Search for: fiducial-markers
Article International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery ; Vol. 9, issue. 1 , January , 2014 , p. 29-38 ; Ahmadian, A ; Dadashi Serej, N ; Saberi, H ; Amini Khoiy, K ; Sharif University of Technology
Purpose: The accuracy of pedicle screw placement during image-guided spine surgery (IGSS) can be characterized by estimating the target registration error (TRE). The major factors that influence TRE were identified, minimized, and verified with in vitro experiments. Materials and methods: Computed-tomography- compatible markers are placed over anatomical landmarks of lumbar vertebral segments in locations that are feasible and routinely used in surgical procedures. TRE was determined directly for markers placed on the pedicles of vertebra segments. First, optimum selections of landmarks are proposed for different landmarks according to the minimum achievable TRE values in different...
Article Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine ; Volume 157 , 2018 , Pages 129-136 ; 01692607 (ISSN) ; Montazeri Ghahjaverestan, N ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Jutten, C ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ireland Ltd 2018
In this paper, we propose a novel method for extracting fiducial points (FPs) of the beats in electrocardiogram (ECG) signals using switching Kalman filter (SKF). In this method, according to McSharry's model, ECG waveforms (P-wave, QRS complex and T-wave) are modeled with Gaussian functions and ECG baselines are modeled with first order auto regressive models. In the proposed method, a discrete state variable called “switch” is considered that affects only the observation equations. We denote a mode as a specific observation equation and switch changes between 7 modes and corresponds to different segments of an ECG beat. At each time instant, the probability of each mode is calculated and...