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    Optimization of Pressure Leaching of Chalcopyrite Concentrate with Oxygen and Kinetics Study of the Process in Sulfuric Acid Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mojtahedi, Behrad (Author) ; Yoozbashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    The enormous benefits of hydrometallurgical processes have led to the progressive metals extraction industry. Many studies are carried out on the application of these processes in the copper extraction industry. In this research, the oxygen pressure leaching of chalcopyrite concentrate was studied. Experiments were carried out under conditions of the solid-liquid ratio of 0.1, agitation speed of 750 rpm, and sulfuric acid concentration of 2M in a stainless-steel autoclave system. Central composite design (CCD) was used to design experiments, and three factors of temperature, time, and pressure of oxygen, were selected as design variables. The obtained model for %Cu includes parameters of... 

    Leaching of Copper Sulfide Concentrate in Ammoniacal Thiosulphate Solution

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Saeedazar, Ali (Author) ; Yoozbashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In recent decades, various studies have performed on leaching of sulphide ores in ammoniacal thiosulphate solution for the recovery of precious metals such as gold and silver and significant results have been gained. In this study, the ammonia thiosulfate solution utilized to dissolve copper sulfide concentrate, which contained chalcopyrite. The effect of various parameters such as grain size, thiosulfate and ammonia concentration, solid to liquid ratio, temperature and pH in turbulent leaching process were considered to obtain the optimum conditions in the laboratory scale. The outcomes obtained by chemical analysis were evaluated. The results demonstrate that maximum dissolution (26.72%)... 

    Synthesis and Comparison Dissolution of Silver Nanopowder with Various Morphologie

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Godary, Toktam (Author) ; Halali, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Silver nanopowder is of great importance for various medical and industrial applications. Due to the significance of the solubility of silver nanoparticles in these applications as well as the high impact of the nanophysical morphology of the powder on their solubility, we prepared nanoparticles with plate morphology by the chemical reduction of silver nitrate in a soluble phase. Then we measure its solubility in a phosphate buffer salt, which greatly resembles the human blood chemically. The size and shape of the resulting nanosilver powder and also the use of non-toxic materials in their synthesis are important factors in the production of nanosilver powder.We confirmed the successful... 

    Improved pseudo-capacitive performance of nano-porous manganese oxide on an electrochemically derived nickel framework

    , Article Analytical Letters ; Volume 46, Issue 15 , October , 2013 , Pages 2372-2387 ; 00032719 (ISSN) Gobal, F ; Jafarzadeh, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    The pseudocapacitance and morphology of electrodeposited transition metal oxides depend significantly on the morphology of the substrate. The nanoporous nickel substrate, derived from selective electro-dissolution of antimony from an electro-deposited Ni-Sb alloy, effectively promotes the electrochemical utilization of manganese oxide deposited on this structure. The large electronic and ionic conduction within the nanostructured deposit improve the energy storage performance of Mn oxide as compared to that on flat Ni substrate. In this work, the MnO2 specific capacitances of around 612 F g-1 were obtained, which was five times higher than Mn oxide deposited on a flat Ni-ribbon. A highly... 

    Drug nano-particles formation by supercritical rapid expansion method; operational condition effects investigation

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 30, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 7-15 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Zabihi, F ; Akbarnejad, M. M ; Vaziri Yazdi, A ; Arjomand, M ; Safekordi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2011
    Abstract
    Dissolution pressure and nozzle temperature effects on particle size and distribution were investigated for RESS (Rapid Expansion of Supercritical Solution) process. Supercritical CO2 was used as solvent and Ibuprofen was applied as the model component in all runs. The resulting Ibuprofen nano-particles (about 50 nm in optimized runs) were analyzed by SEM and laser diffraction particle size analyzer systems. Results show that in low supercritical pressure ranges, depending on the solvent and solid component properties (Lower than 105 bar for Ibuprofen-CO2 system), nozzle temperature should be as low as possible (80-90 °C for Ibuprofen-CO2 system). In the other hand in high supercritical... 

