Search for: fiber-reinforced-plastics
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    Intelligent control of an IPMC actuated manipulator using emotional learning-based controller

    , Article Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications, San Diego, CA, 10 August 2008 through 13 August 2008 ; Volume 7029 , 2008 ; 0277786X (ISSN) ; 9780819472496 (ISBN) Shariati, A ; Meghdari, A ; Shariati, P ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this research an intelligent emotional learning controller, Takagi- Sugeno- Kang (TSK) is applied to govern the dynamics of a novel Ionic-Polymer Metal Composite (IPMC) actuated manipulator. Ionic-Polymer Metal Composites are active actuators that show very large deformation in existence of low applied voltage. In this research, a new IPMC actuator is considered and applied to a 2-dof miniature manipulator. This manipulator is designed for miniature tasks. The control system consists of a set of neurofuzzy controller whose parameters are adapted according to the emotional learning rules, and a critic with task to assess the present situation resulted from the applied control action in... 

    Seismic performance of high-strength concrete square columns confined with carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRPs)

    , Article Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering ; Volume 32, Issue 3 , 2005 , Pages 569-578 ; 03151468 (ISSN) Hosseini, A ; Khaloo, A. R ; Fadaee, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper presents the results of an experimental and analytical study on high-strength, reinforced-concrete (RC) columns with different levels of initial ductility enhanced with carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) wraps. Six square columns 260 mm wide and 1650 mm long were tested under constant axial load and reversed cyclic lateral load. The test specimens were divided into three groups. Groups I and II were designed and detailed according to the requirements of American Concrete Institute ACI318-02 for intermediate-moment frames. Group I was wrapped with CFRP, group II was control specimens, and group III was designed and detailed according to the requirements of ACI318-02 for... 

    Experimental investigation of square RC column strengthened with near surface mounted GFRP bars subjected to axial and cyclic lateral loads

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 20, Issue 5 , 2013 , Pages 1361-1371 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Dayhim, N ; Nicknam, A ; Barkhordari, M. A ; Hosseini, A ; Mehdizad, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2013
    This article is intended to highlight the effectiveness of longitudinal Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) bars in combination with GFRP sheets on the flexural capacity of Reinforced Concrete (RC) columns. Seven half-scale RC columns including five strengthened and two control unstrengthened specimens were experimentally tested under axial and cyclic lateral loads. The strengthened columns with two different longitudinal GFRP bar ratios were tested under three different axial load levels. The flexural strength and ductility parameters of the specimens were calculated by obtaining their deformations and measuring the loads from load cells. The experimental results indicate significant... 

    Finite element analysis of a CFRP reinforced retaining wall

    , Article Geomechanics and Engineering ; Volume 10, Issue 6 , 2016 , Pages 757-774 ; 2005307X (ISSN) Ouria, A ; Toufigh, V ; Desai, C ; Toufigh, V ; Saadatmanesh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Techno Press 
    Soils are usually weak in tension therefore different materials such as geosynthetics are used to address this inadequacy. Worldwide annual consumption of geosynthetics is close to 1000 million m2, and the value of these materials is probably close to US$1500 million. Since the total cost of the construction is at least four or five times the cost of the geosynthetic itself, the impact of these materials on civil engineering construction is very large indeed. Nevertheless, there are several significant problems associated with geosynthetics, such as creep, low modulus of elasticity, and susceptibility to aggressive environment. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) was introduced over two... 

    Environmental effects on the bond at the interface of fiber-reinforced polymer and masonry brick

    , Article Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites ; Volume 36, Issue 18 , 2017 , Pages 1355-1368 ; 07316844 (ISSN) Toufigh, V ; Yarigarravesh, M ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study examined the bond at the interface of masonry bricks and fiber-reinforced polymer when exposed to five environments. Three fabrics (aramid, carbon, and glass) and one type of epoxy resin were used. A total of 375 brick-fiber-reinforced polymer specimens were made using wet lay-up technic and exposed to chemical solutions at four pH values (2.5, 7, 10, and 12.5) and substitute seawater. The effect of dry heat on the bond at the interface was also investigated. Single-lap shear tests were then carried out on the samples after 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 13 weeks of exposure. The experimental results indicated that freshwater and seawater had a considerable effect on the bond strength of... 

