Search for: electrical-conductivity
Total 208 records
Article Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 3985-3997 ; 19918178 (ISSN) ; Sharifian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study electrical conductivities of pure, distilled, municipal, industrial and river water liquids along with those of different electrolyte solutions are computed at room temperature (25 °C) and compared with the experimental results. For experiment, using a measuring module both R and C value of the water samples are measured by using two different cylindrical cells. The obtained RC product for the long and short cell probes are compared for different water samples. Obtained results give the relaxation time, which is the measure of the conduction relaxation and for a good conducting medium such a time is very short. The relaxation time for the salt solution is about 0.07044 ms...
The effect of nano-size additives on the electrical conductivity of matrix suspension and properties of self-flowing low-cement high alumina refractory castables, Article Ceramics International ; Volume 36, Issue 4 , 2010 , Pages 1411-1416 ; 02728842 (ISSN) ; Sagaeian, A ; Daghighi, A ; Nemati, Z. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Influence of two nano-size additives oSubject:A. Suspensions. Subject:C. Electrical conductivity. Subject:Castable. Subject:E. Refractories. Subject:Castables. Subject:Electrical conductivity. Subject:Electrical property. Subject:High alumina. Subject:matrix. Subject:Mechanical strength. Subject:Nano-size. Subject:Polycarboxylate ethers. Subject:Refractory castables. Subject:Working time. Subject:Alumina. Subject:Cement additives. Subject:Electric conductivity. Subject:Ethers. Subject:Suspensions (fluids) Subject:Refractory materials. n electrical properties of suspension matrix of self-flowing low-cement high alumina refractory castable is investigated. For this purpose, castament FS 10 and...
Article Journal of Materials Science ; Volume 56, Issue 27 , 2021 , Pages 15151-15161 ; 00222461 (ISSN) ; Kazemi Ranjbar, S ; Sharif University of Technology
The development of polymer-based composites with thermal transport capability has now become essential in response to the efficient thermal management required in electronic and energy conversion devices. In this work, a novel hybrid filler consisting of graphene nanoplatelet (GNP) and boron nitride microparticles (micro-BN) is used to improve the thermal conductivity of epoxy composite. The GNPs with an average lateral size of 8 µm and an average thickness of 5 nm are in the same volume range with the 1 µm size micro-BN particles. According to the results, the thermal conductivity of the composites changes abruptly with increasing micro-BN loading at fixed GNP loading, which is attributed...
Article Energy ; Volume 32, Issue 9 , 2007 , Pages 1603-1616 ; 03605442 (ISSN) ; Montazeri, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2007
The performance of an MHD generator utilizing plasma as working fluid has been assessed from the viewpoint of the second law of thermodynamics. The plasma flow in the generator linear duct has been solved by dividing the channel cross-section to an inviscid core region and the viscous boundary layers in the vicinity of the walls. The Hall effect has been taken into account and equilibrium ionization has been assumed. The dependence of the plasma properties such as Hall parameter, the coefficients of thermal and electrical conductivity, and viscosity on the plasma state has also been considered. Using the information obtained on the plasma behaviour in the generator, the entropy generation...
Enhancing seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity of polyaniline/carbon nanotube–coated thermoelectric fabric, Article Journal of Industrial Textiles ; 2021 ; 15280837 (ISSN) ; Ramazani Saadatabadi, A ; Pourjahanbakhsh, M ; Siadati, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
SAGE Publications Ltd 2021
In this work, flexible thermoelectric fabrics, polyester/yarn fabrics coated with polyaniline/carbon nanotube (PANI/CNT) nanocomposite, were fabricated by sequential processing: (I) polyaniline/carbon nanotube nanocomposites preparation by a one-step in-situ polymerization and (II) dip coating of a mixture solution of CNT-doped PANI on a polyester/yarn fabric. Nanocomposites were synthesized with various CNT content (0.5, 2.5, 5, and 10 wt%) and characterized using different methods. The Seebeck coefficient and electrical conductivity measurements were used to determine their thermoelectric properties. The results revealed significant improvement in both electrical conductivity and the...
