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    Inhibition mechanisms of a pyridazine-based amyloid inhibitor: as a β-sheet destabilizer and a helix bridge maker

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry B ; Volume 121, Issue 32 , 2017 , Pages 7633-7645 ; 15206106 (ISSN) Kalhor, H. R ; Jabbari, M. P ; Sharif University of Technology
    Conformational diseases have been investigated extensively in recent years; as a result, a number of drug candidates have been introduced as amyloid inhibitors; however, no effective therapies have been put forward. RS-0406 with pyridazine as its core chemical structure has so far shown promising results in inhibiting amyloid formation. In the present work, using molecular dynamics, we undertook the investigation of RS-0406 interactions with U-shaped Aβ1−42 and Aβ1−40 pentamers, Aβ1−42 monomers, and double-horseshoe-like Aβ1−42. To set better parameters for the small molecule, experimental and computational log P values were obtained. In addition, an analogue of RS-0406 was also simulated... 

    Adaptive control strategy for treatment of hepatitis C infection

    , Article Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research ; Volume 58, Issue 33 , 2019 , Pages 15262-15270 ; 08885885 (ISSN) Zeinali, S ; Shahrokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    In this work, an efficient treatment strategy for hepatitis C disease using interferon (IFN) has been proposed on the basis of the back-stepping control technique. The basic model of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been considered for controller design. To tackle the problem of model parameter variations, the adaptive version of the back-stepping method has been utilized. For applying the proposed treatment, all states should be available while only the viral load is measured. To solve this problem, a nonlinear Luenberger-like observer has been designed to estimate the unmeasured states. In the proposed treatment, limitation of the drug efficacy has been taken into account. Asymptotical... 

    Parallel nonlinear analysis of weighted brain's gray and white matter images for Alzheimer's dementia diagnosis

    , Article 2010 Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC'10, 31 August 2010 through 4 September 2010, Buenos Aires ; 2010 , Pages 5573-5576 ; 9781424441235 (ISBN) Razavian, S. M. J ; Torabi, M ; Kim, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study, we are proposing a novel nonlinear classification approach to discriminate between Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and a control group using T1-weighted and T2- weighted Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI's) of brain. Since T1-weighted images and T2-weighted images have inherent physical differences, obviously each of them has its own particular medical data and hence, we extracted some specific features from each. Then the variations of the relevant eigenvalues of the extracted features were tracked to pick up the most informative ones. The final features were assigned to two parallel systems to be nonlinearly categorized. Considering the fact that AD defects the white and gray regions... 

    The Differential Diagnosis of Crohn's Disease and Celiac Disease Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

    , Article Applied Magnetic Resonance ; Volume 45, Issue 5 , May , 2014 , Pages 451-459 Fathi, F ; Kasmaee, L. M ; Sohrabzadeh, K ; Nejad, M. R ; Tafazzoli, M ; Oskouie, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Crohn's disease and celiac disease belong to a group of autoimmune conditions that affect the digestive system, specifically the small intestine. They both attack the digestive tract and share many symptoms. Thus, the discovery of proper methods would be a major step toward differentiating celiac disease from Crohn's disease. The aim of this study was to search for the metabolic biomarkers to differentiate between these two diseases. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H NMR) was employed as the metabolic profiling method to look for serum metabolites that differentiate between celiac disease and Crohn's disease. Classification of celiac disease and Crohn's disease was done... 

    Graphene scaffolds in progressive nanotechnology/stem cell-based tissue engineering of the nervous system

    , Article Journal of Materials Chemistry B ; Volume 4, Issue 19 , 2016 , Pages 3169-3190 ; 20507518 (ISSN) Akhavan, O ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    Although graphene/stem cell-based tissue engineering has recently emerged and has promisingly and progressively been utilized for developing one of the most effective regenerative nanomedicines, it suffers from low differentiation efficiency, low hybridization after transplantation and lack of appropriate scaffolds required in implantations without any degrading in functionality of the cells. In fact, recent studies have demonstrated that the unique properties of graphene can successfully resolve all of these challenges. Among various stem cells, neural stem cells (NSCs) and their neural differentiation on graphene have attracted a lot of interest, because graphene-based neuronal tissue... 