    Leaching kinetics of stibnite in sodium hydroxide solution

    , Article International Journal of Engineering, Transactions B: Applications ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , February , 2014 , Pages 325-332 ; SSN: 10252495 Dodangeh, A ; Halali, M ; Hakim, M ; Bakhshandeh, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    The leaching kinetics of stibnite in basic solution has been investigated. Spherical pellets of antimony sulphide were dissolved in 1 molar sodium hydroxide solutions at different temperatures. It was found that the shrinking core with ash layer model could satisfactorily explain the dissolution process. Using this model, it was found that initially the rate controlling step was a chemical reaction with activation energy of 10.2 kJ/mol. As the ash layer built up, diffusion through the ash layer became the rate controlling step. The activation energy for this step was found to be 33.4 kJ/mol. It was also observed that smaller particle size, larger solid to liquid ratio, and higher NaOH... 

    Effect of Solidification Rate of Copper Anodes on the Chemical and Electrochemical Dissolution during Electrorefining

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology bagheri, Reza (Author) ; Yoozbashizadeh, Hossein (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the present work,the effect of solidification rate on the electrochemical behavior of copperanodes of Sarcheshmeh copper complex has been studied.Inthis regard, three cylindrical coppers pecimens with different solidificationrates casted into water-cooled metal mold (A specimen), metal mold (B specimen) and sand mold (C specimen). Cylinders for microstructural and electrochemical investigation, alongthickness dividedinto several specimens. To investigate themicrostructure of the specimens, opticalmicroscopyand scanning electron microscopy(SEM)were used. ICP testhasbeen usedforelemental analysis of each specimen; and eventuallytoinvestigate theelectrochemical behavior ofeach of... 

    Optimization of operating parameters and rate of uranium bioleaching from a low-grade ore

    , Article Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry ; Vol. 301, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 341-350 ; ISSN: 02365731 Rashidi, A ; Roosta-Azad, R ; Safdari, S. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In this study the bioleaching of a low-grade uranium ore containing 480 ppm uranium has been reported. The studies involved extraction of uranium using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans derived from the uranium mine samples. The maximum specific growth rate (μ max) and doubling time (t d) were obtained 0.08 h-1 and 8.66 h, respectively. Parameters such as Fe2+ concentration, particle size, temperature and pH were optimized. The effect of pulp density (PD) was also studied. Maximum uranium bio-dissolution of 100 ± 5 % was achieved under the conditions of pH 2.0, 5 % PD and 35 °C in 48 h with the particles of d 80 = 100 μm. The optimum concentration of supplementary Fe2+ was dependent to the PD.... 

    Copper recovery from reverberatory furnace flue dust

    , Article International Journal of Mineral Processing ; Volume 157 , 2016 , Pages 205-209 ; 03017516 (ISSN) Mohagheghi, M ; Askari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier, B. V  2016
    Abstract
    In this study, leaching of reverberatory furnace dust at Sarcheshmeh was investigated in H2SO4-O3 medium. Response surface methodology based on central composite face-centered design (RSM-CCF) was applied to optimize the operating parameters. The optimal conditions to achieve the principle objectives of maximizing copper dissolution and minimizing iron dissolution from dust were identified to be a temperature of 30 °C, a leaching time of 3 h, an initial pH of 0.5, a pulp density of 20%, and an ozone flow rate of 1 g/h. Under the optimum conditions, the copper and iron concentrations in the leaching solution were found to be 27.11 and 0.90 g/L, respectively. The results showed that selective... 

    In-situ fabrication of nanosheet arrays on copper foil as a new substrate for binder-free high-performance electrochemical supercapacitors

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 802 , 2017 , Pages 48-56 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Mohammadi, R ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A facile hydrothermal method and subsequent electroactivation have been developed to fabricate three-dimensional (3D) CuO nanosheet arrays on the copper foil substrate, which can be used directly as a binder-free electrode for supercapacitor applications. Under optimum conditions, by using this facile method, a high capacitance of 125 mF/cm2 at a current density of 0.3 mA/cm2 is obtained. The prepared supercapacitor showed a good rate capability (46.4% capacitance retention, when the current density is increased to more than 30 times) and an excellent cyclability (more than 88% capacitance retention after 3000 cycles). © 2017 Elsevier B.V  

    Fluoride Removal from Sludge's of Evaporation Lagoons of Isfahan’s UCF Plant

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khayambashi, Afshin (Author) ; Samadfam, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Firouz Zare, Mahmoud (Co-Advisor) ; Ghasemi, Mohamad Reza (Co-Advisor)
    Abstract
    Nuclear energy is one of the most important sources of energy from the economical point of view and also in terms of cleanliness and safety. Hence, strategically, uranium is one of the most basic elements of the earth and nowadays, the importance of this element is more marked due to the nuclear industry developement. Therefore, uranium recovery from the wastes generated during nuclear fuel production in Isfahan’s uranium conversion plant- in which yellow cake is converted to uranium hexafluoride- is quite pivotal. In this experimental research, we have to remove Fluoride from waste after dissolution by several methods like precipitation. After that uranium is extracted from the sludge of... 

