Search for: fuel-consumption-reduction
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Behshad Shafiee, Mohammad
Reducing fossil fuels and increasing urban air pollution, has made the automotive industry to reduce the fuel consumption of their engines by various approaches. Removing the compressor of air conditioning system by replacing the absorption chiller instead of inverse rankin cycle is a shortcut to reduce the fuel consumption which at the same time reduces costs of using air conditioning system for occupants. Design of a 3 kW lithium bromide-water absorbent chiller has verified based on environmental conditions and car space limitations and using the combustion products as the heat source of system. K4M engine of L90 sedan Car as an internal combustion engine sample’s exhaust manifold has been...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Seif, Mohammad Saeed
Nowadays, the attempts to reduce fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and atmospheric pollutants, and economic savings, besides alignment with new rules, have been become the top priorities in the marines industry. In order to satisfy these goals, many efforts have been undertaken, including the vessel's trim and draft optimization which has done both experimentally and numerically and also thrust system simulation, to set a logical link between the effects of trim and draft of the ship and the calculated value of the required thrust from simulation to be able to optimize the fuel consumption. In this method, the ship is considered at the specific draft and the trim in bow and stern...
Institutional Analysis on Impediments over Fuel Consumption Reduction at Iran's Transportation Niches, M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Maleki, Abbas
The transportation sector is the largest oil consumer sector in the world. Iran is no exception to this, and the transportation sector, especially road transport, has a large share of oil and energy consumption in Iran. Diesel supply security in The road transport system has been implemented but it has not been properly managed for gasoline, as the country has been an importer of gasoline for many years and large cities suffering the pollution caused by light duty vehicles. Analyze the transportion of light duty vehicle by the game theory method can detect the barriers to reducing fuel consumption. For this purpose, the main Actors affecting the transport of light duty vehicles - people,...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Bastani, Dariush
In various industries, for energy production, fossil fuels are burned. Oxygen needed for combustion, taken directly from the ambient air; So that the inert gas is about 80%. The presence of this inert gas, mainly nitrogen, reduce combustion efficiency and increase the use of combustible material. In this project with the help of membrane technology, was used to remove the amount of nitrogen in the air so that the incoming air into the combustion chamber is enriched with oxygen. For this purpose, several gas separation membrane was applied and evaluated. Then, according to the oxygen enrichment, fuel efficiency and the amount of savings, increasing chamber temperature, reduction manufacturing...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Mozafari, Ali Asghar
Many studies on hybrid vehicles have been done in the past few years. The Full hybrid vehicles need a large number of batteries creating up to 300V to meet the required voltage of electric motor. The size and weight of the batteries cause some problems. This research investigates the mild hybrid vehicle. This vehicle includes a small electric motor and a high power internal combustion engine. In most cases the car’s driving force is created by internal combustion part. A small electric motor, which can operate as engine starter, generator and traction motor, is located between the engine and automatically shifted multi-gear transmission (gearbox). The clutch is used to disconnect the gearbox...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Hemmatyar, Ali Mohammad Afshin
UAV routing algorithms, correct modeling of battery life is very important, which can be done by dynamically integrating the UAV with routing. A drone must visit a set of targets, although after reaching a predetermined distance from the target, the drone must adjust its flight mode for loading (delivery) and after delivery must complete the escape maneuver. And prepare for the next delivery. Routing and optimization factors should be combined to ensure the safety of the vehicle and the feasibility (route feasibility). Research and studies that have been done in this field, have solved the problems by considering the exact time and also less attention to the energy limitations of these...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Sayyadi, Hassan ; Hajivand, Ahmad
In the late 1980s, the International Maritime Organization started working on reducing air pollution by ships, and the result was the approval of Annex 6 of MARPOL and its mandatory implementation since 2005. Since then, due to the increasing importance of pollutant emissions in the maritime transport industry and the stricter regulations of the International Maritime Organization and the high cost of fuel for ships, ship owners are looking for ways to reduce fuel consumption. For this purpose, various activities related to reducing the fuel consumption of ships were carried out. Among these, the use of energy saving devices can be a solution. Recently, the hull vane, as a fixed underwater...
M.Sc. Thesis Sharif University of Technology ; Moosavi, Ali ; Sani, Mahdi
Using Aspen Hysys to simulate burners and furnaces has been the focus of several studies in recent years. According to the studies and investigations carried out in the field of optimal design of the furnace, heating the air is one of the possible tasks to improve the performance and increase the efficiency. According to the obtained results, by adding air preheat, the efficiency increases from 92% to 96%. Also, to validate the simulation, two furnaces from Sepahan Oil Refinery furnaces were simulated in the field of oil production, which were simulated with an error of less than 1% in duty calculation, and according to the general results obtained, adding air preheat can increase the...
Article International Journal of Automotive Technology ; Volume 13, Issue 5 , August , 2012 , Pages 817-824 ; 12299138 (ISSN) ; Foumani, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
In this paper, an optimized control strategy is proposed for a split parallel hydraulic hybrid truck. The model of the vehicle was simulated in Simulink. According to a global optimization technique, a fuzzy control strategy is developed for the vehicle. This strategy shows flexibility for different drive cycles and a desirable fuel consumption reduction, especially for a low speed drive cycle, which is extracted according to an urban utility vehicle mission
Experimental investigation of viscous drag reduction of superhydrophobic nano-coating in laminar and turbulent flows, Article Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science ; Volume 51 , 2013 , Pages 239-243 ; 08941777 (ISSN) ; Rad, M ; Taeibi Rahni, M ; Sharif University of Technology
In this research, effects of superhydrophobic nano-coating on frictional drag force have been investigated. The result of this study could be considered to be used as a method in applications concerned with fuel consumption reduction, less CO2 emission and environmental problems as well as speed increase; while, its significance can also be of great use in marine applications. A rotating disc apparatus was used as the experimental set-up to compare the frictional drag force on an aluminum disc with TiO2 superhydrophobic nano-coating and a smooth coatless aluminum disc. The superhydrophobic nano-coating was prepared using sol-gel method and was shown to be able to produce a contact angle of...
Institutional analysis on impediments over fuel consumption reduction at Iran's transportation niches, Article Energy Policy ; Volume 129 , 2019 , Pages 861-867 ; 03014215 (ISSN) ; Maleki, A ; Doroudgar Hezaveh, E ; Karimi, M. S ; Sharif University of Technology
Elsevier Ltd 2019
The transportation sector is one of the sustainable development wheels that requires a lot of energy to operate, therefore it is concerned as one of the main factors in greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. In Iran, like rest of the world, the light-duty vehicles are the effective factors in the pollution of the metropolitan cities. Although the management of their fuel consumption is a vital action in decreasing the cost and air pollution, that's inextricable link with the public welfare and the economy of the car manufacturers creates barriers. An accurate analysis concerning the barriers to reducing the fuel consumption can be obtained by using the game theory method in the...