    Nonlinear robust adaptive sliding mode control of influenza epidemic in the presence of uncertainty

    , Article Journal of Process Control ; Volume 56 , 2017 , Pages 48-57 ; 09591524 (ISSN) Sharifi, M ; Moradi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    In this paper, a nonlinear robust adaptive sliding mode control strategy is presented for the influenza epidemics in the presence of model uncertainties. The nonlinear epidemiological model of influenza with five state variables (the numbers of susceptible, exposed, infected, asymptomatic and recovered individuals) and two control inputs (vaccination and antiviral treatment) is considered. The objective of the proposed controller is decreasing the number of susceptible and infected humans to zero by tracking the desired scenarios. As a result of this decreasing, the number of exposed and asymptomatic individuals is also decreased and converged to the zero. Accordingly, it is shown that the... 

    Development of a sensitive diagnostic device based on zeolitic imidazolate frameworks-8 using ferrocene-graphene oxide as electroactive indicator for pseudomonas aeruginosa detection

    , Article ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 15 , 2019 , Pages 12760-12769 ; 21680485 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ranjbar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    Since Gram-negative bacteria have a predominant role in nosocomial infections, there are high demands to develop a fast and sensitive method for diagnosis of bacteria in clinical samples. To address this challenge, we designed a novel electrochemical biosensor based on aptamers immobilized in engineered zeolitic imidazolate Framework-8 (ZIFs-8) via EDC-NHS chemistry. Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques were conducted to monitor the electrochemical characterization. With respect to unique π-πinteractions between aptamer and graphene oxide (GO), the differential pulse voltammetry technique was applied with ferrocene-graphene oxide (Fc-GO) as an... 

    Centrality-based epidemic control in complex social networks

    , Article Social Network Analysis and Mining ; Volume 10, Issue 1 , 2020 Doostmohammadian, M ; Rabiee, H. R ; Khan, U. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Recent progress in the areas of network science and control has shown a significant promise in understanding and analyzing epidemic processes. A well-known model to study epidemics processes used by both control and epidemiological research communities is the susceptible–infected–susceptible (SIS) dynamics to model the spread of disease/viruses over contact networks of infected and susceptible individuals. The SIS model has two metastable equilibria: one is called the endemic equilibrium and the other is known as the disease-free or healthy-state equilibrium. Control theory provides the tools to design control actions (allocating curing or vaccination resources) in order to achieve and... 

    MRI-PET image fusion based on NSCT transform using local energy and local variance fusion rules

    , Article Journal of Medical Engineering and Technology ; Vol. 38, issue. 4 , 2014 , p. 211-219 Amini, N ; Fatemizadeh, E ; Behnam, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Image fusion means to integrate information from one image to another image. Medical images according to the nature of the images are divided into structural (such as CT and MRI) and functional (such as SPECT, PET). This article fused MRI and PET images and the purpose is adding structural information from MRI to functional information of PET images. The images decomposed with Nonsubsampled Contourlet Transform and then two images were fused with applying fusion rules. The coefficients of the low frequency band are combined by a maximal energy rule and coefficients of the high frequency bands are combined by a maximal variance rule. Finally, visual and quantitative criteria were used to... 

    Protein fibrillation and nanoparticle interactions: Opportunities and challenges

    , Article Nanoscale ; Volume 5, Issue 7 , Jan , 2013 , Pages 2570-2588 ; 20403364 (ISSN) Mahmoudi, M ; Kalhor, H. R ; Laurent, S ; Lynch, I ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to their ultra-small size, nanoparticles (NPs) have distinct properties compared with the bulk form of the same materials. These properties are rapidly revolutionizing many areas of medicine and technology. NPs are recognized as promising and powerful tools to fight against the human brain diseases such as multiple sclerosis or Alzheimer's disease. In this review, after an introductory part on the nature of protein fibrillation and the existing approaches for its investigations, the effects of NPs on the fibrillation process have been considered. More specifically, the role of biophysicochemical properties of NPs, which define their affinity for protein monomers, unfolded monomers,... 

