Search for: electrolytic-reduction
Total 36 records
Article Cuihua Xuebao/Chinese Journal of Catalysis ; Volume 31, Issue 5 , 2010 , Pages 541-546 ; 02539837 (ISSN) ; Gobal, F ; Mahjani, M. G ; Hosseini Aliabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Oxygen reduction on a polycrystalline silver electrode was studied by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The reaction occurred by a two-electron pathway. The steps in the mechanism were observed in the cyclic voltammograms recorded with different scan rates. The intermediates formed in the steps were detected by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Article Surface and Coatings Technology ; Volume 288 , 2016 , Pages 144-150 ; 02578972 (ISSN) ; Mohaghegh, N ; Sharif University of Technology
RGO/Ag/TiO2-nanotubes/Ti plates with high photocatalytic activity were fabricated via electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide on Ag/TiO2-nanotubes. The loading of silver nanoparticles was carried out by electroless reduction of Ag1+ onto TiO2 nanotubes previously formed by anodizing titanium. Microstructure studies show that reduced graphene oxide (RGO) layers having high surface area have been deposited on the as-prepared Ag/TiO2-nanotubes, where nanoparticles of Ag had grown on the walls of TiO2-nanotubes. The results of photocatalytic experiments demonstrate that the RGO/Ag/TiO2-nanotubes/Ti plate exhibits significantly enhanced photocatalytic activity for the photocatalytic...
Article Journal of Low Temperature Physics ; Volume 198, Issue 5-6 , 2020 , Pages 252-268 ; Akhavan, M ; Sharif University of Technology
An investigation has been carried out on the effects of praseodymium doping in Sm3−xPrxBa5Cu8O19 for different values of x. Results indicate that the transition temperature reduces almost linearly with x. Based on the Abrikosov–Gor’kov pair-breaking theory, it has been concluded that the exchange interaction constant is large (Jex = 110 meV) in the Sm3Ba5Cu8O19 compound. In addition, it seems that the hybridization of Pr4f states with O2p–Cu3d states has an important role in the depression of transition temperature of Sm3−xPrxBa5Cu8O19 for the Pr content < 10%. However, for the higher values of Pr, the two observed plateaus at the transition temperatures of ~ 60 K and ~ 17 K, respectively,...
Article Applied Surface Science ; Volume 550 , 2021 ; 01694332 (ISSN) ; Eftekharinia, B ; Tayebi, M ; Lee, B. K ; Naseri, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
Hematite is recognized as a promising photoanode for photoelectrochemical water oxidation to produce solar hydrogen due to its favorable properties. However, the high charge carrier recombination rate due to low electrical conductivity and sluggish oxygen reduction kinetics of pure hematite hinder its photocatalytic activity. This work proposed a new hematite-based heterostructure of Ti-Fe2O3/Fe2TiO5/FeOOH, synthesized through a hydrothermal method. The photoanode morphology was branched nanorods that expanded their surface area and improved charge transfer at the photoanode/electrolyte interface. In a novel and complement modification approach, a thin pseudobrookite interlayer was applied...
Electrochemical synthesis of reduced graphene oxide/TiO2 nanotubes/Ti for high-performance supercapacitors, Article Ionics ; Volume 21, Issue 2 , 2014 , Pages 525-531 ; ISSN: 09477047 ; Faraji, M ; Sharif University of Technology
RGO/TiO2NTs/Ti electrodes with high surface area and good capacitive characteristics were prepared by simple electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide (GO) onto the previously formed TiO2 nanotubes. Microstructure studies show that reduced graphene oxide (RGO) having high surface area has been deposited onto the TiO2NT arrays. The electrochemical capacitive behaviors of the obtained electrodes were investigated by cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge–discharge studies, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 1 M H2SO4 solution. The electrochemical data demonstrated that the electrodes displayed specific capacitance of 410 F g−1 at the current density of 50 A g−1 and...
