Search for: electrical-efficiency
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Hakkaki-Fard, Ali
Nowadays by fast growing the population and development of countries, the demand of energy is increasing rapidly. Solar energy is one of the most reliable and environment friendly source of energy. Photovoltaic modules (PV) are such a solar systems that is able to convert solar energy into electrical energy. However, some parameters such as increasing cell temperature and dust accumulation can reduce the PV modules efficiency. Increasing the cell temperature reduce the capability of electrical production of cells and dust accumulation is an obstacle for solar radiation absorption. As a result, in this research tempt to solve these problems by building a new device for PV modules. In this...
Multi objective optimization of solid oxide fuel cell stacks considering parameter effects: Fuel utilization and hydrogen cost, Article Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy ; Volume 5, Issue 5 , 2013 ; 19417012 (ISSN) ; Roshandel, R ; Sharif University of Technology
In the context of stationary power generation, fuel cell based systems are being predicted as a valuable option to tabernacle the thermodynamic cycle based power plants. In this paper, multi objective optimization approach is used to optimize the planer solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) stacks performance using genetic algorithm technique. Multi objective optimization generates the most attractive operating conditions of a SOFC system. This allows performing the optimization of the system regarding to two different objectives. Two pairs of different objectives are considered in this paper as distinguished strategies. In the first strategy, minimization of the breakeven per-unit energy cost...
Article International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 65 , 2015 , Pages 22-30 ; 07351933 (ISSN) ; Rahimi, M ; Rahimi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2015
This study attempts to investigate a new way for cooling PV cell using natural vapor as coolant. The performance of solar cell was examined on simulated sunlight. The natural vapor encountered backside of PV cell vertically in various distribution and different mass flow rates. Also, the effect of natural vapor temperature in cooling performance was analyzed. Results indicated that the temperature of PV cell drops significantly with increasing natural vapor mass flow rate. In detail, the PV cell temperature decreased about 7 to 16°C when flow rate reaches 1.6 to 5grmin-1. It causes increasing electrical efficiency about 12.12% to 22.9%. The best performance of PV cell can be achieved at high...
Article International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer ; Volume 127 , 2018 , Pages 203-208 ; 00179310 (ISSN) ; Ghasempour, R ; Shafii, M. B ; Ahmadi, M. H ; Yan, W. M ; Nazari, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
Electrical efficiency of photovoltaic (PV) modules depends on their working temperature. Effective cooling is required in order to achieve higher performance. Pulsating heat pipes (PHPs) are compact heat transfer devices with high effective thermal performance due to the two-phase heat transfer mechanism. Since the lower temperature of PV modules leads to higher electricity generation and better efficiency, PHPs can be applied for PV cooling. In this work, the PV cooling by applying a single turn PHP is numerically investigated. In addition, a copper fin with the same dimensions as the PHP for cooling the PV panel is simulated to compare the performance of the PHP with a solid metal like...
Article American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Power Division (Publication) POWER, 13 July 2010 through 15 July 2010, Chicago, IL ; 2010 , Pages 599-605 ; 9780791849354 (ISBN) ; Shafii, M. B ; Saidi, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
In modeling and designing micro combined heat and power cycle most important point is recognition of how the cycle operates based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics simultaneously. Analyzing data obtained from thermodynamic analysis employed to optimize MCHP cycle. The data obtained from prime mover optimization has been used for basic stimulus cycle. Assumptions considered for prime mover optimization has been improved, for example in making optimum operation condition by using genetic algorithms constant pressure combustion chamber was considered. The exact value of downstream and upstream pressure changes in the combustion chamber reaction has been obtained. After extraction...
Design and operation optimization of an internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell integrated system based on multi objective approach, Article Applied Thermal Engineering ; Volume 114 , 2017 , Pages 561-572 ; 13594311 (ISSN) ; Roshandel, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2017
The interaction between design parameters and operation variables is a complex problem that affects system techno-economic performance. The aim of this paper is to optimize the design and operation of an SOFC/MGT integrated system. The problem consists of design and operation optimization of an integrated SOFC/MGT system. Decision variables including design parameters (number of SOFC cells) as well as the operation parameters (air pressure ratio, methane and air flow rates). The multi objective approach using genetic algorithm is applied considering two pairs of proposed objectives: (1) maximization of output power and minimization of the electricity cost and (2) maximization of system...
A numerical study on a photovoltaic thermal system integrated with a thermoelectric generator module, Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 153 , 2020 , Pages 1261-1271 ; Parcheforosh, A ; Hakkaki Fard, A ; Amadeh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2020
In this work, a three-dimensional numerical model is developed to investigate the performance of a photovoltaic thermal system integrated with a thermoelectric generator module (PVT/TE). Furthermore, the effects of various operating parameters such as solar radiation, coolant mass flow rate, and inlet and ambient temperatures on the performance of both the PVT and PVT/TE systems are investigated and compared. Based on the obtained results, the electrical efficiency of the PVT/TE system, when exposed to solar radiation of 600 and 1000 W/m2, is 6.23% and 10.41% higher than that of the PVT system, respectively. Besides, the electrical efficiency of the PVT and PVT/TE by increasing the inlet...