    Strengthening of metallic beams with different types of pre-stressed un-bonded retrofit systems

    , Article Composite Structures ; Volume 159 , 2017 , Pages 81-95 ; 02638223 (ISSN) Kianmofrad, F ; Ghafoori, E ; Elyasi, M. M ; Motavalli, M ; Rahimian, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2017
    Unlike bonded retrofit systems, un-bonded systems do not need any surface preparation prior to bond application, which reduces the overall time and cost of a retrofit plan. Because the carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) plate in the un-bonded (tendon) systems is not bonded to a metallic substrate, different variants of the retrofit systems can be developed to ease application in the field. This paper presents four different variants of the prestressed un-bonded retrofit (PUR) systems: trapezoidal PUR (TPUR), triangular PUR (TriPUR), Flat PUR (FPUR), and Contact PUR (CPUR) systems. Analytical solutions based on the flexibility approach are developed to predict the behavior of the metallic... 

    The effect of elevated temperatures on the tensile performance of GFRP and CFRP sheets

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 190 , 2018 , Pages 38-52 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Jarrah, M ; Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Houshmand Khaneghahi, M ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2018
    In this study, the effects of fiber type (i.e., carbon and glass fibers) and intumescent paint on the tensile performance of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) sheets at elevated temperatures are investigated. For this purpose, a series of tensile tests were conducted on the glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP and CFRP) sheets, with and without intumescent fire retardant paint, at different elevated temperatures. The studied temperatures ranged from 25 °C to 600 °C. Scanning electron microscopy was also used to examine the effects of elevated temperatures on FRP sheets and the fire protecting mechanism of the intumescent paint. Based on the test results, the tensile strength of the... 

    The tensile performance of FRP bars embedded in concrete under elevated temperatures

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 211 , 2019 , Pages 1138-1152 ; 09500618 (ISSN) Pournamazian Najafabadi, E ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Khaneghahi, M. H ; Shoaei, P ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    In this research, the mechanical properties of glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars with epoxy resin matrices embedded in concrete were investigated under an extensive range of elevated temperatures (i.e., 25–800 °C). Embedded FRP bars with various bar diameters were studied in order to determine bar diameter influence on the results. In addition, analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed on the experimental results to investigate the contribution of exposure temperature and bar diameter to the tensile behavior of embedded in concrete FRP bars at elevated temperatures. The results show that the tensile strength of embedded FRP bars generally decreases with increasing... 

    Damage behavior of fiber reinforced composite plates subjected to drop weight impacts

    , Article Composites Science and Technology ; Volume 66, Issue 1 , 2006 , Pages 61-68 ; 02663538 (ISSN) Hosseinzadeh, R ; Shokrieh, M. M ; Lessard, L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Fiber reinforced materials are widely used in many industrial structures including automotive, aviation, and civil due to their lower weights compared to metal structures. Full-composite body structures, especially in automotive and aviation applications, are becoming a proper replacement for current metal ones. For this reason, damage of such structures subjected to impact is a crucial case study in current research. The typical types of damages are mainly caused during production, repair, maintenance, or by particle crashes during function, and collisions between different structures. In this paper, four different fiber reinforced composite plates are studied after being impacted by a... 

    Investigation of Dynamic Behavior of Concrete Slabs Reinforced with GFRP Bars and Prestressed Concrete Slabs under Impact Loading

    , Ph.D. Dissertation Sharif University of Technology Sadraie, Hamid (Author) ; Khaloo, Alireza (Supervisor)
    Prestressed and reinforced concrete slabs are common structural elements that could be exposed to impact loading. Although, use of reinforced concrete slabs and utilization of Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) as alternative to traditional steel reinforcement slabs are growing, but the influence of various parameters on their response under impact loads is not properly evaluated. In addition, studies on steel reinforced concrete slabs have been found in literature, but investigation of prestressed slabs and GFRP reinforced concrete slabs under impact load is limited. This study investigated the effect of rebar’s material, amount and arrangement of reinforcements, concrete strength and slab... 