Preparation of conductive polyaniline/graphene nanocomposites via in situ emulsion polymerization and product characterization, Article Synthetic Metals ; Vol. 196 , 2014 , pp. 199-205 ; Ramazani, S. A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Ghaderinezhad, F ; Sharif University of Technology
This work, which is a part of our ongoing studies on developing conductive scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering, reports synthesis of highly conductive binary-doped polyaniline nanoparticles and polyaniline/graphene nanocomposites. The samples were synthesized through chemical oxidation of aniline via in situ emulsion polymerization method in presence of hydrochloric acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate. Graphene nanosheets were also prepared via modified Hummer's method followed by chemical reduction using hydrazine monohydrate. Electrical conductivity measurements using a standard four-point probe technique with FTIR and UV-vis studies revealed that conductive binary-doped emeraldine salt...
Obtaining the effect of sewage network on groundwater quality using MT3DMS code: Case study on Bojnourd plain, Article Groundwater for Sustainable Development ; Volume 11 , October , 2020 ; Rahimi, H ; Kamaliardakani, M ; Salim, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B. V 2020
Groundwater contamination is a significant problem related strongly to both the protection of the environment and the need for water. In the present study, groundwater quality was investigated in the Bojnourd watershed. The Bojnourd watershed is located in the northeast of Iran, which covers 65.5 km2 of the North Khorasan province area. There are 11 extracting wells in the region. Annual water extraction from the alluvial aquifer in the area is used for agriculture, drinking, sanitary and industrial consumptions. In this research, groundwater quantity modeling, including calibration and verification by GMS software, had been performed. In the quality modeling stage, pollution contours for...
Article Physica Status Solidi C: Conferences ; Volume 1, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1887-1890 ; 16101634 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The magnetoresistance measurements of single phase polycrystalline Gd(Ba2-xPrx)Cu3O7+δ and Gd1-xPrx)Ba2Cu3O 7-δ samples have been compared and analyzed by the Ambegaokar and Halperin phase slip model. The derived power law dependences of pinning energy to applied magnetic field and temperature have been studied for different amounts of Pr doping. The power factors depend on the Pr doping. Moreover, in both systems, the magnetic field dependence of the pinning energy power factor increases for small amounts of Pr doping, while for larger amount of Pr doping, it decreases. The critical current power law dependence to magnetic field decreases with increasing Pr doping. Pr substitution at Ba or...
Article Physica Status Solidi C: Conferences ; Volume 1, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1851-1854 ; 16101634 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The normal state resistivity of single phase polycrystalline Gd(Ba 2-xPrx)Cu3O7+δ samples with 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.50 have been investigated. The two-dimensional variable range hopping is dominant in the normal state resistivity of the samples. The conduction shows that Pr-doping strongly localizes the carriers in normal state, and finally causes the suppression of superconductivity. Based on the resistivity measurements, the effect of Pr substitution in 123 structure of HTSC at Gd or Ba site is to increase the pseudogap temperature Ts, although, Pr at Ba site has a stronger effect on the suppression of T s and superconductivity. Pr-doping not only reduces the carrier density and induces pseudogap,...
Article Physica Status Solidi C: Conferences ; Volume 1, Issue 7 , 2004 , Pages 1875-1878 ; 16101634 (ISSN) ; Khosroabadi, H ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
We have studied the electrical and magnetic properties of single phase polycrystalline Gd(Ba2-x Lax)Cu3O 7+δ and Gd(Ba2-xNdx)Cu3O 7+δ (0≤ x ≤ 0.5) samples. The samples were prepared by the standard solid-state reaction technique. The electrical measurements show the decrease of Tc and increase of ΔTc with the increase of Nd and La-doping. The magnetoresistance of samples has been studied within the thermally activated flux creep (TAFC) model. The pinning energy decreases with the increase of magnetic field and doping for both systems in a similar way. The decrease of pinning energy with applied magnetic field can be scaled with two power law relations for the magnetic field: smaller and...
