Search for: frequency-estimation
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    FREEDOM II: An improved methodology to assess domino effect frequency using simulation techniques

    , Article Process Safety and Environmental Protection ; 2014 ; ISSN: 09575820 Rad, A ; Abdolhamidzadeh, B ; Abbasi, T ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    The uncertainty and the complexity associated with the domino effect is a barrier to assessing the frequency of such accidents analytically. The use of simulation techniques, such as Monte Carlo, to examine the domino effect instead of analytical techniques has shown great promise. In this paper, a new method to assess the frequency of domino accidents is proposed-FREEDOM II-which is an improvement on the recent algorithm proposed by the authors (FREEDOM). The modifications on FREEDOM were carried out to overcome a limitation of the method and to extend its capabilities. A key shortcoming of the earlier method was its inability to handle multiple failure scenarios. This shortcoming has been... 

    A new ray tracing acceleration technique based on decomposition of wavefronts

    , Article 2008 Asia Pacific Microwave Conference, APMC 2008, Hong Kong, 16 December 2008 through 20 December 2008 ; May , 2008 ; 9781424426423 (ISBN) Mohtashami, V ; Shishegar, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    A new acceleration technique for the ray tracing algorithm was presented in this paper. Instead of reducing the number of intersection tests, our proposed method finds the solid angles around the transmitter that transport electromagnetic power to the receiver. Then, high-resolution rays are sent out only in these solid angles and the procedure continues iteratively. Since a few rays are traced in each iteration, high resolution can be achieved within acceptable amount of time  

    A new method of phase noise compensation in OFDM

    , Article 2003 International Conference on Communications (ICC 2003), Anchorage, AK, 11 May 2003 through 15 May 2003 ; Volume 5 , 2003 , Pages 3443-3446 ; 05361486 (ISSN) Gholami, M. R ; Nader Esfahani, S ; Eftekhar, A. A ; Sharif University of Technology
    The local oscillator phase noise can severely affect the performance of OFDM systems. In this paper a new method is presented for compensation of this phase noise. The method is based on the fact that the scattered pilots, which are used for channel estimation, are subject to the same phase error as the OFDM symbols. Least square approach is used to exploit the phase noise information that exists in the scattered pilots and compensate the phase noise on the OFDM symbols. Simulation results show that the method is very effective, especially in high SNR  

    Reduction of doppler estimation error by multi-frequency transmission

    , Article IET International Radar Conference 2009, Guilin, 20 April 2009 through 22 April 2009 ; Issue 551 CP , 2009 ; 9781849190107 (ISBN) Sebt, M. A ; Sheikhi, A ; Nayebi, M. M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, after introduction of symmetric multi- frequency signal, it will be presented how to estimate Doppler frequency from estimated frequency tones of returned echo. After that, three methods of Pisarenko, Prony and MUSIC for frequency estimation will be introduced, and then these methods are applied to estimate tone frequencies of a multi-carrier signal. It will be shown that estimation of Doppler frequency by multi-frequency signal transmission leads to less rms error than single-frequency signal, in the condition of equal SNR. Infact it will be suggested that distribution of the power of signal in spectrum instead of adding up all the power in one point, leads to less Doppler... 

    Joint detection of carrier frequency and direction of arrival of wide-band signals using sub-nyquist sampling and interferometric direction finding

    , Article AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications ; Volume 139 , 2021 ; 14348411 (ISSN) Sobhani, G ; Pezeshk, A. M ; Behnia, F ; Sadeghi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Elsevier GmbH  2021
    The main task of a reconnaissance receiver is to acquire wide-band radio signals of the environment and extract their important parameters/information. Direction of arrival (DOA) and carrier frequency are the two most important parameters that a reconnaissance receiver should extract. To extract internal information of the signals such as signal modulation and coded information, complete reception of the signals is necessary. Sub-Nyquist sampling is used in this study for signal conversion from analog to digital with a much reduced sampling rate compared to the carrier frequency and, phase interferometery is used for direction finding. In jointly designing of sub-Nyquist sampling and phase... 

