, D ; Arabloo, J ; Arora, A ; Artanti, K. D ; Asemahagn, M. A ; Asmare, W. N ; Atout, M. M. W ; Ausloos, M ; Awoke, N ; Quintanilla, B. P. A ; Ayanore, M. A ; Aynalem, Y. A ; Ayza, M. A ; Azene, Z. N ; Darshan, B. B ; Badiye, A. D ; Baig, A. A ; Bakkannavar, S. M ; Banach, M ; Banik, P. C ; Bärnighausen, T. W ; Basaleem, H ; Bayati, M ; Baye, B. A ; Bedi, N ; Belay, S. A ; Bhagavathula, A. S ; Bhandari, D ; Bhardwaj, N ; Bhardwaj, P ; Bhutta, Z. A ; Bijani, A ; Birhan, T. A ; Birihane, B. M ; Bitew, Z. W ; Bohlouli, S ; Bohluli, M ; Bojia, H. A ; Boloor, A ; Brady, O. J ; Bragazzi, N. L ; Brunoni, A. R ; Budhathoki, S. S ; Nagaraja, S. B ; Butt, Z. A ; Cárdenas, R ; Castaldelli-Maia, J. M ; Castro, F ; Cernigliaro, A ; Charan, J ; Chatterjee, P ; Chatterjee, S ; Chattu, V. K ; Chaturvedi, S ; Chowdhury, M. A. K ; Chu, D. T ; Collison, M. L ; Cook, A. J ; Cork, M. A ; Couto, R. A. S ; Dagnew, B ; Dai, H ; Dandona, L ; Dandona, R ; Daneshpajouhnejad, P ; Darwesh, A. M ; Darwish, A. H ; Daryani, A ; Das, J. K ; Gupta, R. D ; Dávila-Cervantes, C. A ; Davis, A. C ; Weaver, N. D ; Denova Gutiérrez, E ; Deribe, K ; Desalew, A ; Deshpande, A ; Dessie, A ; Deuba, K ; Dharmaratne, S. D ; Dhimal, M ; Dhungana, G. P ; Diaz, D ; Didarloo, A ; Dipeolu, I. O ; Doan, L. P ; Duko, B ; Duraes, A. R ; Dwyer Lindgren, L ; Earl, L ; Zaki, M. E. S ; Tantawi, M. E ; Elema, T. B ; Elhabashy, H. R ; El Jaafary, S. I ; Faris, P. S ; Faro, A ; Farzadfar, F ; Feigin, V. L ; Feleke, B. E ; Ferede, T. Y ; Fischer, F ; Foigt, N. A ; Folayan, M. O ; Franklin, R. C ; Gad, M. M ; Gaidhane, S ; Gardner, W. M ; Geberemariyam, B. S ; Gebregiorgis, B. G ; Gebremedhin, K. B ; Gebremichael, B ; Ghaffarpasand, F ; Gilani, S. A ; Ginindza, T. G ; Glagn, M ; Golechha, M ; Gonfa, K. B ; Goulart, B. N. G ; Gudi, N ; Guido, D ; Guled, R. A ; Guo, Y ; Hamidi, S ; Handiso, D. W ; Hasaballah, A. I ; Hassan, A ; Hayat, K ; Hegazy, M. I ; Heidari, B ; Henry, N. J ; Herteliu, C ; de Hidru, H. D ; Ho, H. C ; Hoang, C. L ; Holla, R ; Hon, J ; Hosseini, M ; Hosseinzadeh, M ; Househ, M ; Hsairi, M ; Hu, G ; Huda, T. M ; Hwang, B. F ; Ibitoye, S. E ; Ilesanmi, O. S ; Ilic, I. M ; Ilic, M. D ; Inbaraj, L. R ; Iqbal, U ; Irvani, S. S. N ; Islam, M. M ; Iwu, C. C. D ; Iwu, C. J ; Jain, A ; Janodia, M. D ; Javaheri, T ; John-Akinola, Y. O ; Johnson, K. B ; Joukar, F ; Jozwiak, J. J ; Kabir, A ; Kalankesh, L. R ; Kalhor, R ; Kamath, A ; Kamyari, N ; Kanchan, O. T ; Kapoor, N ; Matin, B. K ; Karimi, S. E ; Kasaye, H. K ; Kassahun, G ; Kassebaum, N. J ; Kayode, G. A ; Karyani, A. K ; Keiyoro, P. N ; Kelkay, B ; Khalid, N ; Khan, M. N ; Khatab, K ; Khater, A. M ; Khater, M. M ; Khatib, M. N ; Kim, Y. J ; Kimokoti, R. W ; Kinyoki, D. K ; Kisa, A ; Kisa, S ; Kosen, S ; Krishan, K ; Kulkarni, V ; Kumar, G. A ; Kumar, M ; Kumar, N ; Kumar, P ; Kurmi, O. P ; Kusuma, D ; Vecchia, C. L ; Lad, S. D ; Lami, F. H ; Landires, I ; Lansingh, V. C ; Lasrado, S ; Lee, P. H ; LeGrand, K. E ; Letourneau, I. D ; Lewycka, S ; Li, B ; Li, M. C ; Li, S ; Liu, X ; Lodha, R ; Lopez, J. C. F ; Louie, C ; Machado, D. B ; Maled, V ; Maleki, S ; Malta, D. C ; Mamun, A. A ; Manafi, N ; Mansournia, M. A ; Mapoma, C. C ; Marczak, L. B ; Martins-Melo, F. R ; Mehndiratta, M. M ; Mejia-Rodriguez, F ; Mekonnen, T. C ; Mendoza, W ; Menezes, R. G ; Mengesha, E. W ; Mersha, A. M ; Miller, T. R ; Mini, G. K ; Mirrakhimov, E. M ; Misra, S ; Moghadaszadeh, M ; Mohammad, D. K ; Mohammadian Hafshejani, A ; Mohammed, J. A ; Mohammed, S ; Mokdad, A. H ; Montero Zamora, P. A ; Moradi, M ; Moradzadeh, R ; Moraga, P ; Mosser, J. F ; Mousavi, S. M ; Khaneghah, A. M ; Munro, S. B ; Muriithi, M. K ; Mustafa, G ; Muthupandian, S ; Nagarajan, A. J ; Naik, G ; Naimzada, M. D ; Nangia, V ; Nascimento, B. R ; Nayak, V. C ; Ndejjo, R ; Ndwandwe, D. E ; Negoi, I ; Nguefack Tsague, G ; Ngunjiri, J. W ; Nguyen, C. T ; Nguyen, D. N ; Nguyen, H. L. T ; Nigussie, S. N ; Nigussie, T. T. N ; Nikbakhsh, R ; Nnaji, C. A ; Nunez Samudio, V ; Oancea, B ; Oghenetega, O. B ; Olagunju, A. T ; Olusanya, B. O ; Olusanya, J. O ; Omer, M. O ; Onwujekwe, O. E ; Ortega Altamirano, D. V ; Osgood-Zimmerman, A. E ; Otstavnov, N ; Otstavnov, S. S ; Owolabi, M. O ; Mahesh, P. A ; Padubidri, J. R ; Pana, A ; Pandey, A ; Pandi Perumal, S. R ; Pangaribuan, H. U ; Parsekar, S. S ; Pasupula, D. K ; Patel, U. K ; Pathak, A ; Pathak, M ; Pattanshetty, S. M ; Patton, G. C ; Paulos, K ; Pepito, V. C. F ; Pickering, B. V ; Pinheiro, M ; Piwoz, E. G ; Pokhrel, K. N ; Pourjafar, H ; Prada, S. I ; Pribadi, D. R. A ; Syed, Z. Q ; Rabiee, M ; Rabiee, N ; Rahim, F ; Rahimzadeh, S ; Rahman, A ; Rahman, M. H. U ; Rahmani, A. M ; Rai, R. K ; Ranabhat, C. L ; Rao, S. J ; Rastogi, P ; Rathi, P ; Rawaf, D. L ; Rawaf, S ; Rawassizadeh, R ; Rawat, R ; Rawat, R ; Regassa, L. D ; Rego, M. A. S ; Reiner, R. C., Jr ; Reshmi, B ; Rezapour, A ; Ribeiro, A. I ; Rickard, J ; Roever, L ; Rumisha, S. F ; Rwegerera, G. M ; Sagar, R ; Sajadi, S. M ; Salem, M. R ; Samy, A. M ; Santric-Milicevic, M. M ; Saraswathy, S. Y. I ; Sarker, A. R ; Sartorius, B ; Sathian, B ; Saxena, D ; Sbarra, A. N ; Sengupta, D ; Senthilkumaran, S ; Sha, F ; Shafaat, O ; Shaheen, A. A ; Shaikh, M. A ; Shalash, A. S ; Shannawaz, M ; Sheikh, A ; Shetty, B. S. K ; Shetty, R. S ; Shibuya, K ; Shiferaw, W. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nature Research  2021
    Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF)—giving infants only breast-milk for the first 6 months of life—is a component of optimal breastfeeding practices effective in preventing child morbidity and mortality. EBF practices are known to vary by population and comparable subnational estimates of prevalence and progress across low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are required for planning policy and interventions. Here we present a geospatial analysis of EBF prevalence estimates from 2000 to 2018 across 94 LMICs mapped to policy-relevant administrative units (for example, districts), quantify subnational inequalities and their changes over time, and estimate probabilities of meeting the World Health... 

