Search for: ethylene-glycol
Total 75 records
In vitro study of bare and poly (ethylene glycol)-co-fumarate coated superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles for reducing potential risks to humans and the environment, Article Handbook of Sustainable Energy ; May , 2011 , Pages 649-666 ; 9781608762637 (ISBN) ; Simchi, A ; Imani, M ; Milani, A. S ; Stroeve, P ; Shivaee, H. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Nova Science Publishers, Inc 2011
For risk free application of nanoparticles in life science, energy and the environment, it is essential to understand their biological fate and potential toxicity. The application of iron oxide nanoparticles for drug delivery has been one of the most promising researches in the field of nanotechnology. However, there are two major problems associated with magnetically targeted deliveries that still need close attention: • As the drug is coated on to the particle surfaces, there is the possibility of faster drug release (Burst Effect). Therefore, after reaching to the specific site, there is very low amount of drug for delivery. To overcome this problem, some researchers have used conjugation...
Renewable hydrogen production by ethylene glycol steam reforming over Al2O3 supported Ni-Pt bimetallic nano-catalysts, Article Renewable Energy ; Volume 128 , 2018 , Pages 188-199 ; 09601481 (ISSN) ; Khorasheh, F ; Sharif University of Technology
The steam reforming of ethylene glycol, a simple model compound for biomass-derived liquids, is considered to be an environmentally green process for producing renewable hydrogen. Both Pt and Ni species are known for their catalytic activity under steam reforming reaction conditions. In this investigation, alumina supported Ni-Pt bimetallic catalysts (X wt% Ni-Y wt% Pt/Al2O3 named XNi-YPt) were employed for steam reforming of ethylene glycol. The prepared catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, H2-TPR, H₂-Chemisorption, and TEM. It was observed that Ni/Pt ratio strongly affected the redox behavior, BET surface area, and particle size of the samples that in turn affected their catalytic...
Measurement and modeling process partitioning of cephalexin antibiotic in aqueous two-phase systems containing poly(ethylene glycol) 4000, 10000 and K2HPO4, Na3Citrate, Article Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data ; Volume 54, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 2239-2244 ; 00219568 (ISSN) ; Pazuki, G. R ; Taghikhani, V ; Vossoughi, M ; Ghotbi, C ; Sharif University of Technology
In this work, the partition coefficients of Cephalexin in aqueous two-phase systems containing PEG [poly(ethylene glycol)] 4000, 10000 and K 2HPO4, Na3Citrate (C6H 5Na3O7 5, 5H2O) have been measured. The experimental data were obtained in a wide range of temperatures, (28.2 to 37.2) °C. The effects of temperature, pH, polymer concentration, polymer molecular weight, and salt concentration on the partitioning of Cephalexin were also studied. The results showed that salt concentration has a large effect on the partition coefficient, and temperature has an almost negligible effect. The Chen-NRTL Gibbs energy model was used to correlate the experimental results. © 2009 American Chemical Society
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Vossoughi, Manouchehr ; Seif Kordi, Ali Akbar
A Microbial fuel cell is a Bioreactor in which chemical bands are broken and their energy convert to electricity by bio-catalysts such as microorganisms and enzymes. Depletion of energy resources encouraged researchers to investigate microbial fuel cell as a power bio-resource. MFCs produce electricity or hydrogen without any net carbon emission. Nowadays, real applications of microbial fuel cells are limited because their power density level is very low (about 1000 mW/m2). Many research projects are running to modify MFCs operation and optimize its costs. The most important application of MFCs is electricity production, hydrogen production, waste water treatment and BOD5 biosensor. In this...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Borghei, Mehdi ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr
The removal of ethylene glycol, one of the most widely used antifreez, with moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) was studied. Beside of ethylene glycol, the synthetic wastewater contained molasses and other salts as nutrient source. The packings were composed of polyethylene and shaped like small cylinders with a surface area of 500 m2 per m3 bulk volume of carriers(KMT). The COD of the feed was adjusted by varying the ratio of ethylene glycol to molasses. The total COD was 1252.5, 1345 and 1500 mg/L. The resulted showed that when the biofilm grows on the packings and its thickness is good enough, the removal efficiency increased. The increase was attributed to higher concentration of biomass...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Borgheei, Mahdi ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr
One of the most significant consequents of industrial world is environmental pollutions which displays its mortal effects in all aspects of human life including water, atmosphere and soil. After different applications of water, variable substances like organic and mineral components, toxics, heavy metal, etc is added to the water and wastewater. One of these organic components which appear in runoff and industrial wastes specially refinery companies’ is Ethylene Glycol (EG). It is used in Poly ethylene Glycol, Poly Viniles and Resin product industries, etc. In this research the effect of EG on COD removal and performance of an Anaerobic Baffled Reactor during treating Ethylene Glycol...