Article Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology ; Volume 176, Issue 16 , 2011 , Pages 1307-1312 ; 09215107 (ISSN) ; Imanieh, I ; Salehi, F ; Farahani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
The most applications of gold nanoparticles are in the photo-electronical accessories and bio-chemical sensors. Chloride solution with cysteine additive was used as electrolyte in gold nanoparticles electrodeposition. The nucleation and growing mechanism were studied by electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry, in order to obtain a suitable nano structure. The deposition mechanism was determined as instantaneous nucleation and the dimension of particles was controlled in nanometric particle size range. Atomic Force Microscope was used to evaluate the effect of cysteine on the morphology and topography of gold nanoparticles. Finally the catalytic property of...
Fabrication of MEA based on sulfonic acid functionalized carbon supported platinum nanoparticles for oxygen reduction reaction in PEMFCs, Article RSC Advances ; 2015 , Pages 85775-85784 ; 20462069 (ISSN) ; Yasi, F ; Kazemeini, M ; Heydari, A ; Golmohammadi, F ; Sharif University of Technology
Royal Society of Chemistry 2015
The Nafion ionomer affects the efficiency of the platinum (Pt) catalyst by blocking the active sites thereby restricting the gas permeability of the catalyst layer; but, there is a limitation in the quantity of Nafion ionomer that needs to be added without affecting the cell performance. Sulfonation of carbon-supported catalysts as mixed electronic and protonic conductors has been reported to be an efficient way to increase the triple-phase boundaries. In order to improve the utilization and activity of cathodic catalysts in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), Pt nanoparticles were loaded on a mixture of Vulcan XC-72R and MWCNTs, which were functionalized in a mixture of 96% sulfuric acid...
A preliminary study of the electro-catalytic reduction of oxygen on Cu-Pd alloys in alkaline solution, Article Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry ; Volume 647, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 66-73 ; 15726657 (ISSN) ; Arab, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Copper-palladium alloys of different compositions are electrodeposited on nickel from aqueous solutions. These alloys are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX). The catalytic activity of these alloys toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in alkaline solution is investigated using rotating disk electrode (RDE). The number of electrons transferred per O2 molecule (n) obtained at different potentials is close to 2 at low overpotential indicating HO2- formation and gradually increases to 4 at higher overpotentials indicating full reduction to OH-. It is shown that Cu-Pd alloys are better electrocatalysts than Pd with Pd-Cu-1 having 24.5%...
Glassy carbon electrodes modified with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan: Application to the highly sensitive electrochemical determination of Azathioprine, Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 11 , 2010 , Pages 3621-3627 ; 00134686 (ISSN) ; Ghalkhani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
A novel modified glassy carbon electrode with a film of nanodiamond-graphite/chitosan is constructed and used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of azathioprine (Aza). The surface morphology and thickness of the film modifier are characterized using atomic force microscopy. The electrochemical response characteristics of the electrode toward Aza are investigated by means of cyclic voltammetry. The modified electrode showed an efficient catalytic role for the electrochemical reduction of Aza, leading to a remarkable decrease in reduction overpotential and enhancement of the kinetics of the electrode reaction with a significant increase of peak current. The effects of experimental...
Nanostructured silver fibers: Facile synthesis based on natural cellulose and application to graphite composite electrode for oxygen reduction, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 35, Issue 8 , 2010 , Pages 3258-3262 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Tajabadi, F ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
The development of cheaper electrocatalysts for fuel cells is an important research area. This work proposes a new, simpler and low-cost approach to develop nanostructured silver electrocatalysts by using natural cellulose as a template. Silver was deposited by reduction of Ag complexes on the surface of cellulose fibers, followed by heat removal of the template to create self-standing nanostructured silver fibers (NSSFs). X-Ray diffraction (XRD) showed fcc silver phase and X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) demonstrated that the surface was partially oxidized. The morphology of the fibers consisted of 50 nm nanoparticles as the building blocks, and they possessed a specific surface area...
Synthesis, characterization and performance determination of an Ag@Pt/C electrocatalyst for the ORR in a PEM fuel cell, Article International Journal of Hydrogen Energy ; Volume 41, Issue 45 , 2016 , Pages 20720-20730 ; 03603199 (ISSN) ; Kazemeini, M ; Bastani, D ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2016
Ag@Pt nanoparticles synthesized with different Ag/Pt mass ratios utilizing ultrasonic treatment method. These materials were supported on Vulcan XC-72 and utilized as cathode in a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). The morphology of this material characterized through the x-ray diffraction (XRD), induced coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) as well as; high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) techniques. To begin with, it was proven that, the prepared Ag@Pt/C catalyst possessed a core–shell nanostructure. The electrochemical properties of this material investigated through the Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) and...
