Search for: electrochemical-techniques
Total 44 records
Percolation of cadmium across a mercury film, Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 78, Issue 3 , 2003 , Pages 796-799 ; 02540584 (ISSN) ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Electrodeposition/dissolution of cadmium onto a film of mercury shows some deviations from the natural liquidity of mercury caused by the reduction of Cd onto it. Percolation and fractal analyzes were done on the surface and the bulk of the mercury film during diffusion of Cd species (atoms). These show that the fractal dimensions of the Cd-inserted mercury film are about 2.11 and 2.54 near the surface of the mercury film and at deeper points inside the film, respectively. The insertion process has a negligible effect on the surface morphology of the mercury film and there is a phase transition in the bulk, as well as a geometrical transition during the Cd-insertion (de-insertion) process....
Electrochemical investigation of ITO-metal correlation accordance to metal thickness, Article Journal of the Iranian Chemical Society ; Volume 12, Issue 8 , 2015 , Pages 1447-1455 ; 1735207X (ISSN) ; Mahjani, M. G ; Jafarian, M ; Gobal, F ; Miandari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer Verlag 2015
Abstract The role of the work function and Fermi level is significant in the performance of the photo-electrochemical cells. We report that a correlation exists between work function and thickness of deposited thin film metals (e.g., Zn, Pb, Co, and Cu). The potential difference between a metal and a reference electrode is used as a rough approach for investigation of work function or the Fermi level. Metal thickness was calculated using faradic current during electrodeposition and further investigated by X-ray diffraction technique. The results show that when thickness decreases the potential also decreases (becomes positive) and the Fermi level of metals electrodeposited on the indium tin...
Electrochemical studies of the pitting corrosion of tin in citric acid solution containing Cl-, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 53, Issue 13 , 2008 , Pages 4528-4536 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Gobal, F ; Danaee, I ; Biabani, R ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
The electrochemical behavior of a tin electrode in citric acid solutions of different concentrations was studied by electrochemical techniques. The E/I curves showed that the anodic behavior of tin exhibits active/passive transition. Passivation is due to the formation of Sn(OH)4 and/or SnO2 film on the electrode surface. Addition of NaCl to citric acid solution, enhances the active dissolution of tin and tends to breakdown the passivity at a certain breakdown potential. Cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic measurements allow the pitting potential (Epit) and the repassivation potential (Erp) to be determined. Potentiostatic measurements showed that the overall anodic processes can be...
A study on the kinetics of Co-Ni/Cu multilayer electrodeposition in sulfate solution, Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 108, Issue 2-3 , 2008 , Pages 391-396 ; 02540584 (ISSN) ; Mahshid, S. S ; Sharif University of Technology
Electrodeposition of the Co-Ni/Cu multilayer films was carried out in sulfate solution. Cyclic voltammetry and current transient techniques were utilized to characterize the multilayer system and to obtain the nucleation and growth mechanism. The cyclic voltammograms clearly showed that electrodeposition of cobalt-nickel alloy layer was controlled by a kinetic process, where copper ions were reduced under diffusion-controlled mechanism. In addition, the current transients revealed that nucleation mechanism was instantaneous with a typical three-dimensional growth process. The microstructure of the Co-Ni/Cu films was also changed with overpotential. In this system, the growth of multilayer...
Investigation of Pb/PbS a positive Schottky junction formed on conductive glass in contact with alkaline solution, Article Journal of Applied Physics ; Vol. 116, issue. 3 , July , 2014 ; ISSN: 00218979 ; Jafarian, M ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Miandari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
PbS on Pb thin film (Pb/PbS) was deposited on conductive glass (CG) substrate (CG/Pb/PbS) using electrochemical techniques to investigate the Schottky junction in solution. The CG/Pb/PbS electrode was investigated by different techniques based on thermionic emission theory. Electrochemical cell consisted of the CG/Pb/PbS as a working electrode in an alkaline solution showed character of the Schottky junction. Reduction and oxidation of H2O on the CG/Pb/PbS electrode were enhanced under illumination. Water photo splitting is the main process. Study of linear sweep voltammetry at around open circuit potential (OCP) allowed proposing a model based on the Schottky junction which is charged at...
