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    End-to-end speech recognition using lattice-free MMI

    , Article 19th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication, INTERSPEECH 2018, 2 September 2018 through 6 September 2018 ; Volume 2018-September , 2018 , Pages 12-16 ; 2308457X (ISSN) Hadian, H ; Sameti, H ; Povey, D ; Khudanpur, S ; Sharif University of Technology
    International Speech Communication Association  2018
    Abstract
    We present our work on end-to-end training of acoustic models using the lattice-free maximum mutual information (LF-MMI) objective function in the context of hidden Markov models. By end-to-end training, we mean flat-start training of a single DNN in one stage without using any previously trained models, forced alignments, or building state-tying decision trees. We use full biphones to enable context-dependent modeling without trees, and show that our end-to-end LF-MMI approach can achieve comparable results to regular LF-MMI on well-known large vocabulary tasks. We also compare with other end-to-end methods such as CTC in character-based and lexicon-free settings and show 5 to 25 percent... 

    Directed functional networks in Alzheimer's disease: disruption of global and local connectivity measures

    , Article IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics ; Volume 21, Issue 4 , 2017 , Pages 949-955 ; 21682194 (ISSN) Afshari, S ; Jalili, M ; Sharif University of Technology
    Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc  2017
    Abstract
    Techniques available in graph theory can be applied to signals recorded from human brain. In network analysis of EEG signals, the individual nodes are EEG sensor locations and the edges correspond to functional relations between them that are extracted from EEG time series. In this paper, we study EEG-based directed functional networks in Alzheimer's disease (AD). To this end, directed connectivity matrices of 25 AD patients and 26 healthy subjects are processed and a number of meaningful graph theory metrics are studied. Our data show that functional networks of AD brains have significantly reduced global connectivity in alpha and beta bands (P < 0.05). The AD brains have significantly...