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    Simultaneous Voltammetric Determination of Epinephrine and UricAcid in Presence of Ascorbic Acid Using Pyrolytic Graphite Electrode Modified with Nano- diamond/graphite Film & Voltammetric Determination of Levothyroxine at the Surface of Edge Plane Pyrolytic Graphite Electrode

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Khafaji, Mona (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    Part 1: A novel modified pyrolytic graphite electrode with nanodiamond/graphite was fabricated. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward the epinephrine (EN) and uric acid (UA) are studied by means of cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry. The structural morphology and thickness of the film was characterized by SEM technique.The prepared electrode shows an excellent catalytic activity in the electrochemical oxidation of EN and UA, leading to remarkable enhancements in the corresponding peak currents and lowering the peak potentials. The prepared modified electrode acts as a highly sensitive sensor for simultaneous determination of EN and UA in the presence... 

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Saberi, Reyhanesadat (Author) ; Shahrokhian, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Abstract
    In the first part, preparation of different kinds of polypyrrole/carbon composites and their application for drug analysis are described. In the first work, A very sensitive electrochemical sensor constructed from a glassy carbon electrode modified with a layer-by-layer MWCNT/doped overoxidized polypyrrole (oppy/MWCNT /GCE) was used for the determination of acetaminophen (AC) in the presence of codeine and ascorbic acid (AA). In comparison to the bare glassy carbon electrode, a considerable shift in the peak potential together with an increase in the peak current was observed for AC on the surface of oppy/MWCNT/GCE, which can be related to the enlarged microscopic surface area of the... 

    Identification of catecholamine neurotransmitters using a fluorescent electronic tongue

    , Article ACS Chemical Neuroscience ; Volume 11, Issue 1 , November , 2020 , Pages 25-33 Jafarinejad, S ; Bigdeli, A ; Ghazi Khansari, M ; Sasanpour, P ; Hormozinezhad, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2020
    Abstract
    Catecholamine neurotransmitters, specifically, dopamine (DA), epinephrine (EP), and norepinephrine (NE), are known as substantial indicators of various neurological diseases. Developing rapid detection methods capable of simultaneously screening their concentrations is highly desired for early clinical diagnosis of such diseases. To this aim, we have designed an optical sensor array using three fluorescent dyes with distinct emission bands and have monitored variations in their emission profiles upon the addition of DA, EP, and NE in the presence of gold ions. Because of the different reducing power of catecholamines, differently sized gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with different levels of... 

    Application of pyrolytic graphite modified with nano-diamond/graphite film for simultaneous voltammetric determination of epinephrine and uric acid in the presence of ascorbic acid

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 55, Issue 28 , 2010 , Pages 9090-9096 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Khafaji, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    A novel modified pyrolytic graphite electrode with nano-diamond/graphite was fabricated. The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward the epinephrine (EN) and uric acid (UA) were studied by means of cyclic and linear sweep voltammetry. The structural morphology and thickness of the film was characterized by SEM technique. The prepared electrode showed an excellent catalytic activity in the electrochemical oxidation of EN and UA, leading to remarkable enhancements in the corresponding peak currents and lowering the peak potentials. The prepared modified electrode acts as a highly sensitive sensor for simultaneous determination of EN and UA in the presence of... 

    Simultaneous determination of epinephrine and acetaminophen concentrations using a novel carbon paste electrode prepared with 2,2′-[1,2 butanediylbis(nitriloethylidyne)]-bis-hydroquinone and TiO2 nanoparticles

    , Article Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces ; Volume 76, Issue 1 , 2010 , Pages 82-87 ; 09277765 (ISSN) Mazloum Ardakani, M ; Beitollahi, H ; Sheikh Mohseni, M. A ; Benvidi, A ; Naeimi, H ; Nejati Barzoki, M ; Taghavinia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    2010
    Abstract
    A carbon paste electrode (CPE) modified with 2,2′-[1,2 butanediylbis(nitriloethylidyne)]-bis-hydroquinone (BBNBH) and TiO2 nanoparticles was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of epinephrine (EP). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward EP and acetaminophen (AC) were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results showed an efficient catalytic activity of the electrode for the electrooxidation of EP, which leads to a reduction in its overpotential by more than 270 mV. The effects of pH and potential sweep rate on the mechanism of the electrode process were investigated. The modified electrode exhibits an... 

    Application of carbon-paste electrode modified with iron phthalocyanine for voltammetric determination of epinephrine in the presence of ascorbic acid and uric acid

    , Article Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical ; Volume 137, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 669-675 ; 09254005 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Ghalkhani, M ; Amini, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    A carbon-paste electrode (CPE) modified with iron(II) phthalocyanine was used for the sensitive voltammetric determination of epinephrine (EN). The electrochemical response characteristics of the modified electrode toward EN, ascorbic acid (AA) and uric acid (UA) were investigated by cyclic and differential pulse voltammetry (CV and DPV). The results show an efficient catalytic activity of the electrode for the electro-oxidation of EN, which leads to improvement of reversibility of the electrode response and lowering its overpotential by more than 100 mV. The effect of pH and potential sweep rate on the mechanism of the electrode process was investigated. The modified electrode exhibits an... 

    Electrochemical preparation of over-oxidized polypyrrole/multi-walled carbon nanotube composite on glassy carbon electrode and its application in epinephrine determination

    , Article Electrochimica Acta ; Volume 57, Issue 1 , 2011 , Pages 132-138 ; 00134686 (ISSN) Shahrokhian, S ; Saberi, R. S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Abstract
    A composite film constructed of surfactant doped over-oxidized polypyrrole and multi-walled carbon nanotube was prepared on the surface of glassy carbon electrode by the electro-polymerization method. Surface characterization of the modified electrode was performed by scanning electron microscopy, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectrometry. The investigations have been proved that the over-oxidation of the modifier film resulted in a porous thin layer that improves the interlayer diffusion mechanism for the electroactive species. On the other hand, the negative charge density on the surface of the electrode excludes the negative analytes (e.g. ascorbate and Fe(CN)63?/4?)...