A study on the mechanism of electrodeposition of Ni/SiC composite coatings using impedance technique, Article ECS Transactions ; Volume 41, Issue 44 , 2012 , Pages 47-57 ; 19385862 (ISSN) ; 9781607683452 (ISBN) ; Dolati, A ; Electrodeposition; Sensor ; Sharif University of Technology
Ni/SiC nanocomposite coatings were electrodeposited using Watts type bath and different SiC particle size. The electrodeposition behavior of Ni/SiC nanoelectrocomposites was studied using electrochemical techniques such as impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and voltammetry. In this study it was shown that SiC particles modify the EIS diagram and voltammograms as well as surface morphology of electrodeposited layers. Experimental results showed that SiC particles not only affect the formation of intermediate species and decrease charge transfer resistance but also increase the nucleation sites for nickel electrodeposition and thus affect the microstructure of electrodeposited Ni/SiC nanocomposites....
Electrodeposition of platinum nanowires: Electrochemical characterization, Article ECS Transactions, 25 April 2010 through 30 April 2010 ; Volume 28, Issue 18 , April , 2010 , Pages 25-35 ; 19385862 (ISSN) ; 9781607681946 (ISBN) ; Dolati, A ; Hashemi Daryan, S ; Ghorbani, M ; Ghahramaninezhad, A ; Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry ; Sharif University of Technology
Platinum nanowires (PtNWs) were electrodeposited on the polycarbonate templates (PCTs) in aqueous solution of H2PtCl6 in triply distilled water. Nanowires with diameters of 50 and 100 nanometers were electrodeposited on the same condition. The kinetics of electrodeposition process was studied by electrochemical techniques such as voltammetry and chronoamperometry methods. Increasing the scan rate, the peaks shifted to more negative potentials and the current density also increased in each peak which was typical for a diffusion-control process. The potential range for the deposition of platinum nanowires was specified and consequently the potentiostatic i-t transients were utilized to produce...
A study on the effects of Fex/Niy/MgO(1-x-y) catalysts on the volumetric and electrochemical hydrogen storage of multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 231-237 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Mortazavi, S. Z ; Zaker Moshfegh, A ; Nozad Golikand, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The effects of various ratios of Fe/Ni/MgO and growth temperatures on yield, diameter and quality of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were studied. Thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) confirmed that the MWCNT yield depends on Fe/Ni ratio with the following order; Fe0.5 Ni0.5 > Fe > Fe0.75 Ni0.25 > Fe0.25 Ni0.75 > Ni. The results indicated that there is an optimum temperature (940 °C) for the MWCNT growth both from quality and quantity (yield) aspects as compared to other temperatures. Moreover, the changes on Fe/Ni to MgO ratio for the MWCNT growth revealed that Fe/Ni/MgO with the ratio of 17.5/17.5/65 had the highest quality and surface area as compared to the other ratios. The...
Sensitive determination of dopamine in the presence of uric acid and ascorbic acid using TiO2 nanotubes modified with Pd, Pt and Au nanoparticles, Article Analyst ; Volume 136, Issue 11 , 2011 , Pages 2322-2329 ; 00032654 (ISSN) ; Li, C ; Mahshid, S. S ; Askari, M ; Dolati, A ; Yang, L ; Luo, S ; Cai, Q ; Sharif University of Technology
A simple modified TiO2 nanotubes electrode was fabricated by electrodeposition of Pd, Pt and Au nanoparticles. The TiO2 nanotubes electrode was prepared using the anodizing method, followed by modifying Pd nanoparticles onto the tubes surface, offering a uniform conductive surface for electrodeposition of Pt and Au. The performance of the modified electrode was characterized by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry methods. The Au/Pt/Pd/TiO2 NTs modified electrode represented a high sensitivity towards individual detection of dopamine as well as simultaneous detection of dopamine and uric acid using 0.1 M phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.00) as the base solution. In both case,...
Electrochemical determination of atorvastatin on nano-scaled polypyrrole film, Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Vol. 98 , 2014 , pp. 1-10 ; ISSN: 15675394 ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Pyrrole was electro-polymerized on the surface of the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) coated with a thin film of carbon nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanoparticles (CNPs), nanodiamond-graphite (NDG) or graphite nanopowder (GNP). Morphology, thickness, stability and loading of the polypyrrole (PPY) film were significantly affected by the structure and morphology of the sub-layer of carbon nanomaterials. Electrochemical oxidation of atorvastatin (ATOR) was investigated. Under the optimized conditions, a significant increase in the peak current (compared to other modified electrodes and bare GCE) and a negative shift in the peak potential (compared to bare GCE) were...