    ECG baseline correction with adaptive bionic wavelet transform

    , Article 2007 9th International Symposium on Signal Processing and its Applications, ISSPA 2007, Sharjah, 12 February 2007 through 15 February 2007 ; 2007 ; 1424407796 (ISBN); 9781424407798 (ISBN) Sayadi, O ; Shamsollahi, M. B ; Sharif University of Technology
    We have presented a new method for ECG baseline correction using the adaptive bionic wavelet transform (BWT). In fact by the means of BWT, the resolution in the time-frequency domain can be adaptively adjusted not only by the signal frequency but also by the signal instantaneous amplitude and its first-order differential. Besides by optimizing the BWT parameters parallel to modifying our previous thresholding rule, one can handle ECG baseline correction. First an estimation of the baseline wandering frequency is obtained and then the adaptation can be used only in three successive scales in which the mid-scale has the closest center frequency to the estimated frequency. Thus the... 

    Peak to mean envelope power ratio of oversampled OFDM signals: An analytical approach

    , Article International Conference on Communications (ICC2001), Helsinki, 11 June 2000 through 14 June 2000 ; Volume 5 , 2001 , Pages 1476-1480 ; 05361486 (ISSN) Sharif, M ; Khalaj, B. H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) has a large peak to mean envelope power ratio (PMEPR), which can result in significant signal distortion in presence of nonlinear amplifiers. In this paper, we will show that peak of the continuous envelope of OFDM signal can be bounded by maximum of corresponding oversampled sequence. This fact is then used as the corner stone of our study in two parts. In the first part, statistical analysis is used to find probability upper bound for complementary cumulative distribution function of PMEPR. It is also proven that for large number of subcarriers, only one redundant bit is necessary to limit PMEPR within %10 of its maximum value. In the... 

    Fundamental frequency estimation using modified higher order moments and multiple windows

    , Article Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association, INTERSPEECH ; 2011 , Pages 1965-1968 ; 19909772 (ISSN) Pawi, A ; Vaseghi, S ; Milner, B ; Ghorshi, S ; Sharif Univesity of Technology
    This paper proposes a set of higher-order modified moments for estimation of the fundamental frequency of speech and explores the impact of the speech window length on pitch estimation error. The pitch extraction methods are evaluated in a range of noise types and SNRs. For calculation of errors, pitch reference values are calculated from manually-corrected estimates of the periods obtained from laryngograph signals. The results obtained for the 3 rd and 4 th order modified moment compare well with methods based on correlation and magnitude difference criteria and the YIN method; with improved pitch accuracy and less occurrence of large errors  

    Wideband planar log-periodic antenna

    , Article 2007 IEEE International Workshop on Antenna Technology: Small and Smart Antennas Metamaterials and Applications, iWAT 2007, Cambridge, 21 March 2007 through 23 March 2007 ; 2007 , Pages 331-334 ; 1424410886 (ISBN); 9781424410880 (ISBN) Tajdini, M. M ; Shahabadi, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    A compact planar wideband microstrip antenna is introduced. The antenna is a log-periodic antenna with 7 dipole elements. The antenna is designed to function in the frequency range of 500 to 700 MHz. It has a dimension of 268 mm by 145 mm by 3 mm. The matching is better than -10 dB in the working bandwidth. The proposed antenna generates linear polarization. Its maximum gain is 4.5 dB at the central frequency. It provides a low-cost alternative to the conventional Yagi-Uda TV antennas. © 2007 IEEE  

    Processing of symmetrical components in time-domain

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Power Systems ; Volume 22, Issue 2 , 2007 , Pages 572-579 ; 08858950 (ISSN) Karimi Ghartemani, M ; Karimi, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    A novel system for decomposing a set of three-phase signals into its constituting symmetrical components is proposed. The system also estimates the frequency, the magnitudes and phase-angles of the sequence components. The system is useful for online estimation of instantaneous symmetrical components and their attributes in the presence of frequency variations. The proposed system can be considered as a fundamentally improved version of the conventional three-phase Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) system which is widely used in power system applications. From this viewpoint, the proposed system obviates the inherent shortcoming of the conventional PLL system which is its erroneous response in the... 