Article European Physical Journal B ; Volume 33, Issue 4 , 2003 , Pages 381-390 ; 14346028 (ISSN) ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The normal state resistivity of single phase polycrystalline Gd(Ba 2-x Pr x )Cu3O7+δ samples with 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.50 have been investigated. There is a distinct metal-insulator transition at xMITc = 0.2 and a superconductor-insulator transition at xSITc = 0.35 with the increase of x. The two-dimensional variable range hopping is dominant in the normal state resistivity of the samples. The localization length, hopping range, and hopping energy of carriers show that Pr doping strongly localizes the carriers in normal state, and finally causes the suppression of superconductivity. © EDP Sciences, Società Italiana di Fisica, Springer-Verlag 2003
Microstructural modelling of electrical conductivity and mechanical properties of sintered ferrous materials, Article Powder Metallurgy, London ; Volume 43, Issue 3 , 2000 , Pages 219-227 ; 00325899 (ISSN) ; Danninger, H ; Weiss, B ; Sharif University of Technology
Inst of Materials 2000
The role of microstructure on mechanical properties of sintered ferrous materials was studied using a method based on electrical conductivity measurement. The method was accompanied by quantitative fractography to evaluate the dewaxing and sintering process in iron compacts. The effects of manufacturing parameters, such as compacting pressure in the range of 150-800 MPa, sintering temperature from 400 to 1300 °C, sintering time up to 8 h, and lubrication mode were investigated. Several mathematical models were checked to obtain the best one for prediction of electrical conductivity changes as a function of manufacturing parameters. The mechanical properties of the sintered compacts were also...
Article Powder Metallurgy, London ; Volume 43, Issue 3 , 2000 , Pages 209-218 ; 00325899 (ISSN) ; Danninger, H ; Sharif University of Technology
Inst of Materials 2000
The viability of electrical conductivity as a tool for describing the microstructure of sintered iron compacts was investigated, the sintering temperature being varied from dewaxing to high temperature sintering. The relationships between formation of sintered contacts, presence of lubricants, and mechanical properties were evaluated through determination of conductivity and effective load bearing cross-section Ac. The latter parameter was measured via quantitative fractography of specimens impact fractured at 77 K. The role of porosity and sintering temperature on grain growth in iron was also evaluated using quantitative metallography. It was found that the conductivity of pressed compacts...
Increasing the antioxidant activity of green tea polyphenols in the presence of iron for the reduction of graphene oxide, Article Carbon ; Volume 50, Issue 8 , 2012 , Pages 3015-3025 ; 00086223 (ISSN) ; Kalaee, M ; Alavi, Z. S ; Ghiasi, S. M. A ; Esfandiar, A ; Sharif University of Technology
An easy method for green and low-temperature (40 °C) reduction of graphene oxide (GO) by increasing the antioxidant activity of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) in the presence of iron was developed. The reduction level (obtained by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) and electrical conductivity (obtained by current-voltage measurement) of the GO sheets reduced by GTPs in the presence of iron were comparable to those of hydrazine-reduced GO and much better than those of the GO reduced by only GTPs (in the absence of iron) at reduction temperatures of 40-80 °C. Raman spectroscopy indicated that application of GTPs in the presence of iron, in contrast to hydrazine, resulted in better recovering of...
Article Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation ; Volume 44, Issue 10 , 2011 , Pages 2175-2184 ; 02632241 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
The resistance and capacitance values of the water samples are measured by using two different cell probes (length 10 cm and 5 cm) and a measuring module. Measured conductivities for the different water samples are compared where the lowest conductivity is obtained for the distilled water (3.28 μS/cm) and the highest value is for the boiled water 325.91 μS/cm. Using the measured series resistance values, and by knowing the frequency (1 kHz), the imaginary part of permittivity value is also determined. The imaginary part of the permittivity for the distilled water with the long cell probe is about 0.524 × 10 -7 F/m (for the short probe is 0.523 × 10-7 F/m) while for the boiled water sample is...
