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    Designing an Optical Processing Unit for Non-Linear Operations in Deep Neural Networks

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Ebrahimi Dehghanpour, Aida (Author) ; Koohi, Somayyeh (Supervisor)
    Abstract: In this thesis, we tackled the problem of nonlinear activation function in optical artificial neural networks, and in particular in convolutional and recurrent neural networks. In the end, we propose an all-optical recurrent neural network in free-space optics for the first time. Artificial neural networks are a branch of artificial intelligence, which can be adopted to solve a wide variety of problems. While very powerful, these networks can be very power hungry and slow when it comes to solving very complicated problems. Optical versions of these networks bring the promise of solving both of these issues and provide a fast and power efficient platform for these networks. However,... 

    Studies on the recovery of uranium from nuclear industrial effluent using nanoporous silica adsorbent

    , Article International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology ; Volume 9, Issue 4 , October , 2012 , Pages 629-636 ; 17351472 (ISSN) Sepehrian, H ; Samadfam, M ; Asadi, Z ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer  2012
    In this paper, the sorption of uranium onto nanoporous silica adsorbent in the presence of nitrate, sulfate, chloride, fluoride and phosphate was studied. The effect of contact time between the nanoporous sorbent and aqueous solution, pH and initial concentration of uranium was also investigated. Uranium sorption onto nanoporous silica adsorbent is a very fast process as sorption rate increases with pH increment. Optimum pH for uranium sorption was 4-8. Experimental sorption isotherm is successfully described by Langmuir and Freundlich models. The results obtained by batch experiments showed that the presence of high concentration of nitrate, sulfate, chloride and phosphate anions alone had... 

    Uranium(VI) sorption behavior onto amberlite CG-400 anion exchange resin: Effects of pH, contact time, temperature and presence of phosphate

    , Article Annals of Nuclear Energy ; Volume 48 , October , 2012 , Pages 21-24 ; 03064549 (ISSN) Semnani, F ; Asadi, Z ; Samadfam, M ; Sepehrian, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2012
    In this paper, uranium sorption onto amberlite CG-400 anion exchange resin in the presence of phosphate anions was studied. The effect of contact time between the sorbent and aqueous solution, pH, initial concentration of uranium and temperature were also investigated. Kinetic studies show that uranium sorption onto amberlite CG-400 resin in the presence of phosphate is a fast process and follows pesudo-second-order kinetics. It was also found that the pH value and the presence of phosphate play very important roles in the uranium sorption onto CG-400 resin. Optimum pH for uranium sorption in the presence of phosphate anions was about 3.5. The experimental sorption isotherm is successfully... 

    Asphaltene deposition under dynamic conditions in porous media: Theoretical and experimental investigation

    , Article Energy and Fuels ; Volume 27, Issue 2 , 2013 , Pages 622-639 ; 08870624 (ISSN) Jafari Behbahani, T ; Ghotbi, C ; Taghikhani, V ; Shahrabadi, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this work, a new model based on the multilayer adsorption kinetic mechanism and four material balance equations for oil, asphaltene, gas, and water phase has been developed to account for asphaltene deposition in porous media under dynamic conditions and the model was verified using experimental data obtained in this work and also with those reported in the literature. The results showed that the developed model based on multilayer adsorption kinetic mechanism can correlate more accurately the oil flooding experimental data in comparison to the previous models based on the mechanical plugging mechanism, in particular in carbonate core samples. Also, a series of experiments was carried to...