Synthesis and Characterization of ATPEG-PMDA Hydrogels Conjugated with Thermo-Responsive Coated Magnetic Nanoparticles for Cartilage Tissue Engineering, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Simchi, Abdoreza
A novel thermo responsive decorated system is designed by coating Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with conjugated Pluronic-ATPEG copolymer incorporated into the PEG-PMDA Hydrogel for drug delivery to the cartilage tissue. Grafted copolymer was synthesized by reaction between carboxylated Pluronic and amino terminated Poly ethylene glycol (ATPEG) and confirmed by FTIR and NMR analysis. The magnetic nanoparticles were modified with the produced copolymer and characterized by TEM, HRTEM, XRD, DLS, and VSM. A typical product has 13 nm magnetic core and 105 nm hydrodynamic diameter with narrow size distribution. DLS results showed that there was an increase in size by increasing temperature from 25℃...
The Effect of Inhibitors on the Corrosion of Automotive Aluminum in Water and Ethylene Glycol Environment, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Ghorbani, Mohammad
In this study, the effects of different corrosion inhibitors on the corrosion of aluminum alloy which is used in the cooling systems of automotive industries were investigated. Also a comparison between the corrosion behaviour of the mentioned aluminum alloy with and without any galvanic connection to 5 different metals consist of solder, stainless steel, mild steel, brass and copper was done. The corrosion rate became more by establishing galvanic coupling. The base solution was ethylene glycol and water which is the base part of all antifreeze compounds. The tests were done at high temperature about 88ºC. Two different industrial corrosion inhibitors were examined in these conditions....
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Afshin, Hossein
Inhencemant of automobile radiator heat performance is the purpose of this study. Radiator fin shape, coolant fluid properties and influence of nanofluid studied in this research. Plain fin, louvered fin and vortex generator fin is choosen and design. With flow simulation influence of fin shape on heat performance is studied. After that, with considering radiator coolant fluid, the effect of antifreezing on fin heat transfer is evaluated. Then by addin nanoparticles to water and antifreezing solution, effect of nanofluid on heat transfer is evaluated. Results show that with increasing the air velocity for all geometries in the study , heat transfer and pressure drop is increased. But heat...
Microwave-assisted extraction and high-throughput monolithic-polymer-based micro-solid-phase extraction of organophosphorus, triazole, and organochlorine residues in apple, Article Journal of Separation Science ; Volume 39, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 576-583 ; 16159306 (ISSN) ; Es Haghi, A ; Basiri Pour, F ; Sharif University of Technology
A high-throughput micro-solid-phase extraction device based on a 96-well plate was constructed and applied to the determination of pesticide residues in various apple samples. Butyl methacrylate and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate were copolymerized as a monolithic polymer and placed in the cylindrically shaped stainless-steel meshes of 96-micro-solid-phase extraction device and used as an extracting unit. Before the micro-solid-phase extraction, microwave-assisted extraction was employed to facilitate the transfer of the pesticide residues from the apple matrix to liquid media. Then, 1 mL of the aquatic samples was transferred into the 96-well plate and the 96-micro-solid-phase extraction...
Article Polymer ; Volume 149 , 2018 , Pages 178-191 ; 00323861 (ISSN) ; Shojaei, A ; Mousavi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2018
The current investigation was to present composite membranes with strong interfacial adhesion between top polymeric selective layer and the bottom micro-porous support layer with appropriate gas permeation behavior and practically suitable processing characteristics. To this end, a series of acrylate-terminated polyurethanes (APUs) based on poly (ethylene glycol) (PEG) with different molecular weights (Mn) of 600, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 4000 g/mol, toluene diisocyanate (TDI), and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) were synthesized. Composite membranes were prepared with UV-curable acrylate-terminated polyurethane/acrylate diluent (APUAs) as selective layer and polyester/polysulfone (PS/PSF) as...
Effect of reactive diluent on gas separation behavior of photocurable acrylated polyurethane composite membranes, Article Journal of Applied Polymer Science ; Volume 137, Issue 3 , 15 January , 2020 ; Shojaei, A ; Mousavi, S. A ; Ahmadi, S. A ; Sharif University of Technology
John Wiley and Sons Inc 2020
In this study, the effects of the type and content of reactive diluents on the permeation/separation of carbon dioxide/nitrogen (CO2/N2) through acrylate-terminated polyurethane (APU)-acrylate/acrylic diluent (APUA) composite membranes was investigated. A series of APUs based on poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-1000 g mol−1, toluene diisocyanate, and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate was synthesized and then diluted with several reactive diluents. The results obtained from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and Fourier transform infrared analyses showed that the microphase interference of hard and soft segments increased with increasing reactive diluent content. Furthermore, with increasing alkene...
