Search for: electricity
Total 3154 records
Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 30, Issue 2 , 2006 , Pages 259-276 ; 03601307 (ISSN) ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Amraee, T ; Shirani, A. R ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper first proposes a competitive market structure for reactive power procurement and then develops a methodology for incorporating voltage stability problems into the model. The owners of electric transactions should participate in this competitive framework and submit their own firmness bids in ($/MW) to the Independent/System/Market Operator (ISOIMO). ISO clears the market for reactive energy regarding the value of each transaction and utilization cost of reactive power on one hand, and the impact of transaction amount on the voltage security of the power system on the other hand. Here, the voltage stability margin is incorporated into the power flow equations so that the security...
Article IEE Proceedings: Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation ; Volume 151, Issue 2 , 2004 , Pages 167-172 ; 13502417 (ISSN) ; Atarodi, S. M ; Sharif University of Technology
An analytic method to predict the oscillation amplitude and supply current values of a differential CMOS oscillator is presented. A simplified model to predict the phase noise performance for this type of oscillator is developed. Using this method, it becomes possible to design an optimised oscillator in terms of a minimum phase noise and low power consumption. The validity of the method has been verified by designing a LC CMOS oscillator using 0.25 μm CMOS technology. The predictions are in good agreement with simulation results over a wide range of the supply voltage
Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 10, Issue 4 , 2003 , Pages 410-418 ; 10263098 (ISSN) ; Vakilian, M ; Salay Naderi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Sharif University of Technology 2003
Knowledge of potential and field distribution in the insulation system of a transformer during transient excitation is vital to its construction . This paper deals with insulation design improvements of power transformers using electric field analysis. The calculation methods for electric field analysis, inside a power transformer impressed with impulse and power frequency voltages, are presented. Initially, a lumped parameter equivalent model is constructed by dividing transformer windings into several blocks and computing the electric circuit parameters of this model. Next, the electric field is determined by employing the results of the transformer transient model circuit analysis as...
Investigation of partial discharge propagation and location in multiple-α and single- α transformer windings using optimized wavelet analysis, Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 30, Issue 6 , 2006 , Pages 655-666 ; 03601307 (ISSN) ; Vakilian, M ; Blackburn, T. R ; Phung, T. B ; Salay Naderi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Partial discharges (PD) are recognized as the main cause of the inner insulation deterioration process in power transformers. Therefore, the optimum inner insulation design is one of the challenges a transformer designer is faced with. Transformer strength, especially during transient conditions, is a criterion for transformer insulation designers. This challenge has made designers initiate and employ other types of winding, for example, rather than ordinary layer and disc windings employ the multiple-α windings. Multiple-α windings have a more complicated structure and are comprised of various parts with different physical structures and electrical characteristics. Typical partial discharge...
Article Sustainable Energy, Grids and Networks ; Volume 27 , 2021 ; 23524677 (ISSN) ; Rajabi Ghahnavieh, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2021
The concept of energy hub has been used recently to study multi-carrier energy systems. A model has been proposed in this paper for planning multi-hub energy system considering the competition between the hubs. The energy hubs are interconnected by a power grid. Hubs supply the demands for heat and electricity using various technologies and access to several energy carriers. To this aim, load zones were used to incorporate demand profiles for both heat and electricity in the different seasons of the year. Supplying the demand most cost-effectively is the objective function of each hub. These hubs select the optimum strategy separately in a competitive space. The power grid is owned by...
Article Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences ; Volume 4, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 3985-3997 ; 19918178 (ISSN) ; Sharifian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this study electrical conductivities of pure, distilled, municipal, industrial and river water liquids along with those of different electrolyte solutions are computed at room temperature (25 °C) and compared with the experimental results. For experiment, using a measuring module both R and C value of the water samples are measured by using two different cylindrical cells. The obtained RC product for the long and short cell probes are compared for different water samples. Obtained results give the relaxation time, which is the measure of the conduction relaxation and for a good conducting medium such a time is very short. The relaxation time for the salt solution is about 0.07044 ms...
