Search for: electrode-surfaces
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    Large scale inkjet-printing of carbon nanotubes electrodes for antioxidant assays in blood bags

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Vol. 717-718 , 2014 , Pages 61-68 ; ISSN: 15726657 Lesch, A ; Cortes Salazar, F ; Prudent, M ; Delobel, J ; Rastgar, S ; Lion, N ; Tissot J. D ; Tacchini, P ; Girault, H. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Herein, we present the large scale fabrication of carbon nanotubes (CNT) electrodes supported on flexible polymeric sheets by subsequent multilayer inkjet printing of a silver layer for electrical connection, CNT layers as active electrode material and an insulation layer to define a stand-alone CNT active electrode area with high accuracy. Optical and electrochemical characterization using several redox mediators demonstrates the reproducibility of the electrode surfaces and their functionality even with a single inkjet printed CNT layer. These electrodes are targeted to the clinical sector for the determination of the antioxidant power (AOP) of biologically relevant fluids by... 

    Surface passivation of titanium dioxide via an electropolymerization method to improve the performance of dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 15 , 2016 , Pages 12537-12543 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Khoshroo, A ; Taghavinia, N ; Hosseinzadeh, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    In dye-sensitized solar cells recombination reactions at the TiO2 photoanode with the electrolyte interface plays a critical role in cell efficiency. Recombination of injected electrons in the TiO2 with acceptors in the electrolyte usually occurs on uncovered areas of TiO2 surfaces. In this work, we report electropolymerization of polymer films on nanoporous TiO2 electrode surfaces using an ionic liquid as the growth medium. The choice of ionic liquid as the growth medium for this study is based on the insolubility of dye N719 in this electrolyte, thus avoiding dye molecule detachment from the TiO2 photoanode surface over the entire potential range investigated during the... 

    Determination of the Optimal Conditions for Treatment of Lubricating Oils Wastewater in a Continuous Electrocoagulation Reactor

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hosseini, Mehri (Author) ; Fotovat, Farzam (Supervisor)
    Electrocoagulation (EC) is an effective process in the treatment of oily wastewater, however, only a few studies have explored the parameters affecting the efficient design of the reactors employed in this process. In this study, a statistical investigation on the factors affecting the design of a continuous electrocoagulation reactor was performed by running the tests designed based on the design of experiments (DOE) principles. The explored design variables were current density (30-80 A/m2), reactor residence time (10-30 min), and the ratio of anode surface to the reactor volume (15-45 m2/m3), which were optimized by the response surface method (RSM) to maximize the amount of oil removal... 

    Hierarchical Co3O4/Co(OH)2 nanoflakes as a supercapacitor electrode: experimental and semi-empirical model

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 7, Issue 21 , 2015 , Pages 11172-11179 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Qorbani, M ; Naseri, N ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2015
    In this research, facile and low cost synthesis methods, electrodeposition at constant current density and anodization at various applied voltages, were used to produce hierarchical cobalt oxide/hydroxide nanoflakes on top of porous anodized cobalt layer. The maximum electrochemical capacitance of 601 mF cm-2 at scan rate of 2 mV s-1 was achieved for 30 V optimized anodization applied voltage with high stability. Morphology and surface chemical composition were determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. The size, thickness, and density of nanoflakes, as well as length of the porous anodized Co layer were measured about 460 ± 45 nm,... 

    A simple label-free electrochemical DNA biosensor based on carbon nanotube-DNA interaction

    , Article RSC Advances ; Volume 6, Issue 19 , 2016 , Pages 15592-15598 ; 20462069 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Salimian, R ; Kalhor, H. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Royal Society of Chemistry  2016
    A simple platform based on a hairpin oligonucleotide switch and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) for the ultrasensitive detection of specific DNA sequences has been developed. In this approach, the π-stacking interaction of single-strand DNA-MWCNT was employed to construct an electrochemical DNA biosensor. Changes to the surface conductivity, based on the MWCNT replacement, were monitored by using the electrochemical species [Fe(CN)6]3-/4- as a redox probe. Morphological and voltammetric characterizations of the electrode surface were performed using atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and... 

    Mechanochemical green synthesis of exfoliated edge-functionalized boron nitride quantum dots: application to vitamin c sensing through hybridization with gold electrodes

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 10, Issue 34 , 2018 , Pages 28819-28827 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Angizi, S ; Hatamie, A ; Ghanbari, H ; Simchi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2018
    Two-dimensional boron nitride quantum dots (2D BNQDs) with excellent chemical stability, high photoluminescence efficiency, and low toxicity are a new class of advanced materials for biosensing and bioimaging applications. To overcome the current challenge about the lack of facile, scalable, and reproducible synthesis approach of BNQDs, we introduce a green and facile approach based on mechanochemical exfoliation of bulk h-BN particles in ethanol. Few-layered hydroxylated-functionalized QDs with a thickness of 1-2 nm and a lateral dimension of 2-6 nm have been prepared. The synthesized nanocrystals exhibit a strong fluorescence emission at 407 and 425 nm with a quantum efficiency of ∼6.2%.... 

