Search for: electrochemical-detection
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    Novel pillar[5]arenes show high cross-sensitivity in pvc-plasticized membrane potentiometric sensors

    , Article Chemosensors ; Volume 10, Issue 10 , 2022 ; 22279040 (ISSN) Dehabadi, M ; Yemisci, E ; Kursunlu, A. N ; Kirsanov, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    MDPI  2022
    In this study a variety of novel symmetrically and asymmetrically functionalized pillar[5]arenes were synthesized, structurally characterized and applied as ionophores in PVC-plasticized membrane potentiometric sensors. During the sensitivity studies it was found that these novel sensors demonstrate pronounced cationic response towards different metal ions in aqueous solutions. A selectivity evaluation revealed that the developed sensors do not possess sharp preferences to particular ions, but offer a broad cross-sensitivity and can be employed in potentiometric multisensor systems. © 2022 by the authors  

    Sensitive Detection and Quantification of Nitrite Ions by Metal-organic Frameworks/Gold Nanocomposites

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mahdavi, Hossein (Author) ; Simchi, Abdoolreza (Supervisor) ; Tamjid Shabestari, Elnaz (Supervisor)
    Nitrite (〖NO〗_2^-) anions are ubiquitous within the physiological, industrial, environmental, and food industries. The potential toxicity risk of these inorganic compounds has well been recognized; thus, the precise detection of these ions by developing reliable and high-throughput analytical methods is crucial for health and environment security. In this study, we present a reagentless electrochemical biosensor using cobalt-based metal-organic frameworks (ZIF-67) and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) for determination of nitrite ions. The developed biosensor provides the advantages of MOF properties including high surface area, hierarchical porosity, and tunable functionalities along with high... 

    Ultra-sensitive detection of leukemia by graphene

    , Article Nanoscale ; Vol. 6, issue. 24 , Dec , 2014 , p. 14810-14819 Akhavan, O ; Ghaderi, E ; Hashemi, E ; Rahighi, R ; Sharif Universit of Technology
    Graphene oxide nanoplatelets (GONPs) with extremely sharp edges (lateral dimensions ∼20-200 nm and thicknesses <2 nm) were applied in extraction of the overexpressed guanine synthesized in the cytoplasm of leukemia cells. The blood serums containing the extracted guanine were used in differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) with reduced graphene oxide nanowall (rGONW) electrodes to develop fast and ultra-sensitive electrochemical detection of leukemia cells at leukemia fractions (LFs) of ∼10-11 (as the lower detection limit). The stability of the DPV signals obtained by oxidation of the extracted guanine on the rGONWs was studied after 20 cycles. Without the guanine extraction, the DPV peaks... 

    Impact of chromium doping on physical, optical, electronic and photovoltaic properties of nanoparticle TiO2 photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article New Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 41, Issue 23 , 2017 , Pages 14516-14527 ; 11440546 (ISSN) Vafaei, M ; Mohammadi, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2017
    Herein, we report the impact of chromium doping on the physical properties, electronic band structure and photovoltaic characteristics of their corresponding devices based on dye-sensitized solar cells (DSCs). Different DSCs with various compositions of the photoanode electrodes are fabricated to study their optical, structural, conduction band edge, donor density, depth of trap states and photoelectrochemical properties using X-ray diffraction (XRD), diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Mott-Schottky capacitance analysis, chemical capacitance and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements. For such studies, the Cr-doped... 

    Nanoporous gold as a suitable substrate for preparation of a new sensitive electrochemical aptasensor for detection of salmonella typhimurium

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 255 , 2018 , Pages 1536-1544 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Nurmohammadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Nowadays, achievement to easy, fast, reliable and cost-effective techniques and tools is one of the most important challenges in detection of microorganisms. Salmonella typhimurium is one of the most important pathogenic bacteria that affect the human health and environmental infections. In this work we report a new, stable, biocompatible and cost-effective platform for construction of an aptasensor based on nanoporous gold (NPG) for detection of S. typhimurium. Nanoporous gold is electrochemically synthesized using Au-Cu alloy at the surface of Au/GCE. Thiol functionalized aptamer is used for effective linking to the surface of NPG/Au/GCE via self-assemble monolayers (SAMs) formation.... 

