Search for: fetal-heart-rate
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    Computerized interpretation of cardiotocographs using kubli score

    , Article 4th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering, ECIFMBE 2008, Antwerp, 23 November 2008 through 27 November 2008 ; Volume 22 , 2008 , Pages 962-965 ; 16800737 (ISSN); 9783540892076 (ISBN) Krupa, N ; Hasan, F. M ; Mohd Ali, M. A ; Zahedi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The purpose of this work is to interpret cardiotocograph recordings by estimating kubli score in order to find out the presence of antepartum morbidity in cardiotocograph (CTG) recordings. The Kubli score is a tool used to evaluate a non-stress test (NST). It works very much like an Apgar Score in that there are 5 criteria to be assessed, baseline rate, amplitude of fluctuations, frequency of fluctuations, deceleration and acceleration pattern, and each will be assigned a score of 0, 1, or 2, for a maximum total of 10. The advantage of the Kubli score is that it is systematic and specific. This communication tool helps clinicians to have a visual image of the immediate fetal status. Using... 

    Enhancing physionet electrocardiogram records for fetal heart rate detection algorithm

    , Article Proceedings - 2015 2nd International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICoBE 2015 ; 2015 ; 9781479917495 (ISBN) Yusuf, W. Y. W ; Ali, M. A. M ; Zahedi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    The noninvasive fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) data available from Physionet data bank are suitable for developing fetal heart rate (FHR) detection algorithms. The data have been collected from single subject with a broad range of gestation weeks, and have a total data length of more than 9 hours arranged in 55 data sets. However, there are three additional data features which are currently not directly available from Physionet to facilitate the easy usage of these data: (1) the fetal peak visibility evaluation, (2) the gestation week, and (3) the data length. This article presents an improvement to the data bank by providing the additional features. The required pre-processing of the data is... 

    Two channel abdominal PPG instrumentation

    , Article IFMBE Proceedings ; Volume 21 IFMBE, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 691-693 ; 16800737 (ISSN); 9783540691389 (ISBN) Gan, K. B ; Mohd Ali, M. A ; Zahedi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2008
    In this paper, a two channel abdominal PPG instrumentation is developed. The proposed instrument consists of IR-LED and its driver, photo-detector and data acquisition card. The modulation frequency generation, demodulation and digital signal processing is done completely in the digital domain using LabView. The results show that the developed instrument is able to acquire signal from the abdomen even at 4 cm source to detector separation. This instrument is intended for future application in trans-abdominal fetal heart rate detection. © 2008 Springer-Verlag  

    Investigation of optical detection strategies for transabdominal fetal heart rate detection using three-layered tissue model and Monte Carlo simulation

    , Article Optica Applicata ; Volume 41, Issue 4 , 2011 , Pages 885-896 ; 00785466 (ISSN) Gan, K. B ; Zahedi, E ; Mohd Ali, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, the Monte Carlo technique is used to determine the optical detection strategies in three-layered (maternal, amniotic fluid and fetal) tissue model. This model is utilized to estimate the transabdominal optical power and optimum source-detector (S-D) separation. Results based on the launching of 2 million photons with 1 mW optical power showed that the expected optical power output is in the range of 10 -6-10 -10 W/cm 2 depending on S-D separation. Considering the limit of the signal processing methods (such as adaptive noise cancelling) and the use of silicon photodetector, an S-D separation of 4 cm has been selected as a practical compromise between signal level and... 

    Transabdominal fetal heart rate detection using NIR photopleythysmography: instrumentation and clinical results

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering ; Volume 56, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 2075-2082 ; 00189294 (ISSN) Gan, K. B ; Zahedi, E ; Mohd Ali, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    In obstetrics, fetal heart rate (FHR) detection remains the standard for intrapartum assessment of fetal well-being. In this paper, a low-power (<55 mW) optical technique is proposed for transabdominal FHR detection using near-infrared photoplesthys-mography (PPG). A beam of IR-LED (890 nm) propagates through to the maternal abdomen and fetal tissues, resulting in a mixed signal detected by a low-noise detector situated at a distance of 4 cm. Low-noise amplification and 24-bit analog-to-digital converter resolution ensure minimum effect of quantization noise. After synchronous detection, the mixed signal is processed by an adaptive filter to extract the fetal signal, whereas the PPG from the... 

    The application of empirical mode decomposition for the enhancement of cardiotocograph signals

    , Article Physiological Measurement ; Volume 30, Issue 8 , 2009 , Pages 729-743 ; 09673334 (ISSN) Krupa, B. N ; Mohd Ali, M. A ; Zahedi, E ; Sharif University of Technology
    Cardiotocograph (CTG) is widely used in everyday clinical practice for fetal surveillance, where it is used to record fetal heart rate (FHR) and uterine activity (UA). These two biosignals can be used for antepartum and intrapartum fetal monitoring and are, in fact, nonlinear and non-stationary. CTG recordings are often corrupted by artifacts such as missing beats in FHR, high-frequency noise in FHR and UA signals. In this paper, an empirical mode decomposition (EMD) method is applied on CTG signals. A recursive algorithm is first utilized to eliminate missing beats. High-frequency noise is reduced using EMD followed by the partial reconstruction (PAR) method, where the noise order is... 

    Applicability of adaptive noise cancellation to fetal heart rate detection using photoplethysmography

    , Article Computers in Biology and Medicine ; Volume 38, Issue 1 , 2008 , Pages 31-41 ; 00104825 (ISSN) Zahedi, E ; Beng, G. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, an approach based on adaptive noise cancellation (ANC) is evaluated for extraction of the fetal heart rate using photoplethysmographic signals from the maternal abdomen. A simple optical model is proposed in which the maternal and fetal blood pulsations result in emulated signals where the lower SNR limit (fetal to maternal) is - 25 dB. It is shown that a recursive least-squares algorithm is capable of extracting the peaks of the fetal PPG from these signals, for typical values of maternal and fetal tissues. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved  

    Antepartum fetal heart rate feature extraction and classification using empirical mode decomposition and support vector machine

    , Article BioMedical Engineering Online ; Volume 10 , 2011 ; 1475925X (ISSN) Krupa, N ; MA, M. A ; Zahedi, E ; Ahmed, S ; Hassan, F. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Background: Cardiotocography (CTG) is the most widely used tool for fetal surveillance. The visual analysis of fetal heart rate (FHR) traces largely depends on the expertise and experience of the clinician involved. Several approaches have been proposed for the effective interpretation of FHR. In this paper, a new approach for FHR feature extraction based on empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is proposed, which was used along with support vector machine (SVM) for the classification of FHR recordings as 'normal' or 'at risk'.Methods: The FHR were recorded from 15 subjects at a sampling rate of 4 Hz and a dataset consisting of 90 randomly selected records of 20 minutes duration was formed from...