Au-Pd bimetallic nanoparticle electrodes for direct electroreduction of hexavalent chromium complexes, Article Australian Journal of Chemistry ; Volume 69, Issue 4 , 2016 , Pages 423-430 ; 00049425 (ISSN) ; Hariri, M. B ; Kushwaha, A ; Dolati, A ; Ghorbani, M ; Goh, G. K. L ; Sharif University of Technology
This paper reports a simple, low-cost, and effective electrochemical technique for sensing and reducing CrVI based on a Au-Pd bimetallic nanoparticle (BNP)-decorated indium tin oxide (ITO) conducting glass electrode. It was observed that the Au-Pd BNP-decorated ITO electrode could significantly boost the electrochemical reduction of CrVI when compared with either Au nanoparticle- or Pd nanoparticle-decorated ITO electrodes. These BNP-decorated electrodes exhibited a wide linear concentration range of 0.001-100 μM, a very low detection limit (signal-to-noise ratio = 3) of 0.3 nM, and a high sensitivity of 1.701 μA μM-1. From electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, it was revealed that this...
Article Journal of Electronic Materials ; Volume 45, Issue 8 , 2016 , Pages 3822-3834 ; 03615235 (ISSN) ; Maleki, N ; Sharif University of Technology
Springer New York LLC 2016
Use of computational modeling with a few experiments is considered useful to obtain the best possible result for a final product, without performing expensive and time-consuming experiments. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) can produce clean electricity, but still require further study. An oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) takes place at the cathode, and carbon-supported platinum (Pt/C) is commonly used as an electrocatalyst. The harsh conditions during PEMFC operation result in Pt/C degradation. Observation of changes in the Pt/C layer under operating conditions provides a tool to study the lifetime of PEMFCs and overcome durability issues. Recently, artificial neural networks...
Electrochemical investigation of electrodeposited platinum nanoparticles on multi walled carbon nanotubes for methanol electro-oxidation, Article Journal of Chemical Sciences ; Volume 129, Issue 9 , 2017 , Pages 1399-1410 ; 09743626 (ISSN) ; Moakhar, R. S ; Dolati, A ; Sharif University of Technology
Abstract: The electrodeposition of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) on multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/fluorine-doped tin oxide glass (FTO) was investigated. Nucleation and growth mechanisms were studied via Scharifker and Hills model. Chronoamperometry results clearly show that the electrodeposition processes are diffusion-controlled and the diffusion coefficient is 1.5×10-5cm2/s. The semi-spherical particles with lamellar morphology were observed in 1M H 2SO 4, while a petal shape was discerned in 0.5M H 2SO 4. Also, dispersion, size, and uniformity of PtNPs were investigated, where the finer distribution of PtNPs with the average size less than 100 nm was obtained in 0.5M H 2SO 4...
Simultaneous electrodeposition of reduced graphene oxide/ag nanoparticles as a sensitive layer for voltammetric determination of tinidazole, Article Nano ; Volume 12, Issue 6 , 2017 ; 17932920 (ISSN) ; Navabi, M ; Mohammadi, R ; Sharif University of Technology
World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd 2017
A stable composite film of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) decorated on reduced graphene oxide is prepared by a two-step simple procedure. The surface morphology of the modified electrode is characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. The electrochemical behavior of tinidazole (TNZ) on the surface of the modified electrode is investigated by linear sweep voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The prepared composite electrode acts as a highly sensitive platform for the voltammetric determination of TNZ, leading to a significant increase in the reduction peak current of TNZ. The effects of experimental parameters such as the...
Specific picomolar detection of a breast cancer biomarker her-2/neu protein in serum: electrocatalytically amplified electroanalysis by the aptamer/peg-modified electrode, Article ChemElectroChem ; Volume 4, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 872-879 ; 21960216 (ISSN) ; Kékedy Nagy, L ; Ferapontova, E. E ; Sharif University of Technology
Wiley-VCH Verlag 2017
Specific and sensitive electroanalysis of blood-circulating protein cancer biomarkers is often complicated by interference from serum proteins nonspecifically adsorbing at the biosensing interface and masking specific reactions of interest. Here, we have developed an electrocatalytically amplified assay for specific and sensitive analysis of human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2/neu, a protein cancer biomarker over-expressed in breast cancers) that allows us to avoid both the interference from bovine serum albumin (BSA) and electrocatalytic amplification of the signal stemming from the specific aptamer−HER-2/neu binding. A HER-2/neu-specific thiolated aptamer sequence was...
