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    Global analysis of an SAIS model

    , Article Journal of Biological Dynamics ; Volume 6, Issue 2 , 2012 , Pages 457-474 ; 17513758 (ISSN) Razvan, M. R ; Yasaman, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    This paper is concerned with global analysis of an SAIS epidemiological model in a population of varying size introduced by Busenberg and van den Driessche. In this model the population is divided into three subgroups of susceptible, asymptomatic and infective individuals. It has been shown that this system has no periodic solutions and all its trajectories tend to the equilibria of the system. We use the Poincaré Index theorem to determine the number of the equilibria and their stability properties. We have shown that bistability occurs for suitable values of parameters and found a set of examples of all possible dynamics of the system  

    The effects of smoking on female sexual dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    , Article Archives of Women's Mental Health ; Volume 25, Issue 6 , 2022 , Pages 1021-1027 ; 14341816 (ISSN) Salari, N ; Hasheminezhad, R ; Abdolmaleki, A ; Kiaei, A ; Shohaimi, S ; Akbari, H ; Nankali, A ; Mohammadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2022
    Abstract
    The increased number of female smokers is considered a global health challenge in recent years. One of the detrimental effects of smoking is sexual hormone fluctuation causing female sexual dysfunction (FSD). This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effects of smoking leading to FSD. Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, Science Direct, and Google Scholar) were hired for systematic searching. Until June 2022, whole qualified studies reporting the consequences of smoking on FSD were gathered for data analysis based on the random effects model (CMA software, v.2). Study heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed using I2 index and... 

    Iran in transition

    , Article The Lancet ; Volume 393, Issue 10184 , 2019 , Pages 1984-2005 ; 01406736 (ISSN) Danaei, G ; Farzadfar, F ; Kelishadi, R ; Rashidian, A ; Rouhani, O. M ; Ahmadnia, S ; Ahmadvand, A ; Arabi, M ; Ardalan, A ; Arhami, M ; Azizi, M. H ; Bahadori, M ; Baumgartner, J ; Beheshtian, A ; Djalalinia, S ; Doshmangir, L ; Haghdoost, A. A ; Haghshenas, R ; Hosseinpoor, A. R ; Islami, F ; Kamangar, F ; Khalili, D ; Madani, K ; Masoumi Asl, H ; Mazyaki, A ; Mirchi, A ; Moradi, E ; Nayernouri, T ; Niemeier, D ; Houshang Omidvari, A ; Peykari, N ; Pishgar, F ; Qorbani, M ; Rahimi, K ; Rahimi Movaghar, A ; Ramezani Tehrani, F ; Rezaei, N ; Shahraz, S ; Takian, A ; Tootee, A ; Ezzati, M ; Jamshidi, H. R ; Larijani, B ; Majdzadeh, R ; Malekzadeh, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lancet Publishing Group  2019
    Abstract
    Being the second-largest country in the Middle East, Iran has a long history of civilisation during which several dynasties have been overthrown and established and health-related structures have been reorganised. Iran has had the replacement of traditional practices with modern medical treatments, emergence of multiple pioneer scientists and physicians with great contributions to the advancement of science, environmental and ecological changes in addition to large-scale natural disasters, epidemics of multiple communicable diseases, and the shift towards non-communicable diseases in recent decades. Given the lessons learnt from political instabilities in the past centuries and the... 

    A three-dimensional statistical volume element for histology informed micromechanical modeling of brain white matter

    , Article Annals of Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 48, Issue 4 , 2020 , Pages 1337-1353 Hoursan, H ; Farahmand, F ; Ahmadian, M. T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    This study presents a novel statistical volume element (SVE) for micromechanical modeling of the white matter structures, with histology-informed randomized distribution of axonal tracts within the extracellular matrix. The model was constructed based on the probability distribution functions obtained from the results of diffusion tensor imaging as well as the histological observations of scanning electron micrograph, at two structures of white matter susceptible to traumatic brain injury, i.e. corpus callosum and corona radiata. A simplistic representative volume element (RVE) with symmetrical arrangement of fully alligned axonal fibers was also created as a reference for comparison. A... 

    Expression analysis of protein inhibitor of activated stat in inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

    , Article Frontiers in Immunology ; Volume 12 , 2021 ; 16643224 (ISSN) Ghafouri Fard, S ; Hussen, B. M ; Nicknafs, F ; Nazer, N ; Sayad, A ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Frontiers Media S.A  2021
    Abstract
    Protein inhibitors of activated STAT (PIAS) are involved in the regulation of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway and have interactions with NF-κB, p73 and p53. These proteins regulate immune responses; therefore dysregulation in their expression leads to several immune-mediated disorders. In the present study, we examined expression of PIAS1-4 in peripheral blood of patients with acute/chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP/CIDP) compared with healthy subjects. We demonstrated down-regulation of all PIAS genes in both AIDP and CIDP cases compared with controls. Similarly, comparisons in gender-based groups revealed down-regulation of these gene0s in patients of each... 

    Review on alzheimer's disease: inhibition of amyloid beta and tau tangle formation

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 167 , 2021 , Pages 382-394 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Ashrafian, H ; Hadi Zadeh, E ; Hasan Khan, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    It is reported that approximately 40 million people are suffering from dementia, globally. Dementia is a group of symptoms that affect neurons and cause some mental disorders, such as losing memory. Alzheimer's disease (AD) which is known as the most common cause of dementia, is one of the top medical care concerns across the world. Although the exact sources of the disease are not understood, is it believed that aggregation of amyloid-beta (Aβ) outside of neuron cells and tau aggregation or neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) formation inside the cell may play crucial roles. In this paper, we are going to review studies that targeted inhibition of amyloid plaque and tau protein tangle formation,...