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    Effects of Stone-Wales defect on the electronic and transport properties of bilayer armchair graphene nanoribbons

    , Article Superlattices and Microstructures ; Volume 100 , 2016 , Pages 739-748 ; 07496036 (ISSN) Gholami Rudi, S ; Faez, R ; Morawej Farshi, M. K ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press 
    Abstract
    We report a first principles study on the electronic and transport properties of bilayer armchair graphene nanoribbons (BLAGNRs) containing Stone-Wales (SW) defect. It is shown that in the presence of SW defect in BLAGNRs, some electron localization occurs in defect atoms and degradation of transmission is observed in specific energy regions. The strength of electron localization is dependent on the symmetry of SW defect. In case of symmetric SW defect, stronger electron localization leads to sharper dip in its transmission spectrum in comparison with the broad dip in the transmission spectrum of the BLAGNR containing asymmetric SW defect. The effect of electron localization is also evident... 

    The formation and dissociation energy of vacancies in cementite: A first-principles study

    , Article Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms ; Volume 502 , 2021 , Pages 157-163 ; 0168583X (ISSN) Mehrdad Zamzamian, S ; Amirhossein Feghhi, S ; Samadfam, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2021
    Abstract
    Because of the possibility of various types of vacancies in cementite due to its crystalline structure, the focus of this paper was only on vacancies. In this regard, the formation energies of single, two, three and four vacancies of over than 120 different cases were calculated using first-principles method. For the case of single vacancy, the results were in three values of ~1.63, 1.39 and 0.78 eV according to iron vacancies at general positions, iron vacancies located on mirror planes and carbon vacancies in the interstitial positions, respectively. The results for the case of two, three and four vacancies were between from 2.10 to 3.34 eV, from 3.92 to 5.10 eV and from 4.77 to 6.33 eV,... 

    Pressure effect on the mechanical and electronic properties of B3N3: a first-principle study

    , Article Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications ; Volume 548 , 15 May , 2018 , Pages 50-54 ; 09214534 (ISSN) Bagheri, M ; Faez, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier B.V  2018
    Abstract
    In this paper, we perform Self-Consistent Field (SCF) energy calculation of Tetragonal B3N3 in the homogenous pressure range of −30 GPa to +160 GPa. Also, we study mechanical and electronic properties of this compound as a potential candidate for a conventional phonon-mediated superconductor with a high transition temperature. To do this, the volume changes of B3N3, and its bulk modulus, due to applying pressure in the range of −30 GPa to +160 GPa are calculated and analyzed. The calculated Bulk modulus of B3N3 at 230 GPa in the relaxed condition indicates the strength of bonds and its low compressibility. We calculated and analyzed the electronic effective mass in both XM and MA directions... 

    First principles study of oxygen adsorption on nickel-doped graphite

    , Article Molecular Physics ; Volume 110, Issue 13 , Feb , 2012 , Pages 1437-1445 ; 00268976 (ISSN) Nahali, M ; Gobal, F ; Sharif University of Technology
    2012
    Abstract
    Density functional theory is used in a spin-polarized plane wave pseudopotential implementation to investigate molecular oxygen adsorption and dissociation on graphite and nickel-doped graphite surfaces. Molecular oxygen physisorbs on graphite surface retaining its magnetic property. The calculated adsorption energy is consistent with the experimental value of 0.1eV. It is found that substituting a carbon atom of the graphite surface by a single doping nickel atom (2.8% content) makes the surface active for oxygen chemisorption. It is found that the molecular oxygen never adsorbs on doping nickel atom while it adsorbs and dissociates spontaneously into atomic oxygens on the carbon atoms... 

    First-principles study on lattice instabilities and structural phase transitions in Ba doped La2CuO4

    , Article Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications ; Volume 517 , October , 2015 , Pages 20-25 ; 09214534 (ISSN) Tavana, A ; Akhavan, M ; Draxl, C ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier  2015
    Abstract
    We present linear-response density-functional theory calculations for the high-Tc superconductor La2-xBaxCuO4 to study the doping dependence of phonon dispersion. Using the virtual crystal approximation, the doping range up to x = 0.20 is investigated. We find unstable phonon modes that soften around high-symmetry points of the Brillouin zone. These branches are analyzed as a function of doping and pressure. The structural distortions related to these phonons are in accordance with the observed phase transitions from the high-temperature tetragonal (HTT) phase to the low-temperature orthorhombic (LTO) and the low-temperature tetragonal... 