Bacteriorhodopsin as a superior substitute for hydrazine in chemical reduction of single-layer graphene oxide sheets, Article Carbon ; Volume 81, Issue 1 , 2015 , Pages 158-166 ; 00086223 (ISSN) ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
Bacteriorhodopsin (bR) molecules were utilized as light-driven proton pumps for green as well as effective reduction of single-layer graphene oxide (GO) sheets. The bR molecules and graphene sheets were separated from each other in an aqueous environment by using a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane filter, in order to prevent their direct interactions (including attachment of the bR molecules onto the GO). Although reduction of GO using hydrazine or bR showed similar deoxygenation levels (based on X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy), the former resulted in formation of CAN bonds which can substantially decrease the electrical conductivity of the reduced sheets. The electrical characteristics of...
Design, fabrication, and characterization of novel porous conductive scaffolds for nerve tissue engineering, Article International Journal of Polymeric Materials and Polymeric Biomaterials ; Volume 64, Issue 18 , 2015 , Pages 969-977 ; 00914037 (ISSN) ; Ahmad Ramazani, S. A ; Mashayekhan, S ; Farani, M. R ; Ghaderinezhad, F ; Dabaghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Taylor and Francis Inc 2015
Highly conductive polypyrrole/graphene (PYG) nanocomposite was synthesized with chemical oxidation process via emulsion polymerization and used for the preparation of novel porous conductive gelatin/chitosan-based scaffolds. The effect of PYG loading on various properties of scaffolds was investigated. The obtained results indicated that by introducing PYG into the polymeric matrix, the porosity and swelling capacity decreased while electrical conductivity and Young's modulus demonstrated increasing trend. The in vitro biodegradation test revealed that pure gelatin/chitosan matrix lost 80% of its weight after six weeks in the presence of lysozyme whilst the biodegradation rate was...
Investigation of conductivity effects on capacitance measurements of water liquids using a cylindrical capacitive sensor, Article Journal of Applied Sciences ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2010 , Pages 261-268 ; 18125654 (ISSN) ; Golnabi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study by using a Cylindrical Capacitive Sensor (CCS), the Electrical Conductivity (EC), effects on the capacitance measurements of the water liquids was investigated. Theoretical values of the capacitance measurements of water liquids with the cylindrical length in the range 0.5-5 cm are calculated. Our obtained results indicate that measured capacitance value by CCS depends on the liquid capacitance and reactance capacitance. Liquid capacitance value of the distilled water for permittivity of 80 is about 33.5 pF and reactance capacitance value is about 0.290 μF, when the cylindrical length value is about 1.6 cm. The reactance capacitance for the mineral, tap and dilute salt water...
Thermal conductivity, viscosity, and electrical conductivity of iron oxide with a cloud fractal structure, Article Heat and Mass Transfer/Waerme- und Stoffuebertragung ; Volume 53, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1343-1354 ; 09477411 (ISSN) ; Pahlavanzadeh, H ; Kheradmand, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2017
In the present study, nanoscale iron oxide was synthesized using a hydrothermal method; XRD analysis revealed that all the produced crystals are iron oxide. FESEM microscopic imaging showed that particles are on the scale of nano and their morphology is cloud fractal. To study the laboratory properties of thermal conductivity, viscosity, and electrical conductivity of the nanoparticles, they were dispersed in ethylene glycol-based fluid and the nanofluid was in a two-step synthesis during this process. The experiments were carried out with a weight fraction between 0 and 2 % at temperatures between 25 and 45 °C. According to the results of the experiments, increasing the density of...
Electrical conductivity of methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ionic liquid in the presence of colloidal silver nano particles with different sizes and temperatures, Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 121, Issue 39 , 2017 ; 19327447 (ISSN) ; Kiani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2017
Colloidal nanoparticle could be used for recognition location of tumors and cancer tissue. A simulation of molecular dynamic for colloidal silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) based on density functional theory (DFT) potential parametrization with different sizes in 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate [EMim][PF6] ionic liquid was performed. Then, using Green Kubo formalism, diffusion coefficient for Ag NPs in IL and in the gas phase was calculated. We also calculated diffusion coefficients of anions and cations for pure IL and IL in the presence of different sizes of Ag NPs at different temperatures. The findings showed that the diffusion coefficient of anions and cations increases in...