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    How to quantify sustainable development: A risk-based approach to water quality management

    , Article Environmental Management ; Volume 41, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 200-220 ; 0364152X (ISSN) Sarang, A ; Vahedi, A ; Shamsai, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Since the term was coined in the Brundtland report in 1987, the issue of sustainable development has been challenged in terms of quantification. Different policy options may lend themselves more or less to the underlying principles of sustainability, but no analytical tools are available for a more in-depth assessment of the degree of sustainability. Overall, there are two major schools of thought employing the sustainability concept in managerial decisions: those of measuring and those of monitoring. Measurement of relative sustainability is the key issue in bridging the gap between theory and practice of sustainability of water resources systems. The objective of this study is to develop a...