    Recovery of Rhenium From Ferromolybdenum Furnace

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Etemadi, Samaneh (Author) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor) ; Hakim, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In this work, the recovery of rhenium from ferromolybdenum furnace outgoing dust in semi industrial scale was conducted. The ferromolybdenum furnace outgoing dust contains rhenium as major part and large amounts of molybdenum plus Iron and copper as impurities. An overall flow sheet, consist of leaching, solvent extraction and precipitation methods, was design to recovery and purification of rhenium. Firstly, ferromolybdenum furnace outgoing dust was subjected to leaching treatment by 10 g/L sulfuric as solvent at 85 C. Secondly, solvent extraction method was employed, using LIX984N 10 %vol, to separate copper from rhenium containing solution. The results of MacCab thiele diagram for... 

    Experimental study on enhanced oil recovery by low salinity water flooding on the fractured dolomite reservoir

    , Article Iranian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering ; Volume 40, Issue 5 , 2021 , Pages 1703-1719 ; 10219986 (ISSN) Ebrahimzadeh Rajaee, S ; Gerami, S ; Safekordi, A. A ; Bahramian, A. R ; Ganjeh Ghazvini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Institute of Research and Development in Chemical Industries  2021
    Abstract
    Enhanced Oil Recovery from carbonate reservoirs is a major challenge especially in naturally fractured formations where spontaneous imbibition is a main driving force. The Low Salinity Water Injection (LSWI) method has been suggested as one of the promising methods for enhanced oil recovery. However, the literature suggests that LSWI method, due to high dependence on rock mineralogy, injected and formation water salt concentration, and complexity of reactions is not a well-established technology in oil recovery from carbonate reservoirs. The underlying mechanism of LSWI is still not fully understood. Due to lack of LSWI study in free clay dolomite fractured reservoir, and to investigate of... 

    Diffusion and solid solution formation between the binary carbides of TaC, HfC and ZrC

    , Article International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials ; Volume 41 , 2013 , Pages 180-184 ; 02634368 (ISSN) Ghaffari, S. A ; Faghihi Sani, M. A ; Golestani Fard, F ; Nojabayy, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    In this work, phase evolution, solid solution formation and diffusion behavior of three binary systems, including TaC-HfC, TaC-ZrC and HfC-ZrC, were investigated. In this regard, pure carbide powders of TaC, HfC, and ZrC were selected as starting raw materials. The prepared samples were heat treated at 2000 C for 1 hour in Ar atmosphere. For each system, three compositions were chosen for phase evolution investigation by X-ray diffractometer. Moreover, three couple samples were prepared for diffusion behavior survey through SEM/EDX analyses. It was found that ZrC diffuses faster in TaC structure rather than HfC and a single phase solid solution phase with hosting TaC is formed in TaC-HfC and... 

    Factors affecting platinum extraction from used reforming catalysts in iodine solutions at temperatures up to 95 °C

    , Article Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 97, Issue 1-2 , 2009 , Pages 119-125 ; 0304386X (ISSN) Zanjani, A ; Baghalha, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    Platinum extraction from the spent reforming catalysts in iodine-iodide solutions at temperatures from 25 to 95 °C was investigated. The reforming catalyst mostly consists of a porous gamma alumina support with metallic platinum finely dispersed on the walls of the nano-pores of the catalyst support. The effect of a variety of factors, including catalyst particle size, impeller agitation speed, reactant concentrations, liquid to solid mass ratio, temperature and the solution pH on the Pt extraction rate and recovery were investigated. It was found that the catalyst particle sizes less than 106 μm and impeller agitation speed higher than 700 rpm eliminated the effects of catalyst size and... 