Article 5th IASTED International Conference on Power and Energy Systems, EuroPES 2005, Benalmadena, 15 June 2005 through 17 June 2005 ; 2005 , Pages 380-383 ; 14827891 (ISSN) ; Mokhtari, H ; Hamza M. H ; IASTED ; Sharif University of Technology
Increase in the number of non-linear loads has increased harmonic pollution in industries, resulting in lower power factor and more losses. Harmonics may also lead to adverse conditions in cases they match a resonance frequency existing in the system. To alleviate the problems of harmonics, tuned harmonic filters are used. However, design and installation of passive elements in power systems or industries requires special attentions due to the possible resonances that may occur. In this paper, a Tire-Rubber company is analyzed for a filter installation. Harmonic analysis is performed, and site measurements are examined. Cautions to be taken for design consideration are then discussed
Power transformers internal insulation design improvements using electric field analysis through finite-element methods, Article IEEE Transactions on Magnetics ; Volume 44, Issue 2 , 2008 , Pages 273-278 ; 00189464 (ISSN) ; Vakilian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Understanding the potential and electric field distribution in the insulation system of a transformer during transients is vital to its construction. Therefore, we have developed a method for electric field analysis inside a power transformer. The method consists of the following steps. 1) A lumped parameter equivalent model is constructed by dividing transformer windings into several blocks. 2) The electric circuit parameters of this model are calculated. 3) Employing the results of the transformer transient model analysis as boundary conditions, a 2-D asymmetrical electric field finite-element analysis is performed to determine electric fields through the windings. The method has been...
Article 2005 International Conference on Future Power Systems, Amsterdam, 16 November 2005 through 18 November 2005 ; Volume 2005 , 2005 ; 9078205024 (ISBN); 9789078205029 (ISBN) ; Aghatehrani, R ; Sharif University of Technology
IEEE Computer Society 2005
Detecting high impedance faults is one of the challenging issues for electrical engineers. Over-current relays can only detect some of the high impedance faults. Distance relays are unable to detect faults with impedance over 100Ω. In this paper, by using an accurate model for high impedance faults, a new wavelet-based method is presented. The proposed method, which employs a 3 level neural network system, can successfully differentiate high impedance faults from other transients. The paper also thoroughly analyzes the effect of choice of mother wavelet on the detection performance. Simulation results which are carried out using PSCAD/EMTDC software are summarized
Liquid soap film generates electricity: a suspended liquid film rotating in an external electric field as an electric generator, Article Microfluidics and Nanofluidics ; Vol. 18, issue. 1 , Apr , 2014 , pp. 141-147 ; ISSN:16134982 ; Feiz, M. S ; Namin, R. M ; Sharif University of Technology
We have observed that a rotating liquid soap film generates electricity when placed between two non-contact electrodes with a sufficiently large potential difference. In our experiments, suspended liquid film (water + soap film) is formed on the surface of a circular frame, which is forced to rotate in the x−y horizontal plane by a motor. This system is located at the center of two capacitor-like vertical plates to apply an external electric voltage difference in the x-direction. The produced electric current is collected from the liquid film using two conducting electrodes that are separated in the y-direction. We previously reported that a liquid film in an external electric field rotates...
An inverse solution for 2D electrical impedance tomography based on electrical properties of material blocks, Article Journal of Applied Sciences ; Volume 9, Issue 10 , 2009 , Pages 1962-1967 ; 18125654 (ISSN) ; Vosoughi Vahdat, B ; Ebrahimi Fakhim, G ; Sharif University of Technology
The present study provides an inverse solution and analysis on a new approach for Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) process as block method in EIT. In this method, it is assumed that all of the panicles of each block have the same electrical properties (electrical conductivities). This technique is used to enhance image resolution and also to improve reconstruction algorithm. Although this method has been developed for 3D objects, in this study it is assumed that the subject has a (two-dimensional) rectangular shape and is made of fixed size blocks. By considering the previous conditions and computing relationship among currents, voltages and electrical impedances of blocks, the required...
Study on different dimensions of C-type corona rings in 400 kV insulator strings based on fem analysis of electric field distribution, Article 27th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, ICEE 2019, 30 April 2019 through 2 May 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 673-678 ; 9781728115085 (ISBN) ; Faghihi, F ; Vakilian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc 2019
This paper presents analysis of electric field distribution and optimization of C-type corona rings for 400 kV V-insulator strings composed of ceramic insulator units which are the most common configuration of overhead transmission lines. These strings are equipped with corona rings to enhance the insulation performance regarding to the effect of these rings on the insulation function and potential and electric field distribution. 3D field simulations are performed for the C-type of corona rings with different dimensions by software based on FEM analysis
Article Microsystem Technologies ; Volume 25, Issue 7 , 2019 , Pages 2699-2711 ; 09467076 (ISSN) ; Moghimi Zand, M ; Dastani, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2019
The local electric field distorsion induced by a dielectric particle leads to particle–particle interactions and assembly which is very interesting for their useful applications on microfluidic devices. Particles behavior becomes more complicated if several particles interact at the same time. This paper presents a comprehensive numerical analysis of the assembly and particle–particle interactions for two similar and dissimilar dielectric particles immersed in a dielectric fluid using the immersed interface method based on two-dimensional direct-current dielectrophoresis. The immersed interface method is a finite-difference (or finite element) based numerical method which its key advantage...
