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    Biomechanical Modeling of Human Eye in Blunt Impact: A Finite Element Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Rahmannia, Saeed (Author) ; Ahmadian, Mohammad taghi (Supervisor) ; Fallah Rajabzadeh, Famida (Co-Advisor)
    Nowadays, Eye injuries caused by blunt impacts are considered among the major causes of blindness and vision problems; therefore, studying the existence of possible damages can be quite useful and effective. One of the quickest and most suitable methods in identifying damage parameters is finite-element modeling of the human eye. In this regard, in the current study, first a geometrical design was created by incorporating CT-Scan images of the eye into Mimics and later Solid works software. Afterwards, the most suitable mechanical properties for the constituents of the eye were extracted from the literature. The mechanical properties of vitreous and Sclera were obtained by experimental... 

    Biomechanical Modeling of Human Eye in Car Airbag Blunt Impacts During Accident: an Empirical Test and Finite Element Study

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Shirzadi, Hooman (Author) ; Zohour, Hassan (Supervisor)
    Eye and vision are the most important tools and the perceptual sense of human. This important vital member is one of the most vulnerable organs of human body. For example in the United States 1.9 million eye surgery are being done yearly which include 9 thousand globe rupture and 30 thousand blindness due to impacts on the eye. Eye traumas could have occurred as mechanical, radiation, thermal, chemical, etc. among these, the damages related to the airbag impact which is subset of mechanical damages, take a significant percentage. Presenting a model of human eye in car airbag blunt impacts during accident could be effective for receiving helpful information from damage of the internal parts... 

    Biomechanical simulation of eye-airbag impacts during vehicle accidents

    , Article Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine ; Volume 232, Issue 7 , 2018 , Pages 699-707 ; 09544119 (ISSN) Shirzadi, H ; Zohoor, H ; Naserkhaki, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    SAGE Publications Ltd  2018
    Airbags are safety devices in vehicles effectively suppressing passengers’ injuries during accidents. Although there are still many cases of eye injuries reported due to eye-airbag impacts in recent years. Biomechanical approaches are now feasible and can considerably help experts to investigate the issue without ethical concerns. The eye-airbag impact–induced stresses/strains in various components of the eye were found to investigate the risk of injury in different conditions (impact velocity and airbag pressure). Three-dimensional geometry of the eyeball, fat and bony socket as well as the airbag were developed and meshed to develop a finite element model. Nonlinear material properties of...