    Kinetics of silver dissolution in nitric acid from Ag-Au0.04-Cu0.10 and Ag-Cu0.23 scraps

    , Article Journal of Materials Science and Technology ; Volume 22, Issue 5 , 2006 , Pages 696-700 ; 10050302 (ISSN) Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Ahmadi, E ; Mozammel, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Kinetics of dissolution of silver present in precious metal scraps in HNO3 was studied in temperature range of 26-85°C. Dissolution rate of silver was much faster than that of copper at all temperatures. Effects of particle size, stirring speed, acid concentration and temperature on the rate of dissolving of silver were evaluated. Dissolution rate decreases with particle size and increases with temperature. Dissolving was accelerated with acid concentrations less than 10 mol/L, Concentrations greater than 10 mol/L resulted in slowing down of the dissolution rate. Shrinking core model with internal diffusion equation t/τ = 1 - 3 (1-x)2/3 + 2 (1-x) could be used to explain the mechanism of the... 

    A study on mutual interaction between atomistic and macroscopic phenomena during electrochemical processes using FD-KMC model: Application to CV test in simple copper sulfate bath

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 592, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 95-102 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Saedi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2006
    Abstract
    A multiscale FD-KMC model has been developed to simulate the cyclic voltammetry test of a copper electrode in simple copper sulfate bath. In this coupled model, the FD code provides the cupric ion concentration on OHP for KMC code, while the KMC code provides the electrochemical properties of the copper electrode (surface activity and rate constants of redox reactions) as an input data for FD code. The changes in the electrode properties due to the atomistic phenomena (deposition dissolution and surface diffusion) have been studied for the present potentiodynamic system. The results showed that the CV process consists of some distinct stages, so that the electrode exhibits a specific... 

    Hydrometallurgical treatment of tailings with high zinc content

    , Article Hydrometallurgy ; Volume 82, Issue 1-2 , 2006 , Pages 54-62 ; 0304386X (ISSN) Espiari, S ; Rashchi, F ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2006
    Abstract
    Zinc exists as smithsonite and hemimorphite in the lead flotation tailings from the Dandi mineral processing plant in north western Iran. In this research, zinc-rich tailings produced in the Dandi plant were characterized mineralogically and a leaching study was carried out to assess the effect of several parameters on the kinetics of zinc dissolution. Parameters studied included: sulfuric acid concentration, reaction time, temperature and slurry density. It was found that leaching is controlled by a single rate-controlling step with an activation energy of 23.5 kJ/mol. To overcome some of the filtration problems associated with polymerization of silicic acid, lime was added as a coagulant.... 

    The influence of heat treatment and hot deformation conditions on γ′ precipitate dissolution of Nimonic 115 superalloy

    , Article International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ; Volume 45, Issue 9-10 , 2009 , Pages 841-850 ; 02683768 (ISSN) Shahriari, D ; Sadeghi, M. H ; Akbarzadeh, A ; Cheraghzadeh, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    In precipitation hardenable materials, it is desirable to determine the precipitate dissolution temperature for homogenizing the microstructure by controlling the size and distribution of the precipitates. In this research, the influence of various heat treatment and hot deformation conditions on the kinetics of γ ′ dissolution and its morphological evolution in Nimonic 115 was studied. In addition, hot deformation behavior of the material was investigated using hot compression experiments at varying temperature (between 1,050°C and 1,175°C) and strain rates (between 0.01 and 1 s-1) up to a true strain of 0.8. The values obtained for the solvus temperature of γ ′ precipitates by two methods... 

    Investigating the effects of rock and fluid properties in Iranian carbonate matrix acidizing during pre-flush stage

    , Article Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering ; Volume 166 , 2018 , Pages 121-130 ; 09204105 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Shirazi, M. M ; Ayatollahi, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    Acidizing of carbonate oil-wet rocks saturated with oil and saline formation water is subjected failure in some cases due to acid-induced damage such as sludge and emulsion formations. This condition may also lead to mineral precipitation, oil film barrier between acid and rock and diversion chemical malfunctions. Therefore, pre-flush process has been proposed as one of the most efficient stage for oil-wells matrix acidizing to reduce these challenges significantly. Besides, the pre-flush stage would result in more clean rock as the reservoir fluids are pushed back from the near wellbore regions, restoring rock wettability to more water wet state, preventing direct acid-oil contact and...