Search for: diffuse-reflectance-spectroscopy
0.006 seconds
Total 38 records

    Optimal Ag2S nanoparticle incorporated TiO2 nanotube array for visible water splitting

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 4, Issue 15 , 2014 , Pages 7838-7844 ; ISSN: 20462069 Gholami, M ; Qorbani, M ; Moradlou, O ; Naseri, N ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Free-standing TiO2 nanotube array (TNA) films were fabricated via two-step anodization of a titanium sheet. The X-ray diffraction pattern indicated amorphous TNAs were transformed into anatase after annealing the films at 500 °C in air. The surface of TNA was modified by a sequential-chemical bath deposition (S-CBD) method to fabricate Ag2S nanoparticles and forming TNA/Ag2S-n nanostructure, by varying the number of cycles (n). Based on SEM observations, the produced films consisted of vertically ordered tubular structure arrays, each with 125 nm in diameter and 4.1 μm in length containing silver sulphide nanoparticles of ∼12 nm diameter. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) confirmed the... 

    Simply synthesized TiO2 nanorods as an effective scattering layer for quantum dot sensitized solar cells

    , Article Chinese Physics B ; Vol. 23, issue. 4 , 2014 Samadpour, M ; Zad, A. I ; Molaei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2 nanorod layers are synthesized by simple chemical oxidation of Ti substrates. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements show effective light scattering properties originating from nanorods with length scales on the order of one micron. The films are sensitized with CdSe quantum dots (QDs) by successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) and integrated as a photoanode in quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSCs). Incorporating nanorods in photoanode structures provided 4- to 8-fold enhancement in light scattering, which leads to a high power conversion efficiency, 3.03% (Voc = 497 mV, Jsc = 11.32 mA/cm2, FF = 0.54), in optimized structures. High efficiency can be obtained... 

    Impact of chromium doping on physical, optical, electronic and photovoltaic properties of nanoparticle TiO2 photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 41, Issue 23 , 2017 , Pages 14516-14527 ; 11440546 (ISSN) Vafaei, M ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2017
    Herein, we report the impact of chromium doping on the physical properties, electronic band structure and photovoltaic characteristics of their corresponding devices based on dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). Different DSCs with various compositions of the photoanode electrodes are fabricated to study their optical, structural, conduction band edge, donor density, depth of trap states and photoelectrochemical properties using X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Mott-Schottky capacitance analysis, chemical capacitance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. For such studies, the Cr-doped... 

    Preparation of Ag-Al₂O₃ nano structures by combustion method and investigation of photocatalytic activity

    , Article International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , 2021 , Pages 2064-2074 ; 1546542X (ISSN) Einafshar, E ; Khodadadipoor, Z ; Fazli, M ; Einafshar, N ; Mohebbi Zinab, J ; Asaei, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2021
    In this research, Ag-Al2O3 nanostructures have been prepared via combustion synthesis and ammonium acetate and urea have been applied as fuels. The prepared Ag-Al2O3 nanostructures were characterized by DTA, XRD, SEM, TEM, and BET spectroscopy. The effect of different ratios of silver to alumina and fuel percentage on morphology and particle size of prepared products were investigated. The results showed that using ammonium acetate fuel led to the production of Ag-γ-Al2O3 nanocompounds, while using urea produced Ag-α-Al2O3. Also, the photocatalytic activity of Ag-Al2O3 nanostructures for Congo red degradation was evaluated by UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photocatalytic... 

    Enhancement of efficient Ag-S/TiO2 nanophotocatalyst for photocatalytic degradation under visible light

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Vol. 53, issue. 23 , 2014 , Pages 9578-9586 ; ISSN: 08885885 Feilizadeh, M ; Vossoughi, M ; Zakeri, S. M. E ; Rahimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new photocatalyst (Ag-S/PEG/TiO2) was synthesized by adding polyethylene glycol (PEG) to an efficient Ag-S/TiO2 photocatalyst, to obtain a photocatalyst that is highly active under visible light. In addition to Ag-S/PEG/TiO2, Ag-S/TiO2 and pure TiO2 were prepared to compare their properties and activities. Specifically, the morphologies and microstructures of the nanophotocatalysts were characterized by means of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 adsorption-desorption measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) microanalysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy,... 

