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    Simulation of DNA electrophoresis through microstructures

    , Article Electrophoresis ; Volume 28, Issue 3 , 2007 , Pages 301-308 ; 01730835 (ISSN) Maleki Jirsaraei, N ; Sarbolouki, M. N ; Rouhani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    The dependence of the mobility of DNA molecules through an hexagonal array of micropillars on their length and the applied electric field was investigated and it was found that mobility is a nonmonotonic function of their length. Results also revealed that the size dependence of the DNA mobility depends on the applied electric field and there is a crossover around E ≈ 25 V/cm for the mobility of λ-DNA and T4-DNA. These observations are explained in terms of the diffusion process inside the structure affected by the solvent and are modeled using the Langevin and its corresponding Fokker-Planck equations. The phenomenon is generalized under three regimes in a phase diagram relating the... 

    Multiway investigation of interaction between fluorescence labeled DNA strands and unmodified gold nanoparticles

    , Article Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 84, Issue 15 , July , 2012 , Pages 6603-6610 ; 00032700 (ISSN) Akhlaghi, Y ; Kompany Zareh, M ; Hormozi Nezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    ACS  2012
    The single stranded DNA can be adsorbed on the negatively charged surface of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), but the rigid structure of double stranded DNA prevents it from adsorption. Signal of a tagged single stranded DNA will be quenched by the plasmon effect of the AuNP surface after its adsorption. This phenomenon has been used to study the DNA hybridization and interactions of two complementary 21mer oligonucleotides each tagged with a different fluorescent dye in the presence of 13 nm gold nanoparticles. The DNA strands used in this study belong to the genome of HIV. The obtained rank deficient three-way fluorescence data sets were resolved by both PARAFAC and restricted Tucker3 models.... 

    Detection and a possible link between parvovirus B19 and thyroid cancer

    , Article Tumor Biology ; Volume 39, Issue 6 , 2017 ; 10104283 (ISSN) Etemadi, A ; Mostafaei, S ; Yari, K ; Ghasemi, A ; Chenar, H. M ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Human parvovirus B19 (B19) is a small, non-enveloped virus and belongs to Parvoviridae family. B19 persists in many tissues such as thyroid tissue and even thyroid cancer. The main aim of this study was to determine the presence of B19, its association with increased inflammation in thyroid tissue, and thus its possible role in thyroid cancer progression. Studies have shown that virus replication in non-permissive tissue leads to overexpression of non-structural protein and results in upregulation of proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin 6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha. A total of 36 paraffin-embedded thyroid specimens and serum were collected from patients and 12 samples were used... 

    The field effect transistor DNA biosensor based on ITO nanowires in label-free hepatitis B virus detecting compatible with CMOS technology

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 105 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 58-64 ; 09565663 (ISSN) Shariati, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this paper the field-effect transistor DNA biosensor for detecting hepatitis B virus (HBV) based on indium tin oxide nanowires (ITO NWs) in label free approach has been fabricated. Because of ITO nanowires intensive conductance and functional modified surface, the probe immobilization and target hybridization were increased strongly. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) measurement showed that ITO nanowires were crystalline and less than 50 nm in diameter. The single-stranded hepatitis B virus DNA (SS-DNA) was immobilized as probe on the Au-modified nanowires. The DNA targets were measured in a linear concentration range from 1fM to 10 µM. The detection limit of... 

    Human papilloma virus and breast cancer: The role of inflammation and viral expressed proteins

    , Article BMC Cancer ; Volume 19, Issue 1 , 2019 ; 14712407 (ISSN) Khodabandehlou, N ; Mostafaei, S ; Etemadi, A ; Ghasemi, A ; Payandeh, M ; Hadifar, S ; Norooznezhad, A. H ; Kazemnejad, A ; Moghoofei, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    BioMed Central Ltd  2019
    Background: Breast cancer is currently the most common neoplasm diagnosed in women globally. There is a growing body of evidence to suggest that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may play a key role in invasiveness of breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of HPV in patients with breast cancer and its possible association with cancer progression. Methods: Breast specimens were collected from 72 patients with breast cancer and 31 healthy controls. The presence of HPV was investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and genotyping was performed for positive cases. We also evaluated the viral factors such as E6, E2, and E7 in HPV positive cases. Enzyme-linked... 

    Laboratory detection methods for the human coronaviruses

    , Article European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases ; Volume 40, Issue 2 , 2021 , Pages 225-246 ; 09349723 (ISSN) Shabani, E ; Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Coronaviruses are a group of envelop viruses which lead to diseases in birds and mammals as well as human. Seven coronaviruses have been discovered in humans that can cause mild to lethal respiratory tract infections. HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1 are the low-risk members of this family and the reason for some common colds. Besides, SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, and newly identified SARS-CoV-2, which is also known as 2019-nCoV, are the more dangerous viruses. Due to the rapid spread of this novel coronavirus and its related disease, COVID-19, a reliable, simple, fast, and low-cost detection method is necessary for patient diagnosis and tracking worldwide. Human coronaviruses detection...