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    An FSM-based monitoring technique to differentiate between follow-up and original errors in safety-critical distributed embedded systems

    , Article Microelectronics Journal ; Volume 42, Issue 6 , June , 2011 , Pages 863-873 ; 00262692 (ISSN) Sedaghat, Y ; Miremadi, S. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    Nowadays, distributed embedded systems are employed in many safety-critical applications such as X-by-Wire. These systems are composed of several nodes interconnected by a network. Studies show that a transient fault in the communication controller of a network node can lead to errors in the fault site node (called original errors) and/or in the neighbor nodes (called follow-up errors). The communication controller of a network node can be halted due to an error, which may be a follow-up error. In this situation, a follow-up error leads to halt the correct operation of a fault-free controller while the fault site node, i.e. the faulty controller, still continues its operation. In this paper,... 

    739 observed NEAs and new 2-4 m survey statistics within the EURONEAR network

    , Article Planetary and Space Science ; Volume 85 , September , 2013 , Pages 299-311 ; 00320633 (ISSN) Vaduvescu, O ; Birlan, M ; Tudorica, A ; Popescu, M ; Colas, F ; Asher, D. J ; Sonka, A ; Suciu, O ; Lacatus, D ; Paraschiv, A ; Badescu, T ; Tercu, O ; Dumitriu, A ; Chirila, A ; Stecklum, B ; Licandro, J ; Nedelcu, A ; Turcu, E ; Vachier, F ; Beauvalet, L ; Taris, F ; Bouquillon, L ; Pozo Nunez, F ; Colque Saavedra, J. P ; Unda-Sanzana, E ; Karami, M ; Khosroshahi, H. G ; Toma, R ; Ledo, H ; Tyndall, A ; Patrick, L ; Föhring, D ; Muelheims, D ; Enzian, G ; Klaes, D ; Lenz, D ; Mahlberg, P ; Ordenes, Y ; Sendlinger, K ; Sharif University of Technology
    We report follow-up observations of 477 program Near-Earth Asteroids (NEAs) using nine telescopes of the EURONEAR network having apertures between 0.3 and 4.2 m. Adding these NEAs to our previous results we now count 739 program NEAs followed-up by the EURONEAR network since 2006. The targets were selected using EURONEAR planning tools focusing on high priority objects. Analyzing the resulting orbital improvements suggests astrometric follow-up is most important days to weeks after discovery, with recovery at a new opposition also valuable. Additionally we observed 40 survey fields spanning three nights covering 11 square degrees near opposition, using the Wide Field Camera on the 2.5 m... 

    Patients' attitudes towards the role of dentists in tobacco cessation counselling after a brief and simple intervention [Attitudes des patients vis-à-vis du rôle des dentistes en matière de conseils dans le sevrage tabagique après une intervention simple et brève]

    , Article Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal ; Vol. 20, issue. 2 , 2014 , p. 82-89 Ebn Ahmady, A ; Homayoun, A ; Lando, H. A ; Haghpanah, F ; Khoshnevisan, M. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation among their patients. We evaluated the effects of a brief counselling intervention by a dentist on patients' attitude towards the role of dentists in tobacco cessation programmes. In a semi-experimental study in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, 70 eligible smokers were selected and randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. The initial attitudes of the patients regarding tobacco cessation counselling services provided by the dentist were determined using a validated questionnaire. The intervention group received a brief chair-side counselling by a dentist based on the 5 A's approach, while no intervention... 

    Feedback-based energy management in a standby-sparing scheme for hard real-time systems

    , Article Proceedings - Real-Time Systems Symposium, 29 November 2011 through 2 December 2011 ; December , 2011 , Pages 349-356 ; 10528725 (ISSN) ; 9780769545912 (ISBN) Tavana, M. K ; Salehi, M ; Ejlali, A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The interaction between fault tolerance and energy consumption is an interesting avenue in the realm of designing embedded systems. In this paper, a scheme for reducing energy consumption in conventional standby-sparing systems is introduced. In the proposed method, the primary unit exploits dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) and dynamic power management (DPM) is employed for the spare unit. The framework which is used in the primary unit is composed of a feedback system to follow up workload along with a three-layer yet light-weight energy manager which guarantees hard real-time constraints of the system. Moreover, an optimal approach (but not practical) as a margin for the minimum energy... 

    Personalized computational human phantoms via a hybrid model-based deep learning method

    , Article 15th IEEE International Symposium on Medical Measurements and Applications, MeMeA 2020, 1 June 2020 through 3 June 2020 ; July , 2020 Khodajou Chokami, H ; Bitarafan, A ; Dylov, D. V ; Soleymani Baghshah, M ; Hosseini, S. A ; IEEE; IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society; IEEE Sensors Council Italy Chapter; Politecnica di Bari; Politecnico di Torino; Societa Italiana di Analisi del Movimento in Clinica ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2020
    Computed tomography (CT) simulators are versatile tools for scanning protocol evaluation, optimization of geometrical design parameters, assessment of image reconstruction algorithms, and evaluation of the impact of future innovations attempting to improve the performance of CT scanners. Computational human phantoms (CHPs) play a key role in simulators for the radiation dosimetry and assessment of image quality tasks in the medical x-ray systems. Since the construction of patient-specific CHPs can be both difficult and time-consuming, nominal standard/reference CHPs have been established, yielding significant discrepancies in the special design and optimization demands of patient dose and... 