    Role of CdO addition on the growth and photocatalytic activity of electrospun ZnO nanofibers: UV vs. visible light

    , Article Applied Surface Science ; Vol. 298, issue , April , 2014 , pp. 147-154 ; ISSN: 01694332 Samadi, M ; Pourjavadi, A ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    (ZnO)1-x(CdO)x nanofibers were fabricated via electrospinning of polymer precursor by subsequent annealing in air. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) showed the smooth and beadless nanofibers and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed the ZnO hexagonal and the CdO cubic structure. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) showed the band gap energy reduction by increasing the amount of CdO in (ZnO)1-x(CdO)x nanofibers that resulted in the photocatalytic activity under the visible light for dye degradation. Under the UV light CdO acted as both electron and hole sink in the (ZnO) 1-x(CdO)x nanofibers and a possible photocatalytic activity... 

    Vanadium pentoxide catalyst over carbon-based nanomaterials for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 52, Issue 46 , 2013 , Pages 16128-16141 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Fattahi, M ; Kazemeini, M ; Khorasheh, F ; Rashidi, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A series of V2O5 catalysts supported on multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT), single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT), and graphene were synthesized by hydrothermal and reflux methods for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODHP) to propylene. The catalysts were characterized by techniques including the BET surface area measurements, XRD, FTIR, H2-TPR, NH3-TPD, FESEM, and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The performance of the catalysts and the supports were subsequently examined in a fixed bed reactor. The main products were propylene, ethylene and CO x. The vanadium catalyst supported on graphene with C/V molar ratio of 1:1 synthesized through the hydrothermal method had the best... 

    Synergism of oxygen vacancy and carbonaceous species on enhanced photocatalytic activity of electrospun ZnO-carbon nanofibers: Charge carrier scavengers mechanism

    , Article Applied Catalysis A: General ; Volume 466 , September , 2013 , Pages 153-160 ; 0926860X (ISSN) Samadi, M ; Shivaee, H. A ; Pourjavadi, A ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Novel ZnO-carbon and ZnO nanofibers were fabricated by electrospinning of polymer precursor followed by subsequent annealing in nitrogen and air, respectively. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) indicated the smooth and beadless nanofibers with wurtzite crystal structure. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed the presence of oxygen vacancies (VO) and chemisorbed O2 on the surface of the samples. Band gap narrowing of the ZnO-carbon nanofibers in comparison to ZnO were measured by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). Photo-degradation of azo dye under the UV and visible light was evaluated and ZnO-carbon showed an enhancement in... 

    Improved efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells by design of a proper double layer photoanode electrodes composed of Cr-doped TiO2 transparent and light scattering layers

    , Article Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology ; Volume 67, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 77-87 ; 09280707 (ISSN) Mohammadi, M. R ; Bakhshayesh, A. M ; Sadri, F ; Masroor, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new strategy for enhancing the efficiency of TiO2 dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) by design of a new double layer film doped with Cr ions, with various morphologies, is reported. X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM) analyses revealed that the synthesized nanoparticles had uniform and nanometer grains with different phase compositions and average crystallite size in the range of 10-12 nm depending upon Cr atomic percentage. UV-vis absorption showed that Cr introduction enhanced the visible light absorption of TiO2 nanoparticles by shifting the absorption onset to visible light region. Furthermore, the band gap energy of nanoparticles decreased with... 

    Adsorption and solar light activity of transition-metal doped TiO 2 nanoparticles as semiconductor photocatalyst

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 23, Issue 3 , 2012 , Pages 659-667 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Khakpash, N ; Simchi, A ; Jafari, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    There is an eminent interest to improve the photoactivity of TiO 2 nanostructures via doping with midband gap donors or acceptors to achieve a high solar absorption. In the present work, Cr- and V-doped TiO 2 nanoparticles were prepared via a facile chemical vapor synthesis method. The effect of the transition metals (TM) on the solar light activity of the semiconductor nanoparticles as photocatalyst was examined by degradation of methylene blue and acid red 27. Induced coupled plasma and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses indicated high efficiency of the doping process in the hot wall reactor without surface covering of the TiO 2 nanoparticles by the dopants. Diffuse reflectance... 

