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    Investigation of EDC Turbulent Combustion Model for Flameless Combustion Regime in a Certain Combustion Chamber

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hadian, Amir Hossein (Author) ; Farshchi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Reducing carbon emissions emanated from combustion of fossil fuels is a challenging problem and consumes huge amount of money that is put into research every year. Nitrogen oxides are among the most important pollutants which have been at the center of attention of industries and international environment protection organizations, especially due to their increased production by commercial aircrafts at higher altitudes of the atmosphere. Flameless is a combustion regime that has been independently discovered by different research teams while working on reducing nitrogen oxides from burning fossil fuels in the early 1990s, and afterwards has been studied for its exclusive characteristics in... 

    Numerical Investigation of Turbulent Spray Combustion in Hot Diluted Co-Flow

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Karimi Motaalegh Mahalegi, Hamed (Author) ; Mardani, Amir (Supervisor)
    The Moderate or Intense Low-oxygen Dilution (MILD) combustion of liquid fuels has attracted attention to use its advantages in industrial burners and gas turbines applications. Here numerical investigation has been conducted on a research experimental MILD turbulent spray burner (Deft Spray in Hot Co-flow, DSHC). RANS approach has been adopted for modeling of the reactive turbulent flow field of continues phase with the Lagrangian approach for droplet modeling of pressure-swirl atomizer fuel spray. The EDC combustion model is used which has the ability to take into account the detailed chemical mechanisms. The accuracy of different turbulence and droplet injection sub-models are examined and... 

    Study on Optimization of the EDC Model for Highly Preheated and Diluted Condition

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazari, Aslan (Author) ; Mardani, Amir (Supervisor)
    Moderate and Intense Low-oxygen Dilution(MILD) is the new member of combustion field. Highly preheated reactants and lowering the oxygen level in MILD combustion has some promising advantages. In this study the MILD burner, Jet-in-Hot-Coflow(JHC), is taken as the main test case. In this Research, Eddy Dissipation Concept combustion model ,introduced by Magnussen et al,is investigated in detail and governing equations are re-extracted. EDC combsution model due to moderate compuational cost in comparison with other combustion model and well prediction ability has drawn attention. Simulations on the Jet-in-Hot-Coflow(JHC) has shown the promising performance of the EDC combustion model. It seems... 

    Three Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Slinger Combustor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Akhtar Danesh, Mohammad Ali (Author) ; Farshchi, Mohammad (Supervisor)
    Annular combustion chambers used in small turbine motors which incorporate centrifugal (rotary) injectors for injecting fuel, are known as Slinger combustion chambers. The Slinger injector works in such a way that fuel enters from an inner tube in motor shaft and exits with high pressure from the holes on the cylinder connected to the shaft. Because of the high centrifugal force, the fuel is sprayed with high quality after entering the combustion chamber. Type and angle of spray, fuel-air mixing type, combustion phenomena and flame stability makes this different than other annular combustion chambers. The process of combustion in the Slinger chamber of YJ402 motor is numerically simulated in...