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    Evaluation of tehran clean air action plan using emission inventory approach

    , Article Urban Climate ; Volume 27 , 2019 , Pages 446-456 ; 22120955 (ISSN) Shahbazi, H ; Hassani, A ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2019
    Abstract
    The city of Tehran, the capital of Iran, has been facing severe air quality problems. The air quality of Tehran has been stated as unhealthy over one-third of year during the last two decades. According to the last emission inventory of Tehran for the base year of 2013 mobile sources contribute by about 6, 46, 98, 87, and 70% of total primary SOx, NOx, CO, VOC and PM emission. A number of policies have been implemented in Tehran during the last two decades to tackle the air quality issue. Concentrated mostly on transportation sector, these policies aimed to improve fuel quality and emission performance of vehicles. Nevertheless, there is no quantified evaluation regarding the effectiveness... 

    A GIS based emission inventory development for Tehran

    , Article Urban Climate ; Volume 17 , 2016 , Pages 216-229 ; 22120955 (ISSN) Shahbazi, H ; Taghvaee, S ; Hosseini, V ; Afshin, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2016
    Abstract
    Tehran with a population of 8.2 million urban residents, suffers from rapid urbanization in recent years resulting in severe air pollution. The aim of this study is to develop a high resolution emission inventory of primary air pollutants for Tehran. Tehran pollution sources are classified into two major categories. Mobile sources, including vehicles such as passenger car, taxi, motorcycle, pickup, minibus, bus and truck, and stationary sources; consisting of industries, general service and household, energy conversion, terminals and gas stations. The emission of SOx, NOx, CO, VOCs and PM in the year of 2013 were estimated as 37.411 kt, 85.524 kt, 506.690 kt, 83.640 kt and 8.496 kt,... 

    Impact of mobile source emission inventory adjustment on air pollution photochemical model performance

    , Article Urban Climate ; Volume 32 , 2020 Shahbazi, H ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2020
    Abstract
    Coupled weather forecasting and chemical transport models are useful tools to evaluate air pollution episodes in big cities for the purpose of forecasting and air pollution abatement measures' evaluation. However, large set of accurate data of various sources and modeling calibrations are needed for such complex modeling system to be reliable. The problem becomes more obvious when the model is operated over a domain in which there is a general lack of accurate input data such as emission inventory data. The current study investigates the possibility of model tuning for more accurate prediction of air pollutant concentrations in the city of Tehran in an air pollution episode as a case study.... 

    Effect of cycling development as a non-motorized transport on reducing air and noise pollution-case study: Central districts of Tehran

    , Article Urban Climate ; Volume 38 , 2021 ; 22120955 (ISSN) Monazzam, M. R ; Karimi, E ; Shahbazi, H ; Shahidzadeh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    The aim of this study was to investigate the possible reduction of air and noise pollution due to the substituent of motorcycles and personal vehicles with bicycles by the theoretical phase and to compare the exposure of a cyclist to noise pollution in using different modes of transportation in the field phase. In the theoretical phase, different scenarios were designed based on a 25% and 50% reduction in the volume of motorcycles and personal vehicles separately, as well as a simultaneous reduction of 50% for motorcycles and personal vehicles. The effect of running these scenarios on reducing air pollution was investigated using emission inventory model and on noise pollution by CadnaA... 

    Development of high-resolution emission inventory to study the relative contribution of a local power plant to criteria air pollutants and Greenhouse gases

    , Article Urban Climate ; Volume 38 , 2021 ; 22120955 (ISSN) Shahbazi, H ; Abolmaali, A. M ; Alizadeh, H ; Salavati, H ; Zokaei, H ; Zandavi, R ; Torbatian, S ; Yazgi, D ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Electrification of energy systems, including an increased percentage of electric vehicles on the road, is one of the primary paths to achieve zero carbon emissions. However, a reduced share of fossil fuel in transportation and industry requires a significant shift in power generation energy sources. Power generation from renewable sources is still limited and will be for the foreseeable future. Developing countries and oil-producing nations in the middle east may shift to electric vehicles, but electricity energy sources will not be easily moved to renewables., A detailed and comprehensive emission inventory was developed in a bottom-up method for a typical populated city in Iran,... 

    Promotion of low-carbon economy through efficiency analysis: A case study of a petrochemical plant

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Research ; Volume 15, Issue 1 , 2021 , Pages 45-55 ; 17356865 (ISSN) Keivani, E ; Abbaspour, M ; Abedi, Z ; Ahmadian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH  2021
    Abstract
    Over the past few decades, industrial development has caused a dramatic increment in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as a leading cause of climate change. Modifying the industrial plants' environmental performance is the main pillar of improving efficiency that can reduce the waste of resources and make achieving lower-cost global emission reduction targets of the Kyoto protocol's clean development mechanism (CDM) possible. Considering the essentiality of knowledge-based research in increasing the awareness of policymakers by providing better access to accurate and reliable information, an analytical survey on efficiency in oil, gas, and petrochemical industries has been conducted by... 