    Practical approaches for implementation of energy piles in Iran based on the lessons learned from the developed countries experiences

    , Article Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews ; Volume 140 , 2021 ; 13640321 (ISSN) Yazdani Cherati, D ; Ghasemi Fare, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) have been installed all around the world to harvest shallow geothermal energy for heating and cooling building envelopes. However, the high initial cost of these systems (e.g., drilling and installation costs) limits the popularity and total usage of GSHPs around the world. To reduce the initial cost of these systems, geothermal heat exchangers are combined with structural components of the building, such as deep foundations, or energy walls. Energy piles or thermo-active foundations that serve dual purposes have been widely utilized in the last two decades in many developed countries. However, in most of the developing countries like Iran, there are several... 

    Assessment of public-private partnership in traveler information provision

    , Article Transportation Research Record ; Issue 2394 , 2013 , Pages 19-29 ; 03611981 (ISSN) Bagloee, S ; Kermanshah, M ; Bozic, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    National Research Council  2013
    Making efficient use of transportation infrastructure has always been a concern. Traveler information provisions (TIPs) assist commuters in making better travel decisions and therefore lead to increased mobility and more efficient travel. The ongoing economic crisis and shrinking public funding have made the public-private partnership (PPP) an attractive instrument for promoting TIP. Such initiatives have been much discussed in developed countries. The use of PPP to fund public projects in developing countries, however, is in its infancy, and the related issues do not receive adequate attention in the literature. In this study, PPP opportunities in TIP were assessed in the case of a city in... 

    Latecomer firm strategies in complex product systems (CoPS): The case of Iran's thermal electricity generation systems

    , Article Research Policy ; Volume 44, Issue 6 , July , 2015 , Pages 1240-1251 ; 00487333 (ISSN) Kiamehr, M ; Hobday, M ; Hamedi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    This paper examines the strategies of a local supplier of high technology capital goods (or complex product systems, CoPS) in a middle-income developing economy, Iran, in its efforts to acquire technology and catch up with market leaders. The study draws upon both the development and business strategy literatures to develop a novel conceptual framework of latecomer strategy which is then applied to the Iranian firm engaged in the design, production and implementation of electricity generation systems. Although exploratory, the study shows that the firm was able to exploit its linkages with local clients, favorable government policies and a growing domestic demand to overcome barriers to... 

    The Role of Socio-Political Institutions in Economic Performance of Developing Countries

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mollaei, Yaser (Author) ; Nili, Masoud (Supervisor)
    Findings of economics in last decade shows that social and economic institutions have direct influence on economic performance of a society. However, these institutions are determined by the state. In different regimes, the political power is in the hand of different social groups with different preferences and goals; as a result, different social and economic policies and institutions are take place in different political regimes. In this research, we study economic performance of a society under control of two different political regimes: in first, the majority rules the state and in second, there is a totalitarian regime in which; the political power is concentrated in hand of a group of... 