    A novel three-phase magnitude-phase-locked loop system

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers ; Volume 53, Issue 8 , 2006 , Pages 1792-1802 ; 10577122 (ISSN) Karimi Ghartemani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2006
    A novel three-phase magnitude-phase-locked-loop system (3MPLL) for use in the general area of three-phase (power, energy and power electronic) systems is introduced. The proposed 3MPLL suppresses the noise and distortion from the input signal, mitigates the unbalance, and synthesizes the instantaneous positive-sequence component of the input signal; thus it operates as a nonlinear adaptive notch (or band-pass) filter. The 3MPLL also adaptively tracks and estimates the magnitude, phase angle, and frequency of the input signal; thus, its operation as a nonlinear state estimator. Characteristics of the 3MPLL including its mathematical equations as well as steady-state and dynamic responses are... 

    A novel approach to radio direction finding and detecting the number of sources simultaneously: DMSAE algorithm

    , Article Conference Proceedings- 34th European Microwave Conference, London, 12 October 2004 through 14 October 2004 ; Volume 2 , 2004 , Pages 745-748 ; 1580539920 (ISBN) Movahhedi, M ; Tadaion, A. A ; Aref, M. R ; Sharif University of Technology
    In smart antenna systems, The localization and direction of desired source(s) must be known. In this paper, we introduce a method called "DMSAE" (Direction finding of Multiple Sources by Alternating Eliminations) to find the radio directions of signals impinging on an arbitrary antenna array and the number of the signals. This method which is based on the Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR) algorithm, can not only detect the direction and the number of sources, simultaneously, but also has better resolution ability compared to the other conventional direction finding algorithms. This method can also detect very weak sources when other powerful sources exist in the environment. In... 

    Toward naturalness in narrow-band speech compression

    , Article 2000 IEEE Internatinal Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME 2000), New York, NY, 30 July 2000 through 2 August 2000 ; Issue I/MONDAY , 2000 , Pages 440-443 Ghaemmaghami, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    This paper addresses a new mixed model for characterizing LPC excitation on a 3-band basis through analyzing harmonic structure of the residual signal. In addition, a sub-frame based analysis is developed for detecting both aperiodic pulses and noisy signals, which plays a major role in reduction of perceptual errors introduced by some certain consonants. Preliminary results show that near natural speech is achieved at 1050 bps, allocated to the excitation parameters, suggesting superiority of the proposed coding scheme to the MELP-2400 coding standard, in the sense of perceptual quality of reconstructed speech  

    A multivariable approach for estimation of vapor cloud explosion frequencies for independent congested spaces to be used in occupied building risk assessment

    , Article Process Safety and Environmental Protection ; Volume 91, Issue 1-2 , 2013 , Pages 19-30 ; 09575820 (ISSN) Badri, N ; Nourai, F ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    API Recommended Practice 752 is one of the most referenced practices for evaluating vapor cloud explosion (VCE) impacts to site occupied buildings. This reference introduces generic VCE frequencies for different types of process units that are based on VCE incidents database. Although these reported VCE frequencies are not capable of illustrating all parameters that affect explosion likelihood, they are widely used in risk analysis studies and software packages. This paper delineates the structure of a more realistic method for estimation of local VCE frequencies for independent congested spaces or units as a function of process, site, and meteorological variables. Compared to traditional... 

    A new timing synchronization approach for OFDM systems

    , Article International Congress on Ultra Modern Telecommunications and Control Systems and Workshops, 5 October 2011 through 7 October 2011, Budapest ; 2011 ; 21570221 (ISSN) ; 9781457706820 (ISBN) Abdzadeh Ziabari, H ; Shayesteh, M. G ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we propose a novel timing synchronization method for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The new method takes advantage of symmetrical correlation between some parts of the transmitted training symbol and produces an impulse-like timing metric. While reducing the complexity, our method provides an easy and efficient way for timing estimation. The proposed method does not need any differential cross-correlation or frequency correction to produce an impulse-like timing metric. It is shown that the new timing metric outperforms the previously presented methods in fading channels  

    Improving accuracy of frequency estimation of major vapor cloud explosions for evaluating control room location through quantitative risk assessment