    An emission inventory update for Tehran: The difference between air pollution and greenhouse gas source contributions

    , Article Atmospheric Research ; Volume 275 , 2022 ; 01698095 (ISSN) Shahbazi, H ; Abolmaali, A. M ; Alizadeh, H ; Salavati, H ; Zokaei, H ; Zandavi, R ; Torbatian, S ; Yazgi, D ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Many highly populated cities are still struggling to reach clean air targets, while the zero greenhouse gas emission objectives may accelerate the path toward healthy air for all. Still, there is a fine line between intensive electrification's impact on greenhouse gas emissions and criteria air contaminants depending on the source of the electricity. In this study, the previous version of the emission inventory for Tehran was evaluated and re-calculated in a detailed bottom-up approach to provide the most updated data on the contribution of stationary sources derived by power plants vs. mobile sources. The objectives were to update the emission inventory for improved policymaking, study the... 

    Land use regression models for Alkylbenzenes in a middle eastern megacity: Tehran study of exposure prediction for environmental health research (tehran sepehr)

    , Article Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 51, Issue 15 , 2017 , Pages 8481-8490 ; 0013936X (ISSN) Amini, H ; Schindler, C ; Hosseini, V ; Yunesian, M ; Künzli, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2017
    Abstract
    Land use regression (LUR) has not been applied thus far to ambient alkylbenzenes in highly polluted megacities. We advanced LUR models for benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, p-xylene, m-xylene, o-xylene (BTEX), and total BTEX using measurement based estimates of annual means at 179 sites in Tehran megacity, Iran. Overall, 520 predictors were evaluated, such as The Weather Research and Forecasting Model meteorology predictions, emission inventory, and several new others. The final models with R2 values ranging from 0.64 for p-xylene to 0.70 for benzene were mainly driven by traffic-related variables but the proximity to sewage treatment plants was present in all models indicating a major local... 

    Contribution of Iraqi and Syrian dust storms on particulate matter concentration during a dust storm episode in receptor cities: Case study of Tehran

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Volume 222 , 2020 Jalali Farahani, V ; Arhami, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    Abstract
    Frequent dust storms originated from Middle Eastern deserts impact major cities in Iran, including Tehran. Previous studies identified Iraqi and Syrian deserts as the main cross-border contributors to Tehran Particulate Matter (PM) levels. In this study, the contribution of Iraqi and Syrian dust storms to Tehran's PM10 and PM2.5 concentration were assessed during a dust storm episode. Initially, a dust storm event was identified through the statistical analysis of the recorded air pollution data at Tehran's monitoring stations and the visual inspection of the satellite images. A combination of CMAQ/WRF/SMOKE modeling systems was used to simulate PM concentrations from Tehran local sources... 

    Finding the best station in Belgium to use residential-scale solar heating, One-year dynamic simulation with considering all system losses: Economic analysis of using ETSW

    , Article Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments ; Volume 45 , June , 2021 ; 22131388 (ISSN) Kalbasi, R ; Jahangiri, M ; Mosavi, A ; Jalaladdin Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Shahabaddin Hosseini Dehshiri, S ; Ebrahimi, S ; Al Sadat Etezadi, Z ; Karimipour, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2021
    Abstract
    The main purpose of this study is to provide the heating power for space heating and sanitary hot water for a residential house in sixteen stations located in Belgium using evacuated tube solar water (ETSW). A one-year dynamic simulation was performed using TSOL 5.5 software and Meteonorm 7.1 was used to obtain the climatic data. Technical and environmental studies as well as station rankings are the parameters that have been examined for the first time in the present study. The weighting results of using the Best-Worst method (BWM) revealed that total solar fraction and CO2 emission avoided have the highest and lowest weight, respectively. Station ranking was performed using ARAS technique... 

    Black carbon and PM2.5 monitoring campaign on the roadside and residential urban background sites in the city of Tehran

    , Article Atmospheric Environment ; Volume 218 , 2019 ; 13522310 (ISSN) Taheri, A ; Aliasghari, P ; Hosseini, V ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Abstract
    Fine particulate matter characterized as PM2.5 is the most important criteria air pollutant in the city of Tehran. Tehran is one of the most polluted cities of the Middle East based on annual mean PM2.5 concentrations. Tehran emission inventory shows the large contribution of mobile sources to the total particles. PM2.5 source apportionment studies show large fraction of black carbon (BC) in the total mass of PM2.5, especially during the cold seasons. BC is the product of incomplete combustion that is mainly derived from diesel engines and rich-burned gasoline carburetor engines on scooters and light-duty vehicles. The present study shows the results of a large experimental campaign in which...