Nickel hydroxide nanoparticles-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets film: Layer-by-layer electrochemical preparation, characterization and rifampicin sensory application, Article Talanta ; Vol. 119 , 2014 , pp. 156-163 ; ISSN: 00399140 ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
Electrochemical deposition, as a well-controlled synthesis procedure, has been used for subsequently layer-by-layer preparation of nickel hydroxide nanoparticle-reduced graphene oxide nanosheets (Ni(OH)2-RGO) on a graphene oxide (GO) film pre-cast on a glassy carbon electrode surface. The surface morphology and nature of the nano-hybrid film (Ni(OH)2-RGO) was thoroughly characterized by scanning electron and atomic force microscopy, spectroscopy and electrochemical techniques. The modified electrode appeared as an effective electro-catalytic model for analysis of rifampicin (RIF) by using linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The prepared modified electrode exhibited a distinctly higher activity...
Study of the alloying additives and alkaline zincate solution effects on the commercial aluminum as galvanic anode for use in alkaline batteries, Article Materials Chemistry and Physics ; Volume 143, Issue 1 , 2013 , Pages 133-142 ; ISSN: 02540584 ; Jafarian, M ; Moghanni Bavil Olyaei, H ; Gobal, F ; Hosseini, S. M ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
The corrosion behavior of different grades of commercial aluminum such as AA1040, AA5083, AA6060 and AA7075 in ZnO-containing 4 M NaOH has been determined by using open circuit potential-time measurements (OCP), galvanostatic and potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The results of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-ray (EDAX) reveal that ZnO produces the inhibition effect by the formation of a zinc-containing deposit layer on the surface of aluminum electrodes. Although the influence of zincating on the performance of aluminum alloys and considering the amount of alloying elements such as zinc, magnesium and...
Conductive polymer-based microextraction methods: A review, Article Analytica Chimica Acta ; Volume 767, Issue 1 , March , 2013 , Pages 1-13 ; 00032670 (ISSN) ; Ayazi, Z ; Naderi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Conductive polymers (CPs) are classified as materials which exhibit highly reversible redox behavior and the unusual combined properties of metal and plastics. CPs, due to their multifunctionality, ease of synthesis and their stability, have attracted more attentions in different fields of research, including sample preparation. CPs along with several commercial hydrophilic sorbents, are alternative to the commercially available hydrophobic sorbents which despite their high specific surface areas, have poor interactions and retentions in the extraction of polar compounds. This review covers a general overview regarding the recent progress and new applications of CPs toward their synthesis...
The effect of cysteine on electrodeposition of gold nanoparticle, Article Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology ; Volume 176, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 1307-1312 ; 09215107 (ISSN) ; Imanieh, I ; Salehi, F ; Farahani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The most applications of gold nanoparticles are in the photo-electronical accessories and bio-chemical sensors. Chloride solution with cysteine additive was used as electrolyte in gold nanoparticles electrodeposition. The nucleation and growing mechanism were studied by electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry, in order to obtain a suitable nano structure. The deposition mechanism was determined as instantaneous nucleation and the dimension of particles was controlled in nanometric particle size range. Atomic Force Microscope was used to evaluate the effect of cysteine on the morphology and topography of gold nanoparticles. Finally the catalytic property of...
Electrodeposition of various au nanostructures on aligned carbon nanotubes as highly sensitive nanoelectrode ensembles, Article Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance ; Volume 24, Issue 5 , May , 2015 , Pages 2005-2015 ; 10599495 (ISSN) ; Afshar, A ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer New York LLC 2015
An efficient method has been developed to synthesize well-aligned multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on a conductive Ta substrate by chemical vapor deposition. Free-standing MWCNTs arrays were functionalized through electrochemical oxidation with the formation of hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups. Facile template-free electrochemical routes were then developed for the shape-selective synthesis of less-common Au nanostructures, including flower, sphere, dendrite, rod, sheet, and cabbage onto the aligned MWCNTs at room temperature. Especially, among all the synthesis methods for Au nanocrystals, this is the first report using electrochemical technique to synthesize wide variety...