    , Article Chemical Engineering Transactions ; Volume 24 , 2011 , Pages 1267-1272 ; 19749791 (ISSN) Badri, N ; Nourai, F ; Rashtchian, D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Italian Association of Chemical Engineering - AIDIC  2011
    Frequency estimation of vapor cloud explosions (VCE) are traditionally based on sparse VCE incidents data analysis while process conditions that generate VCE's have a wide spectrum giving VCE's with different strengths. The present paper is focused on developing a systematic methodology to estimate the frequency of VCEs based on process and plant conditions in order to find optimal location of a control room using quantitative risk assessment (QRA). In the presented approach, after classification of plant areas according to variables likely to generate different release conditions, a comprehensive release study is carried out to determine individual probable leakages. Consequently, only... 

    Different approaches for estimation of dampings and frequencies of electromechanical modes from PMU ambient data

    , Article 2015 IEEE 15th International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering, EEEIC 2015 - Conference Proceedings, 10 June 2015 through 13 June 2015 ; June , 2015 , Pages 1748-1753 ; 9781479979936 (ISBN) Farrokhifard, M ; Hatami, M ; Parniani, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2015
    Small signal stability of power systems is one of the most crucially important issues, since the electrical demand is increasing at a galloping rate and power systems are expanding day by day. In this regard, estimation of dampings and frequencies of electromechanical modes through the analysis of field measurements has become a heated study topic for electrical power system researchers in recent years. There have been several methods to analyze different types of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) signals i.e., transient, ambient, and probing. Among the proposed techniques, those which are capable of analyzing ambient data seems to be more practical, since this type of data can be achieved... 

    An improved timing estimation method for OFDM systems

    , Article IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics ; Volume 56, Issue 4 , 2010 , Pages 2098-2105 ; 00983063 (ISSN) Abdzadeh Ziabari, H ; Shayesteh, M. G ; Manaffar, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    In this paper, we propose an improved timing estimation method for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. The proposed preamble-aided method is independent of the preamble structure and is based on taking advantage of the whole products available from a given preamble for its correlation. Capable of having an extended correlation length far beyond those used by the previous methods, the proposed scheme presents an estimator with a remarkable performance in severe noise conditions. Further, we introduce a reduced complexity estimator along with the complexity assessments. We finally evaluate the performance of the proposed method in terms of mean square error (MSE). The... 

    Identifiability of location and magnitude of flow barriers in slightly compressible flow

    , Article SPE Journal ; Volume 21, Issue 3 , 2016 , Pages 899-908 ; 1086055X (ISSN) Kahrobaei, S ; Mansoori Habibabadi, M ; Joosten, G. J. P ; Van Den Hof, P. M. J ; Jansen, J. D ; Sharif University of Technology
    Society of Petroleum Engineers 
    Classic identifiability analysis of flow barriers in incompressible single-phase flow reveals that it is not possible to identify the location and permeability of low-permeability barriers from production data (wellbore pressures and rates), and that only averaged reservoir properties in between wells can be identified. We extend the classic analysis by including compressibility effects. We use two approaches: a twin experiment with synthetic production data for use with a time-domain parameter-estimation technique, and a transfer-function formalism in the form of bilaterally coupled four-ports allowing for an analysis in the frequency domain. We investigate the identifiability, from noisy... 

    Parameter identification of a parametrically excited rate micro-gyroscope using recursive least squares method

    , Article Scientia Iranica ; Volume 24, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 1889-1900 ; 10263098 (ISSN) Mohammadi, Z ; Salarieh, H ; Sharif University of Technology
    Sharif University of Technology  2017
    Estimation of physical parameters of a parametrically excited gyroscope is studied in this paper. This estimation is possible by reading the input and output data of the gyroscope. Because of different faults in the manufacturing process and tolerances, physical parameters of a gyroscope are not exactly same as the expected values of the manufacturer. Moreover, changing of temperature, humidity, external acceleration, etc. can change the physical parameters of the gyro. Thus, the physical parameters of gyroscope are not fixed values and may deviate from the desired designed values. The physical parameters of gyroscope determine the optimal region for working of gyroscope. Thus, if the...