    Discriminating early stage AD patients from healthy controls using synchronization analysis of EEG

    , Article 2011 6th International Conference on Digital Information Management, ICDIM 2011 ; 2011 , Pages 282-287 ; 9781457715389 (ISBN) Jalili, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper we study how the meso-scale and micro-scale electroencephalography (EEG) synchronization measures can be used for discriminating patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease (AD) from normal control subjects. To this end, two synchronization measures, namely power spectral density and multivariate phase synchronization, are considered and the topography of the changes in patients vs. Controls is shown. The AD patients showed increased power spectral density in the frontal area in theta band and widespread decrease in the higher frequency bands. It was also characterized with decreased multivariate phase synchronization in the left fronto-temporal and medial regions, which was... 

    Margination and adhesion of micro- and nanoparticles in the coronary circulation: a step towards optimised drug carrier design

    , Article Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology ; 2017 , Pages 1-17 ; 16177959 (ISSN) Forouzandehmehr, M ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Obstruction of left anterior descending artery (LAD) due to the thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques is the leading cause of death worldwide. Targeted delivery of drugs through micro- and nanoparticles is a very promising approach for developing new strategies in clot-busting or treating restenosis. In this work, we modelled the blood flow characteristics in a patient-specific reconstructed LAD artery by the fluid–solid interaction method and based on physiological boundary conditions. Next, we provided a Lagrangian description of micro- and nanoparticles dynamics in the blood flow considering their Brownian motion and the particle–particle interactions. Our results state that the number of... 

    A Postural control model to assess the improvement of balance rehabilitation in parkinson's disease

    , Article Proceedings of the IEEE RAS and EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics, 26 August 2018 through 29 August 2018 ; Volume 2018-August , 2018 , Pages 1019-1024 ; 21551774 (ISSN) ; 9781538681831 (ISBN) Rahmati, Z ; Behzadipour, S ; Schouten, A. C ; Taghizadeh, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Studies have shown that balance and mobility in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) can improve through rehabilitation interventions. However, until now no quantitative method investigated how these patients improve their balance control. In this study, a single inverted pendulum model with PID controller was used to describe the improvement of forty PD patients after a 12-session therapy program, and to compare their balance with twenty healthy subjects. The Center of Pressure (COP) data were recorded in seven sensory conditions - on rigid and foam surface, each with eyes open and closed, and with visual disturbance; and stance on rigid surface with attached vibrator to the Achilles... 

    Bioengineering approaches for corneal regenerative medicine

    , Article Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; Volume 17, Issue 5 , July , 2020 , Pages 567-593 Mahdavi, S. S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Mashayekhan, S ; Baradaran Rafii, A ; Djalilian, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Korean Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Society  2020
    Background:: Since the cornea is responsible for transmitting and focusing light into the eye, injury or pathology affecting any layer of the cornea can cause a detrimental effect on visual acuity. Aging is also a reason for corneal degeneration. Depending on the level of the injury, conservative therapies and donor tissue transplantation are the most common treatments for corneal diseases. Not only is there a lack of donor tissue and risk of infection/rejection, but the inherent ability of corneal cells and layers to regenerate has led to research in regenerative approaches and treatments. Methods:: In this review, we first discussed the anatomy of the cornea and the required properties for... 

    Delay-Independent regulation of blood glucose for type-1 diabetes mellitus patients via an observer-based predictor feedback approach by considering quantization constraints

    , Article European Journal of Control ; Volume 63 , January , 2021 , Pages 240-252 ; 09473580 (ISSN) Golestani, F ; Tavazoei, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Diabetes, as a widespread chronic disease, is caused by the increase of blood glucose concentration (BGC) due to pancreatic insulin production failure and/or insulin resistance in the body. The artificial pancreas (AP) known as a closed-loop insulin delivery control system consists of a glucose sensor for BGC measurement, a control algorithm for calculation of exogenous insulin delivery rate (IDR), and an insulin infusion pump. The AP provides a closed-loop glucose-insulin regulatory system for type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients in order to effectively reduce the high BGC level. In this paper, we aim to design a controller in order to regulate the BGC of T1DM patients at its basal... 

