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    Theory of RF pulse generation through nonlinear transmission lines

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques ; Volume 66, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 3234-3244 ; 00189480 (ISSN) Samizadeh Nikoo, M ; Hashemi, S. M. A ; Farzaneh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2018
    Abstract
    Nonlinear transmission lines (NLTLs) are one of the most prominent solid-state sources of high-power RF pulses. However, there is no integrated mathematical basis, which predicts adequately the generated waveforms on an NLTL and those delivered to the load. This analysis is required for designing and optimizing these transmission lines. Most works in this area are related to experimental studies and results. In this paper, we have developed a theoretical basis, which predicts all the required characteristics of the generated RF pulses on a lossy NLTL. The RF amplitude, the maximum voltage, and the central frequency of the generated pulses at each node of an NLTL are formulated. All the... 

    Optimal design of a microwave power module

    , Article 2019 International Vacuum Electronics Conference, IVEC 2019, 28 April 2019 through 1 May 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781538675342 (ISBN) Aghaei, M ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Microwave power modules are the result of integration of vacuum tubes and their respective power supplies. In these modules, volume and weight are very important factors because the modules are used in many portable applications. There are many parameters that they affect the volume and weight of the microwave power module. High voltage issues are one of these factors because the required voltages of vacuum tubes are high voltage. Thermal management relates to the module volume directly. In high-voltage high-frequency converters as power supplies of vacuum tubes, parasitic elements of the transformer are dominant. Tuning the transformer parameters leads to variation in the volume of the... 

    Nonlinear cuffless blood pressure estimation of healthy subjects using pulse transit time and arrival time

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement ; Volume 66, Issue 12 , 2017 , Pages 3299-3308 ; 00189456 (ISSN) Esmaili, A ; Kachuee, M ; Shabany, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    This paper presents a novel blood pressure (BP) estimation method based on pulse transit time (PTT) and pulse arrival time (PAT) to estimate the systolic BP (SBP) and the diastolic BP (DBP). A data acquisition hardware is designed for high-resolution sampling of phonocardiogram (PCG), photoplethysmogram, and electrocardiogram (ECG). PCG and ECG perform as the proximal timing reference to obtain PTT and PAT indices, respectively. In order to derive a BP estimator model, a calibration procedure, including a supervised physical exercise, is conducted for each individual, which causes changes in their BP, and then, a number of reference BPs are measured alongside the acquisition of the signals... 

    A reopened crowbar protection for increasing the resiliency of the vacuum tube high-voltage DC power supply against the vacuum Arc

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science ; Volume 47, Issue 5 , 2019 , Pages 2717-2725 ; 00933813 (ISSN) Pouresmaeil, K ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    High-voltage power supplies (HVPSs) are widely used to supply vacuum tubes. The amount of delivered energy from the HVPS to the tube is an important issue during the vacuum arc in the tube. The conventional protection mechanism consists of a shunt crowbar which diverts the fault current from the tube to itself as a parallel path. The crowbar circuit is usually built of the devices without the turn-off capability. It is a drawback since the output of the power supply is shortened for a long time. Thus, the restoration time of these power supplies is excessive. This demerit can have detrimental effects on mission-critical applications. In this paper, the insulated-gate bipolar transistor... 

    A high voltage variable inductor LCC resonant converter with high power factor over wide load range

    , Article 10th International Power Electronics, Drive Systems and Technologies Conference, PEDSTC 2019, 12 February 2019 through 14 February 2019 ; 2019 , Pages 279-284 ; 9781538692547 (ISBN) Aghaei, M ; Ayoubi, R ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    High voltage power supplies (HVPS) are widely used to supply vacuum tubes. Regarding to their high efficiency, resonant converters are a choice of HVPS structure. In this application, HVPS is faced with wide variation of the load power. On the other hand, output voltage regulation over wide load range is essential. However, there are several problems dealing with resonant converters such as output voltage regulation and low-efficient performance in a light load. In this paper, a control scheme for a series-parallel resonant converter is presented. This scheme regulates the output voltage of the converter over load variation range. A variable inductor placed as the series inductor in the... 

    Twin growth in RF window ceramic as a criterion for the response time of protection system in high power vacuum tubes

    , Article 2019 International Vacuum Electronics Conference, IVEC 2019, 28 April 2019 through 1 May 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781538675342 (ISBN) Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    The ceramic fracture in output RF window is one of the most important failure factors in high power microwave sources. Fast protection systems are used to protect the source. The methods for determining the required protection response time are conservative and rough. In this paper, an investigation is presented about the twin growth in the ceramic of RF window in faulty condition. It is shown that the twin growth in ceramic can be a reliable figure of merit for the response time calculation of the microwave source protection system  

    A Vacuum arc diagnosis method for the high voltage power supply of vacuum tubes

    , Article 2019 International Vacuum Electronics Conference, IVEC 2019, 28 April 2019 through 1 May 2019 ; 2019 ; 9781538675342 (ISBN) Ayoubi, R ; Rahmanian, M ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2019
    Abstract
    Vacuum tubes are widely used for various applications. These vacuum tubes are supplied by high voltage power supplies. The amount of delivered energy from the high voltage power supply to the vacuum tube is an important issue during the vacuum arc in the tube. The protection mechanism consists of a shunt crowbar which diverts the fault current from the tube to itself as a parallel path. Detection of the vacuum arc is crucial and only one sensor is usually employed to detect the vacuum arc. This characteristic intensifies the interference susceptibility of the vacuum arc diagnosis system in a noisy environment. As a result of the noise, the arc detection system can report false alarms. False... 

    A Fast vacuum arc detection method based on the neural network data fusion algorithm for the high-voltage dc power supply of vacuum tubes

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science ; 2020 Ayoubi, R ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Abstract
    Vacuum arc is one of the most important failure factors of the vacuum tubes. The amount of delivered energy from the high-voltage dc power supply to the vacuum tube is an important issue during the vacuum arc in the tube. Vacuum arc acts as a short-circuit fault (SCF) at the power supply output. The majority of converters use a single current sensor to measure only the converter output current for detecting the SCF. However, the sensor may provide unreliable data because of the noise effect. Application of a low-pass filter reduces the noise effect. Regarding the delay of the low-pass filter, the interval of arc detection increases and more energy is delivered to the tube. In this article, a... 

    A comprehensive design of the thyristor-based crowbar for vacuum tube high-voltage dc power supplies

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science ; Volume 48, Issue 6 , 2020 , Pages 2202-2209 Pouresmaeil, K ; Kaboli, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Abstract
    High-voltage power supplies (HVPSs) are widely used to drive vacuum tubes, inherently susceptible to vacuum arc faults. Owing to the considerable cost of vacuum tubes, the HVPS should enjoy a reliable, fast protection mechanism. A common protection mechanism against vacuum arc faults is the shunt crowbar. The crowbar diverts the energy stored in the elements of the HVPS through itself as a parallel path, thereby protecting vacuum tubes from irrecoverable damages. Among all types of the shunt crowbar, the thyristor-based crowbar along with the fault current limiter (FCL) resistors attracts more attention because of its more reliable operation. The absence of the comprehensive design procedure...