    Photocatalytic activity of TiO 2-capped ZnO nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 23, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 361-369 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Lak, A ; Simchi, A ; Nemati, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Using a combined hydrothermal and sol-gel route, TiO 2 -capped ZnO nanoparticles with an average size of 60 nm were prepared. The titania shell was amorphous with a thickness of ∼10 nm. Formation of Zn 2TiO 4 phase at higher calcination temperature was noticed. Effects of Ti/Zn molar ratio and coating time on the thickness of TiO 2 shell and the photoactivity of the particles for decolorization of Methylene Blue (MB) under UV lamp irradiation (3 mW/cm 2) were investigated. The nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DLS), and atomic absorption spectroscopy.... 

    The effect of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and activated carbon on the morphology and photocatalytic activity of TiO2/C hybrid materials

    , Article Catalysis Science and Technology ; Volume 1, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 279-284 ; 20444753 (ISSN) Zarezade, M ; Ghasemi, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    TiO2 nanoparticles supported on activated carbon (AC) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared by the sol-gel method using ultrasonic irradiation. All the prepared samples were calcined at different temperatures and characterized by X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The effects of size and type of carbon on the morphology and photocatalytic activity of the resulting hybrid materials were investigated. The results showed that a decrease in the size of the carbon led to a decrease in size of TiO2 nanoparticles. Both AC and MWCNTs retarded the... 

    Efficient dye-sensitized solar cells based on carbon-doped TiO2 hollow spheres and nanoparticles

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics ; Volume 26, Issue 11 , 2015 , Pages 8863-8876 ; 09574522 (ISSN) Tabari Saadi, Y ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2015
    Different structures of TiO2 photoelectrodes are fabricated with various arrangement modes of the layers. TiO2 nanoparticles, synthesized by stabilizing agent free non-hydrolytic sol–gel method, are employed as the under layer, whereas carbon-doped TiO2 hollow spheres, prepared by hydrothermally grown carbon template, are used as the scattering layer of solar cells. The nanoparticles (22 nm) have anatase structure, while 300–700 nm hollow spheres show mixtures of anatase and rutile phases. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirms that carbon is doped into TiO2 hollow spheres, resulting in a decrease in band gap energy in the range 2.96–3.13 eV compared with 3.04 eV band gap energy for the... 

    Synthesis of the visible-light-driven Ag3VO4/Ag3PO4/Ag photocatalysts with enhanced photocatalytic activity

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 18 , 2016 , Pages 14909-14915 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Akbarzadeh, E ; Rahman Setayesh, S ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    A novel visible-light-driven Ag3VO4/Ag3PO4/Ag photocatalyst was successfully synthesized via an anion-exchange reaction and characterized by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, UV-vis diffuse-reflectance spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activities of prepared catalysts were evaluated by degradation of acid blue 92 (AB92) aqueous solutions under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic results indicated that the synthesized Ag3VO4/Ag3PO4/Ag hybrid displays a significantly enhanced activity in degradation of acid blue 92 under visible light compared with pure Ag3VO4. The improved... 

    Characterisation of nanocrystalline sulfated titania modified with transition metals and aluminum as solid acids for esterification

    , Article Progress in Reaction Kinetics and Mechanism ; Volume 41, Issue 1 , 2016 , Pages 57-66 ; 14686783 (ISSN) Rahman Setayesh, S ; Abolhasani, E ; Ghasemi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Science Reviews 2000 Ltd  2016
    TiO2, transition metal (Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn)- and aluminum-doped TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by the sol-gel technique. The sulfated catalysts were prepared by the impregnation method with H2SO4 solution. The catalysts were characterised by X-ray diffraction (XRD), BET surface area measurement, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques. The sulfate content of the metal-incorporated samples was considerably higher than for SO4 2-/TiO2. The metal doping brought about a considerable reduction in the extent of sulfate loss from the catalyst surface due to the wide dispersion on the surface. The SO4 2-/TiO2 and SO4 2-/M/TiO2... 

    Solid state preparation and photocatalytic activity of bismuth oxybromide nanoplates

    , Article Research on Chemical Intermediates ; Volume 42, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 2429-2447 ; 09226168 (ISSN) Bijanzad, K ; Tadjarodi, A ; Akhavan, O ; Moghaddasi Khiavi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Netherlands  2016
    A mechanochemical method was applied to prepare bismuth oxybromide (BiOBr) nanoplates using bismuth nitrate pentahydrate and potassium bromide for 15 (A15), 30 (A30) and 60 (A60) minutes. Scanning electron microscopy studies showed that all the products were comprised of nanoplates. Aggregated nanoplates along with microblocks were observed for A15 and A30 and the entire morphology was not homogenous. The morphology of A60 was uniform and consisted of thin and isolated nanoplates. Evaluation of the X-ray diffraction patterns showed that the purity and crystallinity of the products improved by increasing the milling time. The energy dispersive X-ray analysis confirmed the high purity of the... 

    Titania nanotubes decorated with Zn-doped titania nanoparticles as the photoanode electrode of dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article Energy Technology ; Volume 5, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 1571-1578 ; 21944288 (ISSN) Mokarami Ghartavol, H ; Afshar, A ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Chau Nan Hong, F ; Jeng, Y. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    We decorated Zn-doped TiO2-nanoparticle-based photoanodes with carbon nanotube (CNT)-derived TiO2 nanotubes (TNs) to enhance the power conversion efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis verified that Zn ions, in the range of 0 to 1 at %, were successfully doped into the TiO2 lattice. Field-emission SEM and TEM images of the TNs, as derived from the sol–gel template-assisted route, revealed that a uniform TiO2 coating with a thickness of 60 to 120 nm was deposited on the surface of the CNT template through a noncovalent route. We observed that the cell efficiency improved from 6.80 for pure TiO2 to 7.52 for 0.75 at % Zn-doped TiO2... 

    Low-temperature ultrasound synthesis of nanocrystals CoTiO3 without a calcination step: Effect of ultrasonic waves on formation of the crystal growth mechanism

    , Article Advanced Powder Technology ; Volume 28, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1109-1117 ; 09218831 (ISSN) Moghtada, A ; Shahrouzianfar, A ; Ashiri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2017
    CoTiO3 nanocrystallites with an average diameter of 50 nm were synthesized successfully by the sonochemical method without a calcination step and using C10H16N2O8 (EDTA) as the chelating agent. To reach an in-depth understanding of the scientific basis of the proposed process, an in-detail analysis was carried out for characterization of nanoscale CoTiO3 particles via XRD, FTIR, FE-SEM and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The crystallite size, average particle size and band gap are found to be 10.7 nm, in the range of 50 nm and 4.64 eV, respectively. The mechanism and the formation process of CoTiO3 in the sonochemical process were proposed. It was found that nanocrystals were... 

    Plasmon enhanced photocatalytic activity of Au@TiO2-graphene nanocomposite under visible light for degradation of pollutants

    , Article Materials Research Bulletin ; Volume 87 , 2017 , Pages 40-47 ; 00255408 (ISSN) Ghasemi, S ; Hashemian, S. J ; Alamolhoda, A. A ; Gocheva, I ; Rahman Setayesh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Au@TiO2-Graphene (GR) nanocomposite was prepared using photocatalytic reduction method. TiO2-GR nanocomposite was synthesized under UV irradiation of deaerated ethanolic suspension of TiO2. The nanocomposite was calcined at 400∘C followed by loading of highly dispersed Au nanoparticles throughout the deposition-precipitation method. The Au@TiO2/GR was characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, transmission electron microscope and the BET surface area measurements. It was found that Au-TiO2-GR and TiO2-GR nanoparticles have smaller crystalline size and higher surface area than pure TiO2. Presence of highly dispersed Au nanoparticles... 

    Kinetic study of navy blue photocatalytic degradation over Ag3PO4/BiPO4@MIL-88B(Fe)@g-C3N4 core@shell nanocomposite under visible light irradiation

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 41, Issue 18 , 2017 , Pages 10390-10396 ; 11440546 (ISSN) Gholizadeh Khasevani, S ; Mohaghegh, N ; Gholami, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2017
    Herein, a novel quaternary Ag3PO4/BiPO4@MIL-88B(Fe)@g-C3N4 (AB@MIL-88B(Fe)@g-CN) nanocomposite with a core@shell structure is successfully fabricated in two simple steps. The prepared samples are characterized via various techniques. The photocatalytic activity of the prepared samples is evaluated by the degradation of navy Acid Blue 92 (AB92) dye as an organic pollutant under visible light irradiation. Highly enhanced photocatalytic efficiency is observed for the quaternary AB@MIL-88B(Fe)@g-CN nanocomposite compared to that for the other samples. The experimental results indicate that the photocatalytic activity enhancement is mainly attributed to the strong visible light absorption and...