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    Design and Fabrication of Microfluidic System as Concentration Gradient Generator

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ziabakhsh, Zeinab Sadat (Author) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    According to today’s medicine progress, the need for improving the medical facilities have been increased. Within the human body, the biomolecules concentration gradient is regulating the cell functions. Biological processes such as immune response, wound healing, and cancer metastasis have been affected by the bimolecular concentration gradient. So understanding the cell behavior in the presence of a chemical gradient can improve the understanding from these biological processes, and also would help in medical researches. On the other hand, finding the appropriate dose of the drugs and in some cases finding the most effective drug is a clinical challenge that made a new field of research in... 

    Controlled release of doxorubicin from electrospun PEO/chitosan/graphene oxide nanocomposite nanofibrous scaffolds

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 48 , March , 2015 , Pages 384-390 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Ardeshirzadeh, B ; Aboutalebi Anaraki, N ; Irani, M ; Roshanfekr Rad, L ; Shamshiri, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    Abstract
    Polyethylene oxide (PEO)/chitosan (CS)/graphene oxide (GO) electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds were successfully developed via electrospinning process for controlled release of doxorubicin (DOX). The SEM analysis of nanofibrous scaffolds with different contents of GO (0.1, 0.2, 0.5 and 0.7 wt.%) indicated that the minimum diameter of nanofibers was found to be 85 nm for PEO/CS/GO 0.5% nanofibers. The π-π stacking interaction between DOX and GO with fine pores of nanofibrous scaffolds exhibited higher drug loading (98%) and controlled release of the DOX loaded PEO/CS/GO nanofibers. The results of DOX release from nanofibrous scaffolds at pH 5.3 and 7.4 indicated strong pH dependence. The... 

    Combined effects of electric stimulation and microgrooves in cardiac tissue-on-a-chip for drug screening

    , Article Small Methods ; Volume 4, Issue 10 , 2020 Ren, L ; Zhou, X ; Nasiri, R ; Fang, J ; Jiang, X ; Wang, C ; Qu, M ; Ling, H ; Chen, Y ; Xue, Y ; Hartel, M.C ; Tebon, P ; Zhang, S ; Kim, H.-J ; Yuan, X ; Shamloo, A ; Dokmeci, M. R ; Li, S ; Khademhosseini, A ; Ahadian, S ; Sun, W ; Sharif University of Technology
    John Wiley and Sons Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Animal models and traditional cell cultures are essential tools for drug development. However, these platforms can show striking discrepancies in efficacy and side effects when compared to human trials. These differences can lengthen the drug development process and even lead to drug withdrawal from the market. The establishment of preclinical drug screening platforms that have higher relevancy to physiological conditions is desirable to facilitate drug development. Here, a heart-on-a-chip platform, incorporating microgrooves and electrical pulse stimulations to recapitulate the well-aligned structure and synchronous beating of cardiomyocytes (CMs) for drug screening, is reported. Each chip... 

    A lupane triterpenoid and other constituents of Salvia eremophila

    , Article Natural Product Research ; Volume 26, Issue 21 , 2012 , Pages 2045-2049 ; 14786419 (ISSN) Farimani, M. M ; Moghaddam, F. M ; Esmaeili, M. A ; Amin, G ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Salvia eremophila led to the isolation of a lupane triterpenoid, 3β, 20-dihydroxylupane-28-oic acid (1), together with eight other compounds, comprising three diterpene, two triterpene, two flavonoids and a steroidal glucoside. Their structures were elucidated by interpretation of their one-dimensional and two-dimensional NMR spectra and completed by the analysis of the HRESIMS data. Compounds 1, 2-4 and 8 were evaluated for their cytotoxicities against five human tumour cell lines. Compounds 1 and 3 hold a good potential for use in future studies due to their anti-cancer properties  

    Fabrication of chitosan/poly(lactic acid)/graphene oxide/TiO2 composite nanofibrous scaffolds for sustained delivery of doxorubicin and treatment of lung cancer