    Effects of fluorine doping and pressure on the electronic structure of lao1−x fx feas superconductor: a first principle study

    , Article Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism ; Volume 30, Issue 8 , 2017 , Pages 2065-2071 ; 15571939 (ISSN) Ebrahimi, M. R ; Khosroabadi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2017
    Abstract
    The effects of fluorine doping on the electronic structure of LaO1−xFxFeAs superconductor have been investigated by ab initio density functional theory using pseudopotential quantum espresso code. Firstly, we have studied the role of fluorine doping on the electronic structure of LaO1−xFxFeAs by calculation of band structure, density of states, and Fermi surfaces at various doping levels x = 0.00, 0.25, and 0.50. The lattice parameters and ionic position have been determined by optimizing crystal structure. Our results show that doping decreases cell volume similar to mechanical pressure and shifts the bands and states near the Fermi level toward the lower energies. According to the Fermi... 

    First principles study of the I-V characteristics of the alkane-thiols nano-molecular wires

    , Article Current Applied Physics ; Volume 9, Issue 2 , 2009 , Pages 367-373 ; 15671739 (ISSN) Aghaie, H ; Gholami, M. R ; Darvish Ganji, M ; Taghavi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    2009
    Abstract
    We report a density functional non-equilibrium Green's function study of electrical transport in a single molecular conductor consisting of an ethane-dithiolate (C2H4S2) molecular wire with two sulfur end groups bonded to the Au(1 1 1) electrodes. We show that the current was increased by increasing the external voltage biases. The projected density of states (PDOS) and transmission coefficients T(E) under various external voltage biases are analyzed, and it suggests that the variation of the coupling between the molecule and the electrodes with external bias leads to the increase of the current. Furthermore, the investigation of the transport properties of the pentane-dithiolate (C5H10S2)... 

    First-principles study of molecule adsorption on Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2

    , Article Journal of Computational Electronics ; Volume 18, Issue 3 , 2019 , Pages 826-835 ; 15698025 (ISSN) Barzegar, M ; Berahman, M ; Asgari, R ; Sharif University of Technology
    Springer New York LLC  2019
    Abstract
    The interactions between four different gas molecules (methanol, o-xylene, p-xylene and m-xylene) and Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 were investigated by means of density functional computations to exploit its potential application as a gas sensor. The electronic properties of the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 and gas molecule (adsorbent–adsorbate properties) strongly depend on the Ni-decorated monolayer MoS2 structure and the molecular configuration of the adsorbate. The adsorption properties of volatile organic compound (VOC) molecules on Ni-decorated MoS2 has been studied taking into account the parameters such as adsorption energy, energy bandgap, density of states, and Mulliken charge... 

    Mechanism of photocatalytic reduction of CO2 by Ag3PO4(111)/g-C3N4 nanocomposite: a first-principles study

    , Article Journal of Physical Chemistry C ; Volume 123, Issue 36 , 2019 , Pages 22191-22201 ; 19327447 (ISSN) Tafreshi, S. S ; Moshfegh, A. Z ; De Leeuw, N. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    American Chemical Society  2019
    Abstract
    Density functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed to investigate the electronic structure and photocatalytic activity of a hybrid Ag3PO4(111)/g-C3N4 structure. Due to Ag(d) and O(p) states forming the upper part of the valence band and C(p), N(p), and Ag(s) the lower part of the conduction band, the band gap of the hybrid material is reduced from 2.75 eV for Ag3PO4(111) and 3.13 eV for monolayer of g-C3N4 to about 2.52 eV, enhancing the photocatalytic activity of the Ag3PO4(111) surface and g-C3N4 sheet in the visible region. We have also investigated possible reaction pathways for photocatalytic CO2 reduction on the Ag3PO4(111)/g-C3N4 nanocomposite to determine the most... 

    Monoelemental two-dimensional iodinene nanosheets: A first-principles study of the electronic and optical properties

    , Article Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics ; Volume 55, Issue 13 , 2022 ; 00223727 (ISSN) Bafekry, A ; Stampfl, C ; Faraji, M ; Mortazavi, B ; Fadlallah, M. M ; Nguyen, C. V ; Fazeli, S ; Ghergherehchi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    IOP Publishing Ltd  2022
    Abstract
    Very recently, two-dimensional (2D) iodinene, a novel layered and buckled structure has been successfully fabricated (Qian et al 2020 Adv. Mater. 32 2004835). Motivated by this latest experimental accomplishment, for the first time we conduct density functional theory, first-principles calculations to explore the structural, electronic, and optical properties of monolayer, few-layer and bulk iodinene. Unlike the majority of monoelemental 2D lattices, iodinene is predicted to be an intrinsic semiconductor. On the basis of calculations using the generalized gradient approximation of Perdew-Burke-Ernzerhof for the exchange-correlation functional and the Heyd-Scuseria-Ernzerhof (HSE06)...