Search for: drug-delivery-systems
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    Smart micro/nanoparticles in stimulus-responsive drug/gene delivery systems

    , Article Chemical Society Reviews ; Volume 45, Issue 5 , 2016 , Pages 1457-1501 ; 03060012 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Ghasemi, A ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Rahighi, R ; Moosavi Basri, S. M ; Mirshekari, H ; Amiri, M ; Shafaei Pishabad, Z ; Aslani, A ; Bozorgomid, M ; Ghosh, D ; Beyzavi, A ; Vaseghi, A ; Aref, A. R ; Haghani, L ; Bahrami, S ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    New achievements in the realm of nanoscience and innovative techniques of nanomedicine have moved micro/nanoparticles (MNPs) to the point of becoming actually useful for practical applications in the near future. Various differences between the extracellular and intracellular environments of cancerous and normal cells and the particular characteristics of tumors such as physicochemical properties, neovasculature, elasticity, surface electrical charge, and pH have motivated the design and fabrication of inventive "smart" MNPs for stimulus-responsive controlled drug release. These novel MNPs can be tailored to be responsive to pH variations, redox potential, enzymatic activation, thermal... 

    Synthesis of water dispersible reduced graphene oxide via supramolecular complexation with modified β-cyclodextrin

    , Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 66, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 235-242 ; 00914037 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Eskandari, M ; Hosseini, S. H ; Nazari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Inc  2017
    A noncovalent functionalization of the edges of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) with β-cyclodextrin-graft-hyperbranched polyglycerol (β-CD-g-HPG) was successfully performed via a host-guest interaction. The results showed that β-CD-g-HPG disperses the graphene sheets better than pure β-CD or HPG. The resulted supramolecular structure is stable in neutral water medium more than one week. However, in acidic medium the host-guest interaction is collapsed and graphene nanosheets precipitate. © 2017, Copyright © Taylor & Francis  

    Granisetron Transdermal Drug Delivery System

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dehbini, Hamid Reza (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor) ; Taghizadeh, Mojtaba (Supervisor)
    Transdermal drug delivery systems are products which are known to have ability to pass drugs through the skin and into the blood, so medicine effects appear as a result. During the past two decades, many scientists interested in drug delivery through the skin. Constant blood plasma level and avoiding first-pass metabolism are advantages of this system compared to oral and intravenous systems. The biggest problem in the development of these systems, is impermeability of Stratum corneum, the outermost layer of the epidermis. In this study, design and evaluation of in vitro transdermal drug delivery system for granisetron serve as treatment of nausea and vomiting was performed. For this... 

    In vitro biocompatibility evaluations of hyperbranched polyglycerol hybrid nanostructure as a candidate for nanomedicine applications

    , Article Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine ; Vol. 25, issue. 2 , 2014 , pp. 499-506 ; ISSN: 09574530 Zarrabi, A ; Shokrgozar, M. A ; Vossoughi, M ; Farokhi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In the present study, a detailed biocompatibility testing of a novel class of hybrid nanostructure based on hyperbranched polyglycerol and β-cyclodextrin is conducted. This highly water soluble nanostructure with size of less than 10 nm, polydispersity of less than 1.3, chemical tenability and highly branched architecture with the control over branching structure could be potentially used as a carrier in drug delivery systems. To this end, extensive studies in vitro and in vivo conditions have to be demonstrated. The in vitro studies include in vitro cytotoxicity tests; MTT and Neutral Red assay as an indicator of mitochondrial and lysosomal function, and blood biocompatibility tests such as... 

    Albumin nanostructures as advanced drug delivery systems

    , Article Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery ; Volume 13, Issue 11 , 2016 , Pages 1609-1623 ; 17425247 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Bahrami, S ; Baghaee Ravari, S ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Mirshekari, H ; Bozorgomid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2016
    Introduction: One of the biggest impacts that the nanotechnology has made on medicine and biology, has been in the area of drug delivery systems (DDSs). Many drugs suffer from serious problems concerning insolubility, instability in biological environments, poor uptake into cells and tissues, sub-optimal selectivity for targets and unwanted side effects. Nanocarriers can be designed as DDSs to overcome many of these drawbacks. One of the most versatile building blocks to prepare these nanocarriers is the ubiquitous, readily available and inexpensive protein, serum albumin. Areas covered: This review covers the use of different types of albumin (human, bovine, rat, and chicken egg) to prepare... 