    , Article International Journal of Biological Macromolecules ; Volume 110 , 2018 , Pages 416-424 ; 01418130 (ISSN) Samadi, S ; Moradkhani, M ; Beheshti, H ; Irani, M ; Aliabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    In this work, the synthesized graphene oxide/TiO2/doxorubicin (GO/TiO2/DOX) composites were loaded into the chitosan/poly(lactic acid) (PLA) solutions to fabricate the electrospun chitosan/PLA/GO/TiO2/DOX nanofibrous scaffolds via electrospinning process. The synthesized composites and nanofibers were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis. Three-factor three-level central composite design was used to determine the influence of PLA to chitosan ratio, TiO2/DOX content and GO/TiO2/DOX content on the release of DOX from nanofibrous scaffolds. Drug loading efficiency and drug release behavior from... 

    Fabrication of carboxymethyl chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone)/doxorubicin/nickel ferrite core-shell fibers for controlled release of doxorubicin against breast cancer

    , Article Carbohydrate Polymers ; Volume 257 , 2021 ; 01448617 (ISSN) Abasalta, M ; Asefnejad, A ; Khorasani, M. T ; Saadatabadi, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The coaxial electrospinning for producing core-shell nanofibers due to control the release profile of drug by the shell layer has been developed. N-carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC)-polyvinyl alcohol (core)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) (shell) nanofibers were produced via coaxial electrospinning. Doxorubicin (DOX) and nickel ferrite nanoparticles were incorporated into the nanofibers for controlled release of DOX against MCF-7 breast cancer. The minimum CMC/PCL fiber diameter was found to be 300 nm by optimizing of three variables including voltage to distance ratio (1.5–2.5 kV/cm), CMC concentration (4−6 wt.%) and PCL concentration (8−12 wt.%). The synthesized core-shell fibers were characterized... 

    Fabrication of carboxymethyl chitosan/poly(ε-caprolactone)/doxorubicin/nickel ferrite core-shell fibers for controlled release of doxorubicin against breast cancer

    , Article Carbohydrate Polymers ; Volume 257 , 2021 ; 01448617 (ISSN) Abasalta, M ; Asefnejad, A ; Khorasani, M. T ; Saadatabadi, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The coaxial electrospinning for producing core-shell nanofibers due to control the release profile of drug by the shell layer has been developed. N-carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC)-polyvinyl alcohol (core)/poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) (shell) nanofibers were produced via coaxial electrospinning. Doxorubicin (DOX) and nickel ferrite nanoparticles were incorporated into the nanofibers for controlled release of DOX against MCF-7 breast cancer. The minimum CMC/PCL fiber diameter was found to be 300 nm by optimizing of three variables including voltage to distance ratio (1.5–2.5 kV/cm), CMC concentration (4−6 wt.%) and PCL concentration (8−12 wt.%). The synthesized core-shell fibers were characterized... 

    Design and Optimization of Channeled Hydrogel Scaffold Based on Extracellular Matrix of Heart Tissue with Oxygen Release Capability

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ghasemi, Sara (Author) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Khorshidi, Sajedeh (Co-Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Despite the increase in the number of cardiovascular diseases worldwide, the number of new drugs to treat these diseases has been decreasing in the last decade. Current preclinical drug evaluation strategies, which use cell cultures and oversimplified animal models, cannot meet the growing demand for new and effective drugs. In the last decade, the development of microfluidic bioreactors and organ-on-chip systems to improve the drug screening process has been increasing significantly. These systems have shown many advantages over previous preclinical models. Despite all these advantages, keeping the oxygen concentration at the optimal physiological level in microfluidic systems has its own... 

