Search for: distributed-energy-resource--der
Managing distributed energy resources (DERS) through virtual power plant technology (VPP): a stochastic information-gap decision theory (IGDT) approach, Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology - Transactions of Electrical Engineering ; Volume 44, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 279-291 ; Ehsan, M ; Moghimi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
As the number of distributed energy resources (DERs) increases, so would their influences on the power systems. Toward managing the intermittent nature of DERs, and providing market participation capability, the concept of virtual power plant (VPP) has been developed in the smart grid era. This paper proposes a novel offering strategy method for a VPP consisting of wind power generation along with storage capacity and flexible demand. In the proposed method, two different sources of uncertainty are addressed: stochastic method, applied in dealing with market price uncertainty, and information-gap decision theory (IGDT), incorporated in the offering model counting for wind power production...
Distribution System Resilience Enhancement through Restoration Paths between DERs and Critical Loads, Article 24th Electrical Power Distribution Conference, EPDC 2019, 19 June 2019 through 20 June 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 1-5 ; 9781728133850 (ISBN) ; Vakilian, M ; Farzin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
Hardening and operational measures in electrical distribution systems (EDSs) aim at improving the resilience of EDS in case of natural disasters. This paper proposes a novel two-stage framework for establishing optimal restoration paths for supplying critical loads (CLs) in the aftermath of a natural disaster that will improve the resilience of EDSs. To this end, in the first stage, an algorithm is introduced to find all possible candidate paths between available distributed energy resources (DERs) and CLs, the output of which is applied to the second stage, as the inputs. Subsequently, in the second stage, the problem of finding the optimal restoration paths is modeled as a mixed integer...
Optimal electricity procurement in smart grids with autonomous distributed energy resources, Article IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid ; Volume 6, Issue 6 , April , 2015 , Pages 2975-2984 ; 19493053 (ISSN) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Lehtonen, M ; Aminifar, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2015
Proliferation of private distributed energy resources (DERs) necessitates devising effective energy management frameworks. This paper aims at establishing a decentralized model for the optimal dispatch of DERs in smart grids. The objective function is to minimize expected procurement cost of demand while profit of private DER owners is not sacrificed. Unit management modules (UMMs) embedded in private DERs and a central agent are autonomous agents of the model. The approach is iterative. In each iteration, the central agent announces to UMMs its procurement strategy, which contains purchased powers and their prices. Then, UMMs optimize and send back their output power and selling price...
Developing a hierarchical scheme for outage management in multi-microgrids, Article IEEE Eindhoven PowerTech, PowerTech 2015 ; 2015 ; 9781479976935 (ISBN) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper investigates the performance of a smart distribution system comprised of multi-microgrids during emergency conditions. It also proposes a hierarchical scheme for outage management in such a system to enhance the security of supply during contingencies. This goal is achieved through sharing the available generation and storage capacities among different microgrids. In this regard, at first, a well-organized framework is devised in order to introduce the roles and tasks of each player in operation stage of a multi-microgrids system. Based on this framework, the general optimization model that needs to be evaluated in the proposed outage management scheme is formulated. Then, various...
PSO based fuzzy stochastic long-term model for deployment of distributed energy resources in distribution systems with several objectives, Article IEEE Systems Journal ; Volume 7, Issue 4 , 2013 , Pages 786-796 ; 19328184 (ISSN) ; Afkousi Paqaleh, M ; Nouri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper presents a particle swarm optimization (PSO) based fuzzy stochastic long term approach for determining optimum location and size of distributed energy resources (DERs). The Monte Carlo simulation method is used to model the uncertainties associated with long-term load forecasting. A proper combination of several objectives is considered in the objective function. Reduction of loss and power purchased from the electricity market, loss reduction in peak load level, and reduction in voltage deviation are simultaneously considered as the objective functions. At first these objectives are fuzzified and designed to be comparable with each other, then they are introduced to a PSO...
A novel method to assess distribution system reliability considering smart solar cell, Article 2012 2nd Iranian Conference on Smart Grids, ICSG 2012, 23 May 2012 through 24 May 2012 ; May , 2012 , Page(s): 1 - 9 ; 9781467313995 (ISBN) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Safdarian, A ; Sharif University of Technology
One of the most important issues in the smart grid is to quantitatively assess the impacts of distributed energy resources (DER) on the distribution system reliability. Solar cells (SCs) as developing DERs are normally placed close to the load centers. In this paper, a new algorithm is developed to evaluate distribution system reliability, considering SCs in the vicinity of the end-users. The probabilistic nature of the demand and SC power output are investigated to solve challenges of integrating these intermittent resources with the distribution system. In a smart home, to handle the variation of SC generation, solar load controller (SLC) is utilized to match load and generation of SCs...
A hierarchical scheme for outage management in multi-microgrids, Article International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems ; Volume 26, Issue 9 , 2016 , Pages 2023-2037 ; 20507038 (ISSN) ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Ltd 2016
This paper investigates the operation of a smart distribution system comprised of multiple microgrids during emergency conditions. It proposes a two-stage hierarchical scheme for outage management in such a system to enhance the security of supply during contingencies. This goal is achieved through sharing the available generation and storage capacities among different microgrids. In doing so, a well-organized framework is devised in order to introduce the roles and tasks of each player in operation stage of a multi-microgrids system. Based on this framework, the general optimization model that needs to be evaluated at each stage of the proposed outage management scheme is formulated. In...
Energy scheduling of a technical virtual power plant in presence of electric vehicles, Article 2017 25th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2017, 2 May 2017 through 4 May 2017 ; 2017 , Pages 1193-1198 ; 9781509059638 (ISBN) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Kabirifar, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In modern power systems, technical virtual power plants (TVPPs) play an important role enabling presence of distributed energy resources (DERs) in electricity markets. In this paper, strategy of using the available energy resources for a TVPP is put under investigation. A new optimization framework is presented for problem of TVPP energy scheduling by taking operational constraints of distribution network into account. In the proposed model, photovoltaic (PV) units and micro turbines along with the electric vehicles (EVs) are scheduled in such a way that the profit of TVPP owner would be maximized. The uncertainty in output generation of PV units is modeled by adopting fuzzy c-means (FCM)...
Energy management framework for a TVPP in active distribution network with diverse DERs, Article 27th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2019, 30 April 2019 through 2 May 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 714-719 ; 9781728115085 (ISBN) ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Kabirifar, M ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
Technical virtual power plant (TVPP) plays an important role in modern power systems by coordinating distributed energy resources (DERs) to participate in wholesale electricity market. This paper presents a framework for TVPP's energy management in an active distribution system with diverse uncertain DERs. The TVPP participates in wholesale day-ahead (DA) market and schedules DERs in order to maximize its profit, while considers actual locations of DERs in the network and takes network operational constraints into account. Many diverse DERs including DGs, renewable energy sources (RESs), and several load sectors comprising EVs, heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems and...
Estimating abilities of distributed energy resources in providing flexible ramp products for active distribution networks, Article Sustainable Cities and Society ; 2020 ; Salehi, J ; Moeini Aghtaie, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
Growing demand for flexible ramp products (FRPs) to maintain the power balance in active distribution networks (ADNs) has expanded the use of costly fast-start generators in the upstream real-time market. In order to limit the power system's reliance on these units, it is necessary to establish new sources for providing ADNs with FRPs. In this context, the present paper examines the abilities of distributed energy resources (DERs) and active loads for supplying the ramp capacity demands of ADNs. Accordingly, a local real-time market was established in the ADN, empowering several DERs and active loads to provide the network's FRPs demands. The proposed market was formed in the context of a...