    Hybrid nanomaterials containing PAMAM, polyrotaxane and quantum dot blocks

    , Article Nano ; Volume 6, Issue 3 , June , 2011 , Pages 239-249 ; 17932920 (ISSN) Adeli, M ; Sarabi, R. S ; Sadeghi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Pseudopolyrotaxanes, Ps-PR, consisting of α-cyclodextrin rings, polyethylene glycol axes and end triazine groups were prepared and then were capped by amino-functionalized quantum dots, NH 2-QDs, to achieve polyrotaxanes. The amino-functionalized QDs stoppers of polyrotaxanes were used as core to synthesize polyamidoamine, PAMAM, dendrons divergently and hybrid nanomaterials were obtained. Synthesized hybrid nanomaterials were characterized by different spectroscopy, microscopy and thermal analysis methods. They were freely soluble in water and their aqueous solutions were stable at room temperature over several months. Due to their biocompatible backbone, high functionality and water... 

    Smart mesoporous silica nanoparticles for controlled-release drug delivery

    , Article Nanotechnology Reviews ; Volume 5, Issue 2 , 2016 , Pages 195-207 ; 21919089 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Mirshekari, H ; Aliakbari, M ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Walter de Gruyter GmbH  2016
    Stimuli-responsive controlled-release nanocarriers are promising vehicles for delivery of bioactive molecules that can minimize side effects and maximize efficiency. The release of the drug occurs when the nanocarrier is triggered by an internal or external stimulus. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) can have drugs and bioactive cargos loaded into the high-capacity pores, and their release can be triggered by activation of a variety of stimulus-responsive molecular "gatekeepers" or "nanovalves." In this mini-review, we discuss the basic concepts of MSN in targeted drug-release systems and cover different stimulus-responsive gatekeepers. Internal stimuli include redox, enzymes, and pH,... 

    Synthesis of Smart Nanocomposites from Chitosan, Functionalized with Gold Nanoparticles and Temperature Sensitive Polymers: Investigation of their Application in Light Responsive Nano Vehicles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bagherifard Sharabiani, Mina (Author) ; Pourjavadi, Ali (Supervisor)
    With the fast progress of nanotechnology, targeted drug delivery systems have been widely developed due to decreasing in the drug dosage and subsequently side effects of them into body. These smart systems are able to response to the surroundings stimuli. External stimuli in comparison with internal stimuli are more controllable, and can release drug at the targeted side in the desirable times. In the recent studies, there has been an increasing interest in the usage of LASER as an external stimulus due to high precision, short time response, and suitable practical function. For cancer therapy, several studies have been done by focusing on the hyperthermia effects of gold nanoparticles. In... 

    Intelligent Drug Delivery System for Cancer Treatment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Bahrami, Flora (Author) ; Abdekhodaie, Mohammad Jafar (Supervisor)
    Drug delivery systems (DDS), which, are sensitive to tumor medium have high importance. one of the most important problem of current treatment of cancer is damage of the normal tissue, which, it is expected to solve by smart drug delivery systems. In such cases, one or more features of cancer medium cause to release of the drug. One of features of cancer medium is high concentration of reactive oxygen species and hydrogen peroxide in the most common between them. The purpose of this study is to build a drug delivery system, which it is sensitive to hydrogen peroxide. This carrier has 4 main parts. The first part is anti-cancer drug, which, it is located in the carrier. Second part is... 

    Temperature-responsive smart nanocarriers for delivery of therapeutic agents: applications and recent advances

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 8, Issue 33 , 2016 , Pages 21107-21133 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Sahandi Zangabad, P ; Ghasemi, A ; Amiri, M ; Bahrami, M ; Malekzad, H ; Ghahramanzadeh Asl, H ; Mahdieh, Z ; Bozorgomid, M ; Ghasemi, A ; Rahmani Taji Boyuk, M. R ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2016
    Smart drug delivery systems (DDSs) have attracted the attention of many scientists, as carriers that can be stimulated by changes in environmental parameters such as temperature, pH, light, electromagnetic fields, mechanical forces, etc. These smart nanocarriers can release their cargo on demand when their target is reached and the stimulus is applied. Using the techniques of nanotechnology, these nanocarriers can be tailored to be target-specific, and exhibit delayed or controlled release of drugs. Temperature-responsive nanocarriers are one of most important groups of smart nanoparticles (NPs) that have been investigated during the past decades. Temperature can either act as an external... 

