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    Biological Sludge Reduction in MBBR Process

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Tahmasebian Dehkordi, Sepehr (Author) ; Borghei, Mehdi (Supervisor) ; Moslehi Moslehabadi, Parivash (Supervisor)
    Laboratory experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of ultrasound waves on sludge reduction in MBBR bioreactor for industrial wastewater. The experiments were performed using two identical 20L MBBR bioreactor under same operational conditions. In MBBR with return sludge, sludge was collected from clarifier and after being sonicated, returned to the system by pump.
    For determining optimum intensity and time duration of ultrasound, 0.3lit of MBBR sludge was sonicated with intensities of 20, 30, 60, 120, 150, 250 w/cm2 and time duration of 5, 10, 15, 20, 30 min. Afterward, these two parameters were optimized with Energy Efficiency Index. As the results shown, intensity of 120... 

    Influence of ultrasonic cell disintegration on excess sludge reduction in a Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR)

    , Article Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering ; Volume 7, Issue 2 , 2019 ; 22133437 (ISSN) Tahmasebian, S ; Borghei, S. M ; Torkaman, M ; Hasani Goudarzi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Sludge handling is a common issue in all biological wastewater treatment methods. In this study, sonication technique as a state-of-the-art technology has been applied to a continuous MBBR system with the aim of sludge reduction. A novel configuration of MBBR with an additional recycle stream of sonicated sludge was used as the experimental setup. Based on exposed energy and sludge disruption performance, optimized sonication density and exposure time were obtained 1.5 W/mL and 15 min, respectively. This condition provided 42.2% increase in soluble COD as a result of sludge disintegration. Our results revealed that the performance of MBBR and excess sludge reduction were affected by... 

    Study on the Preparation and Properties of Polyamide/Chitosan Nanocomposite Fabricated by Electrospinning Method

    , Article Journal of Polymers and the Environment ; 2021 ; 15662543 (ISSN) Fazeli, M ; Fazeli, F ; Nuge, T ; Abdoli, O ; Moghaddam, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2021
    The principal intention of this work is to fabricate and characterize the polyamide/chitosan nanocomposite by a novel single solvent method through the electrospinning procedure. The thermal properties and morphology of prepared nanocomposite are studied by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). TGA exposed that the primary decomposition temperature is reduced with rising of chitosan content in the nanocomposites and origin disintegration temperature for polyamide/chitosan nanocomposites is perceived to be in the range from 300 to 500 °C. Also, FE-SEM images demonstrated that the nanofibers of chitosan have good adhesion on the matrix and... 

    Interactions between Rock/Brine and Oil/Brine interfaces within thin brine film wetting carbonates: A molecular dynamics simulation study

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 33, Issue 9 , 2019 , Pages 7983-7992 ; 08870624 (ISSN) Koleini, M. M ; Badizad, M. H ; Kargozarfard, Z ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    The thin brine film that wets rock surfaces governs the wettability of underground reservoirs. The ionic composition and salinity of this nanosized brine film influence the wetting preference of the rock pore space occupied by hydrocarbons. Despite numerous investigations over the last decades, a unanimous fundamental understanding that concerns the contribution of ions in the original wetting state of the reservoir is lacking and hence the mechanisms responsible for the wettability reversal of the mineral are still unclear. This wettability reversal is the main consequence of ion-Tuned waterflooding. Although the method is widely accepted in practice, there is no universal consensus on the... 

    Influences of polymer-surfactant interaction on the drop formation process: an experimental study

    , Article Langmuir ; Volume 37, Issue 3 , 2021 , Pages 1025-1036 ; 07437463 (ISSN) Dastyar, P ; Salehi, M. S ; Firoozabadi, B ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2021
    The interaction between polymer and surfactant molecules affects the physical properties of liquids, which could be of great importance in an abundance of processes related to drop formation. Polymer and surfactant concentration is a factor that dramatically impacts the shape of molecular networks formed in the fluid bulk and the characteristics of a forming drop. In this study, the deformation and detachment of aqueous carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solutions' drops containing different concentrations of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) are studied experimentally. Our purpose is to determine the effects of CMC and SDS concentrations on the parameters related to the formation process, including... 

    High-speed imaging database of water jet disintegration Part II: Temporal analysis of the primary breakup

    , Article International Journal of Multiphase Flow ; Volume 145 , 2021 ; 03019322 (ISSN) Rezayat, S ; Farshchi, M ; Berrocal, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    This paper is Part II of a series of articles focusing on the disintegration of a cylindrical (Ø=0.60 mm diameter) water jet in a quiescent atmosphere, from Rayleigh to early atomization breakup regimes. Liquid fluorescence high-speed imaging is used here, instead of shadowgraphy, providing a more faithful representation of liquid jet breakup dynamics as described in Part I (Roth et al., 2021). Using these data, the aim of this article is to perform a temporal analysis of the primary breakup process and to investigate the variation of breakup length in the time-domain, under each breakup regime. The results indicate that the liquid jet velocity at the onset of primary breakup oscillates... 

    Mechanical hydrolysis imparts self-destruction of water molecules under steric confinement

    , Article Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics ; Volume 23, Issue 10 , 2021 , Pages 5999-6008 ; 14639076 (ISSN) Hosseini, E ; Zakertabrizi, M ; Habibnejad Korayem, A ; Carbone, P ; Esfandiar, A ; Shahsavari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2021
    Decoding behavioral aspects associated with the water molecules in confined spaces such as an interlayer space of two-dimensional nanosheets is key for the fundamental understanding of water-matter interactions and identifying unexpected phenomena of water molecules in chemistry and physics. Although numerous studies have been conducted on the behavior of water molecules in confined spaces, their reach stops at the properties of the planar ice-like formation, where van der Waals interactions are the predominant interactions and many questions on the confined space such as the possibility of electron exchange and excitation state remain unsettled. We used density functional theory and... 

    Application of a novel acrylamide copolymer containing highly hydrophobic comonomer as filtration control and rheology modifier additive in water-based drilling mud

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 180 , 2019 , Pages 747-755 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Davoodi, S ; Ramazani S.A, A ; Soleimanian, A ; Fellah Jahromi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Deep wells suffer from the instability and disintegration of natural polymers and other commonly used additives under high pressure and high temperature condition. As a result, serious problems such as hydraulic loss, stuck pipe, and high torque and drag are expected to take place which leads to a dramatic increase in cost and time. This study presents the functionality of a novel synthetic based acrylamide-styrene copolymer (SBASC) as a supersede additive for water-based drilling mud. First, the SBASC was synthesized using an emulsion polymerization process and its particle morphological and polymer chain structural properties were determined by Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy...