Search for: experiments-design
0.006 seconds
Total 48 records

    Impacts of SiO2 and MgO nanoparticles on mass transfer performance of batch liquid-liquid extraction

    , Article Inorganic and Nano-Metal Chemistry ; Volume 47, Issue 5 , 2017 , Pages 677-680 ; 24701556 (ISSN) Sepehri Sadeghian, S. S ; Abooali, D ; Rahbar Kelishami, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Due to substantial impacts of nanoparticles on mass and heat transfer, having knowledge about different types of nanoparticles can contribute to access high efficiencies. As an investigation, in the present study, a number of liquid-liquid extraction experiments were designed by the use of Taguchi design model in order to study the impacts of SiO2 and MgO nanoparticles on mass transfer, in the batch systems. Acetic acid was considered as solute in some organic phases (i.e., n-butanol, n-butyl acetate, toluene, and chloroform), and pure water was applied as solvent. Taguchi experiment design method made more precision and convenience in the work. Final results showed reduction of mass... 

    Synthesis & Characterization of Nano Zeolite SAPO-34 Membranes on Alumina Supports and Evaluation of Their Performance for Gas and Vapor Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Dargahi, Mahdi (Author) ; Soltanieh, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Kazemian, Hossein (Supervisor)
    A Novel synthesis method to assemble of nano crystalline SAPO-34 molecular sieves crystalline is successfully developed at a supercritical condition. The environmental and operating conditions are investigated through a Taguchi L-9 orthogonal array and optimum synthesis conditions in order to reach highest crystallinity and smallest crystalline. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), thermal method of analysis (e.g. TG-DTA), and infra red spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques. In comparison to conventional hydrothermal methods, using a supercritical hydrothermal approach leads to the higher purity, reduced particle size, and change of... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of CoMo/γ-Al2O3 Catalyst for hydrodesulfurization process(HDS)

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Karimi, Mehrdad (Author) ; Kazemeini, Mohammad (Supervisor) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor)
    The sulfur compounds in crude oil cause air pollution, metallic equipments’ corrosion and refinery catalysts poisoning like reforming catalysts. Therefore it is necessary to use hydrodesulfurization catalysts for sulfur content reduction. Hydrodesulfurization is the most common desulfurization method in the industry. In this method, sulfur compounds react with the hydrogen in presence of ComMo/γ Al2O3 catalyst and under hard operational conditions like high temperature ( 300-340 ͦC) and high pressure (20-100 atm of hydrogen). Then,these compounds are turned into hydrogen sulfide and hydrocarbons. In the next step, produced hydrogen sulfide will be eliminated from oil cutting.In this... 

    Microfluidics Biological Separation

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abdi, Kaveh (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    The main goals of this research are design, simulation, and fabrication of a microfluidic system working based on dielectrophoresis. This research divided into two different parts, the first of which is the simulation of a microfluidic system, and second of which is an attempt for fabrication of microfluidic system. For the fabrication of the microfluidic system, different methods were used. In the simulation part, the enrichment of different particles was investigated, and the effects of different parameters on the enrichment were assessed. It was observed that as flow rate increases, the enrichment amount diminishes. Furthermore, as the microfluidic depth decreases, the enrichment amount... 

    Development of a Covering Location Model in Congested Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Golchin Khiabani Azar, Negar (Author) ; Shavandi, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Plants, distribution centers, and other facilities generally function for years or decades, during which time the environment in which they operate may change substantially. Costs, demands, travel times, and other inputs to classical facility location models may be highly uncertain. So when making decisions of location considering the factors that may change is beneficial. In this thesis a version of covering location model under uncertainty in a congested system is proposed. The aim is to locate m facilities to maximize the captured customer utility, having in mind that there may be up to q facilities established in future; the only information at hand about the number of the new facilities... 

    Electrodeposition of Cu/WC Nanocomposite

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Barmaki, Mohammad Reza (Author) ; Dolati, Abolghasem (Supervisor) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)

    Statistical Analysis and Experimental Design for Screening of Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in Brine Aquifers

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Farasat, Amir (Author) ; Pishvaie, Mahmoud Reza (Supervisor) ; Masihi, Mohsen (Supervisor)
    It is believed that the carbon dioxide emissions are likely to be the dominant drivers of climate change over the coming century. Geological sequestration in saline aquifers is a potential technology for mitigating carbon dioxide emission in atmosphere. In this study, computer simulation is combined with experimental design to perform sensitivity analysis and estimation of carbon dioxide sequestration in saline aquifers. For this purpose, horizontal permeability, vertical to horizontal permeability ratio, porosity, depth, pressure gradient, temperature gradient, water salinity, formation thickness, diffusivity coefficient, dip, irreducible water saturation, water Corey exponent, gas Corey... 

    Production of Nanosized TiO2 Powder from Kahnouj Ilmenite Concentrate

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Mozammel, Mahdi (Author) ; Sadrnezhaad, Khatiboleslam (Supervisor)
    This research tries to simulate the conditions of nanosized TiO2 powder production from pure commercial precursors, to produce nanosized TiO2 powder by leaching kahnouj ilmenite concentrate. For this purpose, the ilmenite concentrate was first oxidized to study the kinetics and optimization of oxidation process before leaching. Then the effect of pre-oxidation on the iron and titanium leaching efficiency was studied. Then the reductive leaching of concentrate using zinc and iron powders as reducing agent for Fe (III) to Fe (II) reaction was studied. The effect of reducing agent as well as oxidation and reduction on the leaching efficiency was studied. At the next step the optimum conditions... 

    A Simulation Framework for Evaluation of Multi-objective Master Production Scheduling Policy and Rolling Schedules in Make-to-order Supply Chains

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nedaei Hoor, Hessam (Author) ; Mahlooji, Hashem (Supervisor)
    This research studies multi-objective master production schedule (MPS) and advanced order commitment (AOC) in two-stage supply chains. Simulation-based experimental analysis evaluates the impact of environmental and MPS design factors on schedule cost and instability. The results provide insight into multi-objective MPS design considerations through rolling schedule policies. The study reveals that the manufacturer's production smoothness utility coefficient and its interaction with other experimental factors considerably impact the system's performance. In addition, it introduces a simulation framework with embedded mixed integer programming models that could be used as a framework for... 

    Synthesis and Characterization of a Copper Catalyst for Low Temperature Water –Gas Shift Reaction

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rafiee Renani, Mansoureh (Author) ; Khorasheh, Farhad (Supervisor) ; Khandan, Nahid (Co-Advisor)
    Water Gas Shift (WGS) reaction is an old reaction in which syngas is used for producing Hydrogen. At the present time, the major application of this reaction is in fuel cells, since the necessary Hydrogen for these cells is provided by this reaction.
    The present study investigate the influence of different preparation methods on properties of Cu-ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst for water gas shift (WGS) reaction, which is now known as the Commercial catalyst for low temperature WGS, and its influence on performance of Cu-ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst to derive an optimal Cu-ZnO/Al2O3 catalyst for water gas shift (WGS) reaction. Cu-ZnO/Al2O3 catalysts was synthesized by CP, DP, DP-Ultra, IWI , CP-Urea, and... 

    The Application of Nano Scale Iron Particle in Water Treatment

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nikroo, Razieh (Author) ; Alem zadeh, Iran (Supervisor) ; Vosoughi, Manouchehr (Supervisor)
    Chlorinated hydrocarbons such as trichloroethylene form a kind of dense non-aqueous phase liquid contaminants in groundwater and soil that are so difficult to remediate. In recent years, many field research has been demonstrated application of nano scale zero valent iron can degrade these contaminants.
    In this research, nZVI particle synthesized by liquid phase reduction method. Nickel (25%wt ) has been added to increase the reduction rate and also reduce intermediate pollutions. However, the combination of a noble metal to nZVI, leads to more rapid oxidation and tendency to agglomeration. So nZVI particles coated by applying a water soluble-starch solution (0.4%wt) as a stabilizer. The... 

    Bioleaching of Heavy Metal from Industrial Incinerator Ash

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Haddadian, Kamran (Author) ; Shayegan, Jalal (Supervisor)
    This study focused on the investigation of bioleaching of heavy metals from incinerator ash using Thiobacillus thiooxidans. Eight factors were examined for their significance on bioleaching using a Placket-Burman factorial design. Four significant variables (pulp density, Initial pH, sulfur Concentration and inoculation amount) were selected for the optimization studies. The combined effect of these variables on metal bioleaching was studied using a central composite design. Second order polynomials were established to identify the relationship between the recovery percent of the metals and the four significant variables. The optimal values of the variables for maximum metals bioleaching... 

    One Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Gas Exchange and Combustion Processes in a Port Fuel Injected Gasoline Engine to Optimize Intake Valve Lift, Timing, and Duration

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Zavvar, Majid (Author) ; Hosseini, Vahid (Supervisor) ; Mozaffari, Ali Asghar (Co-Advisor)
    In the modern world, one of the largest concerns is the ever depleting supply of oil. The automotive industry is especially impacted. In recent years the price of gasoline has fluctuated substantially and the price of crude oil has reached record highs. The high price of gasoline coupled with the uncertainty of its availability and future price have put a high priority on fuel economy of an engine. In addition the emissions released from internal combustion (IC) engines are polluting the atmosphere. Many studies have linked the greenhouse gases produced by an automobile engine to the partial destruction of our atmosphere and to global warming. As a result the US government is passing... 

    A Stochastic Kriging Metamodel for Constrained Simulation Optimization Based on a k-Optimal Design

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Abbaszadeh Peivasti, Hadi (Author) ; Mahlooji, Hashem (Supervisor)
    In recent years, optimization via simulation for the systemswhose objective function has stochastic characteristic and doesn’t explicitly exist in closed form, has attracted considerable interest.Simulation of this kind of systems at times may be veryexpensive. In this research, the constraint simulation optimization problem is considered for solving problems with stochastic features based on metamodels. For this purpose, stochastic Kriging is used as a metamodel. In this method, first, a few feasible points in the solution space are identified by thek-optimal design of experiment and then the simulation runs are performed. In the next step, a metamodel is fitted to all the stochastic... 

    Production and Properties of Reduced Graphene Oxide- Zinc Nanocomposite Coating on Steel

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Moshgi Asl, Somayyeh (Author) ; Afshar, Abdollah (Supervisor)
    In this project, graphene oxide was produced by chemical method (modified hummers method) because of simplicity and reproductiblity in the manufacuring process. Zinc nanoparticles were produced from pure zinc anode in the graphene oxide solution (anodic dissolution). Nanocomposite coating of reduced graphene oxide – zinc was created by electrochemical reduction with voltage pulse. Optimization of corrosion current density of the coating was done by design of experiments software (central composite design). To achieve this goal, several parameters such as cycles of zinc dissolution, frequency, duty cycle, total time of coating and applied voltage were examined. Using analysis of variance... 

    Studing the Performance of Rotary Dryer in Drying Enzyme Products

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Azadi, Mostafa (Author) ; Roosta Azad, Reza (Supervisor)
    Drying is one of the important downstream processes in the production of biotechnological products. The dryer design for heat-sensitive materials such as proteins requires special process considerations. In this study, a rotary dryer evaluated for drying protein products. The used liquid enzyme as model, a bacterial α-amylase, first, immobilized on sodium sulfate and sodium tripolyphosphate as carriers in a spraying mode and then, the obtained wet solid materials containing the enzyme, dried in a batch dryer. The performance of this dryer investigated to achieve suitable properties such as the enzyme activity and the final moisture content of product by changing the process conditions.... 

    Design and Fabrication of a Microfluidic System Based on Dielectrophoresis for Enrichment and Separation of Bioparticles

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmani, Ali (Author) ; Mohammadi, Ali Asghar (Supervisor)
    The main purposes of this project are simulation, design, and fabrication of a microfluidic system based on dielectrophoresis (DEP) exploiting AC voltages for separation of microparticles. Generally, this project can be divided into two parts. First, the engineering section including design and fabrication of microchip, and second biological samples preparation for investigating the system performance. The main advantages of proposed system are eliminating joule heating, a significant problem in insulating based dielectrophoresis systems, overcoming problems related to metal contamination in biological samples, the main problem of conventional dielectrophoresis platforms, and removing... 

    S&P500 Intelligent Trading Using Neural Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Hoseinzade, Saeid (Author) ; Akhavan Niaki, Taghi (Supervisor)
    This project tries to select the inputs which really affect the change in the direction of S&P500. For this purpose, design of experiments and analysis of variance are used. T tests are carried out to calculate the statistical significance of mean differences. Experiment results indicate that the designed neural networks with the selected inputs significantly outperform the traditional logit model with respect of the number of correct predictions. Moreover, real trades are simulated using the neural network predictions in the test period and the results show that using the designed neural network can significantly increase the income.


    Investigation and Optimization of Degradation Process of Contaminants of Chemical Industrial Wastewater Using Enhanced Nanophotocatalysts under Visible and Solar Light

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Feilizadeh, Mehrzad (Author) ; Vossoughi, Manoochehr (Supervisor) ; Aalemzadeh, Iran (Supervisor)
    Photocatalytic degradation is one of the developing modern and effective methods for decontamination of hazardous pollutants of chemical industrial wastewater. This method has several advantages including the possibility of using free and sustainable energy of sun. However, it is still needed to active photocatalysts under solar light and also the enhancement and optimization of operating parameters, and consequently, these topics are selected as goals of the present thesis. Accordingly in this research, first, to obtain a photocatalyst that is highly efficient (especially under visible and solar light), multi-doping and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were used and for the first time,... 

    Wax Deposition Study During Offshore under Balanced Drilling

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Nazari, Aliakbar (Author) ; Jamshidi, Saeed (Supervisor)
    Wax deposition is one of the main problems in the oil industry. The formation of wax deposition causes problems such as reducing the effective tube radius, increasing pressure, reducing the flow capacity and etc. Even crude oil waxes can block the pipeline due to deposition of wax during crude oil production and transportation operations. If wax deposition is well predicted and effective parameters are well known and studied, they can be useful in reducing the deposition of wax, and consequently its problems and wax deposition costs will be significantly reduced. In this research, wax deposition has been investigated in Underbalanced drilling by OLGA software. In the first part, by...