Article Reliability Engineering and System Safety ; Volume 93, Issue 10 , 2008 , Pages 1473-1484 ; 09518320 (ISSN) ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Jafari, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In a deregulated electric power utility industry in which a competitive electricity market can influence system reliability, market risks cannot be ignored. This paper (1) proposes an analytical probabilistic model for reliability evaluation of competitive electricity markets and (2) develops a methodology for incorporating the market reliability problem into HLII reliability studies. A Markov state space diagram is employed to evaluate the market reliability. Since the market is a continuously operated system, the concept of absorbing states is applied to it in order to evaluate the reliability. The market states are identified by using market performance indices and the transition rates...
Article Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transaction B: Engineering ; Volume 31, Issue 6 , December , 2007 , Pages 603-616 ; 10286284 (ISSN) ; Ranjbar, A. M ; Jafari, A ; Fotuhi Firuzabad, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In a deregulated electric power system in which a competitive electricity market can influence system reliability, system analysts are rapidly recognizing that they cannot ignore market risks. This paper first proposes an analytical probabilistic model for the reliable evaluation of competitive electricity markets and then develops a methodology for incorporating the market reliability problem into composite power system reliability studies. The market reliability is evaluated using the Markov state space diagram. Since the market is a continuously operated system, the concept of absorbing states is applied to it in order to evaluate reliability. The market states are identified using market...
Article 2005 European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design, Cork, 28 August 2005 through 2 September 2005 ; Volume 2 , 2005 , Pages 95-98 ; 0780390660 (ISBN); 9780780390669 (ISBN) ; Bakhtiar, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
A new family of sampled-data filters in which accuracy is a function of the ratio of the resistors is introduced. It is shown that this structure is suitable for low-voltage high-speed applications. A biquad filter with a quality factor of 10 and a clock frequency of 60MHz consuming only 2mW power is also presented
Article IET Conference Publications ; Vol. 2013, issue. 615 CP , 2013 ; ISBN: 9781850000000 ; Fotuhi-Firuzabad, M ; Rastegar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Smart grids are envisioned to support large penetrations of electrical vehicles driven by economical and environmental signals. Nevertheless, distribution system operators are becoming concerned about distribution congestion that may occur in the network with multiple domestic plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) charging. Therefore, investigating the impacts of high PHEV penetration levels on the performance of distribution networks seems to be essential for system operators and planners. Doing so, in this paper, PHEV characteristics are precisely extracted from valid published reports and surveys. Accordingly, a comprehensive model for investigating the impacts of different PHEV...
Article International Journal of Modern Physics C ; Volume 25, Issue 12 , 2014 ; ISSN: 17936586 ; Ejtehadi, M. R ; Varnik, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Stretching dynamics of polymers in microfluidics is of particular interest for polymer scientists. As a charged polymer, a polyelectrolyte (PE) can be deformed from its coiled equilibrium configuration to an extended chain by applying uniform or nonuniform electric fields. By means of hybrid lattice Boltzmann (LB)-molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we investigate how the condensed counterions (CIs) around the PE contribute to the polymer stretching in inhomogeneous fields. As an application, we discuss the translocation phenomena and entropic traps, when the driving force is an applied external electric field
Article Physical Review E ; Volume 97, Issue 4 , 2018 ; 24700045 (ISSN) ; Nasiri, M ; Soltanmohammadi, N ; Shirsavar, R ; Ramos, A ; Amjadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
American Physical Society 2018
Net fluid flow of soap films induced by (ac or dc) electric fields in asymmetric frames is presented. Previous experiments of controllable soap film flow required the simultaneous use of an electrical current passing through the film and an external electric field or the use of nonuniform ac electric fields. Here a single voltage difference generates both the electrical current going through the film and the electric field that actuates on the charge induced on the film. The film is set into global motion due to the broken symmetry that appears by the use of asymmetric frames. If symmetric frames are used, the film flow is not steady but time dependent and irregular. Finally, we study...
Article Engineering Solid Mechanics ; Volume 6, Issue 4 , 2018 , Pages 299-306 ; 22918744 (ISSN) ; Darvish Gohari, H ; Mohammadi Dehabadi, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Growing Science 2018
Proper functioning of electrical connectors used in high oscillation is of great importance. Vibrations in connector pins cause stress and electrical resistance variations in the contact surface. In the present paper, the impacts of vibrational loads on electrical connectors is being modeled using the finite element method, and the electrical resistance oscillations of the connectors will be examined. Ultimately, the parameters affecting the electrical resistance oscillations of contacts will be determined and their relations with oscillations in electrical resistance are specified as well. © 2018 by the authors; licensee Growing Science, Canada, 2018 Growing Science Ltd. All rights reserved...