    Carbosilane dendrimers: Drug and gene delivery applications

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 59 , 2020 Rabiee, N ; Ahmadvand, S ; Ahmadi, S ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Rabiee, M ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2020
    Carbosilane dendrimers are a particular type of dendrimer structure that has been used as delivery vehicles for drugs and nucleic acids. They have a defined structure according to their generation number, and their terminal groups can be rendered cationic or anionic. The cationic charges can address the limitation of electrostatic repulsion between the negatively charged phosphate groups of nucleic acids and negatively charged cell membranes. Specific drugs can be loaded into the central part of the dendrimer or attached at the exterior, and the overall positive charge may improve the efficacy of anti-inflammatory drugs. One promising feature of dendrimers is their non-toxicity both in vitro... 

    Design and physicochemical characterization of lysozyme loaded niosomal formulations as a new controlled delivery system

    , Article Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal ; Volume 53, Issue 10 , 2020 , Pages 921-930 Sadeghi, S ; Ehsani, P ; Cohan, R. A ; Sardari, S ; Akbarzadeh, I ; Bakhshandeh, H ; Norouzian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Lysozyme loaded niosomes containing various molar ratios of two kinds of surfactants were prepared and the properties of these niosomal formulations were studied. The results revealed that the size of niosomes varied between 240.06 ± 32.41 and 895.2 ± 20.84 nm. Formulations with the lowest size and no precipitation had entrapment efficiencies ranging from 60.644 ± 3.310 to 66.333 ± 1.98%. Their controlled release profiles after 48 h were 15.67, 20.67 and 31.50%. After 2 months, the most stable formulation in terms of size, PDI, zeta potential, and entrapment efficiency was used to study the secondary structures of lysozyme in niosomal and free forms. Lysozyme loaded niosome and lysozyme... 

    Optimal robust control of drug delivery in cancer chemotherapy: A comparison between three control approaches

    , Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 112, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 69-83 ; 01692607 (ISSN) Moradi, H ; Vossoughi, G ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    During the drug delivery process in chemotherapy, both of the cancer cells and normal healthy cells may be killed. In this paper, three mathematical cell-kill models including log-kill hypothesis, Norton-Simon hypothesis and Emax hypothesis are considered. Three control approaches including optimal linear regulation, nonlinear optimal control based on variation of extremals and H∞-robust control based on μ-synthesis are developed. An appropriate cost function is defined such that the amount of required drug is minimized while the tumor volume is reduced. For the first time, performance of the system is investigated and compared for three control strategies; applied on three nonlinear models... 

    Graphene: Promises, facts, opportunities, and challenges in nanomedicine

    , Article Chemical Reviews ; Volume 113, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 3407-3424 ; 00092665 (ISSN) Mao, H. Y ; Laurent, S ; Chen, W ; Akhavan, O ; Imani, M ; Ashkarran, A. A ; Mahmoudi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Graphene, a two-dimensional (2D) sheet of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms packed into a honeycomb lattice, has led to an explosion of interest in the field of materials science, physics, chemistry, and biotechnology since the few-layers graphene (FLG) flakes were isolated from graphite in 2004. For an extended search, derivatives of nanomedicine such as biosensing, biomedical, antibacterial, diagnosis, cancer and photothermal therapy, drug delivery, stem cell, tissue engineering, imaging, protein interaction, DNA, RNA, toxicity, and so on were also added. Since carbon nanotubes are normally described as rolled-up cylinders of graphene sheets and the controllable synthesis of nanotubes is well... 

    Magnetic graphene oxide mesoporous silica hybrid nanoparticles with dendritic pH sensitive moieties coated by PEGylated alginate-co-poly (acrylic acid) for targeted and controlled drug delivery purposes

    , Article Journal of Polymer Research ; Volume 22, Issue 8 , 2015 ; 10229760 (ISSN) Pourjavadi, A ; Shakerpoor, A ; Tehrani, Z. M ; Bumajdad, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Kluwer Academic Publishers  2015
    In this study synthesis of a drug delivery system (DDS) is described which has several merits over its counterparts. In order to synthesize this nano-carrier, graphene oxide nano-sheets are used to accommodate MCM-41 nanoparticles. Furthermore Fe3O4 nanoparticles are introduced to this nano-material to produce a traceable nanoparticle. Since cancerous tissues have lower pH than healthy tissues, pH-sensitive oligomers are attached to this nano-material. Finally the nano-carrier is wrapped by a biocompatible shell (PEGylated sodium alginate); this polymeric shell makes the DDS capable of a more controllable drug release. By measuring in vitro situation, ‘loading content%’... 