    3d Design of a Microfluidic Chip for Anticancer Drugs Screening

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hashemi, Maryam Sadat (Author) ; Mashayekhan, Shohreh (Supervisor) ; Saadatmand, Maryam (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Nowadays, advanced and inexpensive pre-clinical methods for investigating the effects of anti-cancer drugs are expanding. One of the latest three-dimensional laboratory modeling for evaluating the effects of drugs is the use of tumor-on-chip technology, which actually models the physiological system of the body through three-dimensional scaffolds, multicellular cultures, and shaped vascular systems. In this study, three-dimensional culture of cancer cells was performed in the form of spheroids. A chip of U-shaped microstructures with and without gaps was used to trap cells and form cancer spheroids. We simulated the simultaneous effect of drug and oxygen concentration distribution inside the... 

    Integrated one-against-one classifiers as tools for virtual screening of compound databases: A case study with CNS inhibitors

    , Article Molecular Informatics ; Volume 32, Issue 8 , 2013 , Pages 742-753 ; 18681743 (ISSN) Jalali Heravi, M ; Mani-Varnosfaderani, A ; Valadkhani, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2013
    Abstract
    A total of 21 833 inhibitors of the central nervous system (CNS) were collected from Binding-database and analyzed using discriminant analysis (DA) techniques. A combination of genetic algorithm and quadratic discriminant analysis (GA-QDA) was proposed as a tool for the classification of molecules based on their therapeutic targets and activities. The results indicated that the one-against-one (OAO) QDA classifiers correctly separate the molecules based on their therapeutic targets and are comparable with support vector machines. These classifiers help in charting the chemical space of the CNS inhibitors and finding specific subspaces occupied by particular classes of molecules. As a next... 

    Microfluidic technologies to engineer mesenchymal stem cell aggregates—applications and benefits

    , Article Biophysical Reviews ; Volume 12, Issue 1 , 2020 , Pages 123-133 Salehi, S. S ; Shamloo, A ; Kazemzadeh Hannani, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2020
    Abstract
    Three-dimensional cell culture and the forming multicellular aggregates are superior over traditional monolayer approaches due to better mimicking of in vivo conditions and hence functions of a tissue. A considerable amount of attention has been devoted to devising efficient methods for the rapid formation of uniform-sized multicellular aggregates. Microfluidic technology describes a platform of techniques comprising microchannels to manipulate the small number of reagents with unique properties and capabilities suitable for biological studies. The focus of this review is to highlight recent studies of using microfluidics, especially droplet-based types for the formation, culture, and... 

    Boron nitride nanotube as an antimicrobial peptide carrier: A theoretical insight

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 16 , 2021 , Pages 1837-1847 ; 11769114 (ISSN) Zarghami Dehaghani, M. Z ; Bagheri, B ; Yousefi, F ; Nasiriasayesh, A ; Mashhadzadeh, A. H ; Zarrintaj, P ; Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Fierro, V ; Celzard, A ; Saeb, M. R ; Mostafavi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    Introduction: Nanotube-based drug delivery systems have received considerable attention because of their large internal volume to encapsulate the drug and the ability to penetrate tissues, cells, and bacteria. In this regard, understanding the interaction between the drug and the nanotube to evaluate the encapsulation behavior of the drug in the nanotube is of crucial importance. Methods: In this work, the encapsulation process of the cationic antimicrobial peptide named cRW3 in the biocompatible boron nitride nanotube (BNNT) was investigated under the Canonical ensemble (NVT) by molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. Results: The peptide was absorbed into the BNNT by van der Waals (vdW)... 

    Ferric metformin drug complex supported on magnetic nanofiber cellulose; An efficient access to 4-H pyrans derivatives and determination of their antimicrobial activity

    , Article Synthetic Communications ; Volume 52, Issue 7 , 2022 , Pages 974-993 ; 00397911 (ISSN) Matloubi Moghaddam, F ; Daneshfar, M ; Moghimi, H ; Daneshfar, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Taylor and Francis Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Magnetic nanofiber cellulose (NFC) was selected as a biopolymer surface for the reaction with ferric metformin and a novel nanocatalyst was prepared. This green heterogeneous organometallic catalyst was analyzed by physiochemical techniques. The new metformin drug complex supported on magnetic NFC was used as a powerful and efficient catalyst for the synthesis of functionalized 4H-pyrans derivatives. The antimicrobial activity of the products showed excellent activity against all the bacterial and fungal strains (especially compounds 7q and 6r). © 2022 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC  