    Label-free electrochemical microfluidic biosensors: futuristic point-of-care analytical devices for monitoring diseases

    , Article Microchimica Acta ; Volume 189, Issue 7 , 2022 ; 00263672 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, G ; Samadi Pakchin, P ; Shamloo, A ; Mota, A ; de la Guardia, M ; Omidian, H ; Omidi, Y ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2022
    The integration of microfluidics with electrochemical analysis has resulted in the development of single miniaturized detection systems, which allows the precise control of sample volume with multianalyte detection capability in a cost- and time-effective manner. Microfluidic electrochemical sensing devices (MESDs) can potentially serve as precise sensing and monitoring systems for the detection of molecular markers in various detrimental diseases. MESDs offer several advantages, including (i) automated sample preparation and detection, (ii) low sample and reagent requirement, (iii) detection of multianalyte in a single run, (iv) multiplex analysis in a single integrated device, and (v)... 

    In-situ electro-polymerization of graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline composite film: Application to sensitive electrochemical detection of dobutamine

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Vol. 196 , June , 2014 , pp. 582-588 ; ISSN: 09254005 Asadian, E ; Shahrokhian, S ; Zad, A. I ; Jokar, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The present paper demonstrates the capability of narrow graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) in constructing new sensing platforms. Graphene nanoribbons have been synthesized via a simple solvothermal route through unzipping of carbon nanotubes, which was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman spectroscopy analysis. These narrow carbon sheets were used to form a composite film by in-situ electro-polymerization with aniline. The produced graphene nanoribbon/polyaniline (GNR/PANI) composite film showed impressive performance in electrochemical determination of dobutamine (DBT). Under optimal conditions, in comparison to... 

    Facile electrochemical detection of morpholine in boiler water with carbon nanostructures: a comparative study of graphene and carbon nanotubes

    , Article Bulletin of Materials Science ; Volume 45, Issue 2 , 2022 ; 02504707 (ISSN) de Oliveira, S. M ; dos Santos Castro Assis, K. L ; Paiva, V. M ; Hashempour, M ; Bestetti, M ; de Araújo, J. R ; D’Elia, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2022
    Two electrochemical sensors based on modified glassy carbon electrodes with carbon nanostructures as graphene (GCE–EG) and carbon nanotubes (GCE–CNT) were evaluated for morpholine analysis. The carbon nanostructures were obtained and characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and cyclic voltammetry. All spectroscopic and microscopic techniques confirmed the procurement of graphene and CNT. The electrochemical studies proved the efficient behaviour of both electrodes GCE–EG and GCE–CNT in sensing and detection of morpholine via differential pulse voltammetry.... 

    Electrochemical determinations of 6-mercaptopurine on the surface of a carbon nanotube-paste electrode modified with a cobalt salophen complex

    , Article Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry ; Volume 16, Issue 4 , April , 2012 , Pages 1643-1650 ; 14328488 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghorbani Bidkorbeh, F ; Mohammadi, A ; Dinarvand, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    A mixture of multi-walled carbon nanotube/graphite paste electrode modified with a salophen complex of cobalt was prepared and was applied for the study of the electrochemical behavior of 6-mercaptopurine (MP) using cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV). An excellent electrocatalytic activity toward the oxidation of MP was achieved, which led to a considerable lowering in the anodic overpotential and remarkable increase in the response sensitivity in comparison with unmodified electrode. Utilizing DPV method, a linear dynamic range of 1-100 μM with detection limit of 0.1 μM was obtained in phosphate buffer of pH 3.0. The electrochemical detection system was very stable, and the... 

    High-performance enzyme-free glucose sensor with Co-Cu nanorod arrays on Si substrates

    , Article Recent Patents on Biotechnology ; Volume 12, Issue 2 , 2018 , Pages 126-133 ; 18722083 (ISSN) Shirinzadeh, H ; Yazdanpanah, A ; Karponis, D ; Aghabarari, B ; Tahmasbi, M ; Seifalian, A ; Mozafari, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Bentham Science Publishers B.V  2018
    Background: Glucose sensors have been extensively researched in patent studies and manufactured a tool for clinical diabetes diagnosis. Although some kinds of electrochemical enzymatic glucose sensors have been commercially successful, there is still room for improvement, in selectivity and reliability of these sensors. Because of the intrinsic disadvantages of enzymes, such as high fabrication cost and poor stability, non-enzymatic glucose sensors have recently been promoted as next generation diagnostic tool due to their relatively low cost, high stability, prompt response, and accuracy. Objective: In this research, a novel free standing and binder free non-enzymatic electrochemical sensor... 