    Carbon nanotubes part II: A remarkable carrier for drug and gene delivery

    , Article Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery ; Volume 12, Issue 7 , 2015 , Pages 1089-1105 ; 17425247 (ISSN) Karimi, M ; Solati, N ; Ghasemi, A ; Estiar, M. A ; Hashemkhani, M ; Kiani, P ; Mohamed, E ; Saeidi, A ; Taheri, M ; Avci, P ; Aref, A. R ; Amiri, M ; Baniasadi, F ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Informa Healthcare  2015
    Introduction: Carbon nanotubes (CNT) have recently been studied as novel and versatile drug and gene delivery vehicles. When CNT are suitably functionalized, they can interact with various cell types and are taken up by endocytosis.Areas covered: Anti-cancer drugs cisplatin and doxorubicin have been delivered by CNT, as well as methotrexate, taxol and gemcitabine. The delivery of the antifungal compound amphotericin B and the oral administration of erythropoietin have both been assisted using CNT. Frequently, targeting moieties such as folic acid, epidermal growth factor or various antibodies are attached to the CNT-drug nanovehicle. Different kinds of functionalization (e.g., polycations)... 

    Curcumin incorporated PVA-borax dual delivery hydrogels as potential wound dressing materials—Correlation between viscoelastic properties and curcumin release rate

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 135, Issue 45 , 2018 ; 00218995 (ISSN) Rezvan, G ; Pircheraghi, G ; Bagheri, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2018
    Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is a biocompatible polymer which can be physically crosslinked by Borax to form hydrogel. PVA-Borax (PB) hydrogel is a promising candidate for drug delivery system. Therefore, it is necessary to find the quantitative relationship between drug release rate and network structure of PB hydrogels to predict and control drug release rate. In this work, at first step the optimum ratio of Borax: PVA was determined by studying the interactions between PVA chains and Borax molecules by means of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, while viscoelastic properties of prepared PB hydrogels were measured in the oscillatory shear flow field. In the following, curcumin as a... 

    Recent advancements in aptamer-bioconjugates: Sharpening stones for breast and prostate cancers targeting

    , Article Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology ; Volume 53 , 2019 ; 17732247 (ISSN) Maghsoudi, S ; Shahraki, B. T ; Rabiee, N ; Afshari, R ; Fatahi, Y ; Dinarvand, R ; Ahmadi, S ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Rabiee, M ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Editions de Sante  2019
    Breast and prostate cancers are common types of cancers with various strategies, such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy, for their therapy. Since these methods have undesired side effects and poor target affinity, neoteric strategies—known as aptamer-based smart drug delivery systems (SDDSs)—have been developed in recent years to overcome the obstacles of current treatment, and investigated for a clinical trial. The high affinity and versatility of aptamers for binding to the corresponding targets make them highly noticeable agents in the drug delivery domains. In addition to their exceptional benefits, aptamers are able to overcome tumor resistance because of their high selectivity and low... 

    Sustained release of CIP from TiO2-PVDF/starch nanocomposite mats with potential application in wound dressing

    , Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 137, Issue 30 , 2020 Ansarizadeh, M ; Haddadi, S. A ; Amini, M ; Hasany, M ; Ramazani SaadatAbadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2020
    Electrospinning is an economical and alluring method to fabricate wound dressing mats from a variety of natural and synthetic materials. In this study, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and starch composite mats containing ciprofloxacin (CIP) loaded on titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) were prepared. Fourier Transform Infrared spectra of CIP, synthesized TiO2 NPs, TiO2/CIP, and PVDF/starch composite mats are analyzed. Scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the fiber diameter of PVDF nanofibers thickens by increasing starch, which varies between 180 nm and 550 nm. Strain at break of PVDF, starch, PVDF/starch (2:1 w:w; P2S1), PVDF/starch (1:1 w:w; P1S1), PVDF/starch (1:2 w:w;... 

    Drug release from ion-exchange microspheres: Mathematical modeling and experimental verification

    , Article Biomaterials ; Volume 29, Issue 11 , 2008 , Pages 1654-1663 ; 01429612 (ISSN) Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Wu, X. Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents for the first time a mathematical model for a mechanism of controlled drug release involving both ion exchange and transient counter diffusion of a drug and counterions. Numerical analysis was conducted to study the effect of different factors on drug release kinetics including environmental condition, material properties, and design parameters. The concentration profiles of counterions and drug species, the moving front of ion exchange, and three distinct regions inside a microsphere, namely unextracted region, ion-exchange region and drug diffusion region, were revealed by model prediction. The numerical results indicated that the rate of drug release increased with an...