    Identifying the Distinctive Characteristics of Accelerators in Developing Countries: Iran Case Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Selk Ghaffari, Poorya (Author) ; Maleki, Ali (Supervisor)
    As accelerators develop, literature about their distinctive characteristics and functions grow. Primary studies about business accelerators focused on defining the model and finding the distinctive characteristics of business accelerators. Later studies started to ask different kind of questions about outcome, functions and especially different models of accelerators. . Accelerators in developing countries are new phenomenon. Considering the fact that economic and entrepreneurial ecosystem are different in developing countries, accelerators in these countries have some distinctive characteristics which are not studied deeply in small accelerators literature.Employing Pauwels’ design elements... 

    Investigating Merger and Acquisition Deal Process: A Case Study Research from an Emerging Market

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Roshani, Sahar (Author) ; Talebian, Masoud (Supervisor) ; Abdoh Tabrizi, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Earlier research mainly have addressed to a part of the M&A phenomenon and rarely have conducted multi-aspect analysis of it. On the other hand, unfortunately a high percentage of M&A deals collapses before completion which implicates there is not a thorough understanding of all the variables involved in the M&A process. Therefore, we conducted a case study research which is better qualified at providing in-depth, multi-aspects and multidisciplinary understanding and therefore novel findings of this multifaceted and complex phenomenon, M&A, in an emerging market context. Our research aims to highlight these questions: 1. what are the underlying incentives behind M&A deals initiation? 2. What... 

    Innovative performance of Iranian knowledge-based firms: Large firms or SMEs?

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; May , 2016 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Noori, J ; Bagheri Nasrabadi, M ; Yazdi, N ; Babakhan, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2016
    The debate over innovativeness of large firms and SMEs, which was bolded by Schumpeter, still continues under mixed empirical evidences. There are several implications for this debate including policy orientation in support of large firms or SMEs. But there is a scarce of studies in developing countries and no such study in Iran yet. The present study has explored the proportionality of increase of innovation activity versus firm size within 522 Iranian knowledge-based firms categorized in 9 industries. Innovation activity was measured by R&D expenditure while firm size stood for number of employees. Using log-log regression in the first phase, it was found that R&D expenditure confirms a... 

    Local model of a scientific collaboration in physics network compared with the global model

    , Article Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications ; Volume 389, Issue 23 , 2010 , Pages 5530-5537 ; 03784371 (ISSN) Roohi, A. A ; Shirazi, A. H ; Kargaran, A ; Jafari, G. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We have constructed a collaboration network for physicists based in Iran working in different disciplines. By discussing properties like collaborators per author, shortest path, betweenness, and the concept of power in networks for this local model, and comparing with the global model, we understand how a developing country in the Middle East is contributing to the scientific growth in the world statistically. In this comparison, we found some properties of the local model which were not in accordance with the standard global society of science, which should be considered in developing the future policies. Our results show significant differences in factors like the degree and the diameter... 

    Its deployment strategy based on pilot project in developing countries: Karajtehran corridor, an iranian example

    , Article Intelligent Transportation Society of America - 12th World Congress on Intelligent Transport Systems 2005, 6 November 2005 through 10 November 2005, San Francisco, CA ; Volume 9 , 2009 , Pages 5845-5850 ; 9781604236354 (ISBN) Chevreuil, M ; Isaai Dr., M.T ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents an ITS pilot project in a developing country, Iran, as a way to foster to the development of ITS national strategic plan. The pilot project concerns a high trafficked road corridor, linking the capital Tehran to the largest city in the suburb: Karaj, This corridor was selected among others, by the end of 2002 as a good candidate, due in particular to the variety of problems encountered [1] In order to launch the pilot project a co-operation was set up in 2004 between ISIS, Groupe EGIS, France and Metra Consulting Engineers Co, Iran and several ITS experts were sent to Iran for two missions in June and July 2004. The mission consisted of detailed on-site visits, interviews...