A high performance supercapacitor based on graphene/polypyrrole/Cu2O-Cu(OH)2 ternary nanocomposite coated on nickel foam, Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 121, Issue 12 , 2017 , Pages 6508-6519 ; 19327447 (ISSN) ; Shahrokhian, S ; Sharif University of Technology
A simple and low-cost electrochemical deposition method is used to prepare reduced graphene oxide/polypyrrole/Cu2O-Cu(OH)2 (RGO/PPy/Cu2O-Cu(OH)2) ternary nanocomposites as the electrode material for supercapacitor application. First, graphene oxide-polypyrrole (GO/PPy) nanocomposite is electrochemically synthesized on Ni foam by electro-oxidation of pyrrole monomer in an aqueous solution containing GO and Tiron. Subsequently, the GO/PPy film is converted to the corresponding reduced form (RGO/PPy) by an effective and eco-friendly electrochemical reduction method. Then, a thin layer of Cu2O-Cu(OH)2 is formed on RGO/PPy film by chronoamperometry. The RGO/PPy/Cu2O-Cu(OH)2 nanocomposite is...
Enhancement of electricity generation by a microbial fuel cell using a highly active non-precious-metal nitrogen-doped carbon composite catalyst cathode, Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 31, Issue 1 , 2017 , Pages 959-967 ; 08870624 (ISSN) ; Kariminia, H. R ; Chen, Z. W ; Parker, W ; Pritzker, M. D ; Legge, R. L ; Sharif University of Technology
American Chemical Society 2017
As microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology continues to gain momentum toward commercialization, the replacement of traditionally used platinum for oxygen reduction with an inexpensive catalyst becomes more important. A nonprecious nitrogen-doped carbon composite catalyst with previous applications in PEM fuel cells is demonstrated for the first time in a single-chamber air cathode MFC with comparisons to a similar platinum-based MFC. The performance of the MFC is compared with a similar MFC using a platinum catalyst and acetate feed. When the platinum is replaced with the catalyst loaded at the surface of the proton exchange membrane (loading density of 1 mg/cm2), MFC operation outperforms a...
Ultrasensitive detection of cancer biomarkers using conducting polymer/electrochemically reduced graphene oxide-based biosensor: Application toward BRCA1 sensing, Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 266 , 2018 , Pages 160-169 ; 09254005 (ISSN) ; Salimian, R ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2018
Breast Cancer (BRCA) is the most common threat in women worldwide. Increasing death rate of diagnosed cases is the main leading cause of designing specific genosensors for BRCA − related cancer detection. In the present study, an ultrasensitive label − free electrochemical DNA (E − DNA) sensor based on conducting polymer/reduced graphene − oxide platform has been developed for the detection of BRCA1 gene. An electrochemical method was applied as a simple and controllable technique for the electrochemical reduction of graphene oxide and also, electro − polymerization of pyrrole − 3 − carboxylic acid monomer. The results of the present work show that the polymer − coated reduced graphene −...
Investigating electrochemical behaviors of Ag@Pt core–shell nanoparticles supported upon different carbon materials acting as PEMFC’s cathodes, Article Chemical Engineering Transactions ; Volume 70 , 2018 , Pages 2161-2166 ; 22839216 (ISSN) ; Kazemeini, M ; Sharif University of Technology
Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC 2018
Core-Shell structures of Ag@Pt Nanoparticles (NPs) dispersed on different carbon base supports such as Graphene Oxide (GO), Multiwall Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNT) and Carbon black (CB) Vulcan applied to the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in a Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC). Electrocatalysts synthesized through the ultrasonic treatment method. The morphology of as prepared materials characterized through the High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses. The ORR activities and stabilities of electrocatalysts studied through electrochemical measurements of Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and single cell tests, respectively. Results revealed all...