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    A Study of the Conflict between Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism from the Perspective of Evolutionary Epistemology or Evolutionary empiricism

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Jorkesh Rizi, Behzad (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    We know that Science has been one of the most influential cultural revolutions in recent centuries, and that, due to its remarkable successes and achievements, it has rapidly spread across many societies and cultures. Scientific theories have attracted the attention of many thinkers, but among these theories, Darwin's theory of evolution has attracted more attention in that it also claims to explain the origin of humans. One outcome of this theory is that man, and consequently all his attributes, including his cognitive powers, language, and culture (which are unique among the attributes of other species), came into being through a process of evolution and natural selection. But can the... 

    Evolutionary learning methodology: A case study of R&D strategy development

    , Article Technological Forecasting and Social Change ; Volume 80, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 956-976 ; 00401625 (ISSN) Hooshangi, S ; Arasti, M. R ; Hounshell, D. A ; Sahebzamani, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This article concerns the notion of methodology in strategic management of R&D/technology. Though development of new tools and methods has received much attention during the recent decades, attention to understanding methodologies has remained disproportionally low. In this study we distinguish two methodologies that are used in strategic management of R&D/technology: planning methodology and evolutionary learning methodology. We mainly focus on defining and describing the origins, nature, and characteristics of the latter. We propose a framework for methodology selection by investigating context, content, and process factors. Using this framework, we provide supportive evidence for...