    Environmental study on discharged wastewater of Albourz Industrial City

    , Article Iranian Journal of Public Health ; Volume 34, Issue 1 , 2005 , Pages 62-68 ; 22516085 (ISSN) Borghei, S. M ; Asghari, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    Iranian Journal of Public Health  2005
    The treatment facility of Albourz Industrial City was established in 1999 at the southeast of Albourz Mountain with an area of 200,000 square meters. Currently, 40,000 cubic meters of industrial wastes are treated daily utilizing biological method of activated sludge up to the second phase without chlorination in this treatment facility. Then, the discharged wastes are directed toward the lower agricultural lands. The environmental status of the region was investigated by testing the impact of wastewater and agricultural products in four tries. In two tries, the levels of COD and BOD were higher than the environmental standards, but there was no trace of heavy metal contamination in any of... 

    Opposite trends of GAS6 and GAS6-AS expressions in breast cancer tissues

    , Article Experimental and Molecular Pathology ; Volume 118 , 2021 ; 00144800 (ISSN) Lavasani, A ; Hussen, B. M ; Taheri, F ; Sattari, A ; Yousefi, H ; Omrani, M. D ; Nazer, N ; Ghafouri Fard, S ; Taheri, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Academic Press Inc  2021
    Growth arrest-specific gene 6 (GAS6) is a growth factor-like cytokine whose function is related with vitamin K. This protein interacts with receptor tyrosine kinase proteins such as Tyro3, Axl, and TAM Receptor family, therefore affecting the tumorigenic processes via different mechanisms. GAS6-antisense 1 (GAS6-AS1) is a long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) that is transcribed from a genomic regions nearby GAS6. This lncRNA is also implicated in the pathobiology of cancer. We intended to judge the role of GAS6 and GAS6-AS1 in the pathogenesis of breast cancer through appraisal of their expression levels in breast cancer tissues and their paired neighboring non-cancerous samples. Expression of... 

    Channelopathy-related SCN10A gene variants predict cerebellar dysfunction in multiple sclerosis

    , Article Neurology ; Volume 86, Issue 5 , 2016 , Pages 410-417 ; 00283878 (ISSN) Roostaei, T ; Sadaghiani, S ; Park, M. T. M ; Mashhadi, R ; Nazeri, A ; Noshad, S ; Salehi, M. J ; Naghibzadeh, M ; Moghadasi, A. N ; Owji, M ; Doosti, R ; Hashemi Taheri, A. P ; Rad, A. S ; Azimi, A ; Chakravarty, M. M ; Voineskos, A. N ; Nazeri, A ; Sahraian, M. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    Lippincott Williams and Wilkins 
    Objective: To determine the motor-behavioral and neural correlates of putative functional common variants in the sodium-channel NaV1.8 encoding gene (SCN10A) in vivo in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: We recruited 161 patients with relapsing-onset MS and 94 demographically comparable healthy participants. All patients with MS underwent structural MRI and clinical examinations (Expanded Disability Status Scale [EDSS] and Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite [MSFC]). Whole-brain voxel-wise and cerebellar volumetry were performed to assess differences in regional brain volumes between genotype groups. Resting-state fMRI was acquired from 62 patients with MS to evaluate... 

    Chronic subdural hematoma outcome prediction using logistic regression and an artificial neural network

    , Article Neurosurgical Review ; Volume 32, Issue 4 , 2009 , Pages 479-484 ; 03445607 (ISSN) Abouzari, M ; Rashidi, A ; Zandi Toghani, M ; Behzadi, M ; Asadollahi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Artificial neural networks (ANN) have not been used in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) outcome prediction following surgery. We used two methods, namely logistic regression and ANN, to predict using eight variables CSDH outcome as assessed by the Glasgow outcome score (GOS) at discharge. We had 300 patients (213 men and 87 women) and potential predictors were age, sex, midline shift, intracranial air, hematoma density, hematoma thickness, brain atrophy, and Glasgow coma score (GCS). The dataset was randomly divided to three subsets: (1) training set (150 cases), (2) validation set (75 cases), and (3) test set (75 cases). The training and validation sets were combined for regression... 

    The metabolomics signature associated with responsiveness to steroid therapy in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis: A pilot study

    , Article Revista de Investigacion Clinica ; Volume 71, Issue 2 , 2019 , Pages 106-115 ; 00348376 (ISSN) Chashmniam, S ; Kalantari, S ; Nafar, M ; Boroumandnia, N ; Sharif University of Technology
    Instituto Nacional de la Nutricion Salvador Zubiran  2019
    Background: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is considered one of the most severe glomerular diseases and around 80% of cases are resistant to steroid treatment. Since a large proportion of steroid-resistant (SR) FSGS patients progress to end-stage renal disease, other therapeutic strategies may benefit this population. However, identification of non-invasive biomarkers to predict this high-risk population is needed. Objective: We aimed to identify the biomarker candidates to distinguish SR from steroid-sensitive (SS) patients using metabolomics approach and to identify the possible molecular mechanism of resistance. Methods: Urine was collected from biopsy-proven FSGS patients... 

    A novel metabolic disorder in the degradation pathway of endogenous methanol due to a mutation in the gene of alcohol dehydrogenase

    , Article Clinical Biochemistry ; Volume 90 , 2021 , Pages 66-72 ; 00099120 (ISSN) Razzaghy Azar, M ; Nourbakhsh, M ; Vafadar, M ; Nourbakhsh, M ; Talebi, S ; Sharifi Zarchi, A ; Salehi Siavashani, E ; Garshasbi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier Inc  2021
    Background: A small amount of methanol is produced endogenously in the human body but it is efficiently metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and other enzymes, and the products eliminated without harm. In this study, we present a new entity of inborn error of methanol metabolism due to a mutation in the ADH1C gene coding for the γ subunit that is part of several ADH isoenzymes. Results: This disorder was discovered in an 11.58-year-old boy. During one 9-month hospital admission, he had periods of 1–4 days during which he was comatose, and between these periods he was sometimes verbose and euphoric, and had ataxia, dysarthria. Following hemodialysis treatments, he became conscious and...