    Strengthening Reinforced Concrete Deep Beams Using FRP Systems

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Mesgarian, Iman (Author) ; Kazemi, Mohammad Taghi (Supervisor)
    In recent years, the development of the plate bonding repair technique has been shown to be applicable to many existing strengthening problems in the building industry. This technique may be defined as one in which composite sheets or plates of relatively small thickness are bonded with an epoxy adhesive to, in most cases, a concrete structure to improve its structural behaviour and strength. The sheets or plates do not require much space and give a composite action between the adherents. The old structure and the new bonded-on material create a new structural element that has a higher strength and stiffness than original one. According to the available methods of analysis and design for... 

    A Study on the Effect of Different Lubrication Methods on Surface Integrity and Tool Wear during Ultrasonic-Assisted Milling of CFRP

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Amirnia, Mahan (Author) ; Akbari, Javad (Supervisor)
    The aim of this study was to compare the effect of different cooling conditions (dry, flood, mql) on machined surface parameters (smoothness and protrusion of fibers) and tool erosion in carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite materials (CFRP) in the presence of ultrasonic vibrations or without it. Is. Today, carbon fiber reinforced plastic composite materials or CFRP have become one of the most widely used materials in industry due to their strength and light properties. For example, these materials have been used in the manufacture of products from commercial aircraft to shoes, tennis rackets, golf clubs, fishing rods, etc. The combination of carbon fibers woven with resin in alternating... 

    Fabrication and Investigation of Structure and Mechanical Properties of Bagasse Fibers Reinforced PP: Role of Alkalization and Calcium Carbonate Filler

    , M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology Asgharpour, Ali (Author) ; Bagheri, Reza (Supervisor)
    The consumption of plastics in the world is increasing and this is accompanied by the challenges of production from oil products and carbon footprint, waste production and environmental issues. The solutions to these challenges are material recycling and the production of biocompatible plastics. Polypropylene is a widely used polymer that is commonly used in conjunction with reinforcements such as fiberglass. Natural fibers can be substituted to increase the biocompatibility of the composite, which, despite its many advantages, presents challenges. The most important challenge is the poor adhesion of the fibers and the matrix due to the hydrophilicity of natural fibers and hydrophobicity of... 

    Strengthening study on 6082 Al alloy after combination of aging treatment and ECAP process

    , Article Materials Science and Engineering A ; Volume 527, Issue 18-19 , July , 2010 , Pages 4758-4766 ; 09215093 (ISSN) Dadbakhsh, S ; Karimi Taheri, A ; Smith, C. W ; Sharif University of Technology
    Equal channel angular pressing (ECAP) was used before and after various aging treatments in order to strengthen a commercial 6082 Al alloy. Experiments were carried out to study the strengthening of the alloy due to pre and post-ECAP aging treatment. It was found that aging before and after ECAP processing is an effective method for strengthening of the alloy. An increase in both strength and ductility of the ECAPed specimen was achieved via appropriate post-aging treatment. This was in such a manner that for maximal strengthening, post-ECAP aging is best conducted at temperatures lower than those usually used for aging if prior work hardening is not undertaken. Pre-ECAP aging was also... 

    Probabilistic modeling framework for prediction of seismic retrofit cost of buildings

    , Article Journal of Construction Engineering and Management ; Volume 143, Issue 8 , 2017 ; 07339364 (ISSN) Nasrazadani, H ; Mahsuli, M ; Talebiyan, H ; Kashani, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    This study presents a framework that utilizes Bayesian regression to create probabilistic cost models for retrofit actions. Performance improvement is the key parameter introduced in the proposed framework. The incorporation of this novel feature facilitates the characterization of retrofit cost as a continuous function of the desired performance improvement. Accounting for the performance gained from retrofit enables the use of the models in determining the optimal level of retrofit. Furthermore, accounting for the model uncertainty facilitates the use of the models in risk and reliability analyses. The proposed framework is applied to create seismic retrofit cost models for masonry school... 