Supported deep eutectic liquid membranes with highly selective interaction sites for efficient CO2 separation, Article Journal of Molecular Liquids ; Volume 342 , 2021 ; 01677322 (ISSN) ; Khan, A. L ; Gilani, M. A ; Bilad, M. R ; Khan, A. U ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier B.V 2021
This study demonstrates a new strategy in which deep eutectic solvents (DES), a new class of sustainable organic solvents, were impregnated into micro porous polymer support for separation of CO2 from CH4. Three different types of DESs were prepared by mixing and subsequent heating of betaine as hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA) in combination with either glycerol (G), ethylene glycol (EG) or urea (U) as hydrogen bond donors (HBD) in 1:3 stoichiometric mole ratio. The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy was performed to confirm the formation of DESs. The gas permeation results showed that permeability of CO2 increased from 31.23 to 35.67 Barrer on substitution of HBD from glycerol to...
Synthesis, Characterization and Surface Modification of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications
Sharif University of Technology
Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPION) with proper surface coatings are increasingly being evaluated for clinical applications such as hyperthermia, drug delivery, magnetic resonance imaging, transfection, and cell/protein separation. Since the particles with various sizes exhibit different flow rates in the same environment (same capillary size), it is essential to use particles of a desirable size for targeted drug delivery and imaging. Particles of different sizes may be exposed to different viscosities and behave differently, particularly with regard to their velocities as they move through capillaries. In the present work, SPION with different size, purity, shape and...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Borghei, Mehdi
In the present study , operation of a laboratory scale sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was evaluated to treatment of synthetic wastewaters containing ethylene glycol. Studies carried out with a plexiglass bioreactor whith effective volume of 18 lit.Aeration was supplied via two air diffusers that set at the bottom of the reactor. Synthestic wastewater containing ethylene glycol and molasses as carbon source and other nutrient such as diammonium hydrogen phosphate as phosphor source and urea as nitrogen source for biological activities was composed at the laboratory. To optimization of this reactor three parameters – aeration time, chemical oxygen demand and sudden change in arganic loading...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Borgheei, Mahdi
In this research, MBBR was used to study petrochemical and gas refinery industry's low strength wastewater COD removal for reuse purposes. Reactor's feed was synthesized based on data analysis conducted by fourth wastewater treatment facility operating in phases 6,7 and 8. Inlet COD was 70 mg/L and this COD was provided by different portions of Mono ethylene glycol and Tri ethylene glycol. COD removal was studied under 1, 2 and 3 hours hydraulic retention time. Reactor's feed was provided with COD ratio of ( 〖COD〗_MEG/〖COD〗_total ) 65%, 60% and 50%. For the first time, hybrid combination of activated sludge system and MBBR was carried out and recycle stream was used in this system. The...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Forounchi, Massoud ; Dadbin, Susan
Biocompatible porous polymeric scaffolds provide a suitable 3-D environment for proliferation of stem cells in human body. For instance, growth and proliferation concurrent with differentiation of stem cells in such scaffolds can regenerate the tissues or organs. In this attitude we fabricated a porous Gelatin-based scaffold using both of freeze-drying and freeze-extraction methods.Also, effect fo gamma irradiation on microstructure of scaffolds was investigated. In addition, poly(ethylene glycol) was employed to make the scaffold softer. Moreover, effects of various parameters including freezing temperature, cross-linking agent concentration, gelatin and PEG concentrations and their...
Investigation of the Liquid Viscosity Effect on the Rising Bubble Motion (Effect of Ethylene Glycol Concentration on Terminal Velocity), M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Bastani, Dariush ; Lotfi, Marzieh
Surface phenomena is one of the fundamental branches of science that has many applications in industries related to multiphase processes. One of the most important issues of this knowledge is inter-phase transport phenomena in contacting gas - liquid and liquid – liquid systems. Multiphase systems generally include dispersions such that in many cases are associated with the relative motion between the continuous and dispersed phase. One of the most widely used inter-phase flow systems is dispersion of gas bubbles in the bulk of liquid. The overall efficiency of these systems is often determined by the characteristics of the gas phase. In order to understand the dynamic behavior of such...
Construction and Optimum Condition Selection for Microbial Fuel Cell for Organic Matter Removal and Electricity Generation, Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr ; Alemzadeh, Iran
A Microbial fuel cell is a Bioreactor in which chemical bands are broken and their energy convert to electricity by bio-catalysts such as microorganisms and enzymes.In this project, construction, substrate investigation and optimization of operational parameters were done. Microbial fuel cell as a waste water treatment method was considered in this project. As a result, different substrate were used in anode chamber of constructed microbial fuel cell. The most important ones were waste water containing ethylene glycol and crude oil.Consequently, lack of information about cathode operational parameters was led to optimum condition selection for pH, buffer concentration and ionic strength as...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Askari, Masoud ; Hakim, Manochehr
Titanium dioxide, due to its specific semiconductive properties, has been a highly investigated material for a variety of applications including gas sensors, hydrogen generation by water photoelectrolysis, photocatalysis, dye-sensitized solar cells and purification of water and air. Several recent studies have indicated that titania nanotubes have improved properties compared to any other form of titania for mentioned application. Titania nanotubes have been produced by a variety of methods including deposition into a template and hydrothermal processes. Anodic oxidation of titanium foil in a fluoride-based solution is one of the best methods to produce of titania nanotube arrays. Highly...