    Geometrical optimization for silver nanowire mesh as a flexible transparent conductive electrode

    , Article Applied Optics ; Volume 59, Issue 10 , 2020 , Pages 3073-3080 Nikzad, M. J ; Mahdavi, S. M ; Sadrnezhaad, S. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    OSA - The Optical Society  2020
    We report the effect of the geometric parameters on transparency and conductivity in a metallic nanowire mesh as a transparent electrode. Today, indium tin oxide and fluorine-doped tin oxide are used as the transparent electrode for displays and solar cells. Still, there is a definite need for their replacement due to drawbacks such as brittleness, scarcity, and adverse environmental effects. Metallic nanowire mesh is likely the best replacement option, but the main issue is how to find the optimal structure and how to get the best performance. Since the interaction of light with nanowire mesh is complicated, there is no straightforward rule with a simple analytical solution. We developed a... 

    Mesoporous submicrometer TiO 2 hollow spheres as scatterers in dye-sensitized solar cells

    , Article ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces ; Volume 4, Issue 6 , 2012 , Pages 2964-2968 ; 19448244 (ISSN) Dadgostar, S ; Tajabadi, F ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Hierarchical submicrometer TiO 2 hollow spheres with outer diameter of 300-700 nm and shell thickness of 200 nm are synthesized by liquid phase deposition of TiO 2 over carbon microspheres as sacrificial templates. The final TiO 2 hollow spheres are applied as a scattering layer on top of a transparent nanocrystalline TiO 2 film, serving as the photoanode of a dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC). In addition to efficient light scattering, the mesoporous structure of TiO 2 hollow spheres provides a high surface area, 74 m 2/g, which allows for higher dye loading. This dual functioning suggests that TiO 2 hollow spheres may be good replacements for conventional TiO 2 spheres as scatterers in DSCs.... 

    AC impedance and cyclic voltammetry studies on PbS semiconducting film prepared by electrodeposition

    , Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 661, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 265-269 ; 15726657 (ISSN) Aghassi, A ; Jafarian, M ; Danaee, I ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Semiconducting lead sulfide film was deposited on Stainless Steel (SS) electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) at room temperature. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry were used to investigate the electrochemical properties of PbS film in Na2SO4 solution. The voltammetric results showed that oxidative dissolution of PbS film occurred at about 0.21 V vs. Ag/AgCl and total film detachment from the surface occurs with increasing potential. It is concluded that the electrode surface was not passivated by sulfur produced from oxidative dissolution of PbS film. Also, cathodic reduction of the film continued to beyond the hydrogen evolution at -1.35 V vs. Ag/AgCl.... 

    Simultaneous voltammetric determination of ascorbic acid, acetaminophen and isoniazid using thionine immobilized multi-walled carbon nanotube modified carbon paste electrode

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 3 , 2010 , Pages 666-672 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Asadian, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with thionine immobilized on multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT), was prepared for simultaneous determination of ascorbic acid (AA) and acetaminophen (AC) in the presence of isoniazid (INZ). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward AA, AC and INZ were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results showed an efficient catalytic role for the electro-oxidation of AA and AC, leading to a remarkable peak resolution (∼303 mV) for two compounds. On the other hand, the presence of INZ, which is considered as important drug interference for AC, does not affect the voltammetric responses... 

    Application of carbon-paste electrode modified with iron phthalocyanine for voltammetric determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 137, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 669-675 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) modified with iron(II) phthalocyanine was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of epinephrine (EN). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward EN, ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results show an efficient catalytic activity of the electrode for the electro-oxidation of EN, which leads to improvement of reversibility of the electrode response and lowering its overpotential by more than 100 mV. The effect of pH and potential sweep rate on the mechanism of the electrode process was investigated. The modified electrode exhibits an... 

    Anodic behavior of clioquinol at a glassy carbon electrode

    , Article Bioelectrochemistry ; Volume 80, Issue 2 , 2011 , Pages 175-181 ; 15675394 (ISSN) Ghalkhani, M ; Fernandes, I. P. G ; Oliveira, S. C. B ; Shahrokhian, S ; Oliveira-Brett, A. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Clioquinol is an antifungal, antiprotozoal and an Alzheimer's disease drug with cytotoxic activity toward human cancer cells. The electrochemical behavior of clioquinol and its oxidation product was studied using cyclic, differential pulse and square-wave voltammetry over a wide pH range on a glassy carbon electrode. The results revealed that the oxidation of clioquinol is an irreversible pH-dependent process that proceeds with the transfer of one electron and one proton in an adsorption-controlled mechanism and results in the formation of a main oxidation product, which adsorbs very strongly on the glassy carbon surface. The charge transfer coefficient was calculated as 0.64. The adsorbed... 

    Modification of glassy carbon electrode with a bilayer of multiwalled carbon nanotube/tiron-doped polypyrrole: Application to sensitive voltammetric determination of acyclovir

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering C ; Volume 53 , 2015 , Pages 134-141 ; 09284931 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Azimzadeh, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2015
    A novel voltammetric sensor based on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with a thin film of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated with an electropolymerized layer of tiron-doped polypyrrole was developed and the resulting electrode was applied for the determination of acyclovir (ACV). The surface morphology and property of the modified electrode were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy techniques. The electrochemical performance of the modified electrode was investigated by means of linear sweep voltammetry (LSV). The effect of several experimental variables, such as pH of the supporting electrolyte, drop size of...