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    Thin-layer drying characteristics and modeling of pistachio nuts

    , Article Journal of Food Engineering ; Volume 78, Issue 1 , 2007 , Pages 98-108 ; 02608774 (ISSN) Kashaninejad, M ; Mortazavi, A ; Safekordi, A ; Tabil, L. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Thin-layer drying characteristics of pistachio nuts were determined experimentally as a function of temperature, relative humidity and air velocity. Six mathematical models (Page model, modified Page model, exponential model, diffusion model, two term exponential model and Thompson model) for describing the thin-layer drying behavior of pistachio nuts were investigated. Tests were conducted using four air temperatures (25, 40, 55 and 70 °C), three air velocities (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 m/s) and two levels of relative humidity (5% and 20%) and three replications for each treatment. Out of the six models considered, Page model was found to be the most suitable for describing the drying behavior of... 

    Determination of a suitable thin layer drying curve model for saffron (Crocus sativus L) stigmas in an infrared dryer

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 18, Issue 6 , 2011 , Pages 1397-1401 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Akhondi, E ; Kazemi, A ; Maghsoodi, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    The drying of saffron stigma was investigated in a laboratory infrared dryer. The effect of temperature on the drying rate of samples at various temperatures (60,70...110 °C) was studied. The drying time decreased with an increase in drying air temperature. The constant-rate period is absent from the drying curve. The drying of saffron occurred in the falling rate period. Four, thin-layer drying models, namely, Lewis, Handerson and Pabis, Page, and Midilli and Kucuk, were fitted to drying data. The performance of these models was investigated by comparing the determination of coefficient ( R2) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) between the observed and predicted moisture ratios. Among these... 

    Investigation of humidity effect on the air refractive index using an optical fiber design

    , Article Journal of Applied Sciences ; Volume 11, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 3022-3027 ; 18125654 (ISSN) Mehrabani, A ; Golnabi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this study operation of an optical design based on the intensity modulation for the refractive index change has been described. The reported instrument measures the transmitted output power depending up on the medium refractive index in the light path of a fiber-to-fiber design. A liquid cell is located between the fibers in the light path and power variations for different cold and hot water levels in the cell are measured. By using a reference humidity meter the calibration curve representing the relative humidity (%RH) as a function of the transmitted output power is obtained. For the hot water with the final temperature of T = 32.7°C the output power range of 255.0 -313.OnW is... 

    Fabrication of gas ionization sensor using carbon nanotube arrays grown on porous silicon substrate

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, A: Physical ; Volume 162, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 24-28 ; 09244247 (ISSN) Nikfarjam, A ; Iraji Zad, A ; Razi, F ; Mortazavi, S. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    We fabricated gas sensors based on field ionization from multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) arrays grown on porous silicon templates. MWCNTs were grown through thermal chemical vapor deposition. We measured breakdown voltages, discharge and pre-discharge currents of the device for various gases in different concentrations. Our gas ionization sensors (GIS) presented good sensitivity, selectivity and short response time. The GISs based on porous substrates showed higher discharge current and good mechanical stability in comparison to those which were fabricated on polished silicon substrates. Additionally, we applied a high electric field to align CNTs. This increased the pre-breakdown... 

    Hydrogen sensing properties of multi-walled carbon nanotube films sputtered by Pd

    , Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 9 , 2010 , Pages 4445-4449 ; 03603199 (ISSN) Ghasempour, R ; Mortazavi, S. Z ; Iraji zad, A ; Rahimi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Multi-Walled Carbon nanotube (MWCNTs) films were obtained by Thermal Chemical Vapor Deposition method and coated by palladium sputtering process. Raman spectroscopy was used to study alteration in quality of the carbon nanotubes after the sputtering process. Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy showed that hydrogenation process can reduce the C{double bond, long}O to C-O and also produce O-H bond. Furthermore, the electrical resistance measurement for Pd/MWNTs films was performed in a chamber with 1% hydrogen gas in a constant dry air flow. Hydrogen sensing behavior of the films was investigated at 50 °C. Pd/MWCNTs films presented an irreversible gas response to hydrogen in the...