    Design of peptide-based inhibitor agent against amyloid-β aggregation: Molecular docking, synthesis and in vitro evaluation

    , Article Bioorganic Chemistry ; Volume 102 , September , 2020 Jokar, S ; Erfani, M ; Bavi, O ; Khazaei, S ; Sharifzadeh, M ; Hajiramezanali, M ; Beiki, D ; Shamloo, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Formation of the amyloid beta (Aβ) peptide aggregations represents an indispensable role in appearing and progression of Alzheimer disease. β-sheet breaker peptides can be designed and modified with different amino acids in order to improve biological properties and binding affinity to the amyloid beta peptide. In the present study, three peptide sequences were designed based on the hopeful results of LIAIMA peptide and molecular docking studies were carried out onto the monomer and fibril structure of amyloid beta peptide using AutoDock Vina software. According to the obtained interactions and binding energy from docking, the best-designed peptide (D-GABA-FPLIAIMA) was chosen and... 

    Mining the potential of label-free biosensors for in vitro antipsychotic drug screening

    , Article Biosensors ; Volume 8, Issue 1 , 2018 ; 20796374 (ISSN) Kilic, T ; Soler, M ; Fahimi Kashani, N ; Altug, H ; Carrara, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI AG  2018
    Abstract
    The pharmaceutical industry is facing enormous challenges due to high drug attribution rates. For the past decades, novel methods have been developed for safety and efficacy testing, as well as for improving early development stages. In vitro screening methods for drug-receptor binding are considered to be good alternatives for decreasing costs in the identification of drug candidates. However, these methods require lengthy and troublesome labeling steps. Biosensors hold great promise due to the fact that label-free detection schemes can be designed in an easy and low-cost manner. In this paper, for the first time in the literature, we aimed to compare the potential of label-free optical and... 

    Structural characterization of a rhamnolipid-type biosurfactant produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa MR01: Enhancement of di-rhamnolipid proportion using gamma irradiation

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 81, Issue 2 , 2010 , Pages 397-405 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Lotfabad, T. B ; Abassi, H ; Ahmadkhaniha, R ; Roostaazad, R ; Masoomi, F ; Zahiri, H. S ; Ahmadian, G ; Vali, H ; Noghabi, K. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    We previously reported that MR01, an indigenous strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, was able to produce a rhamnolipid-type biosurfactant. Here, we attempted to define the structural properties of this natural product. The analysis of the extracted biosurfactant by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) revealed the presence of two compounds corresponding to those of authentic mono- and di-rhamnolipid. The identity of two structurally distinguished rhamnolipids was confirmed by 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) of extracted biosurfactant revealed up to seventeen different rhamnolipid congeners. Further quantification showed... 

    Biosynthesis of copper oxide nanoparticles with potential biomedical applications

    , Article International Journal of Nanomedicine ; Volume 15 , 2020 , Pages 3983-3999 Rabiee, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Kiani, M ; Ghadiri, A. M ; Etessamifar, F ; Jaberizadeh, A. H ; Shakeri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dove Medical Press Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Introduction: In recent years, the use of cost-effective, multifunctional, environmentally friendly and simple prepared nanomaterials/nanoparticles have been emerged considerably. In this manner, different synthesizing methods were reported and optimized, but there is still lack of a comprehensive method with multifunctional properties. Materials and Methods: In this study, we aim to synthesis the copper oxide nanoparticles using Achillea millefolium leaf extracts for the first time. Catalytic activity was investigated by in situ azide alkyne cycloaddition click and also A3 coupling reaction, and optimized in terms of temperature, solvent, and time of the reaction. Furthermore, the...