Fabrication of MEA based on sulfonic acid functionalized carbon supported platinum nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in PEMFCs, Article RSC Advances ; 2015 , Pages 85775-85784 ; 20462069 (ISSN) ; Yasi, F ; Kazemeini, M ; Heydari, A ; Golmohammadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2015
The Nafion ionomer affects the efficiency of the platinum (Pt) catalyst by blocking the active sites thereby restricting the gas permeability of the catalyst layer; but, there is a limitation in the quantity of Nafion ionomer that needs to be added without affecting the cell performance. Sulfonation of carbon-supported catalysts as mixed electronic and protonic conductors has been reported to be an efficient way to increase the triple-phase boundaries. In order to improve the utilization and activity of cathodic catalysts in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), Pt nanoparticles were loaded on a mixture of Vulcan XC-72R and MWCNTs, which were functionalized in a mixture of 96% sulfuric acid...
A kinetic study on the electrodeposition of nickel nanostructure and its electrocatalytic activity for hydrogen evolution reaction, Article Journal of Applied Electrochemistry ; Volume 40, Issue 11 , November , 2010 , Pages 1941-1947 ; 0021891X (ISSN) ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
The electrodeposition of nickel was studied using electrochemical techniques in different electrolytes and various agents. The voltammetry analysis clearly showed that the electrodeposition of nickel was a diffusion-controlled process associated with a typical nucleation process. The current transients represented instantaneous nucleation with a typical three-dimensional (3D) growth mechanism. Scharifker's equations were derived for instantaneous and progressive nucleation of the 3D growth of the spherical centers under diffusion-controlled condition. The number of nucleation sites increased with the increment in overpotential and Ni 2+ concentration. Atomic force microscopy was used to...
Voltammetric studies of Azathioprine on the surface of graphite electrode modified with graphene nanosheets decorated with Ag nanoparticles, Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 58 , 2016 , Pages 1098-1104 ; 09284931 (ISSN) ; Iraji Zad, A ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
By using graphene nanosheets decorated with Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs-G) as an effective approach for the surface modification of pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE), a sensing platform was fabricated for the sensitive voltammetric determination of Azathioprine (Aza). The prepared AgNPs-G nanosheets were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-vis and Raman spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical behavior of Aza was investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. Comparing to the bare PGE, a remarkable enhancement was observed in the response characteristics of Aza on the surface of the modified electrode (AgNPs-G/PGE) as well as a noticeable...
Au-Pd bimetallic nanoparticle electrodes for direct electroreduction of hexavalent chromium complexes, Article Australian Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 69, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 423-430 ; 00049425 (ISSN) ; Hariri, M. B ; Kushwaha, A ; Dolati, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Goh, G. K. L ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper reports a simple, low-cost, and effective electrochemical technique for sensing and reducing CrVI based on a Au-Pd bimetallic nanoparticle (BNP)-decorated indium tin oxide (ITO) conducting glass electrode. It was observed that the Au-Pd BNP-decorated ITO electrode could significantly boost the electrochemical reduction of CrVI when compared with either Au nanoparticle- or Pd nanoparticle-decorated ITO electrodes. These BNP-decorated electrodes exhibited a wide linear concentration range of 0.001-100 μM, a very low detection limit (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) of 0.3 nM, and a high sensitivity of 1.701 μA μM-1. From electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, it was revealed that this...
Selective storage and evolution of hydrogen on nafion/NaCl/graphene quantum dot mixed matrix using tensammetry as power electrochemical technique, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 42, Issue 15 , 2017 , Pages 9428-9439 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Zakipour, M ; Doroodmand, M. M ; Mehrtash, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Hydrogen storage/evolution behavior of nafion/NaCl/graphene quantum dot (GQD) mixed matrix as selective hydrogen capacitor (power source) was evaluated in detail through an electrochemical process at two independent potential ranges. For this purpose, a three-electrode system included Pt disk as counter electrode, Ag/AgCl as reference electrode and GQD-based mixed matrix-modified Pt disk as working electrode. For hydrogen storage, the deposition potential and time were evaluated to −1.0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) and 120 s, respectively under high basic solution generated using NaOH (1.0 M) solution, followed by evolution of hydrogen at +0.8 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) during formation of hydrogen bubbles. The...