    Electrochemical prostate-specific antigen biosensors based on electroconductive nanomaterials and polymers

    , Article Clinica Chimica Acta ; Volume 516 , 2021 , Pages 111-135 ; 00098981 (ISSN) Dowlatshahi, S ; Abdekhodaie, M. J ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Prostate cancer (PCa), the second most malignant neoplasm in men, is also the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men globally. Unfortunately, this malignancy remains largely asymptomatic until late-stage emergence when treatment is limited due to the lack of effective metastatic PCa therapeutics. Due to these limitations, early PCa detection through prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening has become increasingly important, resulting in a more than 50% decrease in mortality. Conventional assays for PSA detection, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), are labor intensive, relatively expensive, operator-dependent and do not provide adequate sensitivity.... 

    Towards greater mechanical, thermal and chemical stability in solid-phase microextraction

    , Article TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry ; Volume 34 , 2012 , Pages 126-138 ; 01659936 (ISSN) Bagheri, H ; Piri-Moghadam, H ; Naderi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a fast, solvent-free technique, which, since its introduction in the 1990s, has been increasingly applied to sample preparation in analytical chemistry. Conventional SPME fibers are fabricated by making a physical bond between the usual silica substrate and the polymeric coatings. However, some applications are limited, as the lifetime and the stability of conventional SPME fibers cannot meet the demands of analyzing relatively non-volatile compounds with more polar moieties. There have been attempts to analyze less volatile compounds by increasing the thermal, physical and chemical stability of the fibers. In this review, we present some new... 

    Microfluidic devices with gold thin film channels for chemical and biomedical applications: a review

    , Article Biomedical Microdevices ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2019 ; 13872176 (ISSN) Ghasemi Toudeshkchoui, M ; Rabiee, N ; Rabiee, M ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Tahriri, M ; Tayebi, L ; Hamblin, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Microfluidic systems (MFS) provide a range of advantages in biomedical applications, including improved controllability of material characteristics and lower consumption of reagents, energy, time and money. Fabrication of MFS employs various materials, such as glass, silicon, ceramics, paper, and metals such as gold, copper, aluminum, chromium and titanium. In this review, gold thin film microfluidic channels (GTFMFC) are discussed with reference to fabrication methods and their diverse use in chemical and biomedical applications. The advantages of gold thin films (GTF) include flexibility, ease of manufacture, adhesion to polymer surfaces, chemical stability, good electrical conductivity,... 

    Comparison between electrochemical and photoelectrochemical detection of dopamine based on titania-ceria-graphene quantum dots nanocomposite

    , Article Biosensors and Bioelectronics ; Volume 151 , 2020 Ahmadi, N ; Bagherzadeh, M ; Nemati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    In this study, titania-ceria-graphene quantum dot (TC-GQD) nanocomposite was synthesized by hydrothermal method for the first time. The prepared nanomaterials were characterized by XRD, FTIR dynamic light scattering (DLS), FESEM, HRTEM, and EDX spectroscopy along with elemental mapping. The synergistic effect of the nanocomposite components was studied by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS) and electrical conductivity meter. The results showed that band gap of TC-GQD nanocomposite was shifted to visible lights relative to its components (1.3 eV), and electrical conductivity of the sample was significant increased to 89.5 μS cm−1. After chemical and physical characterization, prepared new... 

    Design and fabrication of an electrochemical aptasensor using Au nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite for rapid and sensitive detection of Staphylococcus aureus

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 123 , 2018 , Pages 70-76 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ranjbar, S ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Since that pathogenic bacteria are major threats to human health, this paper describes the fabrication of an effective and durable sensing platform based on gold nanoparticles/carbon nanoparticles/cellulose nanofibers nanocomposite (AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs) at the surface of glassy carbon electrode for sensitive and selective detection of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite with the high surface area, excellent conductivity, and good biocompatibility was used for self-assembled of the thiolated specific S. aureus aptamer as a sensing element. The surface morphology of AuNPs/CNPs/CNFs nanocomposite was characterized with field emission scanning electron microscopy...