    The long-term evaluation of FRPs bonded to timber

    , Article European Journal of Wood and Wood Products ; Volume 76, Issue 6 , 2018 , Pages 1623-1636 ; 00183768 (ISSN) Toufigh, V ; Yarigarravesh, M ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    This research investigated the long-term environmental effects on bond strength at the interface between fiber- reinforced polymers (FRPs) and timber. A total of 581 timber specimens were bonded with seven types of FRP sheets (unidirectional and bidirectional glass, carbon, aramid, and hybrids) using a wet lay-up technique. The specimens were exposed to acidic, alkaline, fresh water, and sea water solutions with pH of 2.5, 7, 7.25, 10, and 12.5 for 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. A chamber was also used to simulate ultraviolet radiation after 6 months. A series of single-lap shear tests were then conducted to determine the interfacial bond strength reduction. The results showed that bidirectional... 

    Environmental effects on the bond at the interface between FRP and wood

    , Article European Journal of Wood and Wood Products ; Volume 76, Issue 1 , 2018 , Pages 163-174 ; 00183768 (ISSN) Yarigarravesh, M ; Toufigh, V ; Mofid, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer Verlag  2018
    The advantages of fiber reinforced polymer (FRP), such as high specific strength, resistance against corrosion and formability, have made it a more acceptable alternative to conventional materials regarding repairing and retrofitting of structures. Although investigations in recent years have proved the concern of civil engineers about the environmental effects on the bond between FRP and concrete or masonry (especially moisture and temperature), only few researches have been reported on FRP-wood interfaces. This research investigated the effect of five different environments on the bond at the interface between FRP and wood. A series of pull-out tests were performed on 375 wood specimens... 

    Experimental investigation and probabilistic models for residual mechanical properties of GFRP pultruded profiles exposed to elevated temperatures

    , Article Composite Structures ; Volume 211 , 2019 , Pages 610-629 ; 02638223 (ISSN) Pournamazian Najafabad, E ; Houshmand Khaneghahi, M ; Ahmadie Amiri, H ; Esmaeilpour Estekanchi, H ; Ozbakkaloglu, T ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2019
    Here, we investigate the influence of elevated temperatures with negligible ambient oxygen on mechanical properties of various embedded glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) profiles, as well as the application of a predictive Bayesian model for predicting these properties. Both the flexural and compressive properties of FRP profiles were investigated through the tests of I-shaped and box-shaped profiles. To determine the impact of low and high elevated temperature, the profiles were exposed to a wide range of temperatures (i.e., 25–550 °C); effects of the exposure time were also investigated. Experiments showed that specimens exposed to higher elevated temperatures for longer time periods... 

    The effect of elevated temperatures on the compressive section capacity of pultruded GFRP profiles

    , Article Construction and Building Materials ; Volume 249 , July , 2020 Khaneghahi, M. H ; Najafabadi, E. P ; Bazli, M ; Vatani Oskouei, A ; Zhao, X. L ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Ltd  2020
    The compressive performance of glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) profiles subjected to elevated temperature was investigated through a large number of (3 0 0) tests. The effects of profile cross-sectional area, slenderness, and temperature on the behavior of the GFRP profiles at temperatures ranging from 25 to 400 °C were determined. It was observed that the compressive strength of the GFRP profiles has been decreased by half as the temperature exceeded 90 °C, i.e., close to the glass transition temperature of the matrix. The temperature and ratio of cross-sectional area to external perimeter were determined as two major parameters affecting section capacity. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd  

    Strengthening design limitations of an RC frames using FRP column wrapping considering column-to-beam strength ratio

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 14, Issue 5 , 2007 , Pages 405-413 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Khaloo, A. R ; Esmaili, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2007
    The aim of this paper is to study the influence of the column-to-beam strength ratio on the seismic strengthening of a column with a Fiber-Reinforced Plastic (FRP) wrapping system. FRP wrapped Reinforced Concrete (RC) columns are analyzed to obtain moment-curvature curves using FRP confined concrete characteristics. A pushover analysis of a 2D model was performed on one and three-story moment-resisting frames, with different column-to-beam strength ratios. The results indicate that FRP strengthening is more efficient in frames with a low ratio of column-to-beam strength, due to the type of lateral failure mechanism of the frame. Also, high values of the column-to-beam strength ratio can be...