    Spatial analysis and mapping of malaria risk in an endemic area, south of Iran: A GIS based decision making for planning of control

    , Article Acta Tropica ; Volume 122, Issue 1 , 2012 , Pages 132-137 ; 0001706X (ISSN) Hanafi Bojd, A. A ; Vatandoost, H ; Oshaghi, M. A ; Charrahy, Z ; Haghdoost, A. A ; Zamani, G ; Abedi, F ; Sedaghat, M. M ; Soltani, M ; Shahi, M ; Raeisi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bashagard district is one of the important malaria endemic areas in southern Iran. From this region a total of 16,199 indigenous cases have been reported in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the situation of the disease and provide the risk map for the area. ArcGIS9.2 was used for mapping spatial distribution of malaria incidence. Hot spots were obtained using evidence-based weighting method for transmission risk. Environmental factors including temperature, relative humidity, altitude, slope and distance to rivers were combined by weighted multi criteria evaluation for mapping malaria hazard area at the district level. Similarly, risk map was developed by overlaying... 

    PH-Sensitive stimulus-responsive nanocarriers for targeted delivery of therapeutic agents

    , Article Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology ; Volume 8, Issue 5 , 2016 , Pages 696-716 ; 19395116 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Eslami, M ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Mirab, F ; Farajisafiloo, N ; Shafaei, Z ; Ghosh, D ; Bozorgomid, M ; Dashkhaneh, F ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Wiley-Blackwell  2016
    In recent years miscellaneous smart micro/nanosystems that respond to various exogenous/endogenous stimuli including temperature, magnetic/electric field, mechanical force, ultrasound/light irradiation, redox potentials, and biomolecule concentration have been developed for targeted delivery and release of encapsulated therapeutic agents such as drugs, genes, proteins, and metal ions specifically at their required site of action. Owing to physiological differences between malignant and normal cells, or between tumors and normal tissues, pH-sensitive nanosystems represent promising smart delivery vehicles for transport and delivery of anticancer agents. Furthermore, pH-sensitive systems... 

    Smart nanostructures for cargo delivery: uncaging and activating by light

    , Article Journal of the American Chemical Society ; Volume 139, Issue 13 , 2017 , Pages 4584-4610 ; 00027863 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Baghaee Ravari, S ; Ghazadeh, M ; Mirshekari, H ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nanotechnology has begun to play a remarkable role in various fields of science and technology. In biomedical applications, nanoparticles have opened new horizons, especially for biosensing, targeted delivery of therapeutics, and so forth. Among drug delivery systems (DDSs), smart nanocarriers that respond to specific stimuli in their environment represent a growing field. Nanoplatforms that can be activated by an external application of light can be used for a wide variety of photoactivated therapies, especially light-triggered DDSs, relying on photoisomerization, photo-cross-linking/un-cross-linking, photoreduction, and so forth. In addition, light activation has potential in photodynamic... 

    Superheated water extraction of catechins from green tea leaves: Modeling and simulation

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 16, Issue 2 C , 2009 , Pages 99-107 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Goodarznia, I ; Abdollahi Govar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Catechins from fresh green tea leaves as potential sources of anticancer and antioxidant components were target materials in this work. Superheated water extraction, which is a kind of leaching operation, and solvent partition with chloroform and ethyl acetate were utilized to recover Catechins from tea leaves. Then, a mathematical model was developed to simulate the superheated water extraction of Catechins. The unsteady state mass balance of the solute in solid and superheated water phases led to two partial differential equations. The model was solved numerically using a linear equilibrium relationship. The model parameters were predicted applying existing experimental correlations. An... 

    Postural control learning dynamics in Parkinson's disease: Early improvement with plateau in stability, and continuous progression in flexibility and mobility

    , Article BioMedical Engineering Online ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2020 Rahmati, Z ; Behzadipour, S ; Schouten, A. C ; Taghizadeh, G ; Firoozbakhsh, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2020
    Background: Balance training improves postural control in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, a systematic approach for the development of individualized, optimal training programs is still lacking, as the learning dynamics of the postural control in PD, over a training program, are poorly understood. Objectives: We investigated the learning dynamics of the postural control in PD, during a balance-training program, in terms of the clinical, posturographic, and novel model-based measures. Methods: Twenty patients with PD participated in a balance-training program, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. Clinical tests assessed